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The world's religions : worldviews and contemporary issues

Author: William A Young
Publisher: Upper Saddle River, N.J. : Pearson Prentice Hall, ©2005.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : 2nd edView all editions and formats
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Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Young, William A., 1945-
World's religions.
Upper Saddle River, N.J. : Pearson Prentice Hall, ©2005
(OCoLC)776169250
Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: William A Young
ISBN: 0131830104 9780131830103
OCLC Number: 56733561
Description: xvi, 413 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm + 1 CD-ROM (4 3/4 in.)
Details: System requirements for accompanying CD-ROM: Macintosh windows.
Contents: section I. Introduction --
1. An introduction to religion and the study of religion --
What is religion? --
The problem of defining religion --
Adopting a working definition of religion --
Secular religions? --
Why are people religious? --
Why so many religions? --
Why is the study of religion so important in the twenty-first century? --
What is the relationship between science and religion? --
How might religion be studied? --
Evaluative methods of studying religion --
Descriptive methods of studying religion --
How will we study the world's religions? --
A framework for understanding and comparing religious worldviews --
Symbols, myths, and rituals --
Looking ahead : an overview of the rest of the text --
Chapter summary --
Important terms and phrases --
Questions for discussion and reflection --
Sources and suggestions for further study. section II. The world's religions, histories and worldviews --
2. Indigenous religions, quest for harmony --
An orientation to indigenous peoples and their religions --
Problems in studying indigenous religions --
The traditional worldview of indigenous peoples --
The Yoruba of West Africa --
Introduction --
Yoruba religion : harmony with the Orisa --
The Oglala Lakota (Sioux) of the Great Plains of North America --
Introduction --
A brief history of the Oglala Lakota --
Oglala Lakota religion : the way of the sacred pipe --
The continuing impact of indigenous religions in the twenty-first century --
Chapter summary --
Important terms and phrases --
Questions for discussion and reflection --
Sources and suggestions for further study --
3. Hinduism, many paths to the summit --
Introduction --
An orientation to South and Southeast Asia --
Lands and peoples --
A brief history of India --
The traditional South Asian worldview --
Stages of development and sacred texts --
The problem with the name "Hinduism" --
Religion of the Indus Valley (Harappan) civilization --
The religion of the Vedas : the Rig-Veda and the Upanishads --
Hindu society : the laws of Manu --
The Epics : Ramayana and Mahabharata --
Devotional literature and movements : the Puranas --
Philosophical literature and movements : the Yoga School and Advaita Vedanta --
Hindu reform movements and reformers in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries --
Independent India --
The Hindu worldview --
Humanity : an eternal soul (Atman) --
Problem : trapped by Karma --
Cause : desire and ignorance --
End : liberation (Moksha) from the cycle of rebirth --
Means : the paths of action, devotion, and knowledge --
Reality : penetrating the veil of Maya --
Sacred : many gods and beyond the gods --
Hinduism in the twenty-first century --
Hinduism as a global religion --
Hindu nationalism in India --
Chapter summary --
Important terms and phrases --
Questions for discussion and reflection --
Sources and suggestions for further study. 4. Theravada Buddhism, the middle way --
Introduction --
Stages of development and sacred texts --
Founder : Siddartha Gautama --
Formation of the order of Buddhist monks and nuns (Sangha) --
The spread of Buddhism beyond India --
The Pali Canon --
The two major branches of Buddhism --
The Theravada Buddhist worldview --
Humanity : soullessness (Anatta) and dependent origination --
Problem : the first noble truth, life is suffering (Dukkha) --
Cause : the second noble truth, suffering is caused by craving (Tanha) --
End : the third noble truth, the extinction of craving (Nirvana) --
Means : the fourth noble truth, the eightfold path of the middle way --
Reality : impermanence (Anicca) --
Sacred : spiritual atheism --
