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National Research Council (U.S.). Polar Research Board

Works: 106 works in 204 publications in 1 language and 25,467 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings  Abstracts  Periodicals 
Roles: Originator
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Publications about National Research Council (U.S.).
Publications by National Research Council (U.S.).
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Most widely held works by National Research Council (U.S.).
Antarctic treaty system : an assessment : proceedings of a workshop held at Beardmore, South Field Camp, Antarctica, January 7-13, 1985 by WORKSHOP ON THE ANTARCTIC TREATY SYSTEM( Book )
10 editions published in 1986 in English and held by 316 libraries worldwide
Presents papers on the establishment of the Antarctic Treaty System, organized under four broad sections: Legal and political background; Antarctic science; The Antarctic environment: management and conservation of resources; Institutions
Future science opportunities in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )
6 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 116 libraries worldwide
"Antarctica and the surrounding Southern Ocean remains one of the world's last frontiers. Covering nearly 14 million km² (an area approximately 1.4 times the size of the United States), Antarctica is the coldest, driest, highest, and windiest continent on Earth. While it is challenging to live and work in this extreme environment, this region offers many opportunities for scientific research. Ever since the first humans set foot on Antarctica a little more than a century ago, the discoveries made there have advanced our scientific knowledge of the region, the world, and the Universe--but there is still much more to learn. However, conducting scientific research in the harsh environmental conditions of Antarctica is profoundly challenging. Substantial resources are needed to establish and maintain the infrastructure needed to provide heat, light, transportation, and drinking water, while at the same time minimizing pollution of the environment and ensuring the safety of researchers. Future Science Opportunities in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean suggests actions for the United States to achieve success for the next generation of Antarctic and Southern Ocean science. The report highlights important areas of research by encapsulating each into a single, overarching question. The questions fall into two broad themes: (1) those related to global change, and (2) those related to fundamental discoveries. In addition, the report identified key science questions that will drive research in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean in coming decades, and highlighted opportunities to be leveraged to sustain and improve the U.S. research efforts in the region."--Publisher's description
The Oil Spill Recovery Institute : past, present, and future directions by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )
3 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 95 libraries worldwide
"As a result of the 1989 Exxon Valdez Oil Spill in Prince William Sound, Congress passed the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (OPA 90), and within that legislation, the Oil Spill Recovery Institute (OSRI) was born. This report assesses the strength and weaknesses of this research program, with emphasis on whether the activities supported to date address the OSRI mission, whether the processes used are sound, and whether the research and technology development projects are of high quality"--Publisher
Lessons and Legacies of International Polar Year : 2007-2008 by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )
5 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 89 libraries worldwide
"International Polar Year 2007-2008 (IPY) was an intense, coordinated field campaign of observations, research, and analysis. It was the largest, most comprehensive campaign ever mounted to explore Earth's polar domains. Legacies and Lessons of the International Polar Year 2007-2008 summarizes how IPY engaged the public to communicate the relevance of polar research to the entire planet, strengthened connections with the Indigenous people of the Arctic, and established new observational networks. Legacies and Lessons of the International Polar Year 2007-2008 also addresses the objectives articulated for IPY in the 2004 National Research Council report, A Vision for International Polar Year (NRC, 2004). These objectives include: suggestions for scientific communities and agencies to use the IPY to initiate a sustained effort aimed at assessing large-scale environmental change and variability in the polar regions, the need to explore new scientific frontiers from the molecular to the planetary scale, investment in critical infrastructure and technology to guarantee that IPY 2007-2008 leaves enduring benefits for the nation and for the residents of northern regions, as well as increase public understanding of the importance of polar regions in the global system. Legacies and Lessons of the International Polar Year 2007-2008 explains how activities at both poles led to scientific discoveries that provided a step change in scientific understanding and helped translate scientific knowledge into policy-relevant information. At a time when the polar regions are undergoing a transformation from an icy wilderness to a new zone for human affairs, these insights could not be more timely or more relevant. From outreach activities that engaged the general public to projects that brought researchers from multiple disciplines and several nations together, the legacies of IPY extend far beyond the scientific results achieved, and valuable lessons learned from the process will guide future endeavors of similar magnitude."--Résumé de l'éditeur
Frontiers in understanding climate change and polar ecosystems : report of a workshop by National Research Council (U. S.)( Book )
