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Stavins, R. N. (Robert N.) 1948-

Works: 202 works in 679 publications in 3 languages and 6,138 library holdings
Genres: Essays 
Roles: Author, Editor, Other
Classifications: HC79.P55, 363.7
Publication Timeline
Publications about R. N Stavins
Publications by R. N Stavins
Most widely held works by R. N Stavins
Economics of the environment; selected readings by R. N Stavins( Book )
27 editions published between 1977 and 2012 in English and held by 679 libraries worldwide
The readings in this volume-selected for their accessibility, coverage and currency-span the full scope of environmental economics and their authors compromise a veritable Who's Who of the field
Environmental protection and the social responsibility of firms : perspectives from law, economics, and business by Bruce L Hay( Book )
14 editions published between 2004 and 2005 in English and held by 655 libraries worldwide
Everyone agrees that firms should obey the law. But beyond what the law requires-beyond bare compliance with regulations-do firms have additional social responsibilities to commit resources voluntarily to environmental protection? How should we think about firms sacrificing profits in the social interest? Are they permitted to do so, given their fiduciary responsibilities to their shareholders? Even if permissible, is the practice sustainable, or will the competitive marketplace render such efforts and their impacts transient at best? Furthermore, is the practice, however well intended, an eff
Public policies for environmental protection by Paul R Portney( Book )
12 editions published between 1990 and 2004 in English and Chinese and held by 514 libraries worldwide
The first edition of Public Policies for Environmental Protection contributed significantly to the incorporation of economic analysis in the study of environmental policy. Fully revised to account for changes in the institutional, legal, and regulatory framework of environmental policy, the second edition features updated chapters on the EPA and federal regulation, air and water pollution policy, and hazardous and toxic substances. It includes entirely new chapters on market-based environmental policies, global climate change, solid waste, and, for the first time, coverage of the Safe Drinking Water Act. Portney, Stavins, and their contributors provide an invaluable resource for researchers, policymakers, industry professionals, and journalists--anyone who needs up-to-date information on U.S. environmental policy. With their careful explanation of policy alternatives, the authors provide an ideal book for students in courses about environmental economics or environmental politics
Post-Kyoto international climate policy : summary for policymakers by Joseph E Aldy( Book )
33 editions published between 2009 and 2010 in English and German and held by 483 libraries worldwide
The Harvard Project on International Climate Agreements seeks to identify key design elements of a scientifically sound, economically rational, and politically pragmatic post-2012 international policy architecture for global climate change. It draws upon leading thinkers from academia, private industry, government, and non-governmental organizations from around the world to construct a small set of promising policy frameworks and then disseminate and discuss the design elements and frameworks with decision-makers. The Project is directed by Robert N. Stavins, Albert Pratt Professor of Business and Government, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. For more information, see the Project's website:
Architectures for agreement : addressing global climate change in the post-Kyoto world ( Book )
10 editions published between 2007 and 2012 in English and held by 326 libraries worldwide
Presents a range of options for international climate policy. Highly topical analysis of the debate over possible successors to the Kyoto agreement
Environmental economics and public policy : selected papers of Robert N. Stavins, 1988-1999 by R. N Stavins( Book )
12 editions published between 2000 and 2001 in English and held by 162 libraries worldwide
"Robert N. Stavins has emerged as one of the most influential voices in environmental economics over the last decade and a half. These twenty-three essays on environmental economics and policy, written by Professor Stavins and his co-authors over the period 1988-1999, originally appeared in a diverse set of leading scholarly periodicals and are here collected for the first time." "Students, scholars, practitioners and policymakers will find this volume a valuable and very useful addition to their collection."--Jacket
The political economy of environmental regulation by R. N Stavins( Book )
16 editions published between 1996 and 2005 in English and held by 154 libraries worldwide
