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When working is not enough to escape poverty : an analysis of Canada's working poor

Author: Dominique Fleury; Myriam Fortin; Canada. Human Resources and Social Development Canada.
Publisher: [Ottawa] : Human Resources and Social Development Canada, 2006.
Series: Working papers (Canada. Human Resources and Social Development Canada. Policy and Research Group)
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Statistics
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Dominique Fleury; Myriam Fortin; Canada. Human Resources and Social Development Canada.
ISBN: 0662436776 9780662436775 0662436784 9780662436782
OCLC Number: 85819147
Language Note: Introduction also in French.
Notes: Title from title screen.
Description: 1 online resource (ii, 154 pages) : illustrations.
Contents: Executive Summary --
Sommaire --
Introduction --
Chapter 1: Literature Review on Working Poverty --
1.1 Previous Findings on the Working Poor Population in Canada --
1.2 Outcomes Associated With Poverty --
1.2.1 Canadian Evidence --
1.2.2 US Evidence --
1.3 Research Initiatives on the Working Poor in Other Countries --
Chapter 2: Who Are the Working Poor? --
2.1 Introduction --
2.2 Existing Definitions of Working Poverty --
2.3 A New Definition of Working Poverty --
2.3.1 What is a Worker? What is a 'Working Family'? --
2.3.2 Who Lives in Poverty? --
2.3.3 New Definitions of Working Poor Individuals and Families --
2.4 Data --
2.5 Low Paid Workers Versus the Working Poor --
2.6 Conclusion --
Chapter 3: A Descriptive Profile of Working Poor Canadians for 2001 --
3.1 Introduction --
3.2 Number of Working Poor Canadians --
3.3 Work Effort --
3.4 Labour Market Conditions --
3.5 Depth of Poverty --
3.6 Characteristics of Working Poor Canadians --
3.6.1 Demographic Characteristics --
3.6.2 Socioeconomic Characteristics --
3.6.3 Family Characteristics --
3.6.4 Labour Market Characteristics --
3.6.5 Access to Government Benefits and Regional Rate of Poverty --
3.6.6 Main Job --
3.7 Characteristics of the Working Poor in Other Countries --
3.8 Conclusion --
Chapter 4: Determinants of Poverty Among Workers --
4.1 Introduction --
4.2 Literature Review --
4.3 Methodology --
4.3.1 Dependent Variable --
4.3.2 Independent or Explanatory Variables --
4.3.3 Rates of Poverty among Workers --
4.3.4 Logistic Regressions --
4.3.4.1 Model Specifications --
4.4 Findings --
4.4.1 Main Determinants of Poverty among Workers in 2001 --
4.4.2 Relative Importance of Wages and Family Characteristics --
4.5 Conclusion --
Chapter 5: Greater Family Work Effort as a Means of Escaping Working Poverty --
5.1 Introduction --
5.2 Working Poor Persons Living in Families With Further Work Potential --
5.3 Individuals Affected by Working Poverty who Lived in a Family with Greater Work Potential --
5.4 Characteristics of New Potential Earners and Workers --
5.4.1 Characteristics of New Potential Earners in Working Poor Families --
5.4.2 New potential earners versus new potential workers --
5.4.3 New potential earners Living in Working Poor versus Working Non-Poor Families --
5.5 Conclusion. Chapter 6: Should Self-Employed and Salaried Working Poor Canadians be Treated Differently? --
6.1 Introduction --
6.2 Comparison Between Self-Employed and Salaried Working Poor Canadians --
6.2.1 Number of Self-Employed and Salaried Working Poor Canadians --
6.2.2 Work Effort --
6.2.3 Earnings --
6.2.4 Depth of Poverty --
6.2.5 Under Reporting of Earnings --
6.2.6 Descriptive Profiles --
6.3 Determinants of Low Income for Self-Employed and for Salaried Workers --
6.3.1 Common Determinants of Low Income --
6.3.2 Distinct Determinants of Low Income --
6.4 Low Income Trajectories of Self-Employed and Salaried Working Poor Canadians --
6.5 Conclusion --
Chapter 7: Impact of Increasing Hourly Wages on the Earnings of Salaried Workers --
7.1 Introduction --
7.2 Literature Review on the Minimum Wage --
7.3 The Impact of Increasing the Minimum Wage on Working Poor Canadians --
7.3.1 Wage Profile of the Working Poor --
7.3.2 Results of the Simulations for Working Poor Canadians --
7.4 The Impact of Increasing the Minimum Wage on All Low-Income Canadians --
7.4.1 Canadians Affected by the Minimum Wage in 2001 --
7.4.2 Results of the Simulations for all Low-Income Canadians --
7.5 Conclusion --
Chapter 8: The Situation of Working Poor Canadians Over the Longer Term --
8.1 Introduction --
8.2 Literature Review --
8.3 Technical Details --
8.3.1 Data and Criteria Used to Select the Longitudinal Sample --
8.3.2 Identification of Working Poor Individuals --
8.4 Longitudinal Analysis --
8.4.1 Changes in Labour Market Participation --
8.4.2 Dynamics of Family Income --
8.4.3 Factors Associated with Exiting Poverty --
8.4.4 Labour Market Progression between 1996 and 2001 --
8.4.5 Use of Government Programs --
8.4.6 Determinants of Persistent Poverty --
8.5 Conclusion --
Summary and Policy Considerations --
Appendix A: Data --
Appendix B: Logistic Regressions: Technical Details --
Appendix C: Logistic Regressions: Methodological Details --
Appendix D: Robustness of the Results to Definitional Changes --
Appendix E: Earning Potential of Working Families --
Appendix F: Limitations and Mechanics of Simulations Conducted to Assess the Impact on (Working) Poverty of Increasing the Minimum Wage --
Bibliography.
Series Title: Working papers (Canada. Human Resources and Social Development Canada. Policy and Research Group)
Responsibility: Dominique Fleury and Myriam Fortin.
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