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Grootaert, Christiaan 1950-

Works: 107 works in 478 publications in 3 languages and 7,816 library holdings
Genres: Case studies  Census data 
Roles: Author, Editor, Other, Contributor
Publication Timeline
Publications about Christiaan Grootaert
Publications by Christiaan Grootaert
Most widely held works by Christiaan Grootaert
Poverty and social assistance in transition countries by Jeanine Braithwaite( Book )
24 editions published between 1957 and 2000 in English and held by 322 libraries worldwide
"This study examines poverty and social assistance in six countries - Bulgaria, Hungary, Poland, Estonia, Russia, and Kyrgyz Republic - comparing the poverty profiles and the correlates of poverty between the two regions. The study finds that the profile of poverty is more sharply defined in Eastern Europe than in the former Soviet Union, where poverty is more widespread. This holds the potential for better targeting of social assistance in Eastern Europe, and the study proposes a novel two-step approach to identify the poor."--Jacket
The policy analysis of child labor : a comparative study ( Book )
14 editions published between 1999 and 2000 in English and held by 312 libraries worldwide
Understanding and measuring social capital : a multidisciplinary tool for practitioners ( Book )
20 editions published in 2002 in English and Undetermined and held by 267 libraries worldwide
This work details various methods of gauging social capital and provides illustrative case studies from Mali and India. It also offers a measuring instrument, the Social Capital Assessment Tool, that combines quantitative and qualitative approaches
The relation between final demand and income distribution, with application to Japan by Christiaan Grootaert( Book )
13 editions published in 1983 in English and German and held by 251 libraries worldwide
Measuring social capital : an integrated questionnaire by Christiaan Grootaert( Book )
18 editions published between 2003 and 2004 in English and held by 200 libraries worldwide
"Measuring Social Capital: An Integrated Questionnaire is part of the World Bank Working Paper series. These papers are published to communicate the results of the Bank's ongoing research and to stimulate public discussion." "The idea of social capital has enjoyed a remarkable rise to prominence in both the theoretical and the applied social science literature over the last decade. Though lively debate has accompanied that journey, thereby helping to advance our thinking and to clarify areas of agreement and disagreement, much still remains to be done. One approach that we hope can help bring further advances for both scholars and practitioners is the provision of a set of empirical tools for measuring social capital." "The purpose of this paper is to introduce such a tool with a focus on applications in developing countries. The tool aims to generate quantitative data on various dimensions of social capital as part of a larger household survey (such as the Living Standards Measurement Survey or a household income/expenditure survey). The paper also provides detailed guidance for the use and analysis of the data. We hope that better empirical information on social capital will lead to greater dialogue between researchers, policymakers, task managers, and poor people themselves - thus ultimately leading to the design and implementation of more effective poverty reduction strategies."--BOOK JACKET
Hungary : poverty and social transfers by World Bank( Book )
2 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 154 libraries worldwide
Understanding the social effects of policy reform by Lionel Demery( Book )
8 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 152 libraries worldwide
Analyzing poverty and policy reform : the experience of Côte d'Ivoire by Christiaan Grootaert( Book )
7 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 146 libraries worldwide
Measuring and analyzing levels of living in developing countries : an annotated questionnaire by Christiaan Grootaert( Book )
4 editions published in 1986 in English and held by 119 libraries worldwide
This paper contains the household and community questionnaires used in the Ivory Coast living standards survey. This survey is the first field operation of the Living Standards Measurement Study. The annotation to the household questionnaire describes the process by which the questionnaire was drafted, the main choices and trade-offs that underlie its content, and its main technical features. The outline and analytical purpose of each section of the questionnaire is discussed
Household expenditure surveys : some methodological issues by Christiaan Grootaert( Book )
9 editions published between 1984 and 1985 in English and Undetermined and held by 112 libraries worldwide
Policy-oriented analysis of poverty and the social dimensions of structural adjustment : a methodology and proposed application to Côte d'Ivoire, 1985-88 by Christiaan Grootaert( Book )
17 editions published between 1989 and 1990 in English and French and held by 107 libraries worldwide
If the decade of the 1990s is to be the decade of "adjustment with equity", then concern for poverty and the social dimensions of adjustment will have to be integrated into the design of structural adjustment loans (SALs). However, before this can be done, a detailed analysis of how the poor interact with the processes of adjustment is required. This paper provides a methodology for just such an analysis. Cote D'Ivoire has been selected as a case study for the first application
The social dimensions of adjustment priority survey : an instrument for the rapid identification and monitoring of policy target groups by Christiaan Grootaert( Book )
13 editions published between 1990 and 1991 in English and held by 96 libraries worldwide
The demand for urban housing in the Ivory Coast by Christiaan Grootaert( Book )
8 editions published in 1986 in English and held by 84 libraries worldwide
The role of employment and earnings in analyzing levels of living : a general methodology with applications to Malaysia and Thailand by Christiaan Grootaert( Book )
5 editions published in 1986 in English and held by 81 libraries worldwide
This paper is intended as a manual for the use of employment and earnings data (as collected in the Living Standards Surverys) in the context of policy analysis of levels of living. The target audience is the staff of statistical offices and user agencies in developing countries who have been charged with providing a first analysis of newly collected data. The analysis proposed in the manual takes into account the limitations of analytic and computing capabilities that typically exist in many countries. In the first part of the manual a set of tables and graphs are suggested, fewer in number than those found in a typical labor force survey report, but which are deemed to bring out better the main facts about employment and earnings, and are directly relevant for selected policy issues. The second part of this study follows up with multivariate analysis of labor force participation and earnings. Relevant econometric issues are explicitly discussed
Social capital, household welfare and poverty in Indonesia by Christiaan Grootaert( Book )
13 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 80 libraries worldwide
