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Using sludge on arable land - effect based levels and long-term accumulation for certain organic pollutants

Author: John Sternbeck
Publisher: Copenhagen : Nordic Council of Ministers, 2011.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
In the waste water treatment process in sewage treatment plants, sewage sludge is produced as a by-product. The sludge contains nitrogen and phosphorus that originate from the waste water. In addition to these nutrients, sludge also contains micronutrients and organic matter. Many of these substances are required for the production of food and they can be recycled by using sludge as a fertiliser on farm lands.  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: John Sternbeck
OCLC Number: 844091827
Description: 1 online resource (99 pages)
Contents: Preface --
Summary --
Introduction --
Methods and data --
Organic pollutants in sludge from the Nordic countries --
Chemicals use and near future prognosis --
Accumulation in soil --
Effect based levels and risk assessment --
To control pollution from use of sludge --
Contaminants in sludge from the Nordic countries --
Substance-specific data used in the calculations --
Critical sludge concentrations for soil organisms, human exposure and birds --
Management for soil protection --
Limit values and application rates for sludge --
a comparison between the Nordic countries.
Responsibility: John Sternbeck [and others].

Abstract:

In the waste water treatment process in sewage treatment plants, sewage sludge is produced as a by-product. The sludge contains nitrogen and phosphorus that originate from the waste water. In addition to these nutrients, sludge also contains micronutrients and organic matter. Many of these substances are required for the production of food and they can be recycled by using sludge as a fertiliser on farm lands. Phosphorus is the nutrient that is of primary interest at present. This is due to the fact that phosphorus is a finite resource that is mined and has various levels of unwanted impurities. In the foreseeable future, there will be a shortage of phosphorus ore with low levels of impurities. Ores with higher levels of impurities may also be used in the production of mineral fertilisers in the future, but it may require that energy demanding cleaning techniques are used. Such a scenario will lead to higher market prices for phosphorus fertilisers, which may have social consequences on a global scale. It is therefore crucial that the available phosphorus is used efficiently, from an economic, environmental and social perspective.

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