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A user's guide to engineering

Author: James N Jensen
Publisher: Upper Saddle River, NJ : Pearson Prentice Hall, ©2006.
Series: ESource--the Prentice Hall engineering source.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Engineering careers. Engineering disciplines. Engineering problem solving. Engineering problem-solving tools. Technical communications.

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Genre/Form: Case studies
Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Jensen, James N.
User's guide to engineering.
Upper Saddle River, NJ : Pearson Prentice Hall, ©2006
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: James N Jensen
ISBN: 0131480251 9780131480254
OCLC Number: 60414466
Description: xxviii, 354 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm.
Contents: Part I: Discovering Engineering Chapter 1: About Discovering Engineering 1.1 Introduction Focus On Choosing Engineering: So Why Did You Become an Engineer?1.2 Welcome to Engineering1.3 How to Discover Engineering Focus On Diversity in Engineering: The Real McCoy?1.4 Engineering Education: What You Should Expect 1.4.1 Eaton's first rule: " ... make practical applications of all the sciences ..." 1.4.2 Eaton's second rule: "... take the place of the teacher ... [in] exercises." 1.4.3 Eaton's third rule: "... attend to but one branch of learning at the same time..." 1.4.4 Eaton's fourth rule: "Let the amusements and recreation of students be of a scientific character." 1.4.5 Eaton's fifth rule: "Let every student daily criticize those whose exercise he has attended ..."1.5 SummarySummary of Key IdeasProblems Chapter 2: What is Engineering? 2.1 Introduction2.2 Defining Engineering2.3 Engineering as an Applied Discipline 2.3.1 Knowledge generation versus knowledge implementation 2.3.2 The role of engineering2.4 Engineering As Creative Problem Solving 2.4.1 Solving problems 2.4.2 Standard approaches to solving problems 2.4.3 Creative approaches to solving problems2.5 Engineering as Constrained Optimization 2.5.1 Constraints 2.5.2 Feasibility Focus On Constrained Optimization: A Square Peg in a Round Hole2.6 Engineering as Making Choices2.7 Engineering as Helping Others2.8 Engineering as a Profession2.9 SummarySummary of Key IdeasProblems Chapter 3: Engineering Careers 3.1 Introduction3.2 Engineering Jobs 3.2.1 Availability of jobs 3.2.2 Introduction to engineer ing jobs 3.2.3 Engineers in industry 3.2.4 Engineers in service 3.2.5 Engineers in government 3.2.6 Other engineering jobs 3.2.7 Engineering education as a route to other fields Focus On Non-Engineers: It's Not Hedy, It's Hedley3.3 Job Satisfaction in Engineering 3.3.1 What does "job satisfaction" mean to you? 3.3.2 Engineering salaries3.4 Future of Engineering Employment3.5 SummarySummary of Key IdeasProblems Chapter 4: Engineering Disciplines 4.1 Introduction4.2 How Many Engineering Disciplines Exist?4.3 Chemical Engineering 4.3.1 Technical areas 4.3.2 Applications 4.3.3 Curriculum4.4 Civil Engineering 4.3.1 Technical areas 4.3.2 Applications 4.3.3 Curriculum4.5 Electrical Engineering 4.5.1 Technical areas 4.5.2 Applications 4.5.3 Curriculum4.6 Industrial Engineering 4.6.1 Technical areas 4.6.2 Applications 4.6.3 Curriculum4.7 Mechanical Engineering 4.7.1 Technical areas 4.7.2 Applications 4.7.3 Curriculum4.8 Major Engineering Subdisciplines 4.8.1 Introduction 4.8.2 Materials engineering 4.8.3 Aeronautical, astronautical, and aerospace engineering 4.8.4 Environmental engineering 4.8.5 Agricultural engineering 4.8.6 Biomedical engineering4.9 How Do New Engineering Disciplines Evolve? 