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National Research Council (U.S.). Polar Research Board

Overview
Works: 100 works in 176 publications in 1 language and 14,089 library holdings
Genres: Conference proceedings  Abstracts  Periodicals 
Classifications: GE160.A68, 363.7020998
Publication Timeline
Key
Publications about National Research Council (U.S.).
Publications by National Research Council (U.S.).
Most widely held works by National Research Council (U.S.).
Future directions for the National Science Foundation's Arctic Natural Sciences Program ( file )
2 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 1,601 libraries worldwide
Antarctic treaty system an assessment : proceedings of a workshop held at Beardmore South Field Camp, Antarctica, January 7-13, 1985 by National Research Council (U.S.)( file )
9 editions published in 1986 in English and held by 1,532 libraries worldwide
Presents papers on the establishment of the Antarctic Treaty System, organized under four broad sections: Legal and political background; Antarctic science; The Antarctic environment: management and conservation of resources; Institutions
NOAA's Arctic Research Initiative proceedings of a workshop by National Research Council (U.S.)( file )
6 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 1,359 libraries worldwide
United States Antarctic research report no. 32 to the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR) by National Research Council (U.S.)( file )
3 editions published between 1990 and 1991 in English and held by 1,220 libraries worldwide
Future science opportunities in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean by National Research Council (U.S.)( file )
5 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 1,211 libraries worldwide
"Antarctica and the surrounding Southern Ocean remains one of the world's last frontiers. Covering nearly 14 million km² (an area approximately 1.4 times the size of the United States), Antarctica is the coldest, driest, highest, and windiest continent on Earth. While it is challenging to live and work in this extreme environment, this region offers many opportunities for scientific research. Ever since the first humans set foot on Antarctica a little more than a century ago, the discoveries made there have advanced our scientific knowledge of the region, the world, and the Universe--but there is still much more to learn. However, conducting scientific research in the harsh environmental conditions of Antarctica is profoundly challenging. Substantial resources are needed to establish and maintain the infrastructure needed to provide heat, light, transportation, and drinking water, while at the same time minimizing pollution of the environment and ensuring the safety of researchers. Future Science Opportunities in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean suggests actions for the United States to achieve success for the next generation of Antarctic and Southern Ocean science. The report highlights important areas of research by encapsulating each into a single, overarching question. The questions fall into two broad themes: (1) those related to global change, and (2) those related to fundamental discoveries. In addition, the report identified key science questions that will drive research in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean in coming decades, and highlighted opportunities to be leveraged to sustain and improve the U.S. research efforts in the region."--Publisher's description
Enhancing NASA's contributions to polar science a review of polar geophysical data sets by National Research Council Staff( file )
2 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 1,091 libraries worldwide
Ocean drilling research an Arctic perspective ( file )
6 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 970 libraries worldwide
Frontiers in understanding climate change and polar ecosystems report of a workshop ( file )
2 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 909 libraries worldwide
"The polar regions are experiencing rapid changes in climate. These changes are causing observable ecological impacts of various types and degrees of severity at all ecosystem levels, including society. Even larger changes and more significant impacts are anticipated. As species respond to changing environments over time, their interactions with the physical world and other organisms can also change. This chain of interactions can trigger cascades of impacts throughout entire ecosystems. Evaluating the interrelated physical, chemical, biological, and societal components of polar ecosystems is essential to understanding their vulnerability and resilience to climate forcing. The Polar Research Board (PRB) organized a workshop to address these issues. Experts gathered from a variety of disciplines with knowledge of both the Arctic and Antarctic regions. Participants were challenged to consider what is currently known about climate change and polar ecosystems and to identify the next big questions in the field. A set of interdisciplinary "frontier questions" emerged from the workshop discussions as important topics to be addressed in the coming decades. To begin to address these questions, workshop participants discussed the need for holistic, interdisciplinary systems approach to understanding polar ecosystem responses to climate change. As an outcome of the workshop, participants brainstormed methods and technologies that are crucial to advance the understanding of polar ecosystems and to promote the next generation of polar research. These include new and emerging technologies, sustained long-term observations, data synthesis and management, and data dissemination and outreach."--Publisher's website
A century of ecosystem science planning long-term research in the Gulf of Alaska ( file )
6 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 860 libraries worldwide
Arctic contributions to social science and public policy by National Research Council (U.S.)( file )
2 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 855 libraries worldwide
Discussion of the need for coordinated and focussed research in the Arctic in social sciences, including the organization of production, ptotecting the environment and cultural diversity, together with the text of: Arctic social science, an agenda for action (1984), and the Arctic Research and Policy Act of 1984 (United States)
Polar Icebreaker roles and U.S. future needs a preliminary assessment ( file )
3 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 844 libraries worldwide
