Turing, Alan Mathison 19121954
Most widely held works about
Alan Mathison Turing
more
fewer
Most widely held works by
Alan Mathison Turing
The legacy of Alan Turing
(
Book
)
10
editions published
between
1996
and
1999
in
English
and held by
443
libraries
worldwide
Alan Turing's automatic computing engine : the master codebreaker's struggle to build the modern computer by B. Jack Copeland (
Book
)
6
editions published
in
2005
in
English
and held by
394
libraries
worldwide
The mathematical genius Alan Turing (19121954) was one of the greatest scientists and thinkers of the 20th century. Now well known for his crucial wartime role in breaking the ENIGMA code, he was the first to conceive of the fundamental principle of the modern computerthe idea of controlling a computing machine's operations by means of a program of coded instructions, stored in the machine's 'memory'. In 1945 Turing drew up his revolutionary design for an electronic computing machinehis Automatic Computing Engine ('ACE'). A pilot model of the ACE ran its first program in 1950 and the production version, the 'DEUCE', went on to become a cornerstone of the fledgling British computer industry. The first 'personal' computer was based on Turing's ACE. This book describes Turing's struggle to build the modern computer. The first detailed history of Turing's contributions to computer science, this text is essential reading for anyone interested in the history of the computer and the history of mathematics. It contains first hand accounts by Turing and by the pioneers of computing who worked with him. As well as relating the story of the invention of the computer, the book clearly describes the hardware and software of the ACEincluding the very first computer programs. The book is intended to be accessible to everyone with an interest in computing, and contains numerous diagrams and illustrations as well as original photographs. The book contains some previously unpublished work by Turing as well as data that has only recently been declassified, and there are in addition chapters describing Turing's pathbreaking research in the fields of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Artificial Life (ALife). The book has an extensive system of hyperlinks to The Turing Archive for the History of Computing, an online library of digital facsimiles of typewritten documents by Turing and the other scientists who pioneered the electronic computer
Mechanical intelligence by Alan Mathison Turing (
Book
)
15
editions published
between
1992
and
1994
in
English and Italian
and held by
327
libraries
worldwide
Pure mathematics by Alan Mathison Turing (
Book
)
10
editions published
in
1992
in
English and Italian
and held by
276
libraries
worldwide
Morphogenesis by Alan Mathison Turing (
Book
)
10
editions published
in
1992
in
3
languages
and held by
225
libraries
worldwide
Mathematical logic by Alan Mathison Turing (
Book
)
14
editions published
between
2001
and
2008
in
English
and held by
188
libraries
worldwide
Alan Mathison Turing (19121954) made major contributions to several areas of science. Today his name is mentioned frequently in philosophical discussions about the nature of Artificial Intelligence. He was a pioneer researcher in computer architecture and software engineering  his work in pure mathematics and mathematical logic extended considerably further. His last work was "On Morphogenesis in Plants".; Turing was one of the leading figures in 20th century science, a fact which would have been known to the general public sooner but for the British Official Secrets Act, which prevented discussion of his wartime work. Although they were written decades ago, the papers in this volume address issues which concern researchers today
La Machine de Turing by Alan Mathison Turing (
Book
)
6
editions published
between
1995
and
1999
in
French
and held by
129
libraries
worldwide
Intelligence Service : Schriften by Alan Mathison Turing (
Book
)
16
editions published
between
1974
and
2012
in
3
languages
and held by
64
libraries
worldwide
Machines and thought
(
Book
)
6
editions published
between
1996
and
2010
in
English
and held by
43
libraries
worldwide
Computers and thought a collection of articles by Armer, Chomsky, Turing... [et al.] by Edward A Feigenbaum (
Book
)
1
edition published
in
1963
in
English
and held by
35
libraries
worldwide
Alan Turing's systems of logic : the Princeton thesis by Alan Mathison Turing (
Book
)
7
editions published
between
2012
and
2014
in
English
and held by
29
libraries
worldwide
The essential Turing : seminal writings in computing, logic, philosophy, artificial intelligence, and artificial life, plus the secrets of Enigma by Alan Mathison Turing (
Book
)
9
editions published
between
2004
and
2010
in
English
and held by
28
libraries
worldwide
Alan Turing, pioneer of computing and WWII codebreaker, is one of the most important and influential thinkers of the twentieth century. In this volume for the first time his key writings are made available to a broad, nonspecialist readership. They make fascinating reading both in their own right and for their historic significance: contemporary computational theory, cognitive science, artificial intelligence, and artificial life all spring from this groundbreaking work, which is also rich in philosophical and logical insight. An introduction by leading Turing expert Jack Copeland provides the background and guides the reader through the selection. Alan Turing FRS OBE, (19121954) studied mathematics at King's College, Cambridge. He was elected a Fellow of King's in March 1935, at the age of only 22. In the same year he invented the abstract computing machines  now known simply as Turing machines  on which all subsequent storedprogram digital computers are modeled. During 19361938 Turing continued his studies, now at Princeton University.; He completed a PhD in mathematical logic, analyzing the notion of 'intuition' in mathematics and introducing the idea of oracular computation, now fundamental in mathematical recursion theory. An 'oracle' is an abstract device able to solve mathematical problems too difficult for the universal Turing machine. In the summer of 1938 Turing returned to his Fellowship at King's. When WWII started in 1939 he joined the wartime headquarters of the Government Code and Cypher School (GC&CS) at Bletchley Park, Buckinghamshire. Building on earlier work by Polish cryptanalysts, Turing contributed crucially to the design of electromechanical machines ('bombes') used to decipher Enigma, the code by means of which the German