Vintage-differentiated regulation (VDR) is a common feature of many environmental and other regulatory policies, wherein standards for regulated units are fixed in terms of the units' respective dates of entry, with later entrants facing more stringent regulation. In the most common application, often referred to as "grandfathering," units produced prior to a specific date are exempted from new regulation or face less stringent requirements. The vintage-differentiated approach appeals to many in the policy community, for reasons associated withe efficiency, equity, and simple politics. First, it is frequently more cost-effective -- in the short-term -- to introduce new pollution-abatement technologies at the time that new plants are constructed than to retrofit older facilities. Second, it seems more fair to avoid changing the rules of the game in mid-stream, and hence to apply new standards only to new plants. Third, political pressures tend to favor easily-identified existing facilities rather than undefined potential facilities. On the other hand, VDRs can be expected -- on the basis of standard investment theory -- to retard turnover in the capital stock (of durable plants and equipment), and thereby to reduce the cost-effectiveness of regulation in the long-term, compared with equivalent undifferentiated regulations. A further irony is that when this slower turnover results in delayed adoption of new, cleaner technology, VDR can result in higher levels of pollutant emissions than would occur in the absence of regulation. In this article, I survey previous applications and synthesize current thinking regarding VDRs in the environmental realm, and develop lessons for public policy and for future research. I describe the ubiquitous nature of VDRs in U.S. regulatory policy; examine the reasons why VDRs are so common; establish a theoretical framework for analysis of the cost-effectiveness of alternative types of environmental policy instruments to provide a context for the analysis of VDRs; describe a general theory of the impacts of VDRs in terms of their effects on technology adoption, capital turnover, pollution abatement costs, and environmental performance; examine empirical analyses of the impacts of VDRs in two significant sectors -- the U.S. auto industry and new source review in power generation and other sectors; and examine implications for policy and research
What has the Kyoto Protocol wrought? : the real architecture of international tradable permit markets by Robert William Hahn( Book )
2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 127 libraries worldwide
The welfare economics of alternative renewable resource strategies : forested wetlands and agricultural production by R. N Stavins( Book )
6 editions published between 1988 and 1990 in English and held by 94 libraries worldwide
The induced innovation hypothesis and energy-saving technological change by Richard G Newell( Book )
13 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 76 libraries worldwide
It follows from Hicks' induced innovation hypothesis that rising energy prices in the last two decades should have induced energy-saving innovation. We formulate the hypothesis concretely using a product-characteristics model of energy-using consumer durables, augmenting Hicks' hypothesis to allow for the possibility that government efficiency standards also induce innovation. Through estimation of characteristics transformation surfaces, we find that technological change reduced the total capital and operating costs of air air conditioning by half and water heating by about one-fifth. Although the rate of overall innovation in these products appears to be independent of energy prices and regulations, the evidence suggests that the direction of innovation has been responsive to energy price changes. In particular, energy price increases induced innovation in a direction that lowered the capital cost tradeoffs inherent in producing more energy-efficiency products. In addition, energy price changes induced changes in the subset of technically feasible models that were offered for sale. Our estimates indicate that about one-quarter to one-half of the improvements in mean energy-efficiency of the menu of new models for these products over the last two decades were associated with rising energy prices since 1973. We also find that this responsiveness to price changes increased substantially after product labeling requirements came into effect, and that minimum efficiency standards had a significant positive effect on average efficiency levels. Nonetheless, a sizeable portion of efficiency improvements in these technologies appears to have been autonomous
Technological change and the environment by Adam B Jaffe( Book )
14 editions published between 2000 and 2001 in English and held by 55 libraries worldwide
Environmental policy discussions increasingly focus on issues related to technological change. This is partly because the environmental consequences of social activity are frequently affected by the rate and direction of technological change, and partly because environmental policy interventions can themselves create constraints and incentives that have significant effects on the path of technological progress. This paper, prepared as a chapter draft for the forthcoming Handbook of Environmental Economics (North-Holland/Elsevier Science), summarizes for environmental economists current thinking on technological change in the broader economics literature, surveys the growing economic literature on the interaction between technology and the environment, and explores the normative implications of these analyses. We begin with a brief overview of the economics of technological change, and then examine three important areas where technology and the environment intersect: the theory and empirical evidence of induced innovation and the related literature on the effects of environmental policy on the creation of new, environmentally friendly technology; the theory and empirics of environmental issues related to technology diffusion; and analyses of the comparative technological impacts of alternative environmental policy instruments. We conclude with suggestions for further research on technological change and the environment
