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Whitney, Eli 1765-1825

Overview
Works: 192 works in 320 publications in 3 languages and 11,471 library holdings
Genres: Biography  Juvenile works  Records and correspondence  History  Photographs  Sources  Autographs  Archives  Patents  Wills 
Roles: Author
Classifications: TS1570.W4, 926
Publication Timeline
Key
Publications about Eli Whitney
Publications by Eli Whitney
Publications by Eli Whitney, published posthumously.
Most widely held works about Eli Whitney
 
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Most widely held works by Eli Whitney
Eli Whitney by Ann Gaines( Book )
4 editions published between 2001 and 2002 in English and held by 296 libraries worldwide
Get the facts behind how this inventor made his dreams into reality
An oration on the death of Mr. Robert Grant, a member of the senior class, in Yale-College, Connecticut : who died on the fourth of April, 1792, aetat. XXIII. by Eli Whitney( Book )
11 editions published between 1792 and 1939 in English and held by 68 libraries worldwide
Eli Whitney and the birth of American technology by Constance McLaughlin Green( Book )
2 editions published in 1956 in English and held by 3 libraries worldwide
Eli Whitney ranks as one of the great inventors of American history. Associated in innumerable textbooks with the cotton gin that he developed, his contribution to the development of the American economy extended far beyond this simple device. Constance McL. Green explains his impact on our history in this brief biography, one that serves both as a study of his life and of the evolution of early American industry. Whitney displayed his mechanical aptitude from an early age. Growing up in colonial Massachusetts, he preferred tinkering in his father's workshop to his various chores on the family farm. Though his family was middle class by the standards of the age, his request to go to college was nonetheless a considerable burden on the family finances, though one to which his father assented. Whitney attended Yale, which Green sees as a decision with critical consequences, as his subsequent career would be greatly aided by his fellow alumni. After his graduation in 1792, Whitney's acceptance of an tutoring position brought him to Georgia, where he made the acquaintance of the remarkable Catherine Greene, the widow of General Nathaniel Greene. It was while he was staying at her plantation that he set himself to solving one of the most perplexing problems the South faced - how to process green-seed cotton cheaply. Here the author provides a valuable context, explaining the new nation's economic straits in the aftermath of the American Revolution. With America now cut off from most British markets and with her industry undeveloped, many believed that the solution was to develop a new staple product to export. The Industrial Revolution was stimulating a growing demand for raw cotton for the new machines to weave into cloth, but the green seeds of the dominant American variety were prohibitively difficult to separate from the fibers. Eli Whitney solved this problem by building a machine the separated the seeds from the fiber easily. His new device, the cotton gin, was quickly seen as the revolutionary device it was, energizing the economy of a region that until then was bereft of a role. Filing a patent for it, he went into business with Greene's plantation manager, Phineas Miller. Their plan to gin cotton for 2/5 of the crop soon encountered hostility from numerous Southern cotton growers, however, who preferred to copy the gin and do it themselves. The subsequent legal battles dragged on for another decade, and resulted in judgements that brought in only a fraction of the money Whitney and Miller had hoped to make. Yet Whitney's efforts on the cotton gin were to lead to an even more revolutionary innovation. To produce the number of machines believed his company would need, Whitney developed a standardized production process, one which he soon sought to apply to the production of muskets. After his struggles with marketing the cotton gin, Whitney turned to musket manufacturing as an endeavor that ensured a guaranteed income through federal contracts. His promise to deliver thousands of muskets rested not on a new design of the weapon, but on the application of his "uniformity system" to their production. This, as Green notes, was Whitney's "unique contribution to American industrial development . . his execution of a carefully-thought-out system, of which every separate type of machine was a part." Such a system offset the shortage of labor plaguing the young nation, and permanently transformed both American manufacturing and the American economy. Green's book is a good examination of both the man and his legacy. Drawing upon a range of materials, it describes his inventions and his business activities in a clear and accessible manner. More than just a portrait of Whitney, it is a study of a pivotal moment in the history of the American economy and in the development of American technology, with lessons and insights that are as applicable today as they were in his age
Cotton gin : patented March 14, 1794 by Eli Whitney( Book )
2 editions published between 1794 and 1959 in Undetermined and English and held by 3 libraries worldwide
Patent specification drawings of cotton gin
Eli Whitney : American inventor, Dec. 8, 1765 - Jan. 8, 1825 ( visu )
1 edition published in 1968 in English and held by 2 libraries worldwide
Papers of the Randolph family of Edgehill ( Archival Material )
in English and held by 2 libraries worldwide
The collection includes deeds, plats, patents, and other legal papers concerning lands in Albemarle, Fluvanna, Goochland, Henrico, and Powhatan Counties, several of which establish the chain of title to Edgehill. Deeds for land owned by the Randolph Family (Richard Randolph, Jr., Thomas Mann Randolph, Thomas Jefferson Randolph), the Eppes Family (Francis Eppes, Richard Eppes, and William Eppes), and the Nicholas Family (John Nicholas, George Nicholas, and Robert Carter Nicholas.) Of interest is a plat of the town of Beverley, Henrico County, surveyed by Peter Jefferson (1751 June 6) and a survey of Thomas Bryan Martin's land (1762 March 29) The survey is of the Manor of Greenway Court, a tract of 8840 acres in Frederick County granted to Martin by Thomas Lord Fairfax, made in connection with the lawsuit of Thomas B. Martin vs. Peter Wolf, defendant in an ejection suit. (Perhaps used after 1762 in an early case, not listed in T.J.'s Case Book.)
