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Ainsworth, Martha 1955-

Works: 67 works in 224 publications in 2 languages and 2,989 library holdings
Genres: Case studies 
Roles: Author, Editor, Other
Classifications: RA644.A25, 362.1969792
Publication Timeline
Publications about Martha Ainsworth
Publications by Martha Ainsworth
Most widely held works by Martha Ainsworth
Committing to results : improving the effectiveness of HIV/AIDS assistance : an OED evaluation of the World Bank's assistance for HIV/AIDS control by Martha Ainsworth( Book )
19 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 216 libraries worldwide
This evaluation assesses the development effectiveness of the World Bank's country-level HIV/AIDS assistance defined as policy dialogue, analytic work, and lending with the explicit objective of reducing the scope or impact of the AIDS epidemic. The evaluation identifies findings from this experience and makes recommendations to improve the relevance, efficiency and efficacy of ongoing and future activities. This is the first comprehensive evaluation of the World Bank's HIV/AIDS support to countries, from the beginning of the epidemic through mid-2004. Because the Bank's assistance is for implementation of government programs by government, it provides important insights on how national AIDS programs can be made more effective
Family planning programs : the clients' perspective by Martha Ainsworth( Book )
9 editions published in 1985 in English and held by 130 libraries worldwide
Financing health services through user fees and insurance : case studies from Sub-Saharan Africa by Richard Paul Shaw( Book )
15 editions published between 1995 and 1996 in English and held by 129 libraries worldwide
Contraceptive use and the quality, price, and availability of family planning in Nigeria by Bamikale James Feyisetan( Book )
18 editions published between 1994 and 1995 in English and held by 129 libraries worldwide
The impact of female schooling on fertility and contraceptive use : a study of fourteen Sub-Saharan countries by Martha Ainsworth( Book )
11 editions published between 1994 and 1995 in English and held by 124 libraries worldwide
Measuring the impact of fatal adult illness in Sub-Saharan Africa : an annotated household questionnaire by Martha Ainsworth( Book )
12 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 95 libraries worldwide
Guidelines for adapting the LSMS living standards questionnaires to local conditions by Martha Ainsworth( Book )
11 editions published between 1987 and 1988 in English and French and held by 91 libraries worldwide
Socioeconomic determinants of fertility in Côte d'Ivoire by Martha Ainsworth( Book )
10 editions published between 1988 and 1989 in 3 languages and held by 87 libraries worldwide
Economic aspects of child fostering in Côte d'Ivoire by Martha Ainsworth( Book )
7 editions published in 1992 in English and French and held by 75 libraries worldwide
The Côte d'Ivoire living standards survey : design and implementation by Martha Ainsworth( Book )
6 editions published in 1986 in English and held by 73 libraries worldwide
The impact of the AIDS epidemic on the health of the elderly in Tanzania by Martha Ainsworth( file )
11 editions published between 1999 and 2001 in English and held by 62 libraries worldwide
July 2001 The elderly in Tanzania suffer a temporary decline in physical well-being (body mass index) immediately after a prime-age adult death. Among factors that could improve the physical well-being of the elderly: raising their incomes and assets, improving road infrastructure, and immunization and other campaigns to control epidemics of communicable diseases. By the end of 1999, an estimated 24.5 million Africans were living with HIV/AIDS, accounting for more than 70 percent of all global infections. In Tanzania an estimated 1.3 million people (of a total population of 33 million) were believed to be infected with HIV and 140,000 had already died of AIDS. One in every 12 adults is infected. African couples have large families partly so there will be adult children to support parents in old age. Instead, because of the AIDS epidemic, the elderly are often caring for their infected children or orphaned grandchildren. Ainsworth and Dayton use longitudinal household data from Tanzania's Kagera region to measure the impact of prime-age adult mortality on the level and changes in physical well-being (as measured by body mass index, or BMI) of the elderly. They find that the elderly in nonpoor households have higher BMI. Nonpoor households are more likely to have an adult death and the elderly in these households are more likely to suffer declining BMI in the months before the death of a prime-age adult. The elderly in both poor and nonpoor households experience a significant drop in BMI after an adult death, but BMI recovers over time and there is no long-run association with BMI levels and recent adult deaths. The elderly hit hardest are those in households not receiving private transfers. Private transfers received by other household members raise the BMI of the elderly, especially after a recent adult death. There is no evidence that nongovernmental organization or public assistance to the household affects short-run changes in BMI. The elderly who have more living children are physically better off, but short-run increases in the number of teenagers in the household are associated with declines in BMI. Improving