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Grootaert, Christiaan 1950-

Works: 104 works in 454 publications in 3 languages and 7,402 library holdings
Genres: Case studies 
Roles: Author, Editor, Other, Contributor
Classifications: HM708, 302
Publication Timeline
Publications about Christiaan Grootaert
Publications by Christiaan Grootaert
Most widely held works by Christiaan Grootaert
The role of social capital in development : an empirical assessment ( Book )
32 editions published between 2002 and 2008 in English and held by 403 libraries worldwide
In recent years the role of social capital - defined as the institutions and networks of relationships between people, and the associated norms and values - in programs of poverty alleviation and development has risen to considerable prominence. Although development practitioners have long suspected that social capital does affect the efficiency and quality of most development processes, this book is the first to provide the rigorous empirical results needed to confirm that impression and translate it into effective and informed policymaking. It is based on a large volume of newly collected data, relying equally on quantitative and qualitative research methodologies to establish new approaches for measuring social capital and its impact. The book documents the pervasive role of social capital in accelerating poverty alleviation and rural development, facilitating the provision of goods and services, and easing political transition and recovery from civil conflicts
Poverty and social assistance in transition countries by Jeanine Braithwaite( Book )
23 editions published between 1957 and 2000 in English and Undetermined and held by 328 libraries worldwide
"This study examines poverty and social assistance in six countries - Bulgaria, Hungary, Poland, Estonia, Russia, and Kyrgyz Republic - comparing the poverty profiles and the correlates of poverty between the two regions. The study finds that the profile of poverty is more sharply defined in Eastern Europe than in the former Soviet Union, where poverty is more widespread. This holds the potential for better targeting of social assistance in Eastern Europe, and the study proposes a novel two-step approach to identify the poor."--Jacket
The policy analysis of child labor : a comparative study ( Book )
13 editions published between 1999 and 2000 in English and held by 311 libraries worldwide
Understanding and measuring social capital : a multidisciplinary tool for practitioners by Christiaan Grootaert( Book )
20 editions published between 2002 and 2013 in English and held by 261 libraries worldwide
This work details various methods of gauging social capital and provides illustrative case studies from Mali and India. It also offers a measuring instrument, the Social Capital Assessment Tool, that combines quantitative and qualitative approaches
The relation between final demand and income distribution, with application to Japan by Christiaan Grootaert( Book )
11 editions published in 1983 in English and German and held by 248 libraries worldwide
Measuring social capital : an integrated questionnaire by Christiaan Grootaert( Book )
17 editions published between 2003 and 2004 in English and held by 196 libraries worldwide
Hungary : poverty and social transfers by World Bank( Book )
2 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 153 libraries worldwide
Understanding the social effects of policy reform by Lionel Demery( Book )
8 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 150 libraries worldwide
Analyzing poverty and policy reform : the experience of Côte d'Ivoire by Christiaan Grootaert( Book )
7 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 143 libraries worldwide
Measuring and analyzing levels of living in developing countries : an annotated questionnaire by Christiaan Grootaert( Book )
4 editions published in 1986 in English and held by 112 libraries worldwide
Household expenditure surveys : some methodological issues by Christiaan Grootaert( Book )
10 editions published between 1984 and 1985 in English and Undetermined and held by 112 libraries worldwide
Policy-oriented analysis of poverty and the social dimensions of structural adjustment : a methodology and proposed application to Côte d'Ivoire, 1985-88 by Christiaan Grootaert( Book )
16 editions published between 1989 and 1990 in English and French and held by 104 libraries worldwide
The social dimensions of adjustment priority survey : an instrument for the rapid identification and monitoring of policy target groups by Christiaan Grootaert( Book )
11 editions published between 1990 and 1991 in English and held by 92 libraries worldwide
The demand for urban housing in the Ivory Coast by Christiaan Grootaert( Book )
9 editions published in 1986 in English and held by 81 libraries worldwide
Social capital, household welfare and poverty in Indonesia by Christiaan Grootaert( Book )
12 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 78 libraries worldwide
It pays for poor households to participate actively in local associations. At low incomes, the returns to social capital are higher than returns to human capital. At higher incomes, the reverse is true
The role of employment and earnings in analyzing levels of living : a general methodology with applications to Malaysia and Thailand by Christiaan Grootaert( Book )
5 editions published in 1986 in English and held by 76 libraries worldwide
Child labor a review by Christiaan Grootaert( file )
11 editions published between 1995 and 1999 in English and Undetermined and held by 72 libraries worldwide
4. The welfare economics of child labor
Poverty and social transfers in Poland by Christiaan Grootaert( file )
12 editions published between 1995 and 1999 in English and Undetermined and held by 71 libraries worldwide