At the request of Congress in PL 108-334, the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) provided funds to the National Research Council of the National Academies to establish the Committee on the Assessment of U.S. Icebreaker Roles and Future Needs. The Committee's Statement of Task charges it to provide a comprehensive assessment of the current and future roles of U.S. Coast Guard polar icebreakers in supporting U.S. operations in the Antarctic and the Arctic, including scenarios for continuing those operations and alternative approaches, the changes in roles and missions of polar icebreakers in the support of all national priorities in the polar regions, and potential changes in the roles of U.S. Coast Guard icebreakers in the Arctic that may develop due to environmental change. The Committee was asked to provide a brief interim report to highlight the most urgent and time-dependent issues, and this report fulfills that request. The Committee will provide a final report covering the full scope of its tasks and more detailed analysis in the late summer of 2006. In this interim report, the Committee describes present and expected future uses of the polar icebreakers (POLAR STAR, POLAR SEA, and HEALY) with respect to relevant U.S. Coast Guard missions in the Antarctic and the Arctic, including national defense, homeland security, support of economic activity, law enforcement, search and rescue, environmental protection, and the support of and conduct of science, as part of an overall demand for icebreaking services
Lessons and Legacies of International Polar Year, 2007-2008 by National Research Council (U.S.)( file )
5 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 275 libraries worldwide
"International Polar Year 2007-2008 (IPY) was an intense, coordinated field campaign of observations, research, and analysis. It was the largest, most comprehensive campaign ever mounted to explore Earth's polar domains. Legacies and Lessons of the International Polar Year 2007-2008 summarizes how IPY engaged the public to communicate the relevance of polar research to the entire planet, strengthened connections with the Indigenous people of the Arctic, and established new observational networks. Legacies and Lessons of the International Polar Year 2007-2008 also addresses the objectives articulated for IPY in the 2004 National Research Council report, A Vision for International Polar Year (NRC, 2004). These objectives include: suggestions for scientific communities and agencies to use the IPY to initiate a sustained effort aimed at assessing large-scale environmental change and variability in the polar regions, the need to explore new scientific frontiers from the molecular to the planetary scale, investment in critical infrastructure and technology to guarantee that IPY 2007-2008 leaves enduring benefits for the nation and for the residents of northern regions, as well as increase public understanding of the importance of polar regions in the global system. Legacies and Lessons of the International Polar Year 2007-2008 explains how activities at both poles led to scientific discoveries that provided a step change in scientific understanding and helped translate scientific knowledge into policy-relevant information. At a time when the polar regions are undergoing a transformation from an icy wilderness to a new zone for human affairs, these insights could not be more timely or more relevant. From outreach activities that engaged the general public to projects that brought researchers from multiple disciplines and several nations together, the legacies of IPY extend far beyond the scientific results achieved, and valuable lessons learned from the process will guide future endeavors of similar magnitude."--Publisher's description
Exploration of Antarctic subglacial aquatic environments environmental and scientific stewardship by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )
5 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 143 libraries worldwide
Antarctica is renowned for its extreme cold; yet surprisingly, radar measurements have revealed a vast network of lakes, rivers, and streams several kilometers beneath the Antarctic ice sheet. Sealed from Earth's atmosphere for millions of years, they may provide vital information about microbial evolution, the past climate of the Antarctic, and the formation of ice sheets, among other things. The next stage of exploration requires direct sampling of these aquatic systems. However, if sampling is not done cautiously, the environmental integrity and scientific value of these environments could be compromised. At the request of the National Science Foundation, this National Research Council assesses what is needed to responsibly explore subglacial lakes. The report concludes that it is time for research on subglacial lakes to begin, and this research should be guided by internationally agreed upon protocols. The report suggests an initial protocol, which includes full characterization of the lakes by remote sensing, and minimum standards for biological and other types of contamination
The Oil Spill Recovery Institute : past, present, and future directions by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )
4 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 123 libraries worldwide
"As a result of the 1989 Exxon Valdez Oil Spill in Prince William Sound, Congress passed the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (OPA 90), and within that legislation, the Oil Spill Recovery Institute (OSRI) was born. This report assesses the strength and weaknesses of this research program, with emphasis on whether the activities supported to date address the OSRI mission, whether the processes used are sound, and whether the research and technology development projects are of high quality"--Publisher
Antarctica a keystone in a changing world : proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on Antarctic Earth Sciences, Santa Barbara, California, August 26 to September 1, 2007 ( file )
3 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 83 libraries worldwide
"This special International Polar Year volume is a joint effort of the Polar Research Board of the National Academies and the U.S. Geological Survey. The Polar Research Board is the U.S. National Committee to the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research, which is the official sponsor of the 10th ISAES. Publication of printed papers is the by National Academies Press and publication of electronic media is by the U.S. Geological Survey."