Eli Whitney collection ( Archival Material )
in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Photographs, negatives, will, genealogy, booklets, clippings, printed matter, and other materials, relating to Eli Whitney, inventor, mechanical engineer, and manufacturer of firearms, and other family members
[Patent specifications : selections] by United States( Book )
in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Eli Whitney correspondence by Eli Whitney( Archival Material )
in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Eli Whitney letter and receipts by Eli Whitney( Archival Material )
in English and held by 1 library worldwide
A letter written by Eli Whitney to John Mix, Quartermaster General. The letter was carried to John Mix by William Mix. Whitney is endorsing William Mix and his brother (not named) to do further iron work for the State of Connecticut. The Mix brothers already did the iron work for gun carriages made in New Haven. One receipt (a duplicate) is for muskets purchased from Whitney. The other is for use of a horse from New Haven to Whitney's factory
Richard John Levy and Sally Waldman Sweet collection by Richard John Levy( file )
in English and held by 1 library worldwide
The Richard John Levy and Sally Waldman Sweet Collection contains letters and documents signed by prominent political figures, military leaders, authors and scientists. The date span of the collection is from 1766-1935, with the bulk of the items being from the 19th century. Notable individuals include Susan B. Anthony, Robert Browning, Henry Clay, Charles Darwin, George Gissing, Ernest Hemingway, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln, James Madison, James Monroe, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Theodore Roosevelt, George Washington, Daniel Webster and Woodrow Wilson. There are many items of exceptional content, such as a letter by Thomas Jefferson regarding financial support for a female slave freed by Jefferson's lifelong friend George Wythe, a letter by Robert Browning on the subject of Darwinism, a letter by Charles Darwin concerning his book On The Origin of Species and a letter by Susan B. Anthony on women's suffrage
Eli Whitney letter and memorandum, New Haven, Conn. to John Adam, Canaan, Conn by Eli Whitney( Archival Material )
1 edition published in 1799 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
The letter covers several topics including measurements for the face of a trip hammer, a request to ship gudgeons, stakes, a husk and hammer via stage to Litchfield, and an appeal for skilled nailers to make light gun barrels. The memorandum contains a list of rolled iron and forged items Whitney is ordering. On the verso are pencil sketches of gudgeon patterns
Papers by D. Blake Battles( Archival Material )
in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Letters collected by Battles, to and from the following: Leon H. Cilley from Eli Whitney, 21 Dec. 1889; J.P. Kane from Joseph B. Foraker, 2 June 1908; John G. Thompson from Carmi A. Thompson, 18 Sep. 1908; J.W. Beard from George White, 9 Feb. 1912; F.M. Sperry from Claude G. Bowers, 18 June 1915; Robert L. Soergel from Martin L. Davey, 20 Mar. 1919; Robert L. Soergel from Charles L. Knight 15 July 1921; A.H. Anthony from Simeon D. Fess, 20 Feb. 1928; A.H. Anthony from C.B. McClintock, Mar. 1932; A.H. Anthony from Simeon D. Fess, 12 March 1932; A.C. Tidd from Martin L. Davey, 28 July 1937; C.J. Laser from Robert A. Taft, 25 May 1940; Clarence W. Vogel from Lawrence Imhoff, 6 March 1941
Letters by John Rutledge( Archival Material )
in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Letter, 1801 Nov. 31, Newport, [S.C.]. To an unknown individual informing the recipient of the letter that he is sending a box of letters to him in Washington, D.C. that he is to hold until Rutledge arrives in Washington. If he is unable to hold them, they are to be given for safe keeping to a Col. Burrows in Georgetown. -- Letter, 1807 Aug. 7, Charlestown [to] E. Whitney, Whitney's Manufactory, New Haven, Ct.. Rutledge requests Whitney to manufacture 50 muskets "of the same caliber & bore as [those] you make for the Government of the United States, but lighter ... & neater," for the newly-formed 28th Regiment of the South Carolina Militia in Charleston
Eli Whitney papers by Eli Whitney( Book )
1 edition published in 1990 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Papers by Eli Whitney( Archival Material )
in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Four A.L.S. (1813-1814, New Haven) to Amasa Davis, Irvine, and Deceus Woosworth, and a pen and pencil drawing of "Mr. Whitneys machine to prove gunpowder" (1810 Aug. 11)
Timothy Pitkin papers by Timothy Pitkin( Archival Material )
in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Also included are a few earlier items, apparently from the files of William Pitkin, colonial governor of Connecticut, grandfather of Timothy Pitkin
 
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Alternative Names
Eli Whitney American inventor
Eli Whitney Amerikaans ondernemer
Eli Whitney amerykański wynalazca i przedsiębiorca
Eli Whitney imprenditore, inventore e ingegnere statunitense
Éli Whitney mécanicien et industriel américain
Eli Whitney US-amerikanischer Erfinder und Fabrikant
Eлі Вітні американський винахідник і підриємець
Елі Уїтні американський винахідник і підриємець
Уитни, Эли
איליי ויטני
אלי ויטני
إيلي ويتني مخترع أمريكي
ایلای ویتنی
เอลี วิตนีย์
엘리 휘트니
イーライ・ホイットニー American inventor
伊莱·惠特尼
Languages
English (126)
Spanish (1)
French (1)
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