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Women, war and wages : the effect of female labor supply on the wage structure at mid-century

Author: Daron Acemoglu; David H Autor; David S Lyle; National Bureau of Economic Research.
Publisher: Cambridge, MA. : National Bureau of Economic Research, ©2002.
Series: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 9013.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Abstract: This paper investigates the effects of female labor supply on the wage structure. To identify variation in female labor supply, we exploit the military mobilization for World War II, which drew many women into the workforce as males exited civilian employment. The extent of mobilization was not uniform across states, however, with the fraction of eligible males serving ranging from 41 to 54 percent. We  Read more...
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Details

Genre/Form: History
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Daron Acemoglu; David H Autor; David S Lyle; National Bureau of Economic Research.
OCLC Number: 50333291
Notes: "June 2002."
Description: 1 online resource (43, [24] pages) : illustrations.
Series Title: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 9013.
Other Titles: Effect of female labor supply on the wage structure at mid-century
Responsibility: Daron Acemoglu, David H. Autor, David Lyle.

Abstract:

Abstract: This paper investigates the effects of female labor supply on the wage structure. To identify variation in female labor supply, we exploit the military mobilization for World War II, which drew many women into the workforce as males exited civilian employment. The extent of mobilization was not uniform across states, however, with the fraction of eligible males serving ranging from 41 to 54 percent. We find that in states with greater mobilization of men, women worked substantially more after the War and in 1950, though not in 1940. We interpret these differentials as labor supply shifts induced by the War. We find that increases in female labor supply lower female wages, lower male wages, and increase the college and premium and male wage inequality generally. Our findings indicate that at mid-century, women were closer substitutes to high school graduate and relatively low-skill males, but not to those with the lowest skills.

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