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World Bank lending to small enterprises : a review

Author: Jacob Levitsky
Publisher: Washington, D.C., U.S.A. : World Bank, ©1986.
Series: Industry and finance series, v. 16.
Edition/Format:   Print book : Document   Computer File : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
This paper analyzes the results of 10 completed small-scale industry projects approved between 1975-80 in Bangladesh, Cameroon, Colombia, Jamaica, Mexico, Morocco, Philippines, Portugal and Sri Lanka. Specific studies were undertaken in 1981-83 of some of these projects and the paper also draws heavily on project completion reports, project performance audit reports, supervision reports, and appraisals of follow-up  Read more...
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Details

Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Computer File, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Jacob Levitsky
ISBN: 0821308149 9780821308141
OCLC Number: 13822866
Description: viii, 53 pages ; 28 cm.
Series Title: Industry and finance series, v. 16.
Responsibility: Jacob Levitsky.

Abstract:

This paper analyzes the results of 10 completed small-scale industry projects approved between 1975-80 in Bangladesh, Cameroon, Colombia, Jamaica, Mexico, Morocco, Philippines, Portugal and Sri Lanka. Specific studies were undertaken in 1981-83 of some of these projects and the paper also draws heavily on project completion reports, project performance audit reports, supervision reports, and appraisals of follow-up projects. During 1985, the paper was rewritten to include some additional recent experience of Bank supported small enterprise (SME) projects other than the original ten reviewed. As regards the major objectives of the Bank's lending programs in this sector, this review concludes that World Bank SME projects have created employment at less than half the prevailing investment cost per job in industry in the respective countries. They also have provided institutional finance to enterprises that previously had limited or no access to such funds. Bank lending has been less successful in mobilizing investments from owners of small scale enterprises and from the resources of the commercial banks themselves. The most important lesson of experience is that many of the early World Bank SME projects did not recognize the importance of the policy framework.

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