4.9.1 Introduction 4.9.2 Creation of new field by budding 4.9.3 Creation of new field by merging Focus On Emerging Disciplines: So You Want to Be a Nanoengineer?4.10 SummarySummary of Key IdeasProblems Part II: Engineering Problem Solving Chapter 5: Introduction to Engineering Problem Solving and the Scientific Method 5.1 Introduction 5.1.1 Engineering problems 5.1.2 The art and science of engineering problem-solving 5.1.3 Engineering solution methods5.2 Approaches to Engineering Problem Solving 5.2.1 Introduction 5.2.2 Scientific method 5.2.3 Engineering analysis method 5.2.4 Engineering design method 5.2.5 Need for innovation5.3 Introduction to the Scientific Method 5.3.1 Introduction 5.3.2. Scientific problem-solving process5.4 Problem Definition 5.4.1 Introduction 5.4.2 Inclusive and exclusive definitions 5.4.3 Disadvantages of definitions that are not specific5.5 Formulate a Hypothesis 5.5.1 Introduction 5.5.2 Hypotheses as testable statements5.6 Test the Hypothesis 5.6.1 Testing a hypothesis by experiment 5.6.2 Testing a hypothesis by analysis5.7 Drawing Conclusions from Hypothesis Testing 5.7.1 Rejecting a hypothesis 5.7.2 Conditionally accepting a hypothesis5.8 Examples of the Use of the Scientific Method5.9 SummarySummary of Key IdeasProblems Chapter 6: Engineering Analysis Method 6.1 Introduction 6.1.1 Introduction to the engineering analysis method 6.1.2 Solving analysis problems6.2 Gathering Data 6.2.1 Introduction 6.2.2 Data collection6.3 Selecting the Analysis Method 6.3.1 Introduction 6.3.2 Selection of physical laws 6.3.3 Translation into mathematical expressions6.4 Estimate the Solution 6.4.1 Introduction 6.4.2 Example6.5 Solving the Problem 6.5.1 Solving mathematical expressions by isolating the unknown 6.5.2 "Golden Rule" of expression manipulation 6.5.3 Manipulating inequalities 6.5.4 Hints for manipulating equations6.6 Check the Results 6.6.1 Introduction 6.6.2 Use logic to avoid aphysical answers 6.6.3 Using logic to check expression manipulation 6.6.4 Using estimation to check solutions 6.6.5 Using units to check solutions6.7 Units 6.7.1 Introduction 6.7.2 Dimensional analysis Focus On Units: The Multimillion Dollar Units Mistake 6.7.3 Units and functions 6.7.4 Units conversion6.8 An Example of the Engineering Analysis Method6.9 SummarySummary of Key IdeasProblems Chapter 7: Engineering Design Method 7.1 Introduction 7.1.1 Introduction to engineering design 7.1.2 Solving design problems7.2 Generating Multiple Solutions 7.2.1 Introduction 7.2.2 Brainstorming 7.2.3 Methods for generating new ideas7.3 Analyzing Alternatives and Selecting a Solution 7.3.1 Analyzing alternatives 7.3.2 Selecting a solution7.4 Implementing the Solution7.5 Evaluating the Solution7.6 Design Example7.7 Design Parameters 7.7.1 Introduction 7.7.2 Example 7.7.3 Uses of design parameters7.8 Innovations in Design 7.8.1 Introduction 7.8.2 Need for innovation 7.8.3 Design innovation by concurrent engineering 7.8.4 Design innovation by reengineering 7.8.5 Design innovation by reverse engineering 7.8.6 How to innovate 7.8.7 Translating failure into success through innovation Focus On Design: What Comes Around, Goes Around7.9 SummarySummary of Key IdeasProblems Part III: Engineering Problem-Solving Tools Chapter 8: Introduction to Engineering Problem-Solving Tools and Using Data 8.1 Introduction 8.1.1 Engineering problem-solving tools 8.1.2 Using data8.2 Accuracy and Precision 8.2.1 Introduction 8.2.2 Accuracy 8.2.3 Precision8.3 Rounding and Significant Digits 8.3.1 Introduction 8.3.2 Counting the number of significant digits 8.3.3 Exceptions to the rule: numbers with no decimal point and exact numbers 8.3.4 Reporting measurements 8.3.5 Rounding and calculations8.4 Measures of Central Tendency 8.4.1 Introduction 8.4.2 Arithmetic mean 8.4.3 Median 8.4.4 Geometric mean 8.4.5 Harmonic mean 8.4.6 Quadratic mean 8.4.7 Mode8.5 Measures of Variability 8.5.1 Introduction 8.5.2 Variance 8.5.3 Standard deviation 8.5.4 Relative standard deviation 8.5.5 Variability and data collection in engineering Focus On Variability: Paying to Reduce Uncertainty8.6 SummarySummary of Key IdeasProblems Chapter 9: Engineering Models 9.1 Introduction9.2 Why Use Models?9.3 Types of Models 9.3.1 Introduction 9.3.2 Conceptual models 9.3.3 Physical models 9.3.4 Mathematical models 9.3.5 Other kinds of models Focus On Models: Mathematical or Physical Model?9.4 Using Models and Data to Answer Engineering Questions 9.4.1 Interplay of models and data 9.4.2 Potential errors 9.4.3 Model fits 9.4.4 Using calibrated models 9.4.5 Determining model fit 9.4.6 Are engineering models real?9.5 SummarySummary of Key IdeasProblems Chapter 10: Computing Tools in Engineering 10.1 Introduction10.2 Computer Hardware 10.2.1 Computer types 10.2.2 Microprocessors 10.2.3 Memory and mass storage 10.2.4 Input, output, and