armed forces sought to protect their radio communications. Turing's work on the version of Enigma used by the German navy was vital to the battle for supremacy in the North Atlantic. He also contributed to the attack on the cyphers known as 'Fish'.; Based on binary teleprinter code, Fish was used during the latter part of the war in preference to morsebased Enigma for the encryption of highlevel signals, for example messages from Hitler and other members of the German High Command. It is estimated that the work of GC&CS shortened the war in Europe by at least two years. Turing received the Order of the British Empire for the part he played. In 1945, the war over, Turing was recruited to the National Physical Laboratory (NPL) in London, his brief to design and develop an electronic computer  a concrete form of the universal Turing machine. Turing's report setting out his design for the Automatic Computing Engine (ACE) was the first relatively complete specification of an electronic storedprogram generalpurpose digital computer. Delays beyond Turing's control resulted in NPL's losing the race to build the world's first working electronic storedprogram digital computer  an honor that went to the Royal Society Computing Machine Laboratory at Manchester University, in June 1948. Discouraged by the delays at NPL, Turing took up the Deputy Directorship of the Royal Society Computing Machine Laboratory in that year.; Turing was a founding father of modern cognitive science and a leading early exponent of the hypothesis that the human brain is in large part a digital computing machine, theorizing that the cortex at birth is an 'unorganized machine' which through 'training' becomes organized 'into a universal machine or something like it'. He also pioneered Artificial Intelligence. Turing spent the rest of his short career at Manchester University, being appointed to a specially created Readership in the Theory of Computing in May 1953. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of London in March 1951 (a high honor). In March 1952, he was prosecuted for his homosexuality, then a crime in Britain, and sentenced to a period of twelve months hormone 'therapy'. From 1951 Turing wor
Collected works of A.M. Turing by Alan Mathison Turing (
Book
)
8
editions published
in
1992
in
English
and held by
26
libraries
worldwide
Connectionism, concepts, and folk psychology by Andy Clark (
Book
)
5
editions published
between
1996
and
2010
in
English
and held by
20
libraries
worldwide
The Universal Turing machine : a halfcentury survey by Rolf Herken (
Book
)
1
edition published
in
1995
in
English
and held by
18
libraries
worldwide
"On Computable Numbers, with an Application to the Entscheidungsproblem", Alan Turing's paper of 1937, contained his thesis that every effective computation can be programmed on such an automation as that called Turing machine. Furthermore it proved the unsolvability of the halting problem and of the decision problem for first order logic, and it presented the invention of the universal Turing machine. It is that publication that will presumably be acknowledged as marking sub specie aeternitatis the beginning of the "computer age". This volume recognizes the still continuing influence of the Turing machine concept by collecting contributions from international specialists in logic, computability, mathematics, biology, physics, linguistics, and cognitive science, thus signalling the exceptionally wide scope of that concept
Alan Turing : the enigma by Andrew Hodges (
Book
)
8
editions published
between
1983
and
2012
in
English and Undetermined
and held by
14
libraries
worldwide
Alan Turing Home Page. Gateway to a large website maintained by Andrew Hodges, biographer of Alan Turing (19121954)
Artificial intelligence, evolutionary computing and metaheuristics : in the footsteps of Alan Turing by XinShe Yang (
Book
)
2
editions published
between
2012
and
2013
in
English
and held by
13
libraries
worldwide
Alan Turing pioneered many research areas such as artificial intelligence, computability, heuristics and pattern formation. Nowadays at the information age, it is hard to imagine how the world would be without computers and the Internet. Without Turing's work, especially the core concept of Turing Machine at the heart of every computer, mobile phone and microchip today, so many things on which we are so dependent would be impossible.2012 is the Alan Turing year  a centenary celebration of the life and work of Alan Turing. To celebrate Turing's legacy and follow the footsteps of this brilliant mind, we take this golden opportunity to review the latest developments in areas of artificial intelligence, evolutionary computation and metaheuristics, and all these areas can be traced back to Turing's pioneer work. Topics include Turing test, Turing machine, artificial intelligence, cryptography, software testing, image processing, neural networks, natureinspired algorithms such as bat algorithm and cuckoo search, and multiobjective optimization and many applications. These reviews and chapters not only provide a timely snapshot of the stateofart developments, but also provide inspiration for young researchers to carry out potentially groundbreaking research in the active, diverse research areas in artificial intelligence, cryptography, machine learning, evolutionary computation, and natureinspired metaheuristics. This edited book can serve as a timely reference for graduates, researchers and engineers in artificial intelligence, computer sciences, computational intelligence, soft computing, optimization, and applied sciences
Mentes y máquinas by Alan Mathison Turing (
Archival Material
)
2
editions published
in
1985
in
Spanish
and held by
12
libraries
worldwide
Systems of logic based on ordinals by Alan Mathison Turing (
Book
)
6
editions published
between
1938
and
1939
in
English
and held by
12
libraries
worldwide
Alan Turing : his work and impact by S. B Cooper (
Book
)
3
editions published
in
2013
in
English
and held by
8
libraries
worldwide
This new and exciting book, published in celebration of the centenary of Alan Turing's birth in London, includes a large number of the most significant contributions from the 4volume set of the Collected Works of A.M. Turing. These contributions, together with a wide spectrum of accompanying commentaries from current worldleading experts in many different fields and backgrounds, provide insight on the significance and contemporary impact of A.M. Turing's work
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Related Identities