Theravada Buddhism in the twenty-first century --
Chapter summary --
Important terms and phrases --
Questions for discussion and reflection --
Sources and suggestions for further study --
5. Jainism, the way of noninjury --
Introduction --
Stages of development and sacred texts --
Founder : Mahavira and the Tirthankaras --
The Jain community --
Jain texts : the Agamas --
The Jain worldview --
Humanity : eternal, infinite souls (jivas) --
Problem : souls "weighed down" by actions (karma) --
Cause : activity --
End : becoming a conqueror (jina) and all-knowing one (kevalin) --
Means : self-denial and noninjury (ahimsa) --
Reality : a dualism of matter (ajiva) and spirit (jiva) --
Sacred : spiritual atheism --
Jainism in the twenty-first century --
Chapter summary --
Important terms and phrases --
Questions for discussion and reflection --
Sources and suggestions for further study. 6. Daoism, the way of nature --
Introduction --
An orientation to East Asia --
Lands and peoples --
A brief history of China --
The East Asian worldview and indigenous religions --
Daoism : the way of nature --
Stages of development and sacred texts --
The worldview of Daoist philosophy --
Daoism in the twenty-first century --
Chapter summary --
Important terms and phrases --
Questions for discussion and reflection --
Sources and suggestions for further study --
7. Confucianism, the way of virtue --
Introduction --
Stages of development and sacred texts --
Founder : master K'ung (Confucius) --
The Analects and other texts --
Formation of the Confucian school, and Confucianism as state teaching --
Neo-Confucianism --
Is Confucianism a religion? --
The decline of Confucianism --
The Confucian worldview --
Humanity : social relationships and microcosm --
Problem : social chaos --
Cause : a breakdown of virtue --
End : leaders of character (jun-zi) and the harmonious society --
Means : the virtuous life --
Reality : life-giving, relational, harmonious --
Sacred : making the Dao great --
Confucianism and other religions in the People's Republic of China --
Chapter summary --
Important terms and phrases --
Questions for discussion and reflection --
Sources and suggestions for further study. 8. Mahayana Buddhism, the great vehicle --
Introduction --
A brief history of Korea and Japan --
Korea --
Japan --
Mahayana Buddhism in East Asia --
The spread of Mahayana Buddhism into East Asia --
Mahayana Buddhist texts of India --
Mahayana and Theravada Buddhism contrasted --
The "three bodies" of the Buddha --
Bodhisattvas --
Sunyata ("emptiness") --
Major Mahayana schools in East Asia --
Pure land : the devotional school --
Zen : the meditation school --
Mahayana Buddhism in the twenty-first century --
Chapter summary --
Important terms and phrases --
Questions for discussion and reflection --
Sources and suggestions for further study --
9. Shinto, the way of the Kami --
Introduction --
Stages of development and sacred texts --
The origin and meaning of "Shinto" --
The Shinto myth : Japan as the land of the Kami --
Popular Japanese religion --
Medieval Shinto : theoretical amalgamation with Buddhism --
The revival of Shinto --
The Shinto worldview --
Humanity : the people of the Kami --
Problem : impurity and disharmony --
Cause : lack of reverence for the Kami --
End : purity and harmony --
Means : shrines, rituals, and self-cultivation --
Reality : the land of the Kami --
Sacred : the Kami --
Religion in twenty-first century Japan and Korea --
Japan --
Korea --
Chapter summary --
Important terms and phrases --
Questions for discussion and reflection --
Sources and suggestions for further study. 10. Judaism, the way of Torah --
Introduction --
An orientation to the Middle East --
Lands and peoples --
A brief history --
The traditional worldview --
Judaism : the way of Torah --
What is Judaism? --
Stages of development and sacred texts --
The Jewish worldview --
Judaism in the twenty-first century --
Chapter summary --
Important terms and phrases --
Questions for discussion and reflection --
Sources and suggestions for further study --
11. Christianity, the way of Jesus Christ --
Introduction --
Stages of development and sacred texts --
Founder : Jesus of Nazareth --
The New Testament and the birth of Christianity --
The institutionalization and spread of Christianity --
Reform movements in Christianity --
Major Christian movements --
Other developments --
The Christian worldview --
Humanity : one in Christ --
Problem : separation from God --
