skip to content

United States Department of Energy Chicago Operations Office

Works: 7,970 works in 8,690 publications in 1 language and 32,161 library holdings
Genres: Directories 
Roles: Researcher, Sponsor
Classifications: QC911, 690.869
Publication Timeline
Publications about United States
Publications by United States
Most widely held works by United States
Solar radiation data forecast and interpolation analysis by John Woo( Book )
3 editions published in 1979 in English and held by 69 libraries worldwide
Final technical report for heat pipe central solar receiver by Walter B Bienert( Book )
in English and held by 67 libraries worldwide
Passive and hybrid solar energy ( Book )
2 editions published in 1980 in English and held by 39 libraries worldwide
Preliminary design study of compressed-air energy storage in a salt dome ( Book )
1 edition published in 1982 in English and held by 12 libraries worldwide
A remote telepresence robotic system for inspection and maintenance of a nuclear power plant. Annual research status report ( Computer File )
3 editions published between 1991 and 1993 in English and held by 0 libraries worldwide
This annual report details the activities of the University of Florida research on the robotic system for inspection and maintenance of nuclear power plants. (FI)
In vivo mutagenicity and clastogenicity of ionizing radiation in nuclear medicine ( Computer File )
5 editions published between 1989 and 1991 in English and held by 0 libraries worldwide
The overall goal of our research was to investigate the mutagenic and clastogenic effects of exposure to low levels of ionizing radiation to human lymphocytes. Principally, we studied hospital patients referred to a nuclear medicine department for diagnostic cardiac imaging and nuclear medicine technologists who administer radionuclides. Emphasis in the first year, as described in the first progress report, was on optimization of the hprt mutation assay, measurement of mutant frequencies in patients imaged with thallium-201, and measurement of mutant frequencies in controls. Emphasis in the second and third years was on measurements of: (1) chromosome aberrations in patients imaged with thallium-201; (2) mutant frequencies in patients imaged with technetium-99; (3) mutant frequencies in nuclear medicine technicians and physical therapists; and (4) mutant frequencies in patients treated for Hodgkins disease with radiotherapy. The completed work has been published and is described below in more detail
Hydrogen Induced C-C, C-N, & C-S Bond Activation on Pt & Ni Surfaces ( Computer File )
3 editions published between 1992 and 2004 in English and held by 0 libraries worldwide
The work has focussed on hydrogen induced bond activation in adsorbed organic molecules and intermediates containin C-S and C-N and C-C bonds on Ni(100), Ni(111), and Pt(111) surfaces. Fluorescence Yield Near Edge Spectroscopy (FYNES) above the carbon K edge was used for adsorbed organic reactants and in-situ kinetic studies of bond activation. Results indicate that the activation is enhanced on Ni relative to Pt. Methylthiolate and methylamine adsorbed on Pt(111) were studied
Computer simulations for the adsorption of polymers onto surfaces ( Computer File )
4 editions published between 1992 and 1993 in English and held by 0 libraries worldwide
The objective is to develop theoretical models and computer simulations to examine the adsorption of polymers onto a variety of surfaces, and to understand how the chain architecture and conditions such as the surface or solvent affect the extent of adsorption and the morphology of the interfacial layers. Results obtained last year are summarized under the following headings: behavior of copolymers at a liquid-liquid interface, grafted homopolymer chains in a poor solvent, amphiphilic comb copolymers in oil/water solutions, modeling polymer adsorption onto influenza virus, and behavior of polymers in concentrated surfactant solutions. Plans for future work are also given. 17 refs. (DLC)
Participation of the Pennsylvania State University in the MAP3S precipitation chemistry network. Final report ( Computer File )
4 editions published between 1991 and 1992 in English and held by 0 libraries worldwide
The Meteorology Department of the Pennsylvania State University collected precipitation in central Pennsylvania for more than 14 years on behalf of the Multistate Atmospheric Power Production Pollution Study (MAP3S). The MAP3S protocol, based on the sampling of precipitation from individual meteorological events over a long period of time, has allowed both for the development of a chemical climatology of precipitation in the eastern region of the United States and for a vastly improved understanding of the atmospheric processes responsible for wet acidic deposition. The precipitation chemistry data from the Penn State MAP3S site provide evidence of links to the anthropogenic emissions of sulfur dioxide and oxidant precursors. There is now little doubt that the free acidity in the precipitation of the region is due to the presence of unneutralized sulfate in the aqueous phase. In the absence of significant sources of this sulfur species and in view of supplemental enrichment studies, it is concluded that the sulfate enters cloud and rain water primarily through the aqueous-phase oxidation of sulfur dioxide emitted into the air within the geographical region of deposition. Within the source region the local abundances of sulfur dioxide often exceed those of the oxidants, so the depositions of sulfate and free acidity tend to be modulated by the availability of the strong oxidants. As a consequence, the deposition of sulfate exhibits a very strong seasonal dependence and little response to changes in the emissions of sulfur dioxide
New techniques for positron emission tomography in the study of human neurological disorders ( Computer File )
3 editions published between 1992 and 1993 in English and held by 0 libraries worldwide
