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Young George Washington and the French and Indian War, 1753-1758

Author: Robert M McClung
Publisher: North Haven, Conn. : Linnet Books, 2002.
Edition/Format:   Print book : Biography : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
George Washington ambushes the French and becomes an "assassin": The element of surprise was gone. Washington could not tell whether his other column and the Indian forces were in place, but he saw no reason to delay. He gave his men the order to fire. A volley of shots rang out, and he saw some of the French soldiers fall ... Surrendering, they flung down their muskets ... Their leader, thirty-five-year-old Ensign
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Genre/Form: Biography
History
Nonfiction
Additional Physical Format: Online version:
McClung, Robert M.
Young George Washington and the French and Indian War, 1753-1758.
North Haven, Conn. : Linnet Books, 2002
(OCoLC)697270871
Named Person: George Washington; George Washington; George Washington; George Washington; George Washington
Material Type: Biography
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Robert M McClung
ISBN: 020802509X 9780208025098
OCLC Number: 49320397
Description: x, 121 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
Contents: 1. In His Brother's Footsteps 3 --
2. Journey to the Forks of the Ohio 8 --
3. Meeting with the Indians 13 --
4. The French at Venango 20 --
5. Fort Le Boeuf 25 --
6. Two Narrow Escapes 31 --
7. The French Capture the Forks 37 --
8. Shots That Set the World on Fire 46 --
9. Fort Necessity 52 --
10. The French Attack 57 --
11. Braddock Marches on Fort Duquesne 61 --
12. A Disastrous Defeat 69 --
13. The Long Retreat 76 --
14. Blood and Terror on the Frontier 80 --
15. Troubles of Command 86 --
16. Forbes Road 93 --
17. Fort Ligonier 102 --
18. The Fall of Fort Duquesne 107.
Responsibility: by Robert M. McClung.

Abstract:

George Washington ambushes the French and becomes an "assassin": The element of surprise was gone. Washington could not tell whether his other column and the Indian forces were in place, but he saw no reason to delay. He gave his men the order to fire. A volley of shots rang out, and he saw some of the French soldiers fall ... Surrendering, they flung down their muskets ... Their leader, thirty-five-year-old Ensign Joseph Coulon, Sieur de Jumonville, lay wounded on the ground. As Washington stepped forward to accept the surrender, Jumonville proclaimed his party's peaceful intent. The French had come, he said, only to warn the British to leave the territory. He had a letter that would make this clear. At the same time, the defeated and defenseless French soldiers were pleading for protection from the Indians. Washington assured them that they would be safe, but then retired a short distance to have his own interpreter go over the words of the paper. While he was preoccupied, the Half-King and his warriors swiftly moved in on the wounded and dead and began killing and scalping them, Jumonville included. The Father of His Country was not always that stellar commander and stern first president who gazes serenely from the famous portraits we have of him. George Washington was once, in fact, a proud, ambitious, and sometimes foolhardy young man whose brashness triggered a major war between the superpowers of his time. Using Washington's diaries as a source, this book tells the story of George's uneven beginning steps into greatness. With French and British facing off for control of North America, the twenty-one-year-old Virginian took on military responsibilities far beyond his ability. Sent to warn the French to get out of the Ohio Valley, he wound up later ambushing them in peacetime and allowing his Indian allies to murder their wounded leader. His forces, holed up in the badly-situated Fort Necessity he had constructed, were almost wiped out in return and Washington was branded as an "assassin."

Young Washington was with Braddock when that British general's force was almost annihilated; later, he struggled to maintain discipline over his militia, while he argued with his superiors to the point of insubordination both about battle tactics and the preferments of rank. When the French finally abandoned Fort Duquesne and the Forks of the Ohio, Washington resigned and retired to a gentleman's life at Mount Vernon. George Washington always had courage and great ambition, but he also had much to learn. As this book shows, the mistakes he made in the French and Indian War taught him how to deal with Indian allies; fight in the woods; keep control of his troops; provision his men; and -- most of all -- curb his fiery temper. These were the things that would pave his way to greatness seventeen years later when he was called to lead the Continental Army into battle against the mother country, England.

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