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Macedo, Jorge Braga de

Overview
Works: 151 works in 558 publications in 4 languages and 6,310 library holdings
Genres: Conference proceedings  History 
Roles: Author, Editor, Other, Creator, Author of introduction, Contributor, ed
Classifications: HC392, 330
Publication Timeline
Key
Publications about Jorge Braga de Macedo
Publications by Jorge Braga de Macedo
Most widely held works by Jorge Braga de Macedo
Portugal since the revolution : economic and political perspectives by Simon Serfaty( Book )
10 editions published between 1981 and 1982 in 3 languages and held by 421 libraries worldwide
Unity with diversity in the European economy : the Community's southern frontier ( Book )
15 editions published between 1990 and 2010 in English and Undetermined and held by 370 libraries worldwide
The enlargement that encompassed the accession of Greece in 1981 and of Spain and Portugal in 1986 significantly altered the balance of the European Community (EC), while the double shock of EC membership and 1992 could have driven the economies of the new members into depression or, equally, accelerate their modernisation. This important book from the Centre for Economic Policy Research examines theoretical issues in the integration of a diverse economic region and the combined impact of EC membership, financial integration and the single market programme on the joining countries. There is an introduction by the editors and a foreword by Michael Emerson and Richard Portes
Trade and financial interdependence under flexible exchange rates : the Pacific area by Jorge Braga de Macedo( Book )
24 editions published between 1984 and 1986 in English and Undetermined and held by 253 libraries worldwide
This paper analyses policy interdependence under flexible exchange rates and its implications for middle-income countries in the Pacific area. In the first part of the paper, the consequences of strategic behavior among industrial countries are illustrated by means of a simple diagram. It is argued that in the absence of incentives to coordinate macroeconomic policies among major countries, exchange rates will tend to be volatile. Evidence on the world value of the dollar in the flexible rate period is then presented and interpreted. The second part describes exchange rate policies in the Pacific area. It is found that the widespread policy of pegging to the U.S. dollar has implied occasional large devaluations against the numeraire (Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, Philippines and Indonesia). An alternative, which requires higher Pacific trade and financial interdependence than the one prevailing during the last decade, would be a joint float along the lines of the policies seemingly pursued by Malaysia and Singapore. The two-country macroeconomic model presented in the Appendix can be used to assess the costs and benefits of policy coordination both at the world and at the regional level
Currency convertibility : the gold standard and beyond by Barry J Eichengreen( Book )
19 editions published between 1996 and 2011 in English and held by 215 libraries worldwide
The spread of currency convertibility is one of the most dramatic trends of the late twentieth century. It reflects the desire of policymakers to integrate their economies into the global trading system and to attract financial capital and direct investment from abroad.In this book a team of leading international economists and economic historians look at parallel situations in the history of the international monetary system, focusing in particular on the gold standard. The concluding chapter uses a case study of modern Portugal to draw out implications for modern international monetary relat
Exchange rate behavior with currency inconvertibility by Jorge Braga de Macedo( Book )
14 editions published between 1979 and 1982 in English and held by 214 libraries worldwide
Don't fix, don't float : the exchange rate in emerging markets, transition economies and developing countries by Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques( Book )
24 editions published between 2001 and 2002 in English and Undetermined and held by 211 libraries worldwide
This study deals with questions pertaining to international financial architecture from the perspective of developing countries, emerging markets and transition economies. Should the monetary authority fix the exchange rate of the national currency? Should it instead let the currency float in foreign exchange markets? What about bands, baskets and crawls between the fix and the float corners? Answering these questions is of significance to the national economy involved and, with regard to global finance, often beyond. In the same way that there may never be a pure float, even among key currencies, an instant fix does not provide a fast lane to credibility. Credibility is earned abroad as the development process reinforces institution building in monetary, financial and budgetary matters. Indeed, rules for budgetary adjustment (such as the zero deficit in Argentina or the EU Stability and Growth Pact) are necessary for any exchange-rate regime to deliver economic growth and development
