skip to content

Macedo, Jorge Braga de

Works: 123 works in 426 publications in 4 languages and 4,897 library holdings
Genres: History  Conference proceedings 
Roles: Editor, Author of introduction, Creator
Classifications: HG255, 332.452
Publication Timeline
Publications about Jorge Braga de Macedo
Publications by Jorge Braga de Macedo
Most widely held works by Jorge Braga de Macedo
Currency convertibility the gold standard and beyond ( file )
16 editions published between 1996 and 2011 in English and held by 1,076 libraries worldwide
The spread of currency convertibility is one of the most dramatic trends of the late 20th century. It reflects the desire of policymakers to integrate their economies into the global trading system and to attract financial capital and direct investment from abroad. In this work a team of international economists and economic historians look at parallel situations in the history of the international monetary system, focusing in particular on the gold standard. The concluding chapter uses a case study of modern Portugal to draw out implications for modern international monetary relations in Europe and for the rest of the world
Portugal since the revolution : economic and political perspectives ( Book )
8 editions published between 1981 and 1982 in English and Undetermined and held by 421 libraries worldwide
Unity with diversity in the European economy : the Community's southern frontier ( Book )
13 editions published between 1990 and 2010 in English and held by 341 libraries worldwide
The enlargement that encompassed the accession of Greece in 1981 and of Spain and Portugal in 1986 significantly altered the balance of the European Community (EC), while the double shock of EC membership and 1992 could have driven the economies of the new members into depression or, equally, accelerate their modernisation. This important book from the Centre for Economic Policy Research examines theoretical issues in the integration of a diverse economic region and the combined impact of EC membership, financial integration and the single market programme on the joining countries. There is an introduction by the editors and a foreword by Michael Emerson and Richard Portes
Trade and financial interdependence under flexible exchange rates : the Pacific area by Jorge Braga de Macedo( Book )
16 editions published between 1984 and 1986 in English and held by 272 libraries worldwide
This paper analyses policy interdependence under flexible exchange rates and its implications for middle-income countries in the Pacific area. In the first part of the paper, the consequences of strategic behavior among industrial countries are illustrated by means of a simple diagram. It is argued that in the absence of incentives to coordinate macroeconomic policies among major countries, exchange rates will tend to be volatile. Evidence on the world value of the dollar in the flexible rate period is then presented and interpreted. The second part describes exchange rate policies in the Pacific area. It is found that the widespread policy of pegging to the U.S. dollar has implied occasional large devaluations against the numeraire (Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, Philippines and Indonesia). An alternative, which requires higher Pacific trade and financial interdependence than the one prevailing during the last decade, would be a joint float along the lines of the policies seemingly pursued by Malaysia and Singapore. The two-country macroeconomic model presented in the Appendix can be used to assess the costs and benefits of policy coordination both at the world and at the regional level
Don't fix, don't float : the exchange rate in emerging markets, transition economies and developing countries ( Book )
19 editions published in 2001 in English and Undetermined and held by 259 libraries worldwide
This study deals with questions pertaining to international financial architecture from the perspective of developing countries, emerging markets and transition economies. Should the monetary authority fix the exchange rate of the national currency? Should it instead let the currency float in foreign exchange markets? What about bands, baskets and crawls between the fix and the float corners? Answering these questions is of significance to the national economy involved and, with regard to global finance, often beyond. In the same way that there may never be a pure float, even among key currencies, an instant fix does not provide a fast lane to credibility. Credibility is earned abroad as the development process reinforces institution building in monetary, financial and budgetary matters. Indeed, rules for budgetary adjustment (such as the zero deficit in Argentina or the EU Stability and Growth Pact) are necessary for any exchange-rate regime to deliver economic growth and development
Sustainable recovery in Asia : mobilising resources for development by Jorge Braga de Macedo( Book )
8 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 225 libraries worldwide
