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Worklife determinants of retirement income differentials between men and women

Author: Phillip B Levine; Olivia S Mitchell; John W Phillips; National Bureau of Economic Research.
Publisher: Cambridge, MA : National Bureau of Economic Research, ©1999.
Series: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), working paper no. 7243.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Abstract: Women enter retirement having spent fewer years in market work, earned less over their lifetimes, and worked in different jobs than men of the same age. This study examines whether these differences in work-life experiences help explain why many women end up with lower levels of retirement income in old age. We use the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), which provides information on labor market histories  Read more...
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Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Phillip B Levine; Olivia S Mitchell; John W Phillips; National Bureau of Economic Research.
OCLC Number: 70121470
Notes: "July 1999."
Description: 1 online resource (37 pages) : illustrations.
Series Title: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), working paper no. 7243.
Other Titles: Retirement income differentials between men and women
Responsibility: Phillip B. Levine, Olivia S. Mitchell, John W. Phillips.

Abstract:

Abstract: Women enter retirement having spent fewer years in market work, earned less over their lifetimes, and worked in different jobs than men of the same age. This study examines whether these differences in work-life experiences help explain why many women end up with lower levels of retirement income in old age. We use the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), which provides information on labor market histories along with the ability to predict retirement income from employer pensions, social security benefits, and investment returns. We document differences in anticipated retirement income by sex that exist largely between nonmarried men and women. Multivariate models show that 85 percent of this retirement income gap can be attributed to differences in lifetime labor market earnings, years worked, and occupational segregation by sex. Our results suggest that as women's work-life experiences become more congruent with men's over time, the gap in retirement income between men and women may shrink.

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