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Ways of meaning : an introduction to philosophy of language

Auteur : Mark de Bretton Platts
Éditeur: Cambridge, Mass. : MIT Press, 1997
Édition/format:   Livre imprimé : Anglais : 2nd edVoir toutes les éditions et tous les formats
Résumé:

Asssuming only minimum knowledge of elementary formal logic, the text shows how taking truth as the central notion in the theory of meaning can clarify the relations between language, reality and  Lire la suite...

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Détails

Type de document: Livre
Tous les auteurs / collaborateurs: Mark de Bretton Platts
ISBN: 0262161664 9780262161664 0262661071 9780262661072
Numéro OCLC: 473631979
Description: 304 s
Contenu: Part 1 The elements of meaning: truth - conditions, predicates and definitions - theories of truth, Ramsey's theory of truth, simple truth-definitions, predicates and satisfaction, sequences as satisfiers, the workings of satisfaction, realism and correspondence, truth-bearers, some refinements; theories of truth and theories of meaning - novelty and boundlessness in language use, some possible constraints on theories of meaning - holism and monism, the elimination of "... means that ...", meaning and truth-conditions, the role of the theory of meaning, a definition of sentence-meaning; shades of meaning - traditional analysis, refining traditional analysis - conversational implicatures, the role of intentions in the theory of language use. Part 2 Some structures of meaning: the logical form of quantified sentences - standard truth-theories for the universal and existential quantifiers, the problem of non-standard quantifiers, the beginnings of a solution, logical form and inference; reported speech - the problems of intentionality - reported speech - the problems, Quine's proposal, the Fregean proposal, Davidson's proposal, the varieties of reported speech; names and objects - the object theory of proper names - objections, the object theory - some responses, names as austere predicates, names as ambiguous predicates; adjectival constructions - the predicative-attributive distinction, implicit and explicit attributes - semantical attachment, why attributives are not one-place predicates, positive, comparative, superlative, Wheeler's proposal, some other possibilities; actions and causes - events - understanding action-sentences - Davidson's proposal, understanding action-sentences - some problems, some logical form of singular causal sentences, singular causal statements - logical form and epistemology, some epistemological worries. Part 3 Language and reality: understanding and reality - understanding and paradox, vagueness and rules, rules and observationality, understanding and knowledge, language, reality and verification; moral reality - the nature of ethical realism, relativism and reason, morality and action; talk of a kind - words and kinds, explanatory kinds, the orders of things, knowing subjects and known objects, natural-kind words - Putnam's proposal, kind words and understanding, a moralizing postscript.

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"This is the book that turned on a generation of philosophers of language--turned them on to the Davidsonian program, that is... More than that, he surveyed a number of natural language Lire la suite...

 
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