Two-thirds of the world's poor live in Asia. The major objective for the region, therefore, must be to reduce poverty. It has become clear in the wake of the crisis that the public sector can no longer shoulder the burden of financing pro-poor growth alone. At the same time, it is also clear that official aid flows throughout the world, and particularly in Asia, have been declining since the middle of the 1990s. Therefore, the private sector must be encouraged to provide at least part of the financing. This is the major message of the book. Two ways of achieving this are proposed. One is to attract more foreign direct investment and portfolio investment, rather than to rely on borrowing, to reduce financial vulnerability. The other is to promote partnerships between the state and the private sector, rather than simply to privatise the more lucrative branches of publicly owned and operated services. This book, co-edited by the OECD Development Centre and the Asian Development Bank, presents an original and comprehensive approach to the problem of obtaining support for maintaining development projects in the wake of the global financial crisis. The book brings together varied and complementary opinions from participants -- from the worlds of business, finance, government, academia and the media -- in the sixth annual International Forum on Asian Perspectives, held in Paris in July 2000. Sustainable Recovery in Asia: Mobilising Resources for Development constitutes a reference work on Asia and provides an excellent basis for policy advice for governments and policy makers
Technology and poverty reduction in Asia and the Pacific by Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development( Book )
10 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 217 libraries worldwide
This conference proceedings examines technology's potential contribution to poverty reduction and looks at policies to make technology work for the poor
Exchange rate behavior with currency inconvertibility by Jorge Braga de Macedo( Book )
15 editions published between 1979 and 1982 in English and held by 215 libraries worldwide
Asia and Europe : services liberalisation by Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development( Book )
10 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 212 libraries worldwide
This book demonstrates some of the pitfalls associated with services liberalisation but recommends perseverance and even acceleration of the reforms. Contributors call for orderly and rapid progress towards regional integration of the services sector, based on the gradual removal of the barriers to competition. The benefits will be increased FDI flows and domestic investment, with a subsequent contribution to growth and poverty reduction. This book is based upon the 2002 International Forum on Asian Perspectives organised by the ADB and the OECD Development Centre
Regional integration in Africa by Jorge Braga de Macedo( Book )
11 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 212 libraries worldwide
Relates to the second session of the International Forum on African Perspectives held in March 2001
Development is back by Jorge Braga de Macedo( Book )
13 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 211 libraries worldwide
Achieving the economic development of poor countries remains, even in the third millennium, a formidable challenge which increasingly preoccupies OECD countries. The Organisation's Development Centre was founded in 1962 as one means to study and to try to confront the problems of comparative development and to relate them to experiences in the more advanced economies. This book provides a compendium of that experience and looks forward to future policies and strategies which might provide some solutions to the problems facing developing countries. Some reflections are also included on a remark
Macroeconomic policy and institutions during the transition to European Union membership by William H Branson( Book )
11 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 87 libraries worldwide
A framework is developed for macroeconomic policy analysis in four countries of Central Europe (CE) in transition to EU membership (Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, and Slovakia). A Multi-Annual Fiscal Adjustment Strategy (MAFAS) and a Pre-Pegging Exchange Rate Regime (PPERR) appropriate for maintaining internal and external balance are described and evidence on budgetary procedures is presented, in comparison with those prevailing in EU member states. The comparison suggests that the four CE countries are better fit for fiscal stabilization than Greece, Spain and Portugal were in the 1970s. Nevertheless, there is still much room for institutional improvement. A stronger commitment mechanism to fiscal targets at the preparatory stage would improve fiscal performance in all four countries. The adoption of a kind of convergence program would also be made easier if some group procedures can be adopted among them. The four countries also appear to have moved closer to sustainability in their external and internal balance in the last few years so that a MAFAS and a PPERR become credible. The fact that they established CEFTA (which Slovenia since joined) also helps set them apart from other EU associates in the region
Bem comum dos portugueses by Jorge Braga de Macedo( Book )
8 editions published in 1999 in Portuguese and held by 56 libraries worldwide
Retour sur le développement by Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development( Book )
3 editions published in 2002 in French and held by 55 libraries worldwide
