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Schwartz, Anna J. (Anna Jacobson) 1915-2012

Works: 117 works in 734 publications in 5 languages and 13,790 library holdings
Genres: History  Conference papers and proceedings  Economic history 
Roles: Author, Editor, Author of introduction, Contributor, Other, Honoree
Classifications: HG538, 332.4973
Publication Timeline
Publications about Anna J Schwartz
Publications by Anna J Schwartz
Publications by Anna J Schwartz, published posthumously.
Most widely held works about Anna J Schwartz
Most widely held works by Anna J Schwartz
A monetary history of the United States, 1867-1960 by Milton Friedman( Book )
84 editions published between 1961 and 2009 in 5 languages and held by 2,332 libraries worldwide
"Writing in the June 1965 issue of theEconomic Journal, Harry G. Johnson begins with a sentence seemingly calibrated to the scale of the book he set himself to review: "The long-awaited monetary history of the United States by Friedman and Schwartz is in every sense of the term a monumental scholarly achievement--monumental in its sheer bulk, monumental in the definitiveness of its treatment of innumerable issues, large and small-- monumental, above all, in the theoretical and statistical effort and ingenuity that have been brought to bear on the solution of complex and subtle economic issues. Friedman and Schwartz marshaled massive historical data and sharp analytics to support the claim that monetary policy -steady control of the money supply- matters profoundly in the management of the nation's economy, especially in navigating serious economic fluctuations. In their influential chapter 7, The Great Contraction--which Princeton published in 1965 as a separate paperback - they address the central economic event of the century, the Depression. According to Hugh Rockoff, writing in January 1965: "If Great Depressions could be prevented through timely actions by the monetary authority (or by a monetary rule), as Friedman and Schwartz had contended, then the case for market economies was measurably stronger." Milton Friedman won the Nobel Prize in Economics in 2000 for work related to A Monetary History as well as to his other Princeton University Press book, A Theory of the Consumption Function (1957)."--Page 4 de la couv
Monetary trends in the United States and the United Kingdom, their relation to income, prices, and interest rates, 1867-1975 by Milton Friedman( Book )
23 editions published between 1982 and 2011 in English and held by 1,112 libraries worldwide
The special task of this book is to present a statistical and theoretical analysis of the relation between the quantity of money and other key economic magnitudes over periods longer than those dominated by cyclical fluctuations-hence the term trends in the title. This book is not restricted to the United States but includes comparable data for the United Kingdom
The great contraction, 1929-1933 by Milton Friedman( Book )
60 editions published between 1963 and 2012 in 3 languages and held by 1,006 libraries worldwide
Friedman and Schwartz's A Monetary History of the United States, 1867-1960, published in 1963, stands as one of the most influential economics books of the twentieth century. A landmark achievement, the book marshaled massive historical data and sharp analytics to support the claim that monetary policy--steady control of the money supply--matters profoundly in the management of the nation's economy, especially in navigating serious economic fluctuations. The chapter entitled ""The Great Contraction, 1929-33"" addressed the central economic event of the century, the Great Depression. Published
Monetary statistics of the United States: estimates, sources, methods by Milton Friedman( Book )
22 editions published between 1970 and 1991 in English and Undetermined and held by 937 libraries worldwide
Money in historical perspective by Anna J Schwartz( Book )
12 editions published between 1987 and 1989 in English and Undetermined and held by 747 libraries worldwide
A Retrospective on the classical gold standard, 1821-1931 by Michael D Bordo( Book )
15 editions published between 1983 and 2014 in English and Italian and held by 721 libraries worldwide
This is a timely review of the gold standard covering the 110 years of its operation until 1931, when Britain abandoned it in the midst of the Depression. Current dissatisfaction with floating rates of exchange has spurred interest in a return to a commodity standard. The studies in this volume were designed to gain a better understanding of the historical gold standard, but they also throw light on the question of whether restoring it today could help cure inflation, high interest rates, and low productivity growth. The volume includes a review of the literature on the classical gold standard;
The Search for stable money : essays on monetary reform ( Book )
8 editions published between 1987 and 1988 in English and held by 618 libraries worldwide
The growth and fluctuation of the British economy, 1790-1850; an historical, statistical by Arthur D Gayer( Book )
56 editions published between 1953 and 1975 in English and held by 273 libraries worldwide
Currency held by the public, the banks, and the Treasury: monthly, December 1917-December 1944 by Anna J Schwartz( Book )
15 editions published between 1947 and 1991 in English and held by 192 libraries worldwide
From New Deal banking reform to World War II inflation by Milton Friedman( Book )