Technology and poverty reduction in Asia and the Pacific by Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development( Book )
12 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 198 libraries worldwide
This conference proceedings examines technology's potential contribution to poverty reduction and looks at policies to make technology work for the poor
Sustainable recovery in Asia : mobilising resources for development by Jorge Braga de Macedo( Book )
10 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 192 libraries worldwide
Abstract: Two-thirds of the world's poor live in Asia. The major objective for the region, therefore, must be to reduce poverty. It has become clear in the wake of the crisis that the public sector can no longer shoulder the burden of financing pro-poor growth alone. At the same time, it is also clear that official aid flows throughout the world, and particularly in Asia, have been declining since the middle of the 1990s. Therefore, the private sector must be encouraged to provide at least part of the financing. This is the major message of the book. Two ways of achieving this are proposed. One is to attract more foreign direct investment and portfolio investment, rather than to rely on borrowing, to reduce financial vulnerability. The other is to promote partnerships between the state and the private sector, rather than simply to privatise the more lucrative branches of publicly owned and operated services. This book, co-edited by the OECD Development Centre and the Asian Development Bank, presents an original and comprehensive approach to the problem of obtaining support for maintaining development projects in the wake of the global financial crisis. The book brings together varied and complementary opinions from participants -- from the worlds of business, finance, government, academia and the media -- in the sixth annual International Forum on Asian Perspectives, held in Paris in July 2000. Sustainable Recovery in Asia: Mobilising Resources for Development constitutes a reference work on Asia and provides an excellent basis for policy advice for governments and policy makers
Asia and Europe : services liberalisation by Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development( Book )
13 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 188 libraries worldwide
This book demonstrates some of the pitfalls associated with services liberalisation but recommends perseverance and even acceleration of the reforms. Contributors call for orderly and rapid progress towards regional integration of the services sector, based on the gradual removal of the barriers to competition. The benefits will be increased FDI flows and domestic investment, with a subsequent contribution to growth and poverty reduction. This book is based upon the 2002 International Forum on Asian Perspectives organised by the ADB and the OECD Development Centre
Development is back by Jorge Braga de Macedo( Book )
18 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 179 libraries worldwide
Annotation
Regional integration in Africa by Jorge Braga de Macedo( Book )
12 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 175 libraries worldwide
Relates to the second session of the International Forum on African Perspectives held in March 2001
Macroeconomic policy and institutions during the transition to European Union membership by William H Branson( Book )
13 editions published between 1997 and 1998 in English and held by 69 libraries worldwide
Abstract: A framework is developed for macroeconomic policy analysis in four countries of Central Europe (CE) in transition to EU membership (Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, and Slovakia). A Multi-Annual Fiscal Adjustment Strategy (MAFAS) and a Pre-Pegging Exchange Rate Regime (PPERR) appropriate for maintaining internal and external balance are described and evidence on budgetary procedures is presented, in comparison with those prevailing in EU member states. The comparison suggests that the four CE countries are better fit for fiscal stabilization than Greece, Spain and Portugal were in the 1970s. Nevertheless, there is still much room for institutional improvement. A stronger commitment mechanism to fiscal targets at the preparatory stage would improve fiscal performance in all four countries. The adoption of a kind of convergence program would also be made easier if some group procedures can be adopted among them. The four countries also appear to have moved closer to sustainability in their external and internal balance in the last few years so that a MAFAS and a PPERR become credible. The fact that they established CEFTA (which Slovenia since joined) also helps set them apart from other EU associates in the region
Bem comum dos portugueses by Jorge Braga de Macedo( Book )
9 editions published in 1999 in Portuguese and Italian and held by 62 libraries worldwide
