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Which Communities should be afraid of Mobility? : The Effects of Agglomeration Economies on the Sensitivity of Firm Location to Local Taxes

Author: Jordi Jofre-Monseny; Albert Solé-Ollé
Publisher: München : CESifo, Center for Economic Studies & Ifo Institute for economic research, 2008.
Series: CESifo working paper series, 2311.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
This paper examines the effects of agglomeration economies (AE) on the sensitivity of firm location to tax differentials. An initial reading of the story suggests that, with AE, when a firm moves into a community attracted by a tax reduction, other firms may decide to move in as well. This suggests that AE increase the sensitivity of firm location to local taxes. However, a second version of the story reads that, if  Read more...
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Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Jordi Jofre-Monseny; Albert Solé-Ollé
OCLC Number: 429210897
Description: 1 online resource (Text.)
Series Title: CESifo working paper series, 2311.
Responsibility: Jordi Jofre-Monseny, Albert Solé-Ollé.

Abstract:

This paper examines the effects of agglomeration economies (AE) on the sensitivity of firm location to tax differentials. An initial reading of the story suggests that, with AE, when a firm moves into a community attracted by a tax reduction, other firms may decide to move in as well. This suggests that AE increase the sensitivity of firm location to local taxes. However, a second version of the story reads that, if economic activities are highly concentrated in space, AE might offset any tax differential, hence suggesting a reduction in this sensitivity. This paper provides a theoretical model of intraregional firm location with Marshallian AE that is able to generate both hypotheses: AE increase (decrease) the effect of taxes when locations are (are not) of a similar size. We then use Spanish municipal data for the period 1995-2002 to test these hypotheses, analyzing the combined effect of local business taxes and Marshallian AE on the intraregional location of employment. In line with the theory, a municipality with stronger AE experiences lower (higher) tax effects if it is sufficiently dissimilar (similar) to its neighbors in terms of size.

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