Responding to oil spills in the U.S. arctic marine environment ( Book )
2 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 79 libraries worldwide
"U.S. Arctic waters north of the Bering Strait and west of the Canadian border encompass a vast area that is usually ice covered for much of the year, but is increasingly experiencing longer periods and larger areas of open water due to climate change. Sparsely inhabited with a wide variety of ecosystems found nowhere else, this region is vulnerable to damage from human activities. As oil and gas, shipping, and tourism activities increase, the possibilities of an oil spill also increase. How can we best prepare to respond to such an event in this challenging environment? Responding to Oil Spills in the U.S. Arctic Marine Environment reviews the current state of the science regarding oil spill response and environmental assessment in the Arctic region north of the Bering Strait, with emphasis on the potential impacts in U.S. waters. This report describes the unique ecosystems and environment of the Arctic and makes recommendations to provide an effective response effort in these challenging conditions. According to Responding to Oil Spills in the U.S. Arctic Marine Environment, a full range of proven oil spill response technologies is needed in order to minimize the impacts on people and sensitive ecosystems. This report identifies key oil spill research priorities, critical data and monitoring needs, mitigation strategies, and important operational and logistical issues. The Arctic acts as an integrating, regulating, and mediating component of the physical, atmospheric and cryospheric systems that govern life on Earth. Not only does the Arctic serve as regulator of many of the Earth's large-scale systems and processes, but it is also an area where choices made have substantial impact on life and choices everywhere on planet Earth. This report's recommendations will assist environmentalists, industry, state and local policymakers, and anyone interested in the future of this special region to preserve and protect it from damaging oil spills"--Publisher's description
Opportunities to use remote sensing in understanding permafrost and related ecological characteristics : report of a workshop by Committee on Opportunities to Use Remote Sensing in Understanding Permafrost and Ecosystems: A Workshop( Book )
3 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 66 libraries worldwide
Permafrost is a thermal condition -- its formation, persistence and disappearance are highly dependent on climate. General circulation models predict that, for a doubling of atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide, mean annual air temperatures may rise up to several degrees over much of the Arctic. In the discontinuous permafrost region, where ground temperatures are within 1-2 degrees of thawing, permafrost will likely ultimately disappear as a result of ground thermal changes associated with global climate warming. Where ground ice contents are high, permafrost degradation will have associated physical impacts. Permafrost thaw stands to have wide-ranging impacts, such as the draining and drying of the tundra, erosion of riverbanks and coastline, and destabilization of infrastructure (roads, airports, buildings, etc.), and including potential implications for ecosystems and the carbon cycle in the high latitudes."Opportunities to Use Remote Sensing in Understanding Permafrost and Related Ecological Characteristics" is the summary of a workshop convened by the National Research Council to explore opportunities for using remote sensing to advance our understanding of permafrost status and trends and the impacts of permafrost change, especially on ecosystems and the carbon cycle in the high latitudes. The workshop brought together experts from the remote sensing community with permafrost and ecosystem scientists. The workshop discussions articulated gaps in current understanding and potential opportunities to harness remote sensing techniques to better understand permafrost, permafrost change, and implications for ecosystems in permafrost areas. This report addresses questions such as how remote sensing might be used in innovative ways, how it might enhance our ability to document long-term trends, and whether it is possible to integrate remote sensing products with the ground-based observations and assimilate them into advanced Arctic system models. Additionally, the report considers the expectations of the quality and spatial and temporal resolution possible through such approaches, and the prototype sensors that are available that could be used for detailed ground calibration of permafrost/high latitude carbon cycle studies
The Arctic in the Anthropocene : emerging research questions by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )
2 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 58 libraries worldwide
National issues and research priorities in the Arctic by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )
3 editions published in 1985 in English and held by 42 libraries worldwide
Contains the Polar Research Board's recommendations to the National Science Foundation on a five-year research plan relating to arctic concerns and policies. Includes research needs in the physical, biological and social sciences as well as arctic engineering
Seasonal to decadal predictions of arctic sea ice : challenges and strategies by National Research Council (U.S.)( file )
1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 41 libraries worldwide
"Recent well documented reductions in the thickness and extent of Arctic sea ice cover, which can be linked to the warming climate, are affecting the global climate system and are also affecting the global economic system as marine access to the Arctic region and natural resource development increase. Satellite data show that during each of the past six summers, sea ice cover has shrunk to its smallest in three decades. The composition of the ice is also changing, now containing a higher fraction of thin first-year ice instead of thicker multi-year ice. Understanding and projecting future sea ice conditions is important to a growing number of stakeholders, including local populations, natural resource industries, fishing communities, commercial shippers, marine tourism operators, national security organizations, regulatory agencies, and the scientific research community. However, gaps in understanding the interactions between Arctic sea ice, oceans, and the atmosphere, along with an increasing rate of change in the nature and quantity of sea ice, is hampering accurate predictions. Although modeling has steadily improved, projections by every major modeling group failed to predict the record breaking drop in summer sea ice extent in September 2012. Establishing sustained communication between the user, modeling, and observation communities could help reveal gaps in understanding, help balance the needs and expectations of different stakeholders, and ensure that resources are allocated to address the most pressing sea ice data needs. Seasonal-to-Decadal Predictions of Arctic Sea Ice: Challenges and Strategies explores these topics."--Publisher's description
 
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Alternative Names

controlled identity National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Polar Research

National Research Council Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Resources Polar Research Board
National Research Council Division of Earth and Life Studies Polar Research Board
National Research Council (U.S.). Commission on Geosciences, Environment, and Resources. Polar Research Board
National Research Council (U.S.). Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Resources. Polar Research Board
National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Arctic Solid-Earth Geosciences. Polar Research Board
National Research Council (U.S.). Division on Earth and Life Studies. Polar Research Board
Polar Research Board (U.S.)
PRB
Languages
English (90)
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