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Solon, Gary 1954-

Overview
Works: 56 works in 262 publications in 1 language and 1,783 library holdings
Genres: Longitudinal studies 
Roles: Author, Contributor
Classifications: HB1, 330
Publication Timeline
Key
Publications about Gary Solon
Publications by Gary Solon
Most widely held works by Gary Solon
Earnings dynamics and inequality among Canadian men, 1976-1992 : evidence from longitudinal income tax records by Michael Baker( Book )
18 editions published between 1997 and 1999 in English and held by 124 libraries worldwide
Several recent studies have found that earnings inequality in Canada has grown considerably since the late 1970's. Using an extraordinary data base drawn from longitudinal income tax records, we decompose this growth in earnings inequality into its persistent and transitory components. We find that the growth in earnings inequality reflects both an increase in long-run inequality and an increase in earnings instability. The large size of our earnings panel allows us to estimate and test richer models of earnings dynamics than could be supported by the relatively small panel surveys used in U.S. research. The Canadian data strongly reject several restrictions commonly imposed in the U.S. literature, and they also suggest that imposing these evidently false restrictions may lead to distorted inferences about earnings dynamics and inequality trends
Collecting panel data in developing countries : does it make sense? by Orley Ashenfelter( Book )
12 editions published between 1985 and 1986 in English and held by 89 libraries worldwide
This Working Paper reviews a number of aspects of the collection and use of panel data from households in developing countries. Sampling issues are discussed in Section 1. The authors conclude that there are likely to be real, if modest, benefits from incorporating some panel element into household survey data collection in developing countries. The recognition that panel data are likely to be subject to substantial errors of measurement does not invalidate this conclusion. Section 2 discusses the measurement of income dynamics, an issue that cannot be addressed without panel data. Recent research using U.S. data is reviewed to show that comparable work for developing countries would add an important dimension to discussions of poverty, inequality, and development. It is in the third area of review, that of econometric analysis, that the real benefits of panel data appear most fragile. While it is true that panel data offer the unique ability to deal with the contamination of econometric relationships by unobservable fixed effects, the presence of measurement error can compromise the quality of the estimates to the point where it is unclear whether cross-section or panel estimators are superior
Real wages over the business cycle by Robert B Barsky( Book )
6 editions published in 1989 in English and held by 34 libraries worldwide
This paper is an examination of cyclical real wage behavior in the United States since World War II. Like most previous aggregate studies. ours finds little cyclicalitv in aggregate industry real wage data. On the other hand, our analysis of longitudinal microdata from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics reveals substantial procyclicality. We find that this procyclicality is obscured in industry average wage statistics, and to a lesser extent in economywide averages, because those statistics are constructed in a way that gives greater weight to low-wage workers during expansions. The almost complete absence of evidence for countercyclical real wages suggests that movements along labor demand curves have not played a dominant role in cyclical employment fluctuations over the last 40 years. Instead, the procyclicality of real wages indicates that cyclical employment fluctuations have been generated mainly by shifts in labor demand. The sources of these shifts and of the positive slope of the effective labor supply curve, however, remain open to alternative interpretations
The Effect of family background on economic status : a longitudinal analysis of sibling correlations ( Book )
6 editions published in 1987 in English and held by 28 libraries worldwide
Numerous previous studies have used sibling correlations to measure the importance of family background as a determinant of economic status. These studies. however. have been biased by several flaws: failure to separate permanent from transitory status variation (including that from measurement error). failure to account for life-cycle stage. and overly homogeneous samples. This paper presents a methodology to address these problems and applies it to longitudinal data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics. Our main conclusion is that family background appears to exert greater influence on economic status than has been indicated by earlier research
Sibling and intergenerational correlations in welfare program participation ( Book )
7 editions published in 1987 in English and held by 27 libraries worldwide
Many previous studies have used sibling correlations to measure the effect of family background on earnings, income? and occupational status. This paper uses data on a sample of sisters to explore the importance of family background as a determinant of welfare program participation. The results show a strikingly high degree of sibling resemblance in welfare receipt. For example, a woman's estimated probability of having participated in welfare programs is .20 if her sister has not participated, but is -.66 if her sister has participated
