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Warnings and product liability : lessons learned from cognitive psychology and ergonomics

Author: Sanne Pape
Publisher: The Hague, The Netherlands : Eleven International Publishing, [2012] ©2012
Series: Civilologie, 2.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
European Union citizens are injured each year whilst using products. Product liability law can contribute to preventing such damage by the way in which liability requirements in the context of warnings are framed and applied. Underlying these warning issues is a number of legal presumptions about how humans behave and interact with products and with their warnings. Primarily, liability law presumes that warnings can  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Pape, Sanne.
Warnings and product liability : lessons learned from cognitive psychology and ergonomics.
The Hague, The Netherlands : Eleven International Publishing, [2012]
xv, 473 pages ; 25 cm.
(DLC) 2012439485
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Sanne Pape
ISBN: 9789460945168 9460945163 1283506114 9781283506113
OCLC Number: 861529837
Description: 1 online resource (490 pages) : illustrations.
Contents: Cover ; Table Of Contents ; Abbreviations ; 1 Introduction ; 1.1 Point Of Departure ; 1.2 Aim ; 1.3 Methodology ; 1.3.1 A Behavioural Approach ; 1.3.2 Disciplines Of The Warning Research ; 1.3.3 Legal Domain ; 1.3.4 Assumption Of Preventive Effect Of Product Liability ; 1.3.5 Relevance ; 1.3.6 A Note On The Use Of The Warning Research In A Legal Setting ; 1.4 Scope ; 1.5 Reader'S Guide ; 2 Product Warnings And European Product Liability ; 2.1 Introduction ; 2.2 Product Liability Based On Fault ; 2.2.1 Introduction ; 2.2.2 Fault-Based Liability Under Dutch Law In A Nutshell. 2.2.3 The Standard Of Wrongful Endangerment 2.2.3.1 The Kelderluik Factors ; 2.2.3.2 Expectations Of Behaviour ; 2.2.3.3 Warnings: The Extent And Content Of The Duty To Warn Adequately ; 2.2.4 Wrongful Conduct Of Producers: Unwritten Obligations Under Dutch Case Law ; 2.2.5 Conclusion ; 2.3 Product Liability Without Fault: Directive 85/374/Eec ; 2.3.1 Introduction ; 2.3.2 The Directive'S Requirements In A Nutshell ; 2.3.3 The Defectiveness Standard ; 2.3.3.1 The Three Specified Circumstances ; 2.3.3.2 The Legitimate Safety Expectations Of The Public At Large. 2.2.3.3 Weaknesses Of The Defectiveness Standard 2.2.3.4 Distinction In Product Defects ; 2.3.4 The Directive: Strict Liability With Elements Of Fault ; 2.3.4.1 General ; 2.3.4.2 The Interpretation Of The Development Risk Defence ; 2.3.4.3 The Requirement Of Defectiveness ; 2.3.5 Conclusion ; 2.4 Warning Requirements Under European Product Liability Law ; 2.4.1 Introduction ; 2.4.2 The Standard Of Defectiveness For Warning Claims ; 2.4.3 Compliance With European Public Product Safety Provisions ; 2.4.3.1 General ; 2.4.3.2 General Safety Provisions For Non-Food And Food Products. 2.4.3.3 Specific Product Safety And Informational Provisions 2.4.3.4 Product Standards ; 2.4.3.5 The Scope Of The Defence Of Article 7(D) ; 2.4.4 Defectiveness: The Absence Of A Warning ; 2.4.5 Defectiveness: Inadequacy Of A Warning ; 2.4.6 Conclusion ; 2.5 Summary ; 3 Product Warnings And Human Behaviour ; 3.1 Introduction ; 3.2 Main Disciplines Of The Warning Research ; 3.2.1 Cognitive Psychology ; 3.2.2 Human Factors/Ergonomics: An Applied Discipline ; 3.3 Definitions And Purposes Of Product Warnings ; 3.3.1 Warnings Are Safety Communications ; 3.3.2 Purposes Of Warnings. 3.4 Theoretical Models Of The Warning Process 3.4.1 Introduction ; 3.4.2 Human Information Processing Models ; 3.4.2.1 Versions Of Information Processing Models ; 3.4.2.2 The C-Hip Model Of Wogalter, Dejoy And Laug ; 3.4.2.3 Implications ; 3.4.3 Human Decision Making Models ; 3.4.3.1 Value-Expectancy Models From Social Psychology ; 3.4.3.2 Implications ; 3.4.3.3 Edworthy'S Cost-Benefit Model Of Warning Compliance ; 3.4.4 Rasmussen'S Levels Of Performance Model ; 3.4.4.1 Skill-Based, Rule-Based And Knowledge-Based Behaviour ; 3.4.4.2 Lehto'S Extended Version Of Rasmussen'S Model.
Series Title: Civilologie, 2.
Responsibility: Sanne Pape.

Abstract:

The author undertakes a behavioural approach towards the topic of warnings and product liability. Insights from cognitive psychology and ergonomics are essential for a thorough legal analysis of  Read more...

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