skip to content
Water softening with potassium chloride : process, health, and environmental benefits Preview this item
ClosePreview this item
Checking...

Water softening with potassium chloride : process, health, and environmental benefits

Author: William Wist; Rod J McEachern; Jay H Lehr; Wiley InterScience (Online service)
Publisher: Hoboken, NJ : Wiley, ©2009.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:

Potassium chloride is a logical alternative to sodium chloride in water softening. Water Softening with Potassium Chloride provides a thorough overview of the process, the equipment, and the  Read more...

Rating:

(not yet rated) 0 with reviews - Be the first.

Subjects
More like this

Find a copy online

Find a copy in the library

&AllPage.SpinnerRetrieving; Finding libraries that hold this item...

Details

Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Wist, William, 1945-2007.
Water softening with potassium chloride.
Hoboken, NJ : Wiley, ©2009
(DLC) 2009013333
(OCoLC)230180306
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: William Wist; Rod J McEachern; Jay H Lehr; Wiley InterScience (Online service)
ISBN: 9780470529058 0470529059 0470087137 9780470087138
OCLC Number: 463436651
Description: 1 online resource (xiv, 250 pages) : illustrations
Contents: PREFACE. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS. 1 WHAT IS POTASSIUM CHLORIDE? Saskatchewan Potash History. Potash Mining. Solution Mining. Processing Potash Ore. Storage, Transportation, and Distribution of Potash. Potash Products. 2 WHAT IS HARD WATER? Definition of Hard Water. How Hard Water is Created. Problems Associated With Hard Water. How Hard Water is Measured. Uniform Degrees of Hardness. Types of Hardness. 3 LOWERING WATER HARDNESS. Ion Exchange. Deionization or Demineralization. Reverse Osmosis. Distillation. Precipitation. 4 THE ION EXCHANGE PROCESS. Synthesis and Structure of Ion Exchange Resins. Types of Ion Exchange Resins. Household Water Softening. Typical Household Water Softening. Cocurrent and Countercurrent Regeneration. Mathematical Treatment of Ion Exchange Equilibria. Selectivity of Ion Exchange Reactions. References. 5 BASIC CHEMISTRY OF ION EXCHANGE. The Building Blocks of Matter. Atomic and Molecular Weights. Cations and Anions. Chemical Reactions. 6 OPERATION AND TYPES OF WATER SOFTENERS. Historical Methods of Regeneration. Operation of a Typical Water Softener. Common Sequences of Cycles. Types of Water Softeners. Sizing a Water Softener. 7 POTASSIUM CHLORIDE REGENERANT FOR WATER SOFTENING. Alternate Regenerants. Potassium Chloride Regenerant. Initial Comparison of KCl and NaCl. Challenges When Using KCl as a Regenerant. Frequently Asked Questions. 8 COMPARISON OF KC1 AND NaCl AS REGENERANT. Definition of Terms. Theoretical Capacities of KCl and NaCl Regenerants. Calculation of Regeneration Efficiency. Sizing a Softener for Salt Efficiency. Implications for Salt Consumption. Total Salt Released to the Environment. Comparison of KCl and NaCl: Solubility. Comparison of KCl and NaCl: Speed of Dissolution. Comparison of KCl and NaCl: Capacity. Comparison of KCl and NaCl: Used and Unused Regenerant. Comparison of KCl and NaCl: Release of Chlorides to the Environment. Comparison of KCl and NaCl: Taste. Comparison of KCl and NaCl: Generation of Fines. Comparison of KCl and NaCl: Sodium Content of Softened Water. Comparison of KCl and NaCl: Potassium Content of Softened Water. Comparison of KCl and NaCl: Total Dissolved Solids. 9 ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS. Potassium versus Sodium: Impact on Soil. Potassium versus Sodium: Impact on Septic Systems. Potassium versus Sodium: Impact on Sewage Treatment Systems. Potassium versus Sodium: Sewage Sludge. Potassium versus Sodium: Algae Growth. Potassium versus Sodium: Impact on Plants and Animals. Potassium versus Sodium: Use of Recycled Graywater. Recycling Regenerant Wastewater. Use of Regenerant Wastewater Studies at University of California, Davis. In Conclusion. 10 POTASSIUM AND HUMAN HEALTH. Overview. Introduction. Cellular Physiology of Potassium. Potassium Balance. Defects in Potassium Elimination. Medical Conditions Related to Potassium Excess. Medical Conditions Related to Potassium Deficit. Indirect Role of Potassium in Health. Summary. 11 ONGOING RESEARCH. Iron and Manganese Removal. Grade of KCl Regenerant. Cocurrent versus Countercurrent Regeneration. Portable Exchange Tanks. Research into Alternate Regenerants. APPENDIX 1 STANDARD TEST PROTOCOL FOR COMPARISON OF KCl AND NaCl REGENERANTS. Protocol Development. Standard Test Protocol. APPENDIX 2 LABORATORY DATA OBTAINED WITH THE STANDARD TEST PROTOCOL. APPENDIX 3 ACCELERATED MUSH TEST. Apparatus. Method. INDEX
Responsibility: William Wist, Jay H. Lehr, Rod McEachern.

Reviews

User-contributed reviews
Retrieving GoodReads reviews...
Retrieving DOGObooks reviews...

Tags

Be the first.
Confirm this request

You may have already requested this item. Please select Ok if you would like to proceed with this request anyway.