Environmental economics by R. N Stavins( Book )
14 editions published between 2004 and 2007 in English and held by 26 libraries worldwide
This article provides an overview of the economics of environmental policy, including the setting of goals and targets, notably the Kaldor-Hicks criterion and the related method of assessment known as benefit-cost analysis. Also reviewed are the means of environmental policy, that is, the choice of specific policy instruments, featuring an examination of potential criteria for assessing alternative instruments, with focus on cost-effectiveness. The theoretical foundations and experiential highlights of individual instruments are reviewed, including conventional command-and-control mechanisms and market-based instruments
Water demand under alternative price structures by Sheila M Olmstead( Book )
8 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 23 libraries worldwide
We estimate the price elasticity of water demand with household-level data, structurally modeling the piecewise-linear budget constraints imposed by increasing-block pricing. We develop a mathematical expression for the unconditional price elasticity of demand under increasing-block prices and compare conditional and unconditional elasticities analytically and empirically. We test the hypothesis that price elasticity may depend on price structure, beyond technical differences in elasticity concepts. Due to the possibility of endogenous utility price structure choice, observed differences in elasticity across price structures may be due either to a behavioral response to price structure, or to underlying heterogeneity among water utility service areas
Comparing price and non-price approaches to urban water conservation by Sheila M Olmstead( Book )
13 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 23 libraries worldwide
Urban water conservation is typically achieved through prescriptive regulations, including the rationing of water for particular uses and requirements for the installation of particular technologies. A significant shift has occurred in pollution control regulations toward market-based policies in recent decades. We offer an analysis of the relative merits of market-based and prescriptive approaches to water conservation, where prices have rarely been used to allocate scarce supplies. The analysis emphasizes the emerging theoretical and empirical evidence that using prices to manage water demand is more cost-effective than implementing non-price conservation programs, similar to results for pollution control in earlier decades. Price-based approaches also have advantages in terms of monitoring and enforcement. In terms of predictability and equity, neither policy instrument has an inherent advantage over the other. As in any policy context, political considerations are important
Corporate social responsibility through an economic lens by Forest L Reinhardt( Book )
11 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 20 libraries worldwide
Business leaders, government officials, and academics are focusing considerable attention on the concept of "corporate social responsibility" (CSR), particularly in the realm of environmental protection. Beyond complete compliance with environmental regulations, do firms have additional moral or social responsibilities to commit resources to environmental protection? How should we think about the notion of firms sacrificing profits in the social interest? May they do so within the scope of their fiduciary responsibilities to their shareholders? Can they do so on a sustainable basis, or will the forces of a competitive marketplace render such efforts and their impacts transient at best? Do firms, in fact, frequently or at least sometimes behave this way, reducing their earnings by voluntarily engaging in environmental stewardship? And finally, should firms carry out such profit-sacrificing activities (i.e., is this an efficient use of social resources)? We address these questions through the lens of economics, including insights from legal analysis and business scholarship
Too good to be true? : an examination of three economic assessments of California climate change policy by R. N Stavins( Book )
10 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 20 libraries worldwide
California's Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006 limits California's greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in 2020 to their 1990 level. Global climate change is a pressing environmental problem, and the best possible public policies will be required to address it. Therefore, analyses of prospective policies must themselves be of high quality, so that policymakers can reasonably rely on them when making the critical decisions they inevitably will face. In 2006, three studies were released indicating that California can meet its 2020 target at no net economic cost - raising questions about whether opportunities truly exist to substantially reduce emissions at no cost, or whether studies reaching such conclusions may simply severely underestimate costs. This paper provides an evaluation of these three California studies. We find that although opportunities may exist for some no-cost emission reductions, these California studies substantially underestimate the cost of meeting California's 2020 target. The studies underestimate costs by omitting important components of the costs of emission reduction efforts, and by overestimating offsetting savings that some of those efforts yield through improved energy efficiency. In some cases, the studies focus on the costs of particular actions to reduce emissions, but fail to consider the effectiveness and costs of policies that would be necessary to bring about such actions. While quantifying the full extent of the resulting cost underestimation is beyond the scope of our study, the underestimation is clearly economically significant. A few of the identified flaws individually lead to underestimation of annual costs on the order of billions of dollars. Hence, these studies do not offer reliable estimates of the cost of meeting California's 2020 target. Better analyses are needed to inform policymakers