2 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 88 libraries worldwide
"The polar regions are experiencing rapid changes in climate. These changes are causing observable ecological impacts of various types and degrees of severity at all ecosystem levels, including society. Even larger changes and more significant impacts are anticipated. As species respond to changing environments over time, their interactions with the physical world and other organisms can also change. This chain of interactions can trigger cascades of impacts throughout entire ecosystems. Evaluating the interrelated physical, chemical, biological, and societal components of polar ecosystems is essential to understanding their vulnerability and resilience to climate forcing. The Polar Research Board (PRB) organized a workshop to address these issues. Experts gathered from a variety of disciplines with knowledge of both the Arctic and Antarctic regions. Participants were challenged to consider what is currently known about climate change and polar ecosystems and to identify the next big questions in the field. A set of interdisciplinary "frontier questions" emerged from the workshop discussions as important topics to be addressed in the coming decades. To begin to address these questions, workshop participants discussed the need for holistic, interdisciplinary systems approach to understanding polar ecosystem responses to climate change. As an outcome of the workshop, participants brainstormed methods and technologies that are crucial to advance the understanding of polar ecosystems and to promote the next generation of polar research. These include new and emerging technologies, sustained long-term observations, data synthesis and management, and data dissemination and outreach."--Publisher's website
The Arctic in the Anthropocene : emerging research questions by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )
3 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 77 libraries worldwide
Responding to oil spills in the U.S. arctic marine environment by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )
4 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 73 libraries worldwide
"U.S. Arctic waters north of the Bering Strait and west of the Canadian border encompass a vast area that is usually ice covered for much of the year, but is increasingly experiencing longer periods and larger areas of open water due to climate change. Sparsely inhabited with a wide variety of ecosystems found nowhere else, this region is vulnerable to damage from human activities. As oil and gas, shipping, and tourism activities increase, the possibilities of an oil spill also increase. How can we best prepare to respond to such an event in this challenging environment? Responding to Oil Spills in the U.S. Arctic Marine Environment reviews the current state of the science regarding oil spill response and environmental assessment in the Arctic region north of the Bering Strait, with emphasis on the potential impacts in U.S. waters. This report describes the unique ecosystems and environment of the Arctic and makes recommendations to provide an effective response effort in these challenging conditions. According to Responding to Oil Spills in the U.S. Arctic Marine Environment, a full range of proven oil spill response technologies is needed in order to minimize the impacts on people and sensitive ecosystems. This report identifies key oil spill research priorities, critical data and monitoring needs, mitigation strategies, and important operational and logistical issues. The Arctic acts as an integrating, regulating, and mediating component of the physical, atmospheric and cryospheric systems that govern life on Earth. Not only does the Arctic serve as regulator of many of the Earth's large-scale systems and processes, but it is also an area where choices made have substantial impact on life and choices everywhere on planet Earth. This report's recommendations will assist environmentalists, industry, state and local policymakers, and anyone interested in the future of this special region to preserve and protect it from damaging oil spills"--Publisher's description
Opportunities to use remote sensing in understanding permafrost and related ecological characteristics : report of a workshop by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )
3 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 61 libraries worldwide
Permafrost is a thermal condition -- its formation, persistence and disappearance are highly dependent on climate. General circulation models predict that, for a doubling of atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide, mean annual air temperatures may rise up to several degrees over much of the Arctic. In the discontinuous permafrost region, where ground temperatures are within 1-2 degrees of thawing, permafrost will likely ultimately disappear as a result of ground thermal changes associated with global climate warming. Where ground ice contents are high, permafrost degradation will have associated physical impacts. Permafrost thaw stands to have wide-ranging impacts, such as the draining and drying of the tundra, erosion of riverbanks and coastline, and destabilization of infrastructure (roads, airports, buildings, etc.), and including potential implications for ecosystems and the carbon cycle in the high latitudes."Opportunities to Use Remote Sensing in Understanding Permafrost and Related Ecological Characteristics" is the summary of a workshop convened by the National Research Council to explore opportunities for using remote sensing to advance our understanding of permafrost status and trends and the impacts of permafrost change, especially on ecosystems and the carbon cycle in the high latitudes. The workshop brought together experts from the remote sensing community with permafrost and ecosystem scientists. The workshop discussions articulated gaps in current understanding and potential opportunities to harness remote sensing techniques to better understand permafrost, permafrost change, and implications for ecosystems in permafrost areas. This report addresses questions such as how remote sensing might be used in innovative ways, how it might enhance our ability to document long-term trends, and whether it is possible to integrate remote sensing products with the ground-based observations and assimilate them into advanced Arctic system models. Additionally, the report considers the expectations of the quality and spatial and temporal resolution possible through such approaches, and the prototype sensors that are available that could be used for detailed ground calibration of permafrost/high latitude carbon cycle studies