Hodges, Andrew Author

Copeland, B. Jack 1950 Author Editor

Von Neumann, John 19031957 Author

Dyson, George 1953 Author

Knightley, Keira 1985 Actor

Cumberbatch, Benedict 1976 Actor

Goode, Matthew 1978 Actor

Strong, Mark 1963 Actor

Schwarzman, Teddy 1979

Grossman, Nora
Associated Subjects
Artificial intelligence Artificial life Cognition Cognitive science Computable functions Computational complexity Computational intelligence Computer algorithms Computer engineering Computers Computer science Computer scienceMathematics Computer sciencePhilosophy Computer scientists Computer simulation Connectionism Contemporaries Cryptography Digital computer simulation Electronic data processing Electronic digital computers Enigma cipher system Evolutionary computation Gay men Gay menLegal status, laws, etc. Genius Gifted persons Gödel, Kurt Great Britain Influence (Literary, artistic, etc.) Knowledge, Theory of Logic Logic, Symbolic and mathematical Logicians Machine theory Mathematicians Mathematics Neural networks (Computer science) Philosophy Philosophy of mind Phyllotaxis PhyllotaxisMathematical models Plant morphogenesis Plant morphogenesisMathematical models Random access memory Turing, Alan Mathison, Turing machines Turing test Von Neumann, John, World War (19391945)

Alternative Names
Alan M. Turing Alan Mathison Turing britský matematik, logik, kryptograf a vojnový hrdina .alan turin Alan Turing angielski matematyk Alan Turing Britaniko a matematiko, lohiko, kriptoanalista, ken sientista ti kompiuter Alan Turing britischer Logiker, Mathematiker und Kryptoanalytiker Alan Turing britisk informatikar, matematikar og ingeniør Alan Turing britisk informatiker, matematiker og ingeniør Alan Turing Brits wiskundige Alan Turing brittisk datavetare, matematiker och ingenjör Alan Turing Computer scientist, mathematician, and cryptographer Alan Turing matemático, filósofo e criptógrafo británico Alan Turing matemático, filósofo y criptógrafo británico Alan Turing matematico, logico e crittografo britannico Alan Turing mathématicien britannique Alan Türinq Alan Tyuring Alans Tiorėngs Alans Tjūrings Alanu Turing Alanus Mathison Turing Mathison Turing, Alan 19121954 Tʹjuring, A. 19121954 Tʹjuring, Alan M. 19121954 Turing, A. 19121954 Turing, A. M. Turing, A. M. 19121954 Turing, A. M. (Alan Mathison), 19121954. Turing, Alan Turing, Alan 1912195 Turing Alan 19121954 Turing, Alan M. Turing, Alan M. 19121954 Turing, Alan M. (Alan Mathison), 19121954. Turing, Alan Mathison Tyuring Άλαν Τούρινγκ Алан Матисон Тьюринг Алан Матисон Тюринг Алан Матысан Цьюрынг Алан Тьюринг английский математик, логик, криптограф Алан Тюринг Алан Тюрінг Алан Тюрінґ Алан Тјуринг Алън Тюринг Тьюринг, А 19121954 Тьюринг, Алан Элан Т’юрынг Ալան Թյուրինգ אלן טיורינג טיורינג, אלן 19121954 טיורינג, אלן מתיסון 19121954 עלן טיורינג آلان تورنج الان تورينج الان ٹورنگ آلن تورینگ دانشمند کامپیتور، رمزشکن، منطقدان و ریاضیدان بریتانیایی ایلن تورنگ ئالان تیورینگ एलेन ट्यूरिंग एलेन त्युरिङ्ग ॲलन ट्युरिंग অ্যালান টুরিং এলান ট্যুৰিং Computer scientist, mathematician, and cryptographer ઍલન ટ્યુરિંગ ଆଲାନ ଟ୍ୟୁରିଙ୍ଗ அலன் டூரிங் అలాన్ ట్యూరింగ్ ಅಲೆನ್ ಟ್ಯೂರಿಂಗ್ അലൻ ട്യൂറിംഗ് แอลัน ทัวริง ალან ტიურინგი 앨런 튜링 アラン・チューリング チューリング, アラン 圖靈 艾伦·图灵 英国数学家，逻辑学家，密码学家和计算机科学家
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