March 1995 How well did Poland's system of social transfers help alleviate poverty in 1993, and what changes in the allocation of social transfer funds would improve the distribution of income? Since January 1990, Poland's social safety net has changed greatly. Unemployment benefits were introduced, for example, because of escalating unemployment (about 15 percent of the labor force at the end of 1993). The cost of the social safety net has risen sharply since the transition began, both absolutely and as a fraction of GDP. In 1993, social transfers accounted for 18.7 percent of GDP, as follows: (1) pensions=14.9 percent, (2) unemployment benefits=1.9 percent, (3) family allowance and other social insurance=1.4 percent, and (4) social assistance=0.5 percent. To investigate the present system's impact on income distribution, Grootaert uses the household budget survey data for January-June 1993, the first complete survey of the Polish population. The conventional benchmark for measuring poverty in Poland, the social minimum, has become largely irrelevant, as 55 percent of the people fall below that spending level. Using two other measures, Grootaert finds that in 1993 26.3 percent of the population had an expenditure level (per adult equivalent) below the minimum wage, and 14.4 percent were spending at a level below the minimum pension. He discusses four proposals for improving the ability of social transfers (other than pensions) to reduce poverty. These proposals are either budget-neutral or imply only modest increases in the total amount of transfers: * Income-testing the family allowance and doubling the amount for large households. This would reduce poverty from 14.4 to 13.2 percent -- and, among large households, from 43 to 28 percent. * Reducing eligibility for the family allowance from 20 to 18 years and taxing the allowance; providing income-tested daycare vouchers for young children. This would make the family allowance more progressive. Reducing eligibility and taxing the allowance would raise poverty about 1 percentage point, which would be largely offset by the daycare vouchers. * Improving income testing for social assistance. More than half of current beneficiaries are not poor. A 20 percent improvement in targeting would reduce poverty by about 0.3 percentage points. * Extending eligibility for unemployment benefits for low-skilled unemployed members of the labor force in large households. This would increase benefits by about 7 percent, but reduce poverty about 0.4 percentage points -- benefiting especially the poorest part of the population. This paper -- a product of the Country Operations Division, Europe and Central Asia, Country Department II -- is part of a larger effort in the department to undertake poverty assessments in the region. The author may be contacted at
Poverty and social transfers in Hungary by Christiaan Grootaert( file )
13 editions published between 1997 and 1999 in English and Undetermined and held by 71 libraries worldwide
May 1997 Hungary's social safety net could be improved to better target benefits to the poor. Among the possibilities for reform: abolish the child care allowance and fee, institute new child care benefits, and improve means testing for social assistance. Grootaert's study addresses the question of how well Hungary's system of cash social transfers helps prevent or alleviate poverty - and whether different types of social transfer, or changes in eligibility rules, might better alleviate poverty. The social safety net in Hungary and other transition economies has undergone important changes. The conventional benchmark for measuring poverty in Hungary - the subsistence minimum - has lost much of its relevance because of the transition to a market economy. Grootaert proposes two other benchmarks: the minimum pension (an absolute poverty line) and a relative poverty line set at two-thirds of mean household spending. How well targeted to the poor are Hungary's social transfers? The study distinguishes between six components of the social safety net: pensions, unemployment benefits, family allowance, child care allowance, social assistance, and child care fee. Grootaert finds that unemployment benefits and social assistance are well-targeted to the poor. The child care allowance is a progressive social transfer; the child care fee is strongly regressive. Roughly 91 percent of Hungarian households receive one or more transfers. Hungary's social safety net represents 54 percent of spending in an average household, and provides 38 percent of its income. In its entirety, the social safety net is progressive, but that progressivity does not come cheaply. The average transfer is eight times the minimum that would be needed under perfect targeting. In other words, there is significant room for reallocating funds for improved welfare of the poor. Among possibilities for reform: abolish the child care allowance and fee, institute new child care benefits, and improve means testing for social assistance. Data used are from the 1993 Household Budget Survey and the 1992-94 Household Panel Surveys. This paper - a product of the Social Policy Division, Environment Department - was written as a background paper for the Hungary Poverty Assessment
The Dynamics of Poverty Why Some People Escape from Poverty and Others Don't?An African Case Study by Christiaan Grootaert( Book )
10 editions published between 1995 and 1999 in English and Undetermined and held by 71 libraries worldwide
Orkers too much toward a formal labor market in a time when employment growth came almost entirely from small enterprises. In rural areas, physical capital - especially the amount of land and farm equipment owned - mattered most. Smallholders were more likely to suffer welfare declines. Households with diversified sources of income managed better, especially if they had an important source of nonfarm income. In both rural and urban areas, larger households suffered greater declines in welfare and households that got larger were unable to increase income enough to maintain their former welfare level. Households whose heads worked in the public sector maintained welfare better than other households, a finding that confirms earlier observations. The results also suggest that government policies toward certain regions or types of household can outweigh the effects of household endownments. Surprisingly, migrant non-Ivorian households tended to be better at preventing welfare losses than Ivorian households, while households headed by women did better than those headed by men (after controlling for differences in or changes in endowment). The implications for policymakers? First, education is associated with higher welfare levels and helps people cope better with economic decline. Second, targeting the social safety net to larger households - possibly through the schools, to reach children - is justified in periods of decline. Third, smallholders might be targeted in rural areas, and ways found to encourage diversification of income there. This paper - a joint product of the Social Policy and Resettlement Division, Environment Department, and the Africa Regional Office, Office of the Chief Economist - is the result of a research project on The Dynamics of Poverty: Why Some People Escape Poverty and Others Don't, A Panel Analysis for Côte d'Ivoire (RPO 678-70)
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Alternative Names
Grootaert, Christiaan
Grootaert, Christiaan N.
Grootaert, Christiaan N. 1950-
English (230)
French (7)
German (2)
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