The promise and problems of pricing carbon : theory and experience by Joseph E Aldy( Book )
10 editions published between 2011 and 2012 in English and held by 14 libraries worldwide
Because of the global commons nature of climate change, international cooperation among nations will likely be necessary for meaningful action at the global level. At the same time, it will inevitably be up to the actions of sovereign nations to put in place policies that bring about meaningful reductions in the emissions of greenhouse gases. Due to the ubiquity and diversity of emissions of greenhouse gases in most economies, as well as the variation in abatement costs among individual sources, conventional environmental policy approaches, such as uniform technology and performance standards, are unlikely to be sufficient to the task. Therefore, attention has increasingly turned to market-based instruments in the form of carbon-pricing mechanisms. We examine the opportunities and challenges associated with the major options for carbon pricing: carbon taxes, cap-and-trade, emission reduction credits, clean energy standards, and fossil fuel subsidy reductions
The effect of allowance allocations on cap-and-trade system performance by Robert William Hahn( Book )
9 editions published between 2010 and 2011 in English and held by 10 libraries worldwide
Abstract: We examine an implication of the â??Coase Theoremâ?? which has had an important impact both on environmental economics and on public policy in the environmental domain. Under certain conditions, the market equilibrium in a cap-and-trade system will be cost-effective and independent of the initial allocation of tradable rights. That is, the overall cost of achieving a given aggregate emission reduction will be minimized, and the final allocation of permits will be independent of the initial allocation. We call this the independence property. This property is very important because it allows equity and efficiency concerns to be separated in a relatively straightforward manner. In particular, the property means that the government can establish the overall pollution-reduction goal for a cap-and-trade system by setting the cap, and leave it up to the legislature â?? such as the U.S. Congress â?? to construct a constituency in support of the program by allocating the allowances to various interests without affecting either the environmental performance of the system or its aggregate social costs. Our primary objective in this paper is to examine the conditions under which the independence property is likely to hold â?? both in theory and in practice. A number of factors can call the independence property into question theoretically, including market power, transaction costs, non-cost-minimizing behavior, and conditional allowance allocations. We find that, in practice, there is support for the independence property in some, but not all cap-and-trade applications
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Associated Subjects
Agriculture--Economic aspects California Carbon taxes Climatic changes Climatic changes--Cost effectiveness Climatic changes--Economic aspects Climatic changes--Effect of human beings on Climatic changes--Government policy Climatic changes--International cooperation Economic policy--Environmental aspects Emissions trading Energy conservation--Economic aspects Environmental economics Environmental law Environmental law--Compliance costs Environmental management--Economic aspects Environmental policy Environmental policy--Costs Environmental policy--Economic aspects Environmental policy--International cooperation Environmental protection Environmental protection--Economic aspects Environmental protection--International cooperation Environmental responsibility Environmental sciences Forested wetlands--Management Global warming Greenhouse effect, Atmospheric Greenhouse effect, Atmospheric--Economic aspects Greenhouse gases--Economic aspects Greenhouse gases--Environmental aspects Greenhouse gas mitigation Greenhouse gas mitigation--International cooperation Green technology Industrial management--Environmental aspects Nature--Effect of human beings on Pollution Pollution--Economic aspects Pollution--Law and legislation Renewable natural resources--Management Social responsibility of business Technological innovations--Economic aspects Technological innovations--Environmental aspects United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (1992 May 9) United States Water conservation--Economic aspects Welfare economics Wetland conservation Wetland forestry Wetland management
Alternative Names
Stavins, R. N.
Stavins, R. N. 1948-
Stavins, R. N. (Robert N.), 1948-
Stavins, Robert
Stavins, Robert 1948-
Stavins, Robert N.
Stavins, Robert N. 1948-
Stavins, Robert Norman 1948-
English (231)
German (2)
Chinese (1)
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