A strategic vision for NSF investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research by Committee on the Development of a Strategic Vision for the U.S. Antarctic Program( Book )
4 editions published in 2015 in English and held by 49 libraries worldwide
"Antarctic and Southern Ocean scientific research has produced a wide array of important and exciting scientific advances. Spanning oceanography to tectonics, microbiology to astrophysics, the extreme Antarctic environment provides unique opportunities to expand our knowledge about how our planet works and even the very origins of the universe. Research on the Southern Ocean and the Antarctic ice sheets is becoming increasingly urgent not only for understanding the future of the region but also its interconnections with and impacts on many other parts of the globe. The U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) provides U.S. researchers with broad access to the continent and its surrounding ocean. A Strategic Vision for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research identifies priorities and strategic steps forward for Antarctic research and observations for the next decade. This survey presents a decadal vision for strategic investments in compelling research and the infrastructure most critical for supporting this research. This report makes recommendations for high-priority, larger-scale, community-driven research initiatives that address questions poised for significant advance with the next decades. This report also outlines a road map through which the vision and these priorities can be met."--Publisher's description
United States Antarctic research report no. 32 to the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR), 1 April 1989-31 March 1990 by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )
4 editions published between 1990 and 1991 in English and held by 37 libraries worldwide
Arctic contributions to social science and public policy by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )
2 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 36 libraries worldwide
Discussion of the need for coordinated and focussed research in the Arctic in social sciences, including the organization of production, ptotecting the environment and cultural diversity, together with the text of: Arctic social science, an agenda for action (1984), and the Arctic Research and Policy Act of 1984 (United States)
Antarctica : a keystone in a changing world : proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on Antarctic Earth Sciences, Santa Barbara, California, August 26 to September 1, 2007 by International Symposium on Antarctic Earth Sciences( Book )
3 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 34 libraries worldwide
"This special International Polar Year volume is a joint effort of the Polar Research Board of the National Academies and the U.S. Geological Survey. The Polar Research Board is the U.S. National Committee to the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research, which is the official sponsor of the 10th ISAES. Publication of printed papers is the by National Academies Press and publication of electronic media is by the U.S. Geological Survey."
Polar icebreaker roles and U.S. future needs : a preliminary assessment by Committee on the Assessment of U. S. Coast Guard Polar Icebreaker Roles and Future Needs( Book )
3 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 24 libraries worldwide
At the request of Congress in PL 108-334, the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) provided funds to the National Research Council of the National Academies to establish the Committee on the Assessment of U.S. Icebreaker Roles and Future Needs. The Committee's Statement of Task charges it to provide a comprehensive assessment of the current and future roles of U.S. Coast Guard polar icebreakers in supporting U.S. operations in the Antarctic and the Arctic, including scenarios for continuing those operations and alternative approaches, the changes in roles and missions of polar icebreakers in the support of all national priorities in the polar regions, and potential changes in the roles of U.S. Coast Guard icebreakers in the Arctic that may develop due to environmental change. The Committee was asked to provide a brief interim report to highlight the most urgent and time-dependent issues, and this report fulfills that request. The Committee will provide a final report covering the full scope of its tasks and more detailed analysis in the late summer of 2006. In this interim report, the Committee describes present and expected future uses of the polar icebreakers (POLAR STAR, POLAR SEA, and HEALY) with respect to relevant U.S. Coast Guard missions in the Antarctic and the Arctic, including national defense, homeland security, support of economic activity, law enforcement, search and rescue, environmental protection, and the support of and conduct of science, as part of an overall demand for icebreaking services
Future directions for the National Science Foundation's Arctic Natural Sciences Program ( Book )
2 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 22 libraries worldwide
NOAA's Arctic Research Initiative : proceedings of a workshop by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )
3 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 21 libraries worldwide