15 editions published between 1980 and 2014 in English and held by 190 libraries worldwide
This selection from the authors' A Monetary History of the United States, 1867-1960 (Princeton) describes the changes that were made in the banking structure and in the monetary standard following the great contraction of 1929 to 1933, the establishment of monetary policies after the New Deal period, and the development of inflation during World War II
Strained relations : US foreign-exchange operations and monetary policy in the twentieth century by Michael D Bordo( Book )
12 editions published in 2015 in English and held by 170 libraries worldwide
Drawing on a trove of previously confidential data, Strained Relations reveals the evolution of US policy regarding currency market intervention, and its interaction with monetary policy. The authors consider how foreign-exchange intervention was affected by changing economic and institutional circumstances - most notably the abandonment of the international gold standard - and how political and bureaucratic factors affected this aspect of public policy
Monetarism and monetary policy by Anna J Schwartz( Book )
9 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 141 libraries worldwide
Do currency boards have a future? : twenty-second Wincott Memorial Lecture delivered at Bishop Partridge Hall, Church House, Westminster, Thursday, 29 October 1992 by Anna J Schwartz( Book )
14 editions published between 1990 and 1992 in English and Undetermined and held by 115 libraries worldwide
Why clashes between internal and external stability goals end in currency crises, 1797-1994 by Michael D Bordo( Book )
12 editions published between 1995 and 1997 in English and held by 71 libraries worldwide
We argue that recent currency crises reflect clashes between fundamentals and pegged exchange rates, just as did crises in the past. We reject the view that crises reflect self-fulfilling prophecies that are not closely related to measured fundamentals. Doubts about the timing of a market attack on a currency are less important than the fact that it is bound to happen if a government's policies are inconsistent with pegged exchange rates. We base these conclusions on a review of currency crises in the historical record under metallic monetary regimes and of crises post-World War II under Bretton Woods, and since, in European and Latin American pegged exchange rate regimes
Under what circumstances, past and present, have international rescues of countries in financial distress been successful? by Michael D Bordo( Book )
13 editions published between 1998 and 1999 in English and Undetermined and held by 71 libraries worldwide
Recent events in Asia and other parts of the globe have prompted calls from many quarters for international rescue of the monetary or fiscal authorities of distressed countries. We contrast the experience before 1973 of rescues of monetary authorities of advanced countries temporarily short of liquidity with recent experience of bailouts. International rescues in the past involved relatively small amounts of money, sufficient to stave off devaluation or abandonment of a fixed exchange rate, while remedial policies were put in place. Recent bailouts involve handing over relatively large amounts to both foreign lenders and domestic investors after devaluation of a pegged exchange rate to avoid their incurring wealth losses. We document past rescues, whether successful or unsuccessful, by monetary regimes different today from past experience
Measuring real economic effects of bailouts : historical perspectives on how countries in financial distress have fared with and without bailouts by Michael D Bordo( Book )
13 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 66 libraries worldwide
In this paper we first trace the changing nature of banking, currency and debt crises from the last century to the present. Each type of crisis has transmogrified in the presence of official intervention and the creation of a safety net. A similar pattern is observed for international rescue loans. We then present evidence suggesting that the incidence has increased and the severity of financial crises has changed little in emerging markets from the pre-1914 era to the present. Finally we assess the impact of IMF loans on the macro performance of the recipients. A simple with-without comparison of countries receiving IMF assistance during crises in the period 1973-98 with countries in the same region not receiving assistance suggests that the real performance of the former group was possibly worse than the latter. Similar results obtain adjusting for self-selection bias and counterfactual policies
From obscurity to notoriety : a biography of the Exchange Stabilization Fund by Anna J Schwartz( Book )
13 editions published between 1996 and 1997 in English and held by 65 libraries worldwide
The U.S. Treasury's $20 billion loan to Mexico in January 1995 from the Exchange Stabilization Fund (ESF) brought to public notice the fund that had functioned in obscurity since its authorization by the Gold Reserve Act of January 31, 1934. The design of the ESF, as set forth in the statute, contributed to its obscurity. Its stated mission was to stabilize the exchange value of the dollar, but it has also assumed a role that had no mandate, that of lender to favored countries. ESF's intervention activities and the Federal Reserve's warehousing of ESF foreign currency assets are questionable. A statistical profile of the ESF accounts for the growth of its working balance from $200 million in 1934 to $42.6 billion in assets in 1995
