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Apps, Patricia

Works: 125 works in 327 publications in 2 languages and 1,958 library holdings
Roles: Author
Publication Timeline
Publications about Patricia Apps
Publications by Patricia Apps
Most widely held works by Patricia Apps
A theory of inequality and taxation by Patricia Apps( Book )
11 editions published between 1981 and 1982 in English and held by 504 libraries worldwide
Public economics and the household by Patricia Apps( Book )
13 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 180 libraries worldwide
This graduate-level text develops a more sophisticated model of household economics that allows for multiple-income earners and shared decision-making
Gender, time use, and models of the household by Patricia Apps( file )
22 editions published between 2003 and 2013 in English and Undetermined and held by 70 libraries worldwide
The aim of this paper is to explain why time use data are essential for analyzing issues of gender equity and the intra-household allocation of resources, comparing living standards, and estimating the behavioral effects of changes in policy variables. The first step in the exposition is to show that the neglect of these data in much of the literature on household behavior, in both developed and developing economies, can be traced to unrealistic assumptions on domestic production and the mistaken idea that non-market time can be viewed as leisure. It is argued that an approach is required that makes explicit the need for data on the time family members spend on domestic work as well as on labor supply. An approach of this kind is outlined and used to identify the specialized assumptions that are employed when they are missing. The paper also discusses the limitations of available time use survey datasets that are due to deficiencies in survey design. The more serious and common problems are illustrated using as case studies the Statistics South Africa 2000 Time Use Survey and the time use module included in the Nicaraguan 1998 Living Standards Measurements Survey
The role of home ownership by Patricia Apps( Book )
4 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 49 libraries worldwide
Investigates the role of home ownership in Australia
A residential model, 1: theory by Patricia Apps( Book )
7 editions published in 1971 in English and held by 45 libraries worldwide
Tax and social security reform : an analysis of equity and disincentive effects by Patricia Apps( Book )
4 editions published in 1987 in English and held by 30 libraries worldwide
Taxation of families : individual taxation versus income splitting by Patricia Apps( Book )
2 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 30 libraries worldwide
Income distribution, redistribution and incentives by Patricia Apps( Book )
4 editions published between 1997 and 1998 in English and held by 29 libraries worldwide
A tax-mix change : effects on income distribution, labour supply and saving behaviour by Patricia Apps( Book )
3 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 27 libraries worldwide
The optimal taxation of couples by Patricia Apps( Book )
9 editions published between 1985 and 1997 in English and German and held by 25 libraries worldwide
Impact of the Fightback! : tax-mix change on working families : an analysis of average and effective marginal tax burdens by Patricia Apps( Book )
2 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 25 libraries worldwide
Individual vs. joint taxation in models with household production by Patricia Apps( Book )
8 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 23 libraries worldwide
On the specification of labour supply and household production models by Patricia Apps( Book )
6 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 22 libraries worldwide
On the taxation of trade within and between households by Patricia Apps( Book )
9 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 21 libraries worldwide
Family policy and tax-transfer options by Patricia Apps( Book )
1 edition published in 1988 in English and held by 20 libraries worldwide
Optimal piecewise linear income taxation by Patricia Apps( Book )
10 editions published between 2009 and 2011 in English and held by 19 libraries worldwide
Given its significance in practice, piecewise linear taxation has received relatively little attention in the literature. This paper offers a simple and transparent analysis of its main characteristics. We fully characterize optimal tax parameters for the cases in which budget sets are convex and nonconvex respectively. A numerical analysis of a discrete version of the model shows the circumstances under which each of these cases will hold as a global optimum. We find that, given plausible parameter values and wage distributions, the globally optimal tax system is convex, and marginal rate progressivity increases with rising inequality
Fertility, female labor supply and public policy by Patricia Apps( Book )
8 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 14 libraries worldwide
Historically, in virtually all developed economies there seems to be clear evidence of an inverse relationship between female labor supply and fertility. However, particularly in the last decade or so, the relationship across countries has been positive: for example countries like Germany, Italy and Spain with the lowest fertility rates also have the lowest female participation rates. We accept the hypothesis that the reason for this lies in the combined effects of a country's tax system and system of child support, and we have sought to clarify this theoretically, using an extended version of the Galor-Weil model. The results suggest that countries with individual rather than joint taxation, and which support families through improved availability of alternatives to domestic child care, rather than through direct child payments, are likely to have both higher female labor supply and higher fertility. These results are strengthened when we take account of the heterogeneity among households that undoubtedly exists
Testing the pareto efficiency of household resource allocations by Patricia Apps( Book )
5 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 13 libraries worldwide
In a careful and thorough empirical study, Christopher Udry (1996) shows convincingly that, in a large sample of West African households, household resource allocations were not Pareto efficient. This paper argues that observation of the Pareto inefficiency of a household resource allocation does not however refute the hypothesis that it chooses this resource allocation as if it maximises some form of household welfare function possessing the Pareto property. To refute that hypothesis it is necessary to show that the observed allocation does not represent a second best optimum. For this it will be necessary to show that the estimated parameters of the model lie in a region of the parameter space for which the second best optimality of the allocation does not hold
Household saving and full consumption over the life cycle by Patricia Apps( Book )
8 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 13 libraries worldwide
This paper extends the standard model of life cycle consumption, saving and labor supply in a number of directions. First, it argues that consumption should be defined as expenditure on household production as well as on market goods, that is, we are interested in life cycle profiles of full consumption. If this is done, several well-known puzzles concerning life cycle consumption behaviour are resolved. Secondly, we stress the importance of the heterogeneity of household behaviour in respect of female labour supply and saving, and provide evidence to show that these are very closely related across households. Finally, we formulate theoretical and empirical models incorporating these ideas and use them to show that policy changes, such as a reduction in the progressivity of income taxation, can have effects that contrast sharply with those suggested in the existing literature
Household models an historical perspective by Patricia Apps( Book )
4 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 12 libraries worldwide
This paper is a survey of the literature on theoretical models of the household, paying particular attention to some of the earlier contributions, and using them to place the current state of the theory in perspective. One of its aims is to suggest that the literature's neglect of Samuelson's proposal, that households can be modelled as if they maximised a form of social welfare function, was a mistake. However, the idea following directly from the Nash bargaining models, that the household's preference ordering over the utility profiles of its members depends on exogenous variables, in particular wage rates and non-wage incomes, is an important one. Combined with Samuelson's proposal, it can be made the basis for a general approach to modelling household decision taking, flexible enough to encompass non-cooperative behaviour and Pareto inefficiencies arising out of the inevitable incompleteness and unenforceability of domestic agreements. We also point out the importance of household production and some of the implications of its neglect in modelling households. Above all, the aim is to provide a deeper understanding of the current theoretical literature on household economics by means of a survey of its history
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Alternative Names
Apps, Patricia F. 1942-
Apps, Patricia Frances
Apps, Patricia Frances 1942-
Patricia Apps econome uit Australië
Patricia Apps économiste australienne
Аппс, Патриция
English (137)
German (1)
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