Assurer le développement économique des pays pauvres demeure, même au troisième millénaire, un formidable défi qui préoccupe de plus en plus les pays de l'OCDE. Depuis sa création en 1962, le Centre de Développement de l'Organisation étudie les problèmes de développement dans une perspective comparative et tente d'y trouver des solutions en s'appuyant sur le vécu des économies les plus avancées. Cet ouvrage rend compte de la somme d'expériences ainsi acquise et s'interroge sur les politiques et stratégies qui pourraient, à l'avenir, contribuer à remédier aux problèmes des pays en développement. Il montre aussi comment cette institution a remarquablement bien su évoluer et se transformer pour toujours mieux accorder son action aux efforts déployés, par l'ensemble de l'OCDE, en faveur des pays, régions et populations les plus démunis. Cet ouvrage est adapté à la prescription. Les enseignants intéressés peuvent demander un specimen et une remise de 50% sera accordée aux étudiants concernés. Pour plus d'informations adressez-vous à
How Globalisation Improves Governance by Federico Bonaglia( Computer File )
12 editions published between 2001 and 2009 in English and held by 55 libraries worldwide
Globalisation, governance and economic performance affect each other in very complex mutual relationships. In this paper, we establish a clear and well-circumscribed hypothesis: "is there an effect of globalisation on governance?" To test this hypothesis or, even more specifically, to test how openness can affect the quality of domestic institutions, we survey available theoretical explanations of causal relationships between globalisation and governance. Microeconomic theory helps us identify trade policy, competition by foreign producers and international investors, and openness-related differences in institution building costs and benefits, as three major transmission mechanisms through which openness affects a country's corruption levels. Examining a large sample of countries covering a 20-year long period, we found robust empirical support for the fact that increases in import openness do indeed cause reductions in corruption, a crucial aspect of governance. The magnitude of
Growth, reform indicators and policy complementaries by Jorge Braga de Macedo( file )
6 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 52 libraries worldwide
"This paper discusses the design of structural policies by relating second-best results and the complementarity of reforms. It computes a complementarity index based on structural reform indicators compiled by the EBRD for transition countries, assuming that the run-up to EU integration corresponds to a nearly complete policy cycle. Using econometric panel estimates, the level of reforms and changes in their complementarity are found to be positively related to output growth, corrected for endogeneity, and given initial conditions and the extent of macroeconomic stabilisation"--National Bureau of Economic Research web site
Taux de change Ni fixe, ni flottant ( file )
8 editions published in 2001 in French and held by 46 libraries worldwide
Taux de change : ni fixe, ni flottant parle de crédibilité, et de l'absence de crédibilité. Cet ouvrage traite des questions relatives à l'architecture financière internationale du point de vue des pays en développement, des marchés émergents et des économies en transition. Les autorités monétaires doivent-elles fixer le taux de change de la monnaie nationale ? Doivent-elles au contraire laisser flotter leur monnaie sur le marché du change ? Entre les solutions extrêmes - fixer ou laisser flotter - n'y a-t-il pas de place pour des marges de fluctuation, des paniers de monnaie, des parités ajustables ? Les réponses à ces questions sont bien évidemment primordiales pour les économies concernées mais, compte tenu de la globalisation des marchés financiers, leur portée va bien au-delà.Si l'institution d'un régime purement flottant peut sembler chimérique, même parmi les monnaies dominantes, la mise en place d'un régime à taux fixe n'ouvre pas nécessairement la voie rapide vers la crédibilité. C'est par un processus de développement qui renforce les institutions monétaires, financières et budgétaires qu'une économie obtient cette crédibilité vis-à-vis de l'étranger. Il est vrai que des règles d'ajustement budgétaire (telles que le déficit zéro en Argentine ou le pacte de stabilité et de croissance de l'UE) sont des conditions nécessaires pour qu'un régime de taux de change donné puisse assurer développement et croissance économique. Taux de change : ni fixe ni flottant, présente des propositions argumentées de régimes intermédiaires pour cinq groupes de pays en Afrique, en Asie et en Amérique latine.Les pays en développement, les marchés émergents et les économies en transition, de concert avec les pays de la zone OCDE, doivent faire face aux conséquences d'une conjoncture économique mondiale qui se détériore. Dans ce contexte, les questions de développement qui sous-tendent cet ouvrage acquièrent une importance capitale
Smuggler's blues at the central bank : lessons from Sudan by William H Branson( Book )
4 editions published in 1987 in English and held by 46 libraries worldwide