Pour une relance durable en Asie : mobiliser des ressources pour le développement by Jorge Braga de Macedo( Book )
5 editions published in 2000 in French and English and held by 45 libraries worldwide
Les deux tiers des pauvres de la planète vivent en Asie. L'objectif premier de toute politique de développement dans cette région doit donc être de réduire la pauvreté. Dans le sillage de la crise, il est devenu évident que le secteur public ne peut plus supporter seul le poids du financement d'une croissance privilégiant les pauvres. En outre, il est devenu manifeste que les flux d'aide publique diminuent depuis le milieu des années 90 dans le monde entier, et en particulier en Asie. C'est pourquoi il faut encourager le secteur privé à fournir une partie des fonds nécessaires ; tel est le principal message de cet ouvrage. L'ouvrage propose deux moyens d'y parvenir. L'un consiste à attirer davantage d'investissements directs étrangers et d'investissements de portefeuille pour réduire la vulnérabilité financière, plutôt que de compter sur l'emprunt. L'autre consiste à promouvoir la formation de partenariats entre l'Etat et le secteur privé, plutôt que de simplement privatiser les branches les plus lucratives des services fournis et gérés par l'Etat. Cet ouvrage, co-édité par le Centre de Développement de l'OCDE et la Banque asiatique de développement, présente une approche originale et exhaustive du problème que pose la nécessité d'obtenir des fonds pour assurer la poursuite des projets de développement au lendemain de la crise financière mondiale. Il rassemble les points de vue divers et complémentaires des participants - issus du monde des affaires, des milieux financiers, des administrations publiques, de l'université et des médias - au sixième forum international sur les perspectives asiatiques, organisé à Paris en juillet 2000. Pour une relance durable en Asie : mobiliser des ressources pour le développement est un ouvrage de référence précieux sur l'Asie et une excellente base pour l'élaboration de conseils destinés aux gouvernements et aux décideurs
Taux de change Ni fixe, ni flottant ( Book )
10 editions published in 2001 in French and held by 35 libraries worldwide
Taux de change : ni fixe, ni flottant parle de crédibilité, et de l'absence de crédibilité. Cet ouvrage traite des questions relatives à l'architecture financière internationale du point de vue des pays en développement, des marchés émergents et des économies en transition. Les autorités monétaires doivent-elles fixer le taux de change de la monnaie nationale? Doivent-elles au contraire laisser flotter leur monnaie sur le marché du change? Entre les solutions extrêmes - fixer ou laisser flotter - n'y a-t-il pas de place pour des marges de fluctuation, des paniers de monnaie, des parités ajustables? Les réponses à ces questions sont bien évidemment primordiales pour les économies concernées mais, compte tenu de la globalisation des marchés financiers, leur portée va bien au-delà. Si l'institution d'un régime purement flottant peut sembler chimérique, même parmi les monnaies dominantes, la mise en place d'un régime à taux fixe n'ouvre pas nécessairement la voie rapide vers la crédibilité. C'est par un processus de développement qui renforce les institutions monétaires, financières et budgétaires qu'une économie obtient cette crédibilité vis-à-vis de l'étranger. Il est vrai que des règles d'ajustement budgétaire (telles que le déficit zéro en Argentine ou le pacte de stabilité et de croissance de l'UE) sont des conditions nécessaires pour qu'un régime de taux de change donné puisse assurer développement et croissance économique. Taux de change : ni fixe ni flottant, présente des propositions argumentées de régimes intermédiaires pour cinq groupes de pays en Afrique, en Asie et en Amérique latine. Les pays en développement, les marchés émergents et les économies en transition, de concert avec les pays de la zone OCDE, doivent faire face aux conséquences d'une conjoncture économique mondiale qui se détériore. Dans ce contexte, les questions de développement qui sous-tendent cet ouvrage acquièrent une importance capitale
Foreign direct investment versus other flows to Latin America by Jorge Braga de Macedo( Book )
18 editions published between 2001 and 2003 in French and English and held by 34 libraries worldwide
The central question tackled here is that of the desirability of foreign direct investment over other flows, such as bank lending. There has been an undoubted rise in FDI flows as a proportion of all flows to the Latin American region, but how much of the cause is supply- or demand-driven remains unclear. Analyses presented in this volume appear to demonstrate that FDI is no better and no worse than other flows for growth and for crisis resistance and, in some cases, may even be a signal of an economy's ill health. Contrary views, however, are also presented. Where governments compete for FDI, it is widely believed that they participate in a so-called "race to the bottom", lowering labour, environmental and other standards. The surprise here is that this fear is so far largely unfounded. The book also includes a glimpse of a round table discussion on these issues with private-sector participants. The Inter-American Development Bank and the OECD Development Centre created the International Forum on Latin American Perspectives as an annual meeting place of ideas and strategies from Latin America and from the OECD region. The eleventh edition of the Forum was held in Paris in November 2000 and this book contains contributions and analysis from that meeting