Ocean drilling research an Arctic perspective by Polar Research Board( Book )
8 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 8 libraries worldwide
Seasonal to decadal predictions of arctic sea ice : challenges and strategies by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )
4 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 4 libraries worldwide
"Recent well documented reductions in the thickness and extent of Arctic sea ice cover, which can be linked to the warming climate, are affecting the global climate system and are also affecting the global economic system as marine access to the Arctic region and natural resource development increase. Satellite data show that during each of the past six summers, sea ice cover has shrunk to its smallest in three decades. The composition of the ice is also changing, now containing a higher fraction of thin first-year ice instead of thicker multi-year ice. Understanding and projecting future sea ice conditions is important to a growing number of stakeholders, including local populations, natural resource industries, fishing communities, commercial shippers, marine tourism operators, national security organizations, regulatory agencies, and the scientific research community. However, gaps in understanding the interactions between Arctic sea ice, oceans, and the atmosphere, along with an increasing rate of change in the nature and quantity of sea ice, is hampering accurate predictions. Although modeling has steadily improved, projections by every major modeling group failed to predict the record breaking drop in summer sea ice extent in September 2012. Establishing sustained communication between the user, modeling, and observation communities could help reveal gaps in understanding, help balance the needs and expectations of different stakeholders, and ensure that resources are allocated to address the most pressing sea ice data needs. Seasonal-to-Decadal Predictions of Arctic Sea Ice: Challenges and Strategies explores these topics."--Publisher's description
A Century of ecosystem science : planning long-term research in the Gulf of Alaska by National Research Council Staff( Book )
2 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Linkages between Arctic warming and mid-latitude weather patterns : summary of a workshop by Katie Thomas( file )
3 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 0 libraries worldwide
The Arctic has been undergoing significant changes in recent years. Average temperatures are rising twice as fast as they are elsewhere in the world. The extent and thickness of sea ice is rapidly declining. Such changes may have an impact on atmospheric conditions outside the region. Several hypotheses for how Arctic warming may be influencing mid-latitude weather patterns have been proposed recently. For example, Arctic warming could lead to a weakened jet stream resulting in more persistent weather patterns in the mid-latitudes. Or Arctic sea ice loss could lead to an increase of snow on high-latitude land, which in turn impacts the jet stream resulting in cold Eurasian and North American winters. These and other potential connections between a warming Arctic and mid-latitude weather are the subject of active research. Linkages Between Arctic Warming and Mid-Latitude Weather Patterns is the summary of a workshop convened in September 2013 by the National Research Council to review our current understanding and to discuss research needed to better understand proposed linkages. A diverse array of experts examined linkages between a warming Arctic and mid-latitude weather patterns. The workshop included presentations from leading researchers representing a range of views on this topic. The workshop was organized to allow participants to take a global perspective and consider the influence of the Arctic in the context of forcing from other components of the climate system, such as changes in the tropics, ocean circulation, and mid-latitude sea surface temperature. This report discusses our current understanding of the mechanisms that link declines in Arctic sea ice cover, loss of high-latitude snow cover, changes in Arctic-region energy fluxes, atmospheric circulation patterns, and the occurrence of extreme weather events; possible implications of more severe loss of summer Arctic sea ice upon weather patterns at lower latitudes; major gaps in our understanding, and observational and/or modeling efforts that are needed to fill those gaps; and current opportunities and limitations for using Arctic sea ice predictions to assess the risk of temperature/precipitation anomalies and extreme weather events over northern continents
Enhancing NASA's contributions to polar science : a review of polar geophysical data sets by Committee to Review NASA's Polar Geophysical Data Sets( file )
1 edition published in 2001 in English and held by 0 libraries worldwide
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Alternative Names

controlled identity National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Polar Research

National Research Council Commission on Geosciences, Environment, and Resources Polar Research Board
National Research Council Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Resources Polar Research Board
National Research Council Polar Research Board
National Research Council (U.S.). Commission on Geosciences, Environment, and Resources. Polar Research Board
National Research Council (U.S.). Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Resources. Polar Research Board
National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Arctic Solid-Earth Geosciences. Polar Research Board
National Research Council (U.S.). Division on Earth and Life Studies. Polar Research Board
National Research Council (U.S.). National Committee for Antarctic Research. Polar Research Board
National Research Council (U.S.) Polar Research Board
Polar Research Board
Polar Research Board (U.S.)
PRB (National Research Council (U.S.). Polar Research Board)
English (91)
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