This progress report describes accomplishments of four programs. The four programs are entitled (1) Faster, simpler processing of positron-computing precursors: New physicochemical approaches, (2) Novel solid phase reagents and methods to improve radiosynthesis and isotope production, (3) Quantitative evaluation of the extraction of information from PET images, and (4) Optimization of tracer kinetic methods for radioligand studies in PET
Exact calculations of phase and membrane equilibria for complex fluids by Monte Carlo simulation ( Computer File )
3 editions published between 1990 and 1992 in English and held by 0 libraries worldwide
The general objective of this project is the investigation of phase equilibria for complex fluids using a novel methodology, Monte Carlo simulation in the Gibbs ensemble. The methodology enables the direct determination of the properties of two coexisting fluid phases (e.g. a liquid at equilibrium with its vapor) from a single computer experiment, and is applicable to multicomponent systems with arbitrary equilibrium constraints imposed. The specific goals of this work are to adapt the Gibbs technique to (a) highly asymmetric mixtures with large differences in size and potential energies of interaction (b) chain molecules and (c) ionic systems. Significant progress has been made in all three areas. In this paper, we will briefly describe the progress made in each area, using the same numbering scheme for the tasks as in the original proposal
The collaborative program of research in engineering sciences ( Computer File )
3 editions published between 1989 and 1992 in English and held by 0 libraries worldwide
In 1985, the Energy Laboratory of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) began a collaborative program of energy-related engineering research. This program was extended for another three years starting in January 1991. The program continues to pursue three broad goals: to perform quality research on energy-related technologies involved in industrial processes and productivity; to demonstrate the potential of collaborative programs between universities and the national laboratories; and to encourage the transfer of the technology developed to the industrial sector. This annual report describes progress at MIT under the MIT/INEL program during the past year
The influence of interfacial properties on two-phase liquid flow of organic contaminants in groundwater ( Computer File )
3 editions published between 1991 and 1994 in English and held by 0 libraries worldwide
Wettability is sometimes described as the most important factor influencing two-phase flow in porous media. A groundwater aquifer is often thought of as water-wet. But that state, in reality, depends on the nature of the aquifer solids, the composition of the groundwater and the properties of the organic liquid contaminant. The primary purpose of the research conducted here is to examine quantitatively the impact on wettability of a range of factors which may be critical at actual DOE waste sites. The goal is to understand how sorption at the various interfaces of the system modifies interfacial properties, primarily wettability, and then how, in turn, wettability determines the soil transport property of capillary pressure as a function of saturation. Specifically, this research seeks to (1) determine the range of wettability changes that may occur for DOE waste sites using wettability measures suitable for complex systems, (2) establish a correlation between these alternate measures of wettability and the contact angle, (3) establish the mechanism by which metals, organic solutes and soil particle coatings impact wettability, (4) evaluate whether the methodology developed in previous project periods among sorption, contact angle, and capillary pressure can be extended to more complex systems
Numerical and physical modelling of bubbly flow phenomena ( Computer File )
3 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 0 libraries worldwide
The objective of the research was to develop a sound theoretical framework for analyzing various two-phase flows. The macroscopic behavior of these flows depends on the details of the microstructure of the dispersion, and these details, in turn, depend on the nature of the flow. Given the very diverse nature of the flows and their complex dependence on the microstructure of the dispersion, it is unlikely that a single set of equations, similar to the Navier-Stokes equations for homogeneous fluids, will apply to all the different situations. Therefore, the aim was to develop general methodologies that can be used to examine specific situations and a general understanding about different kinds of macroscopic flows
Mechanisms and controlling characteristics of the catalytic oxidation of methane. Progress report ( Computer File )
3 editions published between 1990 and 1992 in English and held by 0 libraries worldwide
We have demonstrated in this work (1) that methane is readily activated at mild conditions (100[degree]C, 1 torr) over a relatively noble metal, Pd. This was observed using a stepped and kinked Pd(679) crystal (1), and other crystal faces are now being investigated to establish whether the cracking of the C-H bond of methane on Pd is structure sensitive or structure insensitive. Oxygen chemisorption is extremely structure sensitive: weakly bonded, highly reactive oxygen overlayers form on Pd(100) surface (2), while strongly bonded, moderately reactive oxygen overlayers form on Pd(111) and Pd(679). Reaction of the weakly bonded oxygen with surface carbide gives rise to CO[sub 2] over clean Pd(100) but to CO over halogen-doped Pd(100) (3--5). The effect of halogens is primarily ensemble-controlling, or oxygen-supply restricting, but long range influence of surface Cl on the strength of the Pd-O bond has also been observed (3). Because the overall chemistry of methane activation with the subsequent oxidation gives rise to the very important oxidative reforming CH[sub 4] + 1/2 O[sub 2] [yields][sub Pd/Cl] CO + 2 H[sub 2], Pd/Cl we plan to continue our study of this reaction in detail over Pd(100) (completed), Pd(111) (initiated), Pd(311) (initiated), Pd(110) (to be initiated), and Pd(679) (completed), without and with the halogen modifiers