The rise and fall of foreign exchange market intervention by Anna J Schwartz( Book )
16 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 64 libraries worldwide
The premise of the paper is that the fervor for foreign exchange market intervention by U.S, and European monetary authorities has ebbed in recent years. A pattern of initial belief in the effectiveness of foreign exchange market intervention has recently been eroded, as is revealed by the absence of intervention in circumstances that in earlier times would have invoked it. Only the Bank of Japan among central banks of the developed world has not thusfar abandoned its faith that intervention can change the relative value of the yen as determined by market forces to conform with its notion of what that value should be. To explain why U.S. and European monetary authorities no longer believe that intervention is a tool that works, I review the equivocal record of past episodes, the inconclusive results of empirical research, and the problems of implementation that intervention advocates ignore
Monetary policy regimes and economic performance : the historical record by Michael D Bordo( Book )
14 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 64 libraries worldwide
Monetary policy regimes encompass the constraints or limits imposed by custom, institutions and nature on the ability of the monetary authorities to influence the evolution of macroeconomic aggregates. This paper surveys the historical experience of both international and domestic (national) aspects of monetary regimes from the nineteenth century to the present. We first survey the experience of four broad international monetary regimes: the classical gold standard 1880-1914; the interwar period with a short lived restoration of the gold standard; the postwar Bretton Woods international monetary system (1946-1971) indirectly linked to gold; the recent managed float period (1971- float period (1971-1995). We then present in some detail the institutional arrangements and policy actions of the Federal Reserve in the United States as an important example of a domestic policy regime. The survey of the Federal Reserve subdivides the demarcated broad international policy regimes into a number of episodes. A salient theme in our survey is that the convertibility rule or principle that dominated both domestic and international aspects of the monetary regime before World War I has since declined in its relevance At the same time, policymakers within major nations placed more emphasis on stabilizing the real economy. In the post-World War II era, the complete abandonment of the convertibility principle, and its replacement by the goal of full employment, combined with the legacy of inadequate policy tools and theory from the interwar period set the stage for the Great Inflation of the 1970s. The lessons from that experience have convinced monetary authorities to reemphasize the goal of low inflation, as it were, committing themselves to rule-like behavior
The specie standard as a contingent rule : some evidence for core and peripheral countries, 1880-1990 by Michael D Bordo( Book )
12 editions published between 1994 and 1997 in English and held by 63 libraries worldwide
The specie standard that prevailed before 1914 was a contingent rule. Under the rule specie convertibiltity could be suspended in the event of a well understood, exogenously produced emergency, such as a war, on the understanding that after the emergency had safely passed convertibility would be restored at the original parity. Market agents would regard successful adherence as evidence of a credible commitment and would allow th authorities access to seignorage and bond finance at favorable terms. This paper surveys the history of the specie standard as a contingent rule for 21 countries divided into core and peripheral countries. As a comparison we also briedfly consider the Bretton Woods system and the recent managed floating regime. We then present evidence across four regimes (pre-1914 gold standard; interward gold standard; Bretton Woods; the subsequent managed exchange rate float) for the 21 countries on the stability of macro variables as well as on the demand shocks (reflecting policy actions specific to the regime) and supply shocks (reflecting shocks to the environment independence of the regime). These measures allow us to determine whether adherents to the rule consistently pursued different policy actions from nonadherents, and whether persistent adverse shocks to the environment may, for some countries, have precluded adherence to the rule
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Alternative Names
Anna J. Schwartz US-amerikanische Ökonomin
Anna Schwartz Amerikaans econome (1915-2012)
Anna Schwartz amerikansk ekonom
Anna Schwartz amerikansk økonom
Jacobson, Anna 1915-2012
Jacobson, Anna Schwartz.
Jacobson Schwartz Anna
Jacobson Schwartz, Anna 1915-2012
Schwartz, A.
Schwartz, A. J.
Schwartz, A. J. 1915-2012
Schwartz, Anna 1915-2012
Schwartz, Anna J.
Schwartz, Anna J. 1912-
Schwartz, Anna J. 1915-2012
Schwartz, Anna J. (Anna Jacobson)
Schwartz, Anna Jacobson
Schwartz, Anna Jacobson 1915-2012
Ана Шварц
Шварц, Анна
آنا شوآرتز اقتصاددان آمریکایی
슈워츠, 안나 J. 1912-
슈워츠, 안나 제이콥슨 1912-
안나 슈워츠 미국의 경제학자
シュウォーツ, アンナ
English (426)
Chinese (3)
Italian (2)
Hungarian (1)
Korean (1)
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