Cause : original sin --
End : the kingdom of God in heaven and on earth --
Means : grace, faith, and the sacraments --
Reality : creation and the cosmic Christ --
Sacred : one God, three "persons" --
Christianity in the twenty-first century --
Chapter summary --
Important terms and phrases --
Questions for discussion and reflection --
Sources and suggestions for further study. 12. Islam, the way of submission to Allah --
Introduction --
Stages of development and sacred texts --
Arabia in the seventh century C.E. --
The prophet Muhammad --
The Holy Qur'an --
The spread of Islam and the rise of Islamic civilization --
The branches of Islam --
Sufi : the mystical movement --
The revival of Islam --
The Islamic worldview --
Humanity : from a single soul --
Problem : rejecting Allah's guidance --
Cause : distraction --
End : paradise and the "house of Islam" --
Means : a life of submission --
Reality : the signs of Allah --
Sacred : there is no God but Allah --
Islam in the twenty-first century --
Chapter summary --
Important terms and phrases --
Questions for discussion and reflection --
Sources and suggestions for further study --
13. Sikhism, the way of the guru --
Introduction --
Stages of development and sacred texts --
Founder : Nanak --
The gurus after Nanak --
Guru Adi Granth (the Granth Sahib) --
The resurgence of Sikhism in modern India --
The Sikh worldview --
Humanity : a pearl in an oyster --
Problem : living apart from God --
Cause : egoism --
End : absorption in God --
Means : praise and compassion --
Reality : penetrating the "wall of falsehood" --
Sacred : the true name --
Sikhism in the twenty-first century --
Chapter summary --
Important terms and phrases --
Questions for discussion and reflection --
Sources and suggestions for further study. 14. The new religious movements, renewal and innovation --
Introduction --
The rapid growth of new religious movements --
Problems in studying new religious movements --
Preparing for the end : apocalyptic new religious movements --
Seventh-Day Adventism : living in the final days --
Branch Davidians : unlocking the Seven Seals --
Aum Shinryko : teaching the supreme truth --
Faith and spirit : new religious movements of healing and awareness --
Christian Science : recovering lost healing --
International Raelian religion : preparing for the Elohim --
Reviving the church : Christian new religious movements of renewal --
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (the Mormons) : Christ's kingdom in America --
The Holy Spirit Association for the Unification of World Christianity (the Unification Church) : restoration of original harmony --
Nature and Spirit : earth-based and ecological new religious movements --
Wicca : renewing European witchcraft --
Deep ecology : ecological egalitarianism --
Liberation and enlightenment : new religious movements with Asian roots --
The International Society for Krishna Consciousness : the Hare Krishnas --
Falun Dafa (Falun Gong) : cultivating the universal life energy --
Soka Gakkai : the society for value creation --
African-American and Afro-Caribbean new religious movements --
The nation of Islam : the "Black Muslims" --
The Ras Tafari movement : the Black Messiah --
Native American new religious movements --
The Native American Church : Peyote religion --
Focusing on the human and the natural : secular new religious movements --
Secular humanism : humanity as ultimate --
Marxism : toward a classless society --
Satanism : indulging self --
The quest for unity : universalist new religious movements --
The Baha'i Faith : toward world unity --
Unitarian Universalist Association : the unity of God --
Chapter summary --
Important terms and phrases --
Questions for discussion and reflection --
Sources and suggestions for further study. section III. The world's religions and contemporary ethical issues --
15. The ecological and economic crises, humans and resources --
The ecological crisis : is the balance of life on planet earth in jeopardy? --
The nature of the issue and the role of religion --
Religious responses --
The economic crisis : why hunger and abject poverty in a world of plenty? --
The nature of the issue and the role of religion --
Religious responses --
Chapter summary --
Important terms and phrases --
Questions for discussion and reflection --
Sources and suggestions for further study --
16. War and capital punishment, society and violence --