The ineffectiveness of real devaluation as stabilization policy does not imply that the nominal exchange rate should be held constant in the face of a domestic inflation. In this circumstance, import duties and export subsidies would have to be escalated to counter the potential erosion of the trade balance. This escalation of trade barriers generates a rising black market premium and offers increasing incentives to smuggling, already a pervasive problem in the African countries. As a consequence, the central bank would find it more and more difficult to hold the nominal exchange rate constant. This leads us to consider a passive exchange rate policy of stabilizing the exchange rate by moving the nominal rate in line with domestic inflation. If such passive policy is not accompanied by the elimination of trade barriers, however, the black market premium will not disappear. Unless exchange rate policy and trade policy are consistent with each other, the smuggler's blues will reach the central bank. Indeed, this is not just a theoretical possibility, it is the major lesson from the recent experience of Sudan
Currency incontrovertibility, trade taxes and smuggling by Jorge Braga de Macedo( Book )
7 editions published in 1987 in English and Italian and held by 44 libraries worldwide
In the classic analysis of smuggling importers choose the optimal mix of legal and illegal trade, given trade taxes and the technology of detection. This paper introduces an inconvertible currency in the framework, so that illegal trade is valued at a rate higher than the (fixed) official exchange rate. Sections 1 and 2 show how the smuggling ratio and the domestic price markup for the import and export good are simultaneously determined. With balanced legal and illegal trade, changes in the (long-run) black market premium are a weighted average of changes in trade taxes, whereas changes in the smuggling ratios depend on the ratio of trade taxes. Thus, an import tariff and an export subsidy rising at the same rate would keep smuggling ratios constant but imply a rising black market premium (section 3 and 4). To determine the quantity of exports and imports, a model of the economy is presented in section 5, featuring the production of exports and non-traded goods and the consumption of imports and non-traded goods, as well as a government confiscating the amounts of traded goods unsuccessfully smuggled. Then export production may fall, and welfare may rise, if trade taxes have a negative effect on the relative price of exports and imports stronger than the positive effect on smuggled exports and imports, which is always welfare-reducing. Section 6 introduces the short-run determination of the black market premium via portfolio balance. In this case, rising rade taxes may be associated with a premium rising even faster if there is unreported capital flight and conversely
Cape Verde and Mozambique as development successes in West and Southern Africa by Jorge Braga de Macedo( file )
3 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 34 libraries worldwide
This paper applies an interpretation of how globalization and governance (G & G) interact with convergence given Cape Verde and Mozambique's particular geographical and historical contexts. We hold that development success under globalization entails, necessarily but not exclusively, positive market perceptions regarding the orientation and predictability of policies as well as the accompanying institutional arrangements. As such, a positive G & G interaction with respect to a comparator group can usefully be defined as success notwithstanding the inexistence of a universally applicable development model. In practical terms, we first identify macro-level policy and institutional combinations underpinning successful trade diversification (an indicator of globalization) and income convergence (an indicator of governance) in the sub-regions of West and Southern Africa. We then assess to what extent these combinations apply to both countries using an empirical analysis. We find that trade openness drives convergence and export diversification in Western Africa (which is becoming more diversified) while convergence is instead driven by economic and political freedoms in Southern Africa (which is becoming more specialized). Our empirical analysis is complemented by a case-study narrative of Cape Verde and Mozambique's long-term development, which allows us to also identify the following common drivers: moving towards a market economy; opening up to regional and global trade; increasing economic and political freedom; pursing macroeconomic stability and financial reputation; ensuring policy continuity (especially in the industrial and trade sectors) and focusing on human development (especially education and poverty reduction). Moreover, both countries reveal convergence compared to their sub-regional peers when looking at average GDP per capita and indicators of financial reputation and good governance. While these findings are insufficient to conclude that convergence will be sustained, the positive interaction between trade and financial globalization, on the one hand, and good governance and democracy, on the other, may help explain the observed diversity of the Portuguese-speaking African community, which includes three other countries (Angola, Guinea-Bissau and São Tomé e Príncipe)
moreShow More Titles
fewerShow Fewer Titles
Alternative Names

controlled identity Crespo, Avelino

Braga de Macedo, Jorge.
Braga de Macedo, Jorge 1946-
Brage deMacedo, Jorge
Brage deMacedo, Jorge 1946-
Crespo, Avelino.
Crespo, Avelino 1946- Pseudonym
De Macedo, Jorge Braga.
De Macedo, Jorge Braga 1946-
DeMacedo, Jorge Brage
DeMacedo, Jorge Brage 1946-
Macedo, Braga de
Macedo, J. Braga de
Macedo, Jorge Avelino Braga de
Macedo, Jorge B. de
Macedo, Jorge Braga de
English (179)
French (11)
Portuguese (8)
Italian (1)
Close Window

Please sign in to WorldCat 

Don't have an account? You can easily create a free account.