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Use of waste sulfate for remedial treatment of soils

Author: J W Nebgen; J G Edwards; D F Weatherman; United States. Federal Highway Administration.; Midwest Research Institute (Kansas City, Mo.)
Publisher: Washington : Federal Highway Administration ; Springfield, Va. : Available through the National Technical Information Service, 1976.
Series: United States.; Federal Highway Administration.; Report
Edition/Format:   Print book : National government publication : English
Summary:
The effects of waste sulfate (phosphogypsum from fertilizer manufacture, flue gas desulfurization solids, and neutralized acid mine drainage solids) on physical and strength properties of soils have been studied. Waste sulfate alone has little effect on soil strengths. However, if it is used in combination with lime, higher strengths can be achieved with waste sulfate/lime than can be obtained with equivalent lime  Read more...
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Material Type: Government publication, National government publication, Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: J W Nebgen; J G Edwards; D F Weatherman; United States. Federal Highway Administration.; Midwest Research Institute (Kansas City, Mo.)
OCLC Number: 3767640
Notes: Prepared for U.S. Federal Highway Administration, under contract no. DOT-FH-11-8515; its R & D report no. M-0446.
Final report, issued August 1976.
Description: 2 volumes : maps ; 28 cm.
Contents: v. 1. Discussion of results.--v. 2. Appendixes.
Series Title: United States.; Federal Highway Administration.; Report
Responsibility: J.W. Nebgen, J.G. Edwards, and D.F. Weatherman ; Midwest Research Institute.

Abstract:

The effects of waste sulfate (phosphogypsum from fertilizer manufacture, flue gas desulfurization solids, and neutralized acid mine drainage solids) on physical and strength properties of soils have been studied. Waste sulfate alone has little effect on soil strengths. However, if it is used in combination with lime, higher strengths can be achieved with waste sulfate/lime than can be obtained with equivalent lime treatment because of soil-sulfate-lime reactions. Fly ash can be used with waste sulfate/lime mixtures to improve strengths further. Cement kiln dust has been shown to be an effective substitute for lime as a soil stabilizer. The report is presented in two volumes. Volume I--Discussion of Results--describes the experimental work and contains the interpretation of data and conclusions and recommendations. Volume II--Appendices--contains an annotated bibliography of literature reviewed, Atterberg Limit, and moisture-density data for waste sulfate/soil systems, experimental unconfined compressive strength data, and an outline of multiple regression procedures used for data analysis.

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Primary Entity

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