War : when, if ever, is war justified? --
The nature of the issue and the role of religion --
Religious responses --
Capital punishment : when may the state take a criminal's life? --
The nature of the issue and the role of religion --
Religious responses --
Chapter summary --
Important terms and phrases --
Questions for discussion and reflection --
Sources and suggestions for further study --
17. Abortion and euthanasia, life and death --
Abortion : right to life or right to choose? --
The nature of the issue and the role of religion --
Religious responses --
Euthanasia : a "good death" or "playing God"? --
The nature of the issue and the role of religion --
Religious responses --
Chapter summary --
Important terms and phrases --
Questions for discussion and reflection --
Sources and suggestions for further study --
18. Gender and sexual orientation, roles and identity --
The changing roles of women : liberation or confusion? --
The nature of the issue and the role of religion --
Religious responses --
Homosexuality : orientation, preference, or perversion? --
The nature of the issue and the role of religion --
Religious responses --
Chapter summary --
Important terms and phrases --
Questions for discussion and reflection --
Sources and suggestions for further study. section IV. Conclusion --
19. The future of the world's religions --
How the world's religions will relate to one another : three possible futures --
Exclusivism --
Inclusivism --
Pluralism --
The search for common ground : the ecological crisis --
The world's religions after September 11, 2001 --
Important terms and phrases --
Sources and suggestions for further study --
Glossary.
Responsibility: William A. Young.
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   schema:description "10. Judaism, the way of Torah -- Introduction -- An orientation to the Middle East -- Lands and peoples -- A brief history -- The traditional worldview -- Judaism : the way of Torah -- What is Judaism? -- Stages of development and sacred texts -- The Jewish worldview -- Judaism in the twenty-first century -- Chapter summary -- Important terms and phrases -- Questions for discussion and reflection -- Sources and suggestions for further study -- 11. Christianity, the way of Jesus Christ -- Introduction -- Stages of development and sacred texts -- Founder : Jesus of Nazareth -- The New Testament and the birth of Christianity -- The institutionalization and spread of Christianity -- Reform movements in Christianity -- Major Christian movements -- Other developments -- The Christian worldview -- Humanity : one in Christ -- Problem : separation from God -- Cause : original sin -- End : the kingdom of God in heaven and on earth -- Means : grace, faith, and the sacraments -- Reality : creation and the cosmic Christ -- Sacred : one God, three "persons" -- Christianity in the twenty-first century -- Chapter summary -- Important terms and phrases -- Questions for discussion and reflection -- Sources and suggestions for further study."@en ;
   schema:description "8. Mahayana Buddhism, the great vehicle -- Introduction -- A brief history of Korea and Japan -- Korea -- Japan -- Mahayana Buddhism in East Asia -- The spread of Mahayana Buddhism into East Asia -- Mahayana Buddhist texts of India -- Mahayana and Theravada Buddhism contrasted -- The "three bodies" of the Buddha -- Bodhisattvas -- Sunyata ("emptiness") -- Major Mahayana schools in East Asia -- Pure land : the devotional school -- Zen : the meditation school -- Mahayana Buddhism in the twenty-first century -- Chapter summary -- Important terms and phrases -- Questions for discussion and reflection -- Sources and suggestions for further study -- 9. Shinto, the way of the Kami -- Introduction -- Stages of development and sacred texts -- The origin and meaning of "Shinto" -- The Shinto myth : Japan as the land of the Kami -- Popular Japanese religion -- Medieval Shinto : theoretical amalgamation with Buddhism -- The revival of Shinto -- The Shinto worldview -- Humanity : the people of the Kami -- Problem : impurity and disharmony -- Cause : lack of reverence for the Kami -- End : purity and harmony -- Means : shrines, rituals, and self-cultivation -- Reality : the land of the Kami -- Sacred : the Kami -- Religion in twenty-first century Japan and Korea -- Japan -- Korea -- Chapter summary -- Important terms and phrases -- Questions for discussion and reflection -- Sources and suggestions for further study."@en ;
