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Wages, violence, and health in the household

Author: Anna Aizer; National Bureau of Economic Research.
Publisher: Cambridge, MA : National Bureau of Economic Research, ©2007.
Series: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research : Online), working paper no. 13494.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Three quarters of all violence against women is perpetrated by domestic partners. I study both the economic causes and consequences of domestic violence. I find that decreases in the male-female wage gap reduce violence against women, consistent with a household bargaining model. The relationship between the wage gap and violence suggests that reductions in violence may provide an alternative explanation for the  Read more...
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Additional Physical Format: Aizer, Anna.
Wages, violence, and health in the household.
Cambridge, MA : National Bureau of Economic Research, ©2007
(DLC) 2007616624
(OCoLC)180194848
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Anna Aizer; National Bureau of Economic Research.
OCLC Number: 327063685
Notes: "October 2007."
Description: 1 online resource (38, [16] pages) : illustrations.
Series Title: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research : Online), working paper no. 13494.
Responsibility: Anna Aizer.

Abstract:

Three quarters of all violence against women is perpetrated by domestic partners. I study both the economic causes and consequences of domestic violence. I find that decreases in the male-female wage gap reduce violence against women, consistent with a household bargaining model. The relationship between the wage gap and violence suggests that reductions in violence may provide an alternative explanation for the well-established finding that child health improves when mothers control a greater share of the household resources. Using instrumental variable and propsensity score techniques to control for selection into violent relationships, I find that violence against pregnant women negatively affects the health of their children at birth. This work sheds new light on the health production process as well as observed income gradients in health and suggests that in addition to addressing concerns of equity, pay parity can also improve the health of American women and children via reductions in violence.

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