It pays for poor households to participate actively in local associations. At low incomes, the returns to social capital are higher than returns to human capital. At higher incomes, the reverse is true
Poverty and social transfers in Hungary by Christiaan Grootaert( file )
13 editions published between 1997 and 1999 in English and Undetermined and held by 74 libraries worldwide
May 1997 Hungary's social safety net could be improved to better target benefits to the poor. Among the possibilities for reform: abolish the child care allowance and fee, institute new child care benefits, and improve means testing for social assistance. Grootaert's study addresses the question of how well Hungary's system of cash social transfers helps prevent or alleviate poverty - and whether different types of social transfer, or changes in eligibility rules, might better alleviate poverty. The social safety net in Hungary and other transition economies has undergone important changes. The conventional benchmark for measuring poverty in Hungary - the subsistence minimum - has lost much of its relevance because of the transition to a market economy. Grootaert proposes two other benchmarks: the minimum pension (an absolute poverty line) and a relative poverty line set at two-thirds of mean household spending. How well targeted to the poor are Hungary's social transfers? The study distinguishes between six components of the social safety net: pensions, unemployment benefits, family allowance, child care allowance, social assistance, and child care fee. Grootaert finds that unemployment benefits and social assistance are well-targeted to the poor. The child care allowance is a progressive social transfer; the child care fee is strongly regressive. Roughly 91 percent of Hungarian households receive one or more transfers. Hungary's social safety net represents 54 percent of spending in an average household, and provides 38 percent of its income. In its entirety, the social safety net is progressive, but that progressivity does not come cheaply. The average transfer is eight times the minimum that would be needed under perfect targeting. In other words, there is significant room for reallocating funds for improved welfare of the poor. Among possibilities for reform: abolish the child care allowance and fee, institute new child care benefits, and improve means testing for social assistance. Data used are from the 1993 Household Budget Survey and the 1992-94 Household Panel Surveys. This paper - a product of the Social Policy Division, Environment Department - was written as a background paper for the Hungary Poverty Assessment
Poverty and social transfers in Poland by Christiaan Grootaert( file )
13 editions published between 1995 and 1999 in English and Undetermined and held by 72 libraries worldwide
March 1995 How well did Poland's system of social transfers help alleviate poverty in 1993, and what changes in the allocation of social transfer funds would improve the distribution of income? Since January 1990, Poland's social safety net has changed greatly. Unemployment benefits were introduced, for example, because of escalating unemployment (about 15 percent of the labor force at the end of 1993). The cost of the social safety net has risen sharply since the transition began, both absolutely and as a fraction of GDP. In 1993, social transfers accounted for 18.7 percent of GDP, as follows: (1) pensions=14.9 percent, (2) unemployment benefits=1.9 percent, (3) family allowance and other social insurance=1.4 percent, and (4) social assistance=0.5 percent. To investigate the present system's impact on income distribution, Grootaert uses the household budget survey data for January-June 1993, the first complete survey of the Polish population. The conventional benchmark for measuring poverty in Poland, the social minimum, has become largely irrelevant, as 55 percent of the people fall below that spending level. Using two other measures, Grootaert finds that in 1993 26.3 percent of the population had an expenditure level (per adult equivalent) below the minimum wage, and 14.4 percent were spending at a level below the minimum pension. He discusses four proposals for improving the ability of social transfers (other than pensions) to reduce poverty. These proposals are either budget-neutral or imply only modest increases in the total amount of transfers: * Income-testing the family allowance and doubling the amount for large households. This would reduce poverty from 14.4 to 13.2 percent -- and, among large households, from 43 to 28 percent. * Reducing eligibility for the family allowance from 20 to 18 years and taxing the allowance; providing income-tested daycare vouchers for young children. This would make the family allowance more progressive. Reducing eligibility and taxing the allowance would raise poverty about 1 percentage point, which would be largely offset by the daycare vouchers. * Improving income testing for social assistance. More than half of current beneficiaries are not poor. A 20 percent improvement in targeting would reduce poverty by about 0.3 percentage points. * Extending eligibility for unemployment benefits for low-skilled unemployed members of the labor force in large households. This would increase benefits by about 7 percent, but reduce poverty about 0.4 percentage points -- benefiting especially the poorest part of the population. This paper -- a product of the Country Operations Division, Europe and Central Asia, Country Department II -- is part of a larger effort in the department to undertake poverty assessments in the region. The author may be contacted at
Child labor a review by Christiaan Grootaert( file )
12 editions published between 1995 and 1999 in English and Undetermined and held by 72 libraries worldwide
4. The welfare economics of child labor
Statistical experimentation for household surveys : two case studies of Hong Kong by Christiaan Grootaert( Book )
6 editions published between 1982 and 1985 in English and held by 69 libraries worldwide
The methodology and findings of the estimation of non-sampling error have wide applicability. This paper distinguished between enumerator error and respondent error and presents a model to measure the frequency of error occurrence. The model has limited applicability to measuring the extent of error. The data used derive from two case studies of Hong Kong. The major results include: (i) precision increases with a reduction in participation period matched by an increase in sample size; (ii) the use of multiple diaries within the household has no significant affect on response factors or level of expenditures reported; (iii) an inducement fee paid the household improves the response rate and does not significantly affect the level of expenditures reported; (iv) requesting income by source rather than as a total amount seemed to reduce underreporting; (v) one person households can be included; and (vi) difficulties exist in filling out daily expenditure records. This paper demonstrates the usefulness of undertaking such a methodological experiment as a way of improving survey data, and indicates the need for documenting such experiments thereby improving the efficient use of information resources
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Alternative Names
Grootaert, Christiaan
Grootaert, Christiaan N.
Grootaert, Christiaan N. 1950-
English (204)
French (7)
German (2)
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