   schema:description "14. The new religious movements, renewal and innovation -- Introduction -- The rapid growth of new religious movements -- Problems in studying new religious movements -- Preparing for the end : apocalyptic new religious movements -- Seventh-Day Adventism : living in the final days -- Branch Davidians : unlocking the Seven Seals -- Aum Shinryko : teaching the supreme truth -- Faith and spirit : new religious movements of healing and awareness -- Christian Science : recovering lost healing -- International Raelian religion : preparing for the Elohim -- Reviving the church : Christian new religious movements of renewal -- The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (the Mormons) : Christ's kingdom in America -- The Holy Spirit Association for the Unification of World Christianity (the Unification Church) : restoration of original harmony -- Nature and Spirit : earth-based and ecological new religious movements -- Wicca : renewing European witchcraft -- Deep ecology : ecological egalitarianism -- Liberation and enlightenment : new religious movements with Asian roots -- The International Society for Krishna Consciousness : the Hare Krishnas -- Falun Dafa (Falun Gong) : cultivating the universal life energy -- Soka Gakkai : the society for value creation -- African-American and Afro-Caribbean new religious movements -- The nation of Islam : the "Black Muslims" -- The Ras Tafari movement : the Black Messiah -- Native American new religious movements -- The Native American Church : Peyote religion -- Focusing on the human and the natural : secular new religious movements -- Secular humanism : humanity as ultimate -- Marxism : toward a classless society -- Satanism : indulging self -- The quest for unity : universalist new religious movements -- The Baha'i Faith : toward world unity -- Unitarian Universalist Association : the unity of God -- Chapter summary -- Important terms and phrases -- Questions for discussion and reflection -- Sources and suggestions for further study."@en ;
   schema:description "6. Daoism, the way of nature -- Introduction -- An orientation to East Asia -- Lands and peoples -- A brief history of China -- The East Asian worldview and indigenous religions -- Daoism : the way of nature -- Stages of development and sacred texts -- The worldview of Daoist philosophy -- Daoism in the twenty-first century -- Chapter summary -- Important terms and phrases -- Questions for discussion and reflection -- Sources and suggestions for further study -- 7. Confucianism, the way of virtue -- Introduction -- Stages of development and sacred texts -- Founder : master K'ung (Confucius) -- The Analects and other texts -- Formation of the Confucian school, and Confucianism as state teaching -- Neo-Confucianism -- Is Confucianism a religion? -- The decline of Confucianism -- The Confucian worldview -- Humanity : social relationships and microcosm -- Problem : social chaos -- Cause : a breakdown of virtue -- End : leaders of character (jun-zi) and the harmonious society -- Means : the virtuous life -- Reality : life-giving, relational, harmonious -- Sacred : making the Dao great -- Confucianism and other religions in the People's Republic of China -- Chapter summary -- Important terms and phrases -- Questions for discussion and reflection -- Sources and suggestions for further study."@en ;
   schema:description "4. Theravada Buddhism, the middle way -- Introduction -- Stages of development and sacred texts -- Founder : Siddartha Gautama -- Formation of the order of Buddhist monks and nuns (Sangha) -- The spread of Buddhism beyond India -- The Pali Canon -- The two major branches of Buddhism -- The Theravada Buddhist worldview -- Humanity : soullessness (Anatta) and dependent origination -- Problem : the first noble truth, life is suffering (Dukkha) -- Cause : the second noble truth, suffering is caused by craving (Tanha) -- End : the third noble truth, the extinction of craving (Nirvana) -- Means : the fourth noble truth, the eightfold path of the middle way -- Reality : impermanence (Anicca) -- Sacred : spiritual atheism -- Theravada Buddhism in the twenty-first century -- Chapter summary -- Important terms and phrases -- Questions for discussion and reflection -- Sources and suggestions for further study -- 5. Jainism, the way of noninjury -- Introduction -- Stages of development and sacred texts -- Founder : Mahavira and the Tirthankaras -- The Jain community -- Jain texts : the Agamas -- The Jain worldview -- Humanity : eternal, infinite souls (jivas) -- Problem : souls "weighed down" by actions (karma) -- Cause : activity -- End : becoming a conqueror (jina) and all-knowing one (kevalin) -- Means : self-denial and noninjury (ahimsa) -- Reality : a dualism of matter (ajiva) and spirit (jiva) -- Sacred : spiritual atheism -- Jainism in the twenty-first century -- Chapter summary -- Important terms and phrases -- Questions for discussion and reflection -- Sources and suggestions for further study."@en ;