Linked Data


Primary Entity

<http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/463436651> # Water softening with potassium chloride : process, health, and environmental benefits
    a schema:CreativeWork, schema:Book, schema:MediaObject ;
    library:oclcnum "463436651" ;
    library:placeOfPublication <http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/countries/nju> ;
    library:placeOfPublication <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/836480006#Place/hoboken_nj> ; # Hoboken, NJ
    schema:about <http://id.worldcat.org/fast/978577> ; # Ion exchange
    schema:about <http://dewey.info/class/628.1666/e22/> ;
    schema:about <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/836480006#Topic/potassium_chloride_environmental_aspects> ; # Potassium chloride--Environmental aspects
    schema:about <http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects/sh85145478> ; # Water--Purification
    schema:about <http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1171506> ; # Water--Softening
    schema:about <http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1073309> ; # Potassium chloride--Environmental aspects
    schema:about <http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects/sh85145509> ; # Water--Softening
    schema:about <http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1171363> ; # Water--Purification
    schema:bookFormat schema:EBook ;
    schema:contributor <http://viaf.org/viaf/140991175> ; # Wiley InterScience (Online service)
    schema:contributor <http://viaf.org/viaf/56242630> ; # Rod Joseph McEachern
    schema:contributor <http://viaf.org/viaf/101203349> ; # Jay H. Lehr
    schema:copyrightYear "2009" ;
    schema:creator <http://viaf.org/viaf/86242417> ; # William Wist
    schema:datePublished "2009" ;
    schema:exampleOfWork <http://worldcat.org/entity/work/id/836480006> ;
    schema:genre "Electronic books"@en ;
    schema:inLanguage "en" ;
    schema:isSimilarTo <http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/230180306> ;
    schema:name "Water softening with potassium chloride : process, health, and environmental benefits"@en ;
    schema:productID "463436651" ;
    schema:publication <http://www.worldcat.org/title/-/oclc/463436651#PublicationEvent/hoboken_nj_wiley_2009> ;
    schema:publisher <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/836480006#Agent/wiley> ; # Wiley
    schema:url <http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470529058> ;
    schema:url <http://site.ebrary.com/id/10342849> ;
    schema:url <https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/book/10.1002/9780470529058> ;
    schema:url <http://catalogimages.wiley.com/images/db/jimages/9780470087138.jpg> ;
    schema:workExample <http://worldcat.org/isbn/9780470087138> ;
    schema:workExample <http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470529058> ;
    schema:workExample <http://worldcat.org/isbn/9780470529058> ;
    wdrs:describedby <http://www.worldcat.org/title/-/oclc/463436651> ;
    .


Related Entities

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/836480006#Topic/potassium_chloride_environmental_aspects> # Potassium chloride--Environmental aspects
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:hasPart <http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects/sh85105603> ;
    schema:name "Potassium chloride--Environmental aspects"@en ;
    .

<http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects/sh85145478> # Water--Purification
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Water--Purification"@en ;
    .

<http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects/sh85145509> # Water--Softening
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Water--Softening"@en ;
    .

<http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1073309> # Potassium chloride--Environmental aspects
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Potassium chloride--Environmental aspects"@en ;
    .

<http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1171363> # Water--Purification
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Water--Purification"@en ;
    .

<http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1171506> # Water--Softening
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Water--Softening"@en ;
    .

<http://id.worldcat.org/fast/978577> # Ion exchange
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Ion exchange"@en ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/101203349> # Jay H. Lehr
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:birthDate "1936" ;
    schema:familyName "Lehr" ;
    schema:givenName "Jay H." ;
    schema:name "Jay H. Lehr" ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/140991175> # Wiley InterScience (Online service)
    a schema:Organization ;
    schema:name "Wiley InterScience (Online service)" ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/56242630> # Rod Joseph McEachern
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:birthDate "1958" ;
    schema:familyName "McEachern" ;
    schema:givenName "Rod Joseph" ;
    schema:givenName "Rod J." ;
    schema:name "Rod Joseph McEachern" ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/86242417> # William Wist
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:birthDate "1945" ;
    schema:deathDate "2007" ;
    schema:familyName "Wist" ;
    schema:givenName "William" ;
    schema:name "William Wist" ;
    .

<http://worldcat.org/isbn/9780470087138>
    a schema:ProductModel ;
    schema:isbn "0470087137" ;
    schema:isbn "9780470087138" ;
    .

<http://worldcat.org/isbn/9780470529058>
    a schema:ProductModel ;
    schema:isbn "0470529059" ;
    schema:isbn "9780470529058" ;
    .

<http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/230180306>
    a schema:CreativeWork ;
    rdfs:label "Water softening with potassium chloride." ;
    schema:description "Print version:" ;
    schema:isSimilarTo <http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/463436651> ; # Water softening with potassium chloride : process, health, and environmental benefits
    .

<http://www.worldcat.org/title/-/oclc/463436651>
    a genont:InformationResource, genont:ContentTypeGenericResource ;
    schema:about <http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/463436651> ; # Water softening with potassium chloride : process, health, and environmental benefits
    schema:dateModified "2018-03-29" ;
    void:inDataset <http://purl.oclc.org/dataset/WorldCat> ;
    .


Content-negotiable representations

Close Window

Please sign in to WorldCat 

Don't have an account? You can easily create a free account.