communication devices10.3 General Computer Software 10.3.1 Introduction 10.3.2 Operating systems 10.3.3 Communications software 10.3.4 Spreadsheet software10.4 Engineering and Science Specific Software 10.4.1 Introduction 10.4.2 Programming software 10.4.3 Trends in programming software 10.4.4 Symbolic math software 10.4.5 Computer-aided design 10.4.6 Discipline-specific software10.5 The Internet 10.5.1 Introduction 10.5.2 Structure of the Internet 10.5.3 Uses of the Internet10.6 SummarySummary of Key IdeasProblems Chapter 11: Feasibility and Project Management 11.1 Introduction11.2 Technical Feasibility11.3 Engineering Economics 11.3.1 Costs of engineering projects 11.3.2 Time value of money 11.3.3 Calculating the present and future value of money 11.3.4 Uniform series 11.3.5 Engineering economics calculations11.4 Economic Feasibility 11.4.1 Introduction 11.4.2 Comparing alternatives 11.4.3 Example11.5 Fiscal Feasibility 11.5.1 Introduction 11.5.2 Bonds 11.5.3 Example11.6 Social, Political, and Environmental Feasibility11.7 Project Management 11.7.1 Introduction 11.7.2 Project planning 11.7.3 Project scheduling 11.7.4 Critical path method11.8 SummarySummary of Key IdeasProblems Part IV: Technical Communication Chapter 12: Introduction to Technical Communication 12.1 Introduction12.2 Role of Technical Communication in Engineering 12.2.1 Technical communication as a professional skill 12.2.2 Technical communication and employment12.3 Misconceptions About Technical Communication 12.3.1 Misconception #1: Technical communication is inherently boring 12.3.2 Misconception #2: Engineering communication is passive 12.3.3 Misconception #3: Technical communication is best left to non-engineering specialists 12.3.4 Misconception #4: Good technical communicators are born, not made12.4 Critical First Steps 12.4.1 Presentation goals 12.4.2 Target audience 12.4.3 Constraints12.5 Organization 12.5.1 Outlines 12.5.2 Signposting12.6 Using Tables and Figures to Present Data 12.6.1 Use of tables and figures 12.6.2 Common characteristics of tables and figures12.7 Tables12.8 Figures 12.8.1 Scatter plots 12.8.2 Bar charts 12.8.3 Pie charts Focus On Figures: Of Plots and Space Shuttles12.9 Creativity in Technical Presentations 12.9.1 Creative conciseness 12.9.2 Thinking visually12.10 SummarySummary of Key IdeasProblems Chapter 13: Written Technical Communications 13.1 Introduction13.2 Overall Organization of Technical Documents 13.2.1 Introduction 13.2.2 General organization 13.2.3 Abstract 13.2.4 Introduction 13.2.5 Methods 13.2.6 Results and discussion 13.2.7 Conclusions and recommendations 13.2.8 References 13.2.9 Signposting in technical writing13.3 Organizing Parts of Technical Documents 13.3.1 Paragraph organization 13.3.2 Sentence organization 13.3.3 Word choice13.4 Grammar and Spelling 13.4.1 Subject-verb match 13.4.2 Voice 13.4.3 Tense 13.4.4 Pronouns 13.4.5 Adjectives and adverbs 13.4.6 Capitalization and punctuation 13.4.7 Spelling 13.4.8 Citation 13.4.9 Other problem areas 13.4.10 Proofreading13.5 Types of Engineering Documents 13.5.1 Introduction 13.5.2 Reports 13.5.3 Letters 13.5.4 Memorandums Focus On Writing: Whither Paper Reports?13.6 SummarySummary of Key IdeasProblems Chapter 14: Oral Technical Communications 14.1 Introduction14.2 Before the Talk: Organization14.3 Before the Talk: Designing Visual Aids 14.3.1 Number of visual aids 14.3.2 Types of visual aids 14.3.3 Content of visual aids: word slides 14.3.4 Content of visual aids: data slides 14.3.5 Special notes about computer-based presentations 14.4 Before the Talk: Preparing to Present 14.4.1 Practicing oral presentations 14.4.2 Memory aids14.5 During the Talk 14.5.1 Pre-talk activities 14.5.2 Group presentations 14.5.3 Nervousness 14.5.4 What to say 14.5.5 How to say it Focus On Talks: Horror Stories14.6 After the Talk14.7 SummarySummary of Key IdeasProblems Part V: Engineering Profession Chapter 15: Introduction to the Engineering Profession and Professional Registration 15.1 Introduction15.2 Professional Issues 15.2.1 What is a profession? 