Smuggler's blues at the central bank : lessons from Sudan by William H Branson( Book )
7 editions published in 1987 in English and held by 32 libraries worldwide
The ineffectiveness of real devaluation as stabilization policy does not imply that the nominal exchange rate should be held constant in the face of a domestic inflation. In this circumstance, import duties and export subsidies would have to be escalated to counter the potential erosion of the trade balance. This escalation of trade barriers generates a rising black market premium and offers increasing incentives to smuggling, already a pervasive problem in the African countries. As a consequence, the central bank would find it more and more difficult to hold the nominal exchange rate constant. This leads us to consider a passive exchange rate policy of stabilizing the exchange rate by moving the nominal rate in line with domestic inflation. If such passive policy is not accompanied by the elimination of trade barriers, however, the black market premium will not disappear. Unless exchange rate policy and trade policy are consistent with each other, the smuggler's blues will reach the central bank. Indeed, this is not just a theoretical possibility, it is the major lesson from the recent experience of Sudan
Currency incontrovertibility, trade taxes and smuggling by Jorge Braga de Macedo( Book )
8 editions published in 1987 in English and held by 30 libraries worldwide
In the classic analysis of smuggling importers choose the optimal mix of legal and illegal trade, given trade taxes and the technology of detection. This paper introduces an inconvertible currency in the framework, so that illegal trade is valued at a rate higher than the (fixed) official exchange rate. Sections 1 and 2 show how the smuggling ratio and the domestic price markup for the import and export good are simultaneously determined. With balanced legal and illegal trade, changes in the (long-run) black market premium are a weighted average of changes in trade taxes, whereas changes in the smuggling ratios depend on the ratio of trade taxes. Thus, an import tariff and an export subsidy rising at the same rate would keep smuggling ratios constant but imply a rising black market premium (section 3 and 4). To determine the quantity of exports and imports, a model of the economy is presented in section 5, featuring the production of exports and non-traded goods and the consumption of imports and non-traded goods, as well as a government confiscating the amounts of traded goods unsuccessfully smuggled. Then export production may fall, and welfare may rise, if trade taxes have a negative effect on the relative price of exports and imports stronger than the positive effect on smuggled exports and imports, which is always welfare-reducing. Section 6 introduces the short-run determination of the black market premium via portfolio balance. In this case, rising rade taxes may be associated with a premium rising even faster if there is unreported capital flight and conversely
Growth, reform indicators and policy complementaries by Jorge Braga de Macedo( Book )
8 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 21 libraries worldwide
This paper discusses the design of structural policies by relating second-best results and the complementarity of reforms. It computes a complementarity index based on structural reform indicators compiled by the EBRD for transition countries, assuming that the run-up to EU integration corresponds to a nearly complete policy cycle. Using econometric panel estimates, the level of reforms and changes in their complementarity are found to be positively related to output growth, corrected for endogeneity, and given initial conditions and the extent of macroeconomic stabilisation
Technologie et Lutte Contre la Pauvrete en Asie et Dans le Pacifique by Jorge Braga de Macedo( Book )
2 editions published in 2002 in French and English and held by 1 library worldwide
 
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Alternative Names

controlled identity Crespo, Avelino

Braga de Macedo Jorge
Braga de Macedo, Jorge 1946-
Brage deMacedo, Jorge
Brage deMacedo, Jorge 1946-
Crespo, Avelino.
Crespo, Avelino 1946-
De Macedo Jorge Braga
De Macedo, Jorge Braga 1946-
DeMacedo, Jorge Brage
DeMacedo, Jorge Brage 1946-
Macedo, Braga de
Macedo, J. Braga de
Macedo, Jorge Avelino Braga de
Macedo, Jorge B. de
Macedo, Jorge Braga de
Languages
English (212)
French (25)
Portuguese (9)
Italian (1)
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