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U.S. global defense posture, 1783/2011

Author: Stacie L Pettyjohn
Publisher: Santa Monica, California : RAND, [2012] ©2012
Series: Rand Corporation monograph series.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Debates over the U.S. global defense posture are not new. As policymakers today evaluate the U.S. forward military presence, it is important that they understand how and why the U.S. global posture has changed in the past. Today's posture is under increasing pressure from a number of sources, including budgetary constraints, precision-guided weapons that reduce the survivability of forward bases, and host-nation  Read more...
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Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Pettyjohn, Stacie L.
U.S. global defense posture, 1783-2011
(OCoLC)824140303
Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Stacie L Pettyjohn
ISBN: 9780833076960 0833076965
OCLC Number: 818327387
Description: xx, 124 pages : illustrations (some color), maps (some color) ; 23 cm.
Contents: Framework for U.S. posture --
Extent of the U.S. overseas military presence --
Operational orientation of American forces --
Continental defense, 1783-1815 --
Continental defense and commercialism, 1815-1898 --
Transition period, 1898-1905 --
Oceanic posture --
Hemispheric defense (hemispheric anti-access/area denial) --
Perimeter defense in-depth, 1943-1949 --
Consolidated defense-in-depth --
Transitioning from perimeter defense-in-depth to consolidated defense-in-depth --
Expeditionary defense-in-depth --
Comparing the GDPR to perimeter defense-in-depth --
Findings and recommendations --
Recommendations --
Concluding thoughts.
Series Title: Rand Corporation monograph series.
Responsibility: Stacie L. Pettyjohn.

Abstract:

Debates over the U.S. global defense posture are not new. As policymakers today evaluate the U.S. forward military presence, it is important that they understand how and why the U.S. global posture has changed in the past. Today's posture is under increasing pressure from a number of sources, including budgetary constraints, precision-guided weapons that reduce the survivability of forward bases, and host-nation opposition to a U.S. military presence. This monograph aims to describe the evolution of the U.S. global defense posture from 1783 to the present and to explain how the United States has grown from a relatively weak and insular regional power that was primarily concerned with territorial defense into the preeminent global power, with an expansive system of overseas bases and forward-deployed forces that enable it to conduct expeditionary operations around the globe. This historical overview has important implications for current policy and future efforts to develop an American military strategy, in particular the scope, size, and type of military presence overseas. As new and unpredictable threats emerge, alliance relationships are revised, and resources decline, past efforts at dealing with similar problems yield important lessons for future decisions. The author draws recommendations out of these lessons that touch on the importance of strategic planning; the need to think globally; the desirability of a lighter, more agile footprint overseas; and more.

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