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User groups as producers in participatory afforestation strategies

Author: Michael M Cernea
Publisher: Washington, D.C. : World Bank, ©1989.
Series: World Bank discussion papers, 70.
Edition/Format:   Print book : Document   Computer File : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
This paper contains a discussion of policy options and operational strategies for improving social forestry programs. The analysis of the types of social forestry approaches reveals that many programs are not designed around well identified social actors, and neglect to ensure clear benefit distribution arrangements and incentives. Participatory social forestry strategies must aim at engaging the rural users of  Read more...
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Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Cernea, Michael M.
User groups as producers in participatory afforestation strategies.
Washington, D.C. : World Bank, ©1989
(OCoLC)902815976
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Computer File, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Michael M Cernea
ISBN: 0821314165 9780821314166
OCLC Number: 20753397
Description: 80 pages ; 28 cm.
Series Title: World Bank discussion papers, 70.
Responsibility: Michael M. Cernea.

Abstract:

This paper contains a discussion of policy options and operational strategies for improving social forestry programs. The analysis of the types of social forestry approaches reveals that many programs are not designed around well identified social actors, and neglect to ensure clear benefit distribution arrangements and incentives. Participatory social forestry strategies must aim at engaging the rural users of fuelwood into organized activities for producing and managing forests. The author argues that an evolutionary shift from simple foraging and gathering fuelwood in naturally grown forests to cultivating trees for fuelwood is necessary. Part one of the study discusses the general social prerequisites for reforestation programs. It focuses on land tenure variables in forestry, particularly under regimes of common property over land. Part two of the study broadens the analysis from communities, as one type of group, to several other types of social groups and units of social organization. The author argues that each development strategy must be formulated around a clearly identified social actor, interested in its outcome and capable to carry it out. However, it is noted that not each kind of group is suitable for each and all development actions.

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