[Radiolabeled androgens and progestins as imaging agents for tumors of the prostate and breast]. Progress report ( Computer File )
30 editions published between 1989 and 1995 in English and held by 0 libraries worldwide
We wish to address the question of whether iron plays a regulatory role in the Bradyrhizobium japonicum/soybeam symbiosis. Iron may be an important regulatory signal in planta as the bacteria must acquire iron from their plant hosts and iron-containing proteins figure prominently in all nitrogen-fixing symbioses. For example, the bacterial partner is believed to synthesize the heme moiety of leghemoglobin, which may represent as much as 25--30% of the total soluble protein in an infected plant cell. For this reason, we have focused our attention on the regulation by iron of the first step in the bacterial heme biosynthetic pathway. The enzyme which catalyzes this step, 5-aminolevulinic acid synthase, is encoded by the hemA gene which we had previously cloned and sequenced. Specific objectives include: to define the cis-acting sequences which confer iron regulation on the B. japonicum hemA gene; to identify trans-acting factors which regulate the expression of hemA by iron; to identify new loci which are transcriptionally responsive to changes in iron availability; and to examine the effects of mutations in various known regulatory genes for their effect on the expression of hemA
Studies of yrast and continuum states in A 100--200 nuclei. [Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, Indiana] ( Computer File )
4 editions published between 1992 and 1993 in English and held by 0 libraries worldwide
This report summarizes progress in nuclear structure research for the year 1991. The highlights include new spectroscopic results for neutron excessive nuclei (around ¹²⁴Sn and ³⁶S) formed in deep inelastic heavy ion reactions
[Fast neutron cross section measurements]. Progress report ( Computer File )
4 editions published between 1991 and 1993 in English and held by 0 libraries worldwide
From its inception, the Nuclear Data Project at the University of Michigan has concentrated on two major objectives: (1) to carry out carefully controlled nuclear measurements of the highest possible reliability in support of the national nuclear data program, and (2) to provide an educational opportunity for students with interests in experimental nuclear science. The project has undergone a successful transition from a primary dependence on our photoneutron laboratory to one in which our current research is entirely based on a unique pulsed 14 MeV fast neutron facility. The new experimental facility is unique in its ability to provide nanosecond bursts of 14 MeV neutrons under conditions that are ''clean'' and as scatter-free as possible, and is the only one of its type currently in operation in the United States. It has been designed and put into operation primarily by graduate students, and has met or exceeded all of its important initial performance goals. We have reached the point of its routine operation, and most of the data are now in hand that will serve as the basis for the first two doctoral dissertations to be written by participating graduate students. Our initial results on double differential neutron cross sections will be presented at the May 1993 Fusion Reactor Technology Workshop. We are pleased to report that, after investing several years in equipment assembly and optimization, the project has now entered its ''data production'' phase
Biochemistry and physiology of anaerobic bacteria ( Computer File )
1 edition published in 2000 in English and held by 0 libraries worldwide
We welcome you to The Power of Anaerobes. This conference serves two purposes. One is to celebrate the life of Harry D. Peck, Jr., who was born May 18, 1927 and would have celebrated his 73rd birthday at this conference. He died November 20, 1998. The second is to gather investigators to exchange views within the realm of anaerobic microbiology, an area in which tremendous progress has been seen during recent years. It is sufficient to mention discoveries of a new form of life (the archaea), hyper or extreme thermophiles, thermophilic alkaliphiles and anaerobic fungi. With these discoveries has come a new realization about physiological and metabolic properties of microorganisms, and this in turn has demonstrated their importance for the development, maintenance and sustenance of life on Earth
The deterministic prediction of failure of low pressure steam turbine disks ( Computer File )
3 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 0 libraries worldwide
Localized corrosion phenomena, including pitting corrosion, stress corrosion cracking, and corrosion fatigue, are the principal causes of corrosion-induced damage in electric power generating facilities and typically result in more than 50% of the unscheduled outages. Prediction of damage, so that repairs and inspections can be made during scheduled outages, could have an enormous impact on the economics of electric power generation. To date, prediction of corrosion damage has been made on the basis of empirical/statistical methods that have proven to be insufficiently robust and accurate to form the basis for the desired inspection/repair protocol. In this paper, we describe a deterministic method for predicting localized corrosion damage. We have used the method to illustrate how pitting corrosion initiates stress corrosion cracking (SCC) for low pressure steam turbine disks downstream of the Wilson line, where a thin condensed liquid layer exists on the steel disk surfaces. Our calculations show that the SCC initiation and propagation are sensitive to the oxygen content of the steam, the environment in the thin liquid condensed layer, and the stresses that the disk experiences in service
moreShow More Titles
fewerShow Fewer Titles
Alternative Names

controlled identity United States. Department of Energy

United States. Department of Energy. Chicago Operations and Regional Office
United States. Dept. of Energy. Chicago Operations Office
English (91)
Close Window

Please sign in to WorldCat 

Don't have an account? You can easily create a free account.