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Wordsmith : a guide to college writing

Author: Pamela Arlov
Publisher: Upper Saddle River, N.J. : Prentice Hall, ©2000.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:

Useful for courses in Developmental Writing at the essay level or freshman composition, this guide to composition and grammar aims to instill in students a sense of the structure of an essay and the  Read more...

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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Pamela Arlov
ISBN: 0136283551 9780136283553
OCLC Number: 40734845
Notes: Includes index.
Description: xxvii, 532 pages ; 24 cm
Contents: Part 1 Composition --
Chapter 1 The Writing Process 3 --
Prewriting 4 --
Planning 4 --
Drafting 4 --
Revising 5 --
Proofreading 6 --
The Writing Process: Carla's Essay 7 --
Chapter 2 Preparing to Write 20 --
Prewriting 21 --
Why Prewrite? 21 --
Prewriting Methods 22 --
Brainstorming 22 --
Freewriting 24 --
Invisible Writing: A Computer Technique 26 --
Clustering 27 --
Narrowing Your Topic: The Topic-Subtopic Method 28 --
Outlining 31 --
Journal Writing 32 --
Chapter 3 Writing Paragraphs 34 --
Characteristics of an Effective Paragraph 34 --
Direction: Shaping the Topic Sentence of a Paragraph 35 --
Unity: Sticking to the Point 39 --
Coherence: Holding the Paragraph Together 41 --
Support: Using Specific Detail 47 --
Chapter 4 Building a Framework: Thesis and Organization 56 --
Constructing the Thesis Statement 57 --
Types of Thesis Statements 57 --
Evaluating Your Thesis Points 63 --
Organizing Your Essay 67 --
Emphatic Order 67 --
Sandwich Order 69 --
Chronological Order 71 --
Chapter 5 Introducing the Essay 73 --
Purposes of an Introduction 73 --
Types of Introduction 74 --
Broad to Narrow 74 --
Narrow to Broad 75 --
Quotation 76 --
Anecdote 79 --
Contrasting Idea 80 --
Historical 82 --
Chapter 6 Developing Body Paragraphs 84 --
Characteristics of an Effective Body Paragraph 84 --
Direction: Shaping the Topic Sentences of Body Paragraphs 85 --
Unity: Sticking to the Point of the Essay 90 --
Coherence: Holding the Essay Together 93 --
Support: Using Specific Detail 96 --
Chapter 7 Concluding the Essay 107 --
Methods of Conclusions 107 --
Recommendation 108 --
Prediction 109 --
Full Circle 110 --
Quotation 112 --
Traps to Avoid 113 --
Sermonizing 113 --
Starched Prose 114 --
Chapter 8 Revising and Proofreading 115 --
Revising 115 --
Checklist for Revision 116 --
Proofreading 121 --
The Top-Down Technique 122 --
The Bottom-Up Technique 122 --
The Targeting Technique 122 --
Proofreading the World-Processed Essay 123 --
Chapter 9 Showing and Telling: Description, Narration, and Example 126 --
Description 126 --
Sense Impressions 127 --
Spatial Order 129 --
Establishing a Dominant Impression 130 --
Wordsmith's Corner: Examples of Descriptive Writing 132 --
Narration 139 --
Techniques for Successful Narration 140 --
Wordsmith's Corner: Examples of Narrative Writing 143 --
Wordsmith's Corner: Examples of Writing Supported by Example 152 --
Chapter 10 Limiting and Ordering: Definition, Classification, and Process 160 --
Wordsmith's Corner: Examples of Writing Developed by Definition 162 --
Classification 168 --
Establishing a Basis for Classification 169 --
Wordsmith's Corner: Examples of Writing Developed through Classification 173 --
Process 180 --
Organizing the Process Essay 180 --
Introducing the Process Essay 181 --
Concluding the Process Essay 181 --
Wordsmith's Corner: Examples of Process Writing 182 --
Chapter 11 Examining Logical Connections: Comparison-Contrast, Cause-Effect, and Argument 189 --
Comparison-Contrast 190 --
Setting Up the Comparison-Contrast Paragraph 190 --
Wordsmith's Corner: Examples of Writing Using Comparison-Contrast 193 --
Cause and Effect 198 --
Identifying Causes and Effects 199 --
Wordsmith's Corner: Examples of Writing Using Cause and Effect 200 --
Argument 206 --
Taking Sides 206 --
Introducing an Argument Essay 206 --
Will You Change Anyone's Mind? 207 --
Wordsmith's Corner: Examples of Writing Using Argument 207 --
Part 2 Grammar --
Basic Grammar --
Chapter 12 Subjects and Verbs 217 --
Action and Linking Verbs 217 --
Action Verbs 218 --
Linking Verbs 218 --
Recognizing Subjects and Verbs 220 --
Finding the Verb 220 --
Finding the Subject 222 --
Recognizing Prepositional Phrases 224 --
Regular and Irregular Verbs 225 --
Puzzling Pairs 229 --
Chapter 13 Subject-Verb Agreement 236 --
The Basic Pattern 236 --