the incomes and assets of the poor is key to improving the overall BMI of the elderly. The elderly who have more assets (such as better quality dwellings) tend to have higher BMI. Controlling for individual and household characteristics, the elderly in communities with roads that are navigable year-round have substantially higher BMI. Prevention of communicable disease is key to reducing short-run fluctuations in BMI--through preventing HIV and community immunization programs that benefit the elderly. This paper--a product of Public Service Delivery, Development Research Group--is part of a larger research project on "The Economic Impact of Fatal Adult Illness due to AIDS and Other Causes in Sub-Saharan Africa" (RPO 675-71). The field research on which the study is based was funded by the Bank's Research Support Budget, USAID, and DANIDA. This study was supported by a grant from UNAIDS. The authors may be contacted at or
Financing health services through user fees and insurance case studies from Sub-Saharan Africa ( file )
1 edition published in 1995 in English and held by 33 libraries worldwide
Poverty, AIDS, and childrens Schooling : a targeting dilemma by Martha Ainsworth( Book )
9 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 27 libraries worldwide
Ainsworth and Filmer analyze the relationship between orphan status, household wealth, and child school enrollment using data collected in the 1990s from 28 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America, the Caribbean, and one country in Southeast Asia. The findings point to considerable diversity--so much so that generalizations are not possible. While there are some examples of large differentials in enrollment by orphan status, in the majority of cases the orphan enrollment gap is dwarfed by the gap between children from richer and poorer households. In some cases, even non-orphaned children from the top of the wealth distribution have low enrollments, pointing to fundamental issues in the supply or demand for schooling that are a constraint to higher enrollments of all children. The gap in enrollment between female and male orphans is not much different than the gap between girls and boys with living parents, suggesting that female orphans are not disproportionately affected in terms of their enrollment in most countries. These diverse findings demonstrate that the extent to which orphans are under-enrolled relative to other children is country-specific, at least in part because the correlation between orphan status and poverty is not consistent across countries. Social protection and schooling policies need to assess the specific country situation before considering mitigation measures. This paper--a product of the Development Research Group, sponsored in part by the Education and Social Protection Teams of the Human Development Network--is part of a larger effort in the Bank to assess the impact of the AIDS epidemic on human development outcomes and poverty reduction policies
The Impact of Adult Deaths on Children's Health in Northwestern Tanzania by Martha Ainsworth( Book )
4 editions published between 1997 and 2000 in English and held by 26 libraries worldwide
In Tanzania, a poor country experiencing a severe AIDS epidemic, the children whose health is hit hardest by the death of a parent or other adult are those in the poorest households, those with uneducated parents, and those with the least access to health care. Three important health interventions mitigate the impact of adult deaths: immunization against measles, oral rehydration salts, and access to health care
The elderly and AIDS : coping strategies and health consequences in rural Tanzania by Julia Dayton( Book )
4 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 25 libraries worldwide
A strategy for health care in West Africa by Elliot Berg( Book )
2 editions published in 1982 in English and held by 21 libraries worldwide
Confronting AIDS : public priorities in a global epidemic by Martha Ainsworth( Book )
3 editions published between 1998 and 1999 in English and held by 18 libraries worldwide
This revised and updated edition of the pathbreaking report on the global AIDS epidemic outlines the strategic role that government must play in slowing the spread of HIV and mitigating the impact of AIDS. Drawing on the knowledge accumulated in the 17 years since the virus that causes AIDS was first identified, the report highlights policies that are most likely to be effective in managing the epidemic. These include early actions to minimize the spread of the virus, aiming preventive interventions at high risk groups, and evaluating measures that would assist households affected by AIDS according to the same standards applied to other health issues. This revised edition should be a valuable resource for public health, policymakers, researchers, and anyone with an interest in this devastating global health crisis
Enquête sur les niveaux de vie en Cote d'Ivoire : conception et réalisation by Martha Ainsworth( Book )
4 editions published between 1987 and 1988 in French and English and held by 11 libraries worldwide
The economic impact of AIDS : shocks, responses and outcomes by Martha Ainsworth( Book )
2 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 8 libraries worldwide
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Alternative Names
Ainsworth, M.
English (149)
French (11)
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