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Why doesn't capitalism flow to poor countries?

Author: Rafael Di Tella; Robert MacCulloch; National Bureau of Economic Research.
Publisher: Cambridge, Mass. : National Bureau of Economic Research, ©2007.
Series: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), working paper no. 13164.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"We find anecdotal evidence suggesting that governments in poor countries have a more left wing rhetoric than those in OECD countries. Thus, it appears that capitalist rhetoric doesn't flow to poor countries. A possible explanation is that corruption, which is more widespread in poor countries, reduces more the electoral appeal of capitalism than that of socialism. The empirical pattern of beliefs within countries  Read more...
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Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Rafael Di Tella; Robert MacCulloch; National Bureau of Economic Research.
OCLC Number: 155343095
Notes: "June 2007."
Description: 37 pages ; 22 cm.
Series Title: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), working paper no. 13164.
Responsibility: Rafael Di Tella, Robert MacCulloch.

Abstract:

"We find anecdotal evidence suggesting that governments in poor countries have a more left wing rhetoric than those in OECD countries. Thus, it appears that capitalist rhetoric doesn't flow to poor countries. A possible explanation is that corruption, which is more widespread in poor countries, reduces more the electoral appeal of capitalism than that of socialism. The empirical pattern of beliefs within countries is consistent with this explanation: people who perceive corruption to be high in their country are also more likely to lean left ideologically (and to declare support for a more intrusive government in economic matters). Finally, we present a model explaining the corruption-left connection. It exploits the fact that an act of corruption is more revealing about the fairness type of a rich capitalist than of a poor bureaucrat. After observing corruption, voters who care about fairness react by increasing taxes and moving left. There is a negative ideological externality since the existence of corrupt entrepreneurs hurts good entrepreneurs by reducing the electoral appeal of capitalism."--Abstract.

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