Problems in Subject-Verb Agreement 240 --
Prepositional Phrase between Subject and Verb 240 --
Indefinite Pronouns as Subjects 241 --
Subject Following the Verb 242 --
Compound Subjects 243 --
Chapter 14 Run-On Sentences 250 --
What Is a Run-On Sentence? 250 --
Correcting Run-Ons 252 --
Method 1 Period and Capital Letter 252 --
Method 2 Comma and FANBOYS Conjunction 253 --
Method 3 Semicolon 254 --
Method 4 Semicolon and Transitional Expression 255 --
Method 5 Dependent Word 256 --
A Special Case: The Word That 258 --
Chapter 15 Sentence Fragments 265 --
What Is a Sentence Fragment? 265 --
Dependent Clause Fragments 266 --
Verbal Phrase Fragments (to, -ing, and -ed) 267 --
Missing-Subject Fragments 271 --
Example and Exception Fragments 272 --
Prepositional-Phrase Fragments 274 --
Chapter 16 Pronouns 280 --
Subject and Object Pronouns 280 --
Subject Pronouns 281 --
Object Pronouns 283 --
Pronoun Agreement, Reference, and Point of View 286 --
Pronoun Agreement 286 --
Pronoun Reference 291 --
Pronoun Point of View 296 --
Advanced Grammar --
Chapter 17 Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers 303 --
Misplaced Modifiers 304 --
Single-Word Modifiers 305 --
Dangling Modifiers 308 --
Chapter 18 Parallel Structure 317 --
Chapter 19 Verb Shifts 326 --
Shifts in Tense 326 --
Avoiding Unnecessary Tense Shifts 327 --
Providing Necessary Tense Shifts 329 --
Active and Passive Voice 330 --
Uses of Active and Passive Voice 332 --
Writing Sentences in Active and Passive Voice 333 --
Correcting Shifts in Voice 335 --
Punctuation, Word Choice, and Mechanics --
Chapter 20 Commas 343 --
Commas to Set Off Introductory Words, Phrases, and Clauses 343 --
Commas to Join Items in a Series 344 --
Commas to Join Independent Clauses 345 --
Commas Around Interrupters 347 --
Commas with Direct Quotations 347 --
Commas in Names and Dates 348 --
Chapter 21 Other Punctuation 354 --
End Punctuation: Period, Question Mark, and Exclamation Point 354 --
The Period 354 --
The Question Mark 355 --
The Exclamation Point 355 --
The Semicolon 356 --
Semicolon to Join Independent Clauses 356 --
Semicolon to Join Items in a List 357 --
Colons and Dashes: Formal and Informal Punctuation 358 --
The Colon 358 --
The Dash 358 --
Parentheses: Tools of Understatement 359 --
Chapter 22 Word Choice 365 --
Slang 365 --
Cliches 367 --
Wordiness 368 --
Pretentious Writing 370 --
Chapter 23 Words Commonly Confused 380 --
Words Commonly Confused 380 --
Chapter 24 Capital Letters 389 --
Capital Letters to Begin Sentences 389 --
Capitalization of Words Referring to Individuals 390 --
Names and the Pronoun I 390 --
Family Relationships 390 --
Professional Titles 391 --
Capitalization of Words Referring to Groups 391 --
Religions, Geographic Locations, Races, and Nationalities 391 --
Organizations, Businesses, and Agencies 392 --
Capitalization of Words Referring to Time and Place 393 --
Dates, Days, Holidays, and Seasons 393 --
Place Names 393 --
Compass Points 394 --
Capitalization of Words Referring to Things and Activities 395 --
School Subjects 395 --
Titles 395 --
Consumer Products 396 --
Chapter 25 Apostrophes 400 --
Apostrophes in Contractions 400 --
Apostrophes to Show Possession 402 --
Making Nouns Possessive 402 --
Distinguishing Possessives from Simple Plurals 405 --
Possessive Forms of Pronouns 406 --
Proofreading for Apostrophe Errors 407 --
Chapter 26 Quotation Marks, Underlining, and Italics 414 --
Quotation Marks to Signal Quotations 414 --
Direct Quotations 414 --
Indirect Quotations 417 --
Quotation Marks, Italics, or Underlining to Set Off Titles 418 --
Quotation Marks 418 --
Italics and Underlining 419 --
1 Babies Suck / Donna Britt 427 --
2 The Brutal Business of Boxing / John Head 433 --
3 Growing Up Bilingual / Sara Gonzalez 439 --
4 The Game of My Life / Jeff Obafemi Carr 446 --
5 Rebel with a Dye Job / Sono Motoyama 452 --
6 Coping with Procrastination / Roberta Moore, Barbara Baker, Arnold H. Packer 458 --
7 Migraine Blues / Candace Dyer 464 --
8 When Words Get in the Way / Athlone G. Clarke 471 --
9 Letting in Light / Patricia Raybon 477 --
10 Date Rape: Exposing Dangerous Myths / John J. Macionis 484 --
11 That Lean and Hungry Look / Suzanne Britt 491 --
12 Education Unplugged / Floyd Allen 498 --
13 Should College Athletes Be Paid? / Steve Wulf 504 --
14 The Fears That Save Us / Diane Ackerman 511 --
15 Reading, Writing, and...Ethics? / Larry Fennelly 519.
Responsibility: Pamela Arlov.

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