   schema:description "section IV. Conclusion -- 19. The future of the world's religions -- How the world's religions will relate to one another : three possible futures -- Exclusivism -- Inclusivism -- Pluralism -- The search for common ground : the ecological crisis -- The world's religions after September 11, 2001 -- Important terms and phrases -- Sources and suggestions for further study -- Glossary."@en ;
   schema:description "12. Islam, the way of submission to Allah -- Introduction -- Stages of development and sacred texts -- Arabia in the seventh century C.E. -- The prophet Muhammad -- The Holy Qur'an -- The spread of Islam and the rise of Islamic civilization -- The branches of Islam -- Sufi : the mystical movement -- The revival of Islam -- The Islamic worldview -- Humanity : from a single soul -- Problem : rejecting Allah's guidance -- Cause : distraction -- End : paradise and the "house of Islam" -- Means : a life of submission -- Reality : the signs of Allah -- Sacred : there is no God but Allah -- Islam in the twenty-first century -- Chapter summary -- Important terms and phrases -- Questions for discussion and reflection -- Sources and suggestions for further study -- 13. Sikhism, the way of the guru -- Introduction -- Stages of development and sacred texts -- Founder : Nanak -- The gurus after Nanak -- Guru Adi Granth (the Granth Sahib) -- The resurgence of Sikhism in modern India -- The Sikh worldview -- Humanity : a pearl in an oyster -- Problem : living apart from God -- Cause : egoism -- End : absorption in God -- Means : praise and compassion -- Reality : penetrating the "wall of falsehood" -- Sacred : the true name -- Sikhism in the twenty-first century -- Chapter summary -- Important terms and phrases -- Questions for discussion and reflection -- Sources and suggestions for further study."@en ;
   schema:description "section I. Introduction -- 1. An introduction to religion and the study of religion -- What is religion? -- The problem of defining religion -- Adopting a working definition of religion -- Secular religions? -- Why are people religious? -- Why so many religions? -- Why is the study of religion so important in the twenty-first century? -- What is the relationship between science and religion? -- How might religion be studied? -- Evaluative methods of studying religion -- Descriptive methods of studying religion -- How will we study the world's religions? -- A framework for understanding and comparing religious worldviews -- Symbols, myths, and rituals -- Looking ahead : an overview of the rest of the text -- Chapter summary -- Important terms and phrases -- Questions for discussion and reflection -- Sources and suggestions for further study."@en ;
   schema:description "section III. The world's religions and contemporary ethical issues -- 15. The ecological and economic crises, humans and resources -- The ecological crisis : is the balance of life on planet earth in jeopardy? -- The nature of the issue and the role of religion -- Religious responses -- The economic crisis : why hunger and abject poverty in a world of plenty? -- The nature of the issue and the role of religion -- Religious responses -- Chapter summary -- Important terms and phrases -- Questions for discussion and reflection -- Sources and suggestions for further study -- 16. War and capital punishment, society and violence -- War : when, if ever, is war justified? -- The nature of the issue and the role of religion -- Religious responses -- Capital punishment : when may the state take a criminal's life? -- The nature of the issue and the role of religion -- Religious responses -- Chapter summary -- Important terms and phrases -- Questions for discussion and reflection -- Sources and suggestions for further study -- 17. Abortion and euthanasia, life and death -- Abortion : right to life or