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Janis, Irving L. (Irving Lester) 1918-1990

Overview
Works: 96 works in 367 publications in 2 languages and 13,411 library holdings
Genres: Case studies 
Roles: Editor, Consultant, Other, Contributor
Classifications: E744, 327.73
Publication Timeline
Key
Publications about Irving L Janis
Publications by Irving L Janis
Publications by Irving L Janis, published posthumously.
Most widely held works about Irving L Janis
 
Most widely held works by Irving L Janis
Decision making : a psychological analysis of conflict, choice, and commitment by Irving L Janis( Book )
20 editions published between 1977 and 1979 in English and held by 1,624 libraries worldwide
Communication and persuasion; psychological studies of opinion change by Carl Iver Hovland( Book )
57 editions published between 1953 and 1982 in English and Undetermined and held by 1,441 libraries worldwide
Credibility of the communicator; Fear-arousing appeals; Organization of persuasive arguments; Group membership and resistance to influence; Personality and susceptibility to persuasion; Acquiring conviction through active participation; Retention of opinion change
Victims of groupthink; a psychological study of foreign-policy decisions and fiascoes by Irving L Janis( Book )
7 editions published in 1972 in English and held by 1,357 libraries worldwide
Janis identifies the causes and fateful consequences of groupthink, the process that takes over when decision-making bodies agree for the sake of agreeing to abandon their critical judgment
Personality and persuasibility by Carl Iver Hovland( Book )
33 editions published between 1959 and 1982 in English and Undetermined and held by 1,093 libraries worldwide
Groupthink : psychological studies of policy decisions and fiascoes by Irving L Janis( Book )
23 editions published between 1982 and 2011 in English and Undetermined and held by 1,000 libraries worldwide
Groupthink - the psychological drive for consensus at any cost that suppresses disagreement and prevents the appraisal of alternatives in cohesive decision-making groups. In the first edition (Victims of groupthink), Iriving L. Janis showed how this phenomenon contributed to some of the major U.S. foreign policy fiascos of recent decades: the Korean War stalemate, the escalation of the Vietnam War, the failure to be prepared for the attack on Pearl Harbor, and the Bay of Pigs blunder. He also examined cases, such as the handling of the Cuban Missile Crisis and the formulation of the Marshall Plan, where groupthink was avoided. Here, in this revised and expanded edition, Janis applies his hypothesis to the Watergate cover-up, portraying in detail how groupthink helped to put the participants on a disastrous couurse and keep them there. In addition, he presents some fresh ideas on how and why groupthink occurs and offers suggestions for avoiding it
Crucial decisions : leadership in policymaking and crisis management by Irving L Janis( Book )
8 editions published in 1989 in English and held by 941 libraries worldwide
Psychological stress; psychoanalytic and behavioral studies of surgical patients by Irving L Janis( Book )
34 editions published between 1958 and 1974 in English and Undetermined and held by 820 libraries worldwide
"Only within the past twenty years or so have research workers in the human sciences begun to make systematic observations for the purpose of finding out how people feel, think, and behave at times when they are facing the threat of pain, serious injury, or death. About ten years ago I became acutely aware of the lack of cogent, dependable evidence. There were, of course, many controlled laboratory experiments purporting to deal with stress behavior, but almost all of them dealt with extremely brief exposures to threat stimuli or measured only peripheral aspects of emotional excitement. Such experiments provide behavioral data which are generally quite reliable but of dubious value for extrapolating to the conditions of actual life stress. In contrast to the tangential laboratory investigations were a large number of field studies of major disasters, focusing on the effects of prolonged exposure to powerful stress stimuli. But most of these studies proved to be extremely weak in precisely those respects where the laboratory studies were strong. Since major surgery involves a profound threat to body integrity as well as a variety of severe deprivations, it seemed likely that a great deal could be learned about the processes of normal adjustment to life stresses. From the findings presented in this book, the reader will be able to judge for himself the values and limitations of carrying out research with surgical patients. With the cooperation of the surgery staff in a general hospital, I was able to obtain pertinent data for a series of 30 intensive surgical case studies. In each of these cases, several regularities were noted concerning the sequence of stress responses, the most important of which involved a striking relationship between the degree of fear manifested before the operation and the degree of stress