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Uses of warmed water in agriculture. Final report

Author: Garrett, R.E.; University of California, Davis. Dept. of Agricultural Engineering.; Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.; United States. Dept. of Energy. Office of Scientific and Technical Information.
Publisher: Livermore, Calif : Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory ; Oak Ridge, Tenn. : distributed by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, U.S. Dept. of Energy, 1978.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : National government publication : English
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
Energy in the form of warmed water is available from condenser cooling water from fossil fuel or nuclear-electric power-generating facilities, geothermal power plants, geothermal fluids, or spent steam and cooling water from industrial processes. A re-analysis of the characteristics of possible agricultural uses of warmed water has revealed the need to decouple considerations of warmed water sources from those of  Read more...
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Material Type: Document, Government publication, National government publication, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Garrett, R.E.; University of California, Davis. Dept. of Agricultural Engineering.; Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.; United States. Dept. of Energy. Office of Scientific and Technical Information.
OCLC Number: 68564755
Notes: Published through the Information Bridge: DOE Scientific and Technical Information.
11/01/1978.
"ucrl-13930"
Garrett, R.E.
Description: Pages: 59 : digital, PDF file.

Abstract:

Energy in the form of warmed water is available from condenser cooling water from fossil fuel or nuclear-electric power-generating facilities, geothermal power plants, geothermal fluids, or spent steam and cooling water from industrial processes. A re-analysis of the characteristics of possible agricultural uses of warmed water has revealed the need to decouple considerations of warmed water sources from those of warmed water users. Conflicting objectives and managerial requirements seem to preclude an integrated system approach. Rather an interface must be established with separate costs and benefits identified for a reliable warmed water source and for its various potential uses. These costs and benefits can be utilized as a basis for decisions separately by the energy supplier and the prospective energy users. A method of classifying uses of warmed water according to need, volume, objective, temperature, and quality is presented and preliminary classifications are discussed for several potential agricultural uses of warmed water. Specific uses for soil warming, space heating in greenhouses, and irrigation are noted. Specific uses in aquaculture for catfish, lobster, and prawn production are discussed. Warmed water use in animal shelters is mentioned. Low-quality heat is required for methane generation from biomass and warmed water heating could be utilized in this industry. 53 references. (MCW).

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