15.2.2 Engineering as a profession 15.2.3 Judgment and discretion in engineering 15.2.4 Admission to the profession 15.2.5 Self-policing Focus On Professionalism: Standing on the Shoulders of Giants15.3 Professional Engineers 15.3.1 Introduction 15.3.2 Why Become a professional engineer?15.4 The Registration Process 15.4.1 Overview 15.4.2 The accredited degree 15.4.3 Fundamentals of Engineering Examination 15.4.4 Experience 15.4.5 Principles and Practice Examination Focus On Registration: PE or Not PE?15.5 After Registration15.6 SummarySummary of Key IdeasProblems Chapter 16: Engineering Ethics 16.1 Introduction16.2 Why Should Engineers Be Ethical?16.3 Codes of Ethics 16.3.1 Introduction 16.3.2 NSPE Code of Ethics16.4 Examples of Engineering Ethics 16.4.1 Not reporting violations 16.4.2 Whistle-blowing Focus On Ethics: Workplace Ethics16.5 SummarySummary of Key IdeasProblemsNSPE Code of Ethics for Engineers Part VI: Case Studies in Engineering Chapter 17: Introduction to the Engineering Case Studies 17.1 Introduction17.2 Case Studies in this Text 17.2.1 Introduction 17.2.2 Using the case studies17.3 Summary Chapter 18: Millennium Bridge Case Study 18.1 Introduction18.2 The Story18.3 The Case Study 18.3.1 Introduction 18.3.2 Case study 18.3.3 Reporting18.4 Study Questions18.5 Acknowledgements and Further ReadingSummary of Key IdeasDefault Grading Scheme: Millennium Bridge Case Study Chapter 19: Controllability Case Study 19.1 Introduction19.2 The Story19.3 The Case Study 19.3.1 Introduction 19.3.2 Case study 19.3.3 Modeling 19.3.4 Reporting19.4 Study Questions19.5 Acknowledgements and Further ReadingDefault Grading Scheme: Controllability Case Study Chapter 20: Dissolution Case Study 20.1 Introduction20.2 The Story20.3 The Case Study 20.3.1 Introduction 20.3.2 Case study 20.3.3 Reporting20.4 Study Questions20.5 Acknowledgements and Further ReadingDefault Grading Scheme: Dissolution Case Study Chapter 21: Computer Workstation Case Study 21.1 Introduction21.2 The Story21.3 The Case Study 21.3.1 Introduction 21.3.2 Case study 21.3.3 Reporting21.4 Study Questions21.5 Acknowledgements and Further ReadingDefault Grading Scheme: Computer Workstation Case Study Chapter 22: Power Transmission Case Study 22.1 Introduction22.2 The Story22.3 The Case Study 22.3.1 Introduction 22.3.2 Case study 22.3.3 Reporting22.4 Study Questions22.5 Acknowledgements and Further ReadingDefault Grading Scheme: Power Transmission Case Study Chapter 23: Walkway Collapse Case Study 23.1 Introduction23.2 The Story23.3 The Case Study 23.3.1 Introduction 23.3.2 Case study 23.3.3 Reporting23.4 Study Questions23.5 Acknowledgements and Further ReadingDefault Grading Scheme: Walkway Collapse Case Study Chapter 24: Trebuchet Case Study 24.1 Introduction24.2 The Story24.3 The Case Study 24.3.1 Introduction 24.3.2 Case study 24.3.3 Reporting24.4 Study Questions24.5 Acknowledgements and Further ReadingDefault Grading Scheme: Trebuchet Case Study Appendix A: Review of Physical Relationships A.1 Introduction A.2 Definitions A.2.1 Kinematic parameters A.2.2 Fundamental forces A.2.3 Other forces A.2.4 Energy, work, and power A.3 Decomposition by Vectors A.3.1 Position vectors A.3.2 Other vectors A.4 Conservation Laws A.5 Gradient-driven Processes Appendix B: Greek Alphabet in Engineering, Science, and Mathematics Appendix C: Linear Regression C.1 Introduction C.2 Linear Regression Analysis C.3 Calculating Linear Regression Coefficients Appendix D: Using Solver D.1 IntroductionD.2 Using Solver for Model Fitting D.2.1 Introduction D.2.2 Setting up the spreadsheet D.2.3 Finding optimal parameter valuesD.3 Using Solver with Constraints D.3.1 Introduction D.3.2 Finding optimal parameter values with constraintsD.4 Final Thoughts on Optimization Appendix E: Extended Trebuchet Analysis E.1 IntroductionE.2 Analysis E.2.1 Introduction E.2.2 Revised kinematic equations E.2.3 Dependency on d and l/L E.2.4 Results Appendix F: References and Bibliographies F.1 ReferencesF.2 Annotated Bibliography: Technical CommunicationF.3 Bibliographies for Focus Ons
Series Title: ESource--the Prentice Hall engineering source.
Responsibility: James N. Jensen.


Presents an exploration of the world of engineering for future and current engineers. This is a collection of engineering case studies, which present stories of engineers faced with challenges that  Read more...


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