tolerance manifested after the operation. In order to test the apparent relationship and to obtain further correlational data bearing on the influence of preoperative information about the impending stressful events, a second study was conducted with a much larger group of subjects. Next, I participated in a psychoanalytic research project at Yale University, under which auspices I conducted the psychoanalytic treatment of a psychoneurotic woman. Shortly after her second year of the treatment, the patient developed an organic disorder in her leg, which, on advice of several physicians, required surgery. Detailed observational records were kept concerning this patient's emotional reactions, fantasies, and free associations during all psychoanalytic sessions. The records from the sessions immediately preceding and following the surgical operation proved to be an extraordinarily rich source of clues concerning unconscious psychological processes. The primary purpose of the volume is to highlight the theoretical implications by conveying what has been learned concerning the dynamics of human adjustment to stressful life events. Secondarily, an attempt has also been made to draw attention to some of the main practical implications with respect to three important types of problems: (a) The formulation of policies of medical management which take account of the psychological needs of sick people; (b) the improvement of diagnostic procedures relevant for predicting high or low stress tolerance; and (c) the development of effective methods of psychological preparation which could be widely applied as part of a mental health program designed to reduce the disruptive emotional impact of many different types of potential disasters." (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)
Personality: dynamics, development, and assessment by Irving L Janis( Book )
10 editions published in 1969 in English and Undetermined and held by 784 libraries worldwide
Stress, attitudes, and decisions : selected papers by Irving L Janis( Book )
4 editions published in 1982 in English and held by 674 libraries worldwide
Air war and emotional stress; psychological studies of bombing and civilian defense by Irving L Janis( Book )
26 editions published between 1951 and 2012 in English and held by 607 libraries worldwide
"How do people react to wartime dangers? How do they adjust to threats of impending attack? How have survivors responded? ... What needs to be done in the United States to reduce psychological vulnerability to the A-bomb threat? This book casts light on these pressing questions in a comprehensive analysis of all existing reports of the psychological aspects of air war--with detailed descriptions of the psychological effects of atomic bombing, and conventional air attacks"--Jacket. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
Counseling on personal decisions : theory and research on short-term helping relationships ( Book )
5 editions published in 1982 in English and Undetermined and held by 582 libraries worldwide
A practical guide for making decisions by Daniel D Wheeler( Book )
5 editions published in 1980 in English and held by 549 libraries worldwide
Short-term counseling : guidelines based on recent research by Irving L Janis( Book )
7 editions published in 1983 in English and Undetermined and held by 454 libraries worldwide
Groupthink ( visu )
8 editions published between 1991 and 2006 in English and held by 448 libraries worldwide
Presents case histories of tragedies like space shuttle Challenger, Pearl Harbor, and the Cuban Bay of Pigs, which resulted from the natural tendency to achieve agreement for the sake of group unity. Features interviews with Dr. Irving Janis and Dr. James K. Esser and gives groupthink symptoms to avoid
Stress and frustration by Irving L Janis( Book )
7 editions published between 1969 and 1971 in English and held by 432 libraries worldwide
Current trends in psychology : readings from American scientist by Irving L Janis( Book )
6 editions published between 1977 and 1988 in English and held by 390 libraries worldwide
Personality and persuasibility, by Irving L. Janis [et al.] ( Book )
4 editions published between 1962 and 1968 in English and held by 19 libraries worldwide
Discovering psychology ( visu )
1 edition published in 2001 in English and held by 15 libraries worldwide
7. Sensation and perception. Shows how visual information is gathered and processed, and how our perceptions are influenced by our culture, previous experiences, and personal interests. With Dr. David Hubel and Dr. Misha Pavel
Psychological conflict and defense by George F Mahl( Book )
5 editions published between 1969 and 1971 in English and held by 12 libraries worldwide
Formas breves de consejo by Irving L Janis( Book )
3 editions published in 1987 in Spanish and held by 12 libraries worldwide
 
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Alternative Names
Janis, Irving L.
Janis, Irving L. 1918-1990
Janis, Irving Lester 1918-1990
ジャニス, I. L
Languages
English (264)
Spanish (3)
Covers
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