right to choose? -- The nature of the issue and the role of religion -- Religious responses -- Euthanasia : a "good death" or "playing God"? -- The nature of the issue and the role of religion -- Religious responses -- Chapter summary -- Important terms and phrases -- Questions for discussion and reflection -- Sources and suggestions for further study -- 18. Gender and sexual orientation, roles and identity -- The changing roles of women : liberation or confusion? -- The nature of the issue and the role of religion -- Religious responses -- Homosexuality : orientation, preference, or perversion? -- The nature of the issue and the role of religion -- Religious responses -- Chapter summary -- Important terms and phrases -- Questions for discussion and reflection -- Sources and suggestions for further study."@en ;
   schema:description "section II. The world's religions, histories and worldviews -- 2. Indigenous religions, quest for harmony -- An orientation to indigenous peoples and their religions -- Problems in studying indigenous religions -- The traditional worldview of indigenous peoples -- The Yoruba of West Africa -- Introduction -- Yoruba religion : harmony with the Orisa -- The Oglala Lakota (Sioux) of the Great Plains of North America -- Introduction -- A brief history of the Oglala Lakota -- Oglala Lakota religion : the way of the sacred pipe -- The continuing impact of indigenous religions in the twenty-first century -- Chapter summary -- Important terms and phrases -- Questions for discussion and reflection -- Sources and suggestions for further study -- 3. Hinduism, many paths to the summit -- Introduction -- An orientation to South and Southeast Asia -- Lands and peoples -- A brief history of India -- The traditional South Asian worldview -- Stages of development and sacred texts -- The problem with the name "Hinduism" -- Religion of the Indus Valley (Harappan) civilization -- The religion of the Vedas : the Rig-Veda and the Upanishads -- Hindu society : the laws of Manu -- The Epics : Ramayana and Mahabharata -- Devotional literature and movements : the Puranas -- Philosophical literature and movements : the Yoga School and Advaita Vedanta -- Hindu reform movements and reformers in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries -- Independent India -- The Hindu worldview -- Humanity : an eternal soul (Atman) -- Problem : trapped by Karma -- Cause : desire and ignorance -- End : liberation (Moksha) from the cycle of rebirth -- Means : the paths of action, devotion, and knowledge -- Reality : penetrating the veil of Maya -- Sacred : many gods and beyond the gods -- Hinduism in the twenty-first century -- Hinduism as a global religion -- Hindu nationalism in India -- Chapter summary -- Important terms and phrases -- Questions for discussion and reflection -- Sources and suggestions for further study."@en ;
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<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/794361427#Place/upper_saddle_river_n_j> # Upper Saddle River, N.J.
    a schema:Place ;
   schema:name "Upper Saddle River, N.J." ;
    .

<http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1093763> # Religion
    a schema:Intangible ;
   schema:name "Religion"@en ;
    .

<http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1093898> # Religions
    a schema:Intangible ;
   schema:name "Religions"@en ;
    .

<http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1110714> # Sects
    a schema:Intangible ;
   schema:name "Sects"@en ;
    .

<http://id.worldcat.org/fast/884980> # Cults
    a schema:Intangible ;
   schema:name "Cults"@en ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/27288683> # William A. Young
    a schema:Person ;
   schema:birthDate "1945" ;
   schema:familyName "Young" ;
   schema:givenName "William A." ;
   schema:name "William A. Young" ;
    .

<http://worldcat.org/isbn/9780131830103>
    a schema:ProductModel ;
   schema:isbn "0131830104" ;
   schema:isbn "9780131830103" ;
    .

<http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/776169250>
    a schema:CreativeWork ;
   rdfs:label "World's religions." ;
   schema:description "Online version:" ;
   schema:isSimilarTo <http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/56733561> ; # The world's religions : worldviews and contemporary issues
    .


Content-negotiable representations

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