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The use of standardized scores in officer career management and selection

Author: Anny Wong; National Defense Research Institute (U.S.)
Publisher: Santa Monica, CA : RAND, 2012.
Series: Technical report (Rand Corporation)
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
The U.S. armed forces have long recognized the importance of selecting and promoting the most-qualified individuals to serve as officers. Standardized test scores have helped military leaders assess, with a fair degree of reliability, the leadership potential and future performance of a large number of individuals at once. The authors of this report find that the U.S. armed forces use a combination of 19  Read more...
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Details

Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Anny Wong; National Defense Research Institute (U.S.)
ISBN: 9780833059024 0833059025
OCLC Number: 778828075
Description: xv, 73 pages ; 28 cm.
Contents: Study scope and research method --
Organization of the report --
Use of standardized tests --
What is a standardized test? --
What makes a good standardized test? --
Reliability --
Validity --
Racial/ethnic group differences, bias, and adverse impact --
Racial/ethnic differences --
Bias --
Adverse impact --
Standardized tests are generally used as part of a selection system --
Current use of standardized tests in the armed forces --
Current practices in standardized testing --
Conceptual framework --
Selection into officer commissioning programs --
ROTC --
OCS/OTS --
Service academies --
Branch, specialty, job selection --
ROTC --
OCS/OTS --
Service academies --
Commissioning --
Promotion --
Conclusion --
Appendix A. Standardized tests used by the Armed Forces --
B. Questions for services --
Bibliography --
Figures --
Figure 3.1 Standardized tests and major selection points --
Tables --
Table 3.1 tests for ROTC applicants --
Table 3.2 Tests for OCS/OTS applicants --
Table 3.3 Tests for service academy applicants --
Table 3.4 tests and branch/specialty/job selection at ROTC --
Table 3.5 Tests and branch/specialty/job selection at OCS/OTS --
Table 3.6 Tests and branch/specialty/job selection at service academies.
Series Title: Technical report (Rand Corporation)
Responsibility: Anny Wong [and others].

Abstract:

The U.S. armed forces have long recognized the importance of selecting and promoting the most-qualified individuals to serve as officers. Standardized test scores have helped military leaders assess, with a fair degree of reliability, the leadership potential and future performance of a large number of individuals at once. The authors of this report find that the U.S. armed forces use a combination of 19 standardized tests for the purpose of selection into officer commissioning programs, assignment to career fields, and commissioning. The tests generally fall into two broad categories: those that gauge level of knowledge or aptitude and those that gauge level of physical fitness. As for promotion, the authors do not find evidence indicating required use of standardized test scores. This report provides an overview of how these tests are used as part of a broader selection system for each of the services at different points in an officer⁰́₉s career. The report also provides a discussion of key issues that should be considered when using standardized tests, including the relationship between a particular type of standardized test, aptitude tests, and racial and ethnic group differences, which could affect minority representation within the officer corps.

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