Work incentive effects of taxing unemployment benefits by Gary Solon( Book )
7 editions published between 1982 and 1984 in English and held by 25 libraries worldwide
Before 1979, unemployment insurance (UI) benefits were not treated as taxable income in the United States. Several economists criticized this policy on the ground that not taxing UI benefits while taxing earned income allegedly encourages unemployed persons to conduct longer than socially optimal job searches. Since 1979, however, UI benefits received by persons in higher-income families have been subject to income tax. This paper investigates whether the introduction of benefit taxation has had the predicted effect of reducing unemployment duration. The study uses data on a sample of persons that filed for UI in 1978 or 1979 to examine whether high-income claimants collected benefits fo rshorter periods after the tax change than they did before benefits became taxable. As part of the empirical analysis, the paper develops a generalization of the Weibull distribution and applies a limited-dependent-variable technique for this distribution similar to the Tobit technique for the normal distribution. Despite some variation in the results from different model specifications, the analysis presents persuasive evidence of a tax effect on unemployment duration. The 1979 policy change is estimated to have reduced average compensated unemployment duration among the sampled high-income claimants by about one week
Pay differences between women's and men's jobs : the empirical foundations of comparable worth legislation by George Johnson( Book )
7 editions published in 1984 in English and held by 25 libraries worldwide
Civil rights legislation of the 1960s made it illegal foran employer to pay men and women on different bases for the same work or to discriminate against women in hiring, job assignment, or promotion. Two decades later, however, the ratio of women's to men's earnings has shown little upward movement. Furthermore, major sex differences in occupational distribution persist with predominantly female jobs typically paying less than predominantly male jobs. This negative relationship between wage rates and femaleness of occupatiop has stimulated efforts, in both the judicial and political arenas, to establish "comparable worth" procedures for setting wage rates. This paper etimates the relationship between wages and femaleness of occupation and finds that it is indeed negative even after controlling for relevant worker and job characteristics. The magnitude of the relationship, however, implies a surprisingly small effect for a comprehensive comparable worth policy. The estimates indicate that, even if comparable worth succeeded in eliminating this negative relationship, the disparity between mean male and female wages would be reduced by well under ten percent of its current magnitude
Theoretical models of inequality transmission across multiple generations by Gary Solon( Book )
5 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 12 libraries worldwide
Existing theoretical models of intergenerational transmission of socioeconomic status have strong implications for the association of outcomes across multiple generations of a family. These models, however, are highly stylized and do not encompass many plausible avenues for transmission across multiple generations. This paper extends existing models to encompass some of these avenues and draws out empirical implications for the multigenerational persistence of socioeconomic status
What are we weighting for? by Gary Solon( Book )
5 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 12 libraries worldwide
The purpose of this paper is to help empirical economists think through when and how to weight the data used in estimation. We start by distinguishing two purposes of estimation: to estimate population descriptive statistics and to estimate causal effects. In the former type of research, weighting is called for when it is needed to make the analysis sample representative of the target population. In the latter type, the weighting issue is more nuanced. We discuss three distinct potential motives for weighting when estimating causal effects: (1) to achieve precise estimates by correcting for heteroskedasticity, (2) to achieve consistent estimates by correcting for endogenous sampling, and (3) to identify average partial effects in the presence of unmodeled heterogeneity of effects. In each case, we find that the motive sometimes does not apply in situations where practitioners often assume it does. We recommend diagnostics for assessing the advisability of weighting, and we suggest methods for appropriate inference
Wage Adjustment in the Great Recession by Michael W. L Elsby( Book )
5 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 8 libraries worldwide
Using 1979-2011 Current Population Survey data for the United States and 1975-2011 New Earnings Survey data for Great Britain, we study wage behavior in both countries, with particular attention to the Great Recession. Real wages are procyclical in both countries, but the procyclicality of real wages varies across recessions, and does so differently between the two countries. U.S. distributions of year-to-year nominal wage change show many workers reporting zero change (suggesting wage stickiness) and many reporting nominal reductions (suggesting wage flexibility), but both findings could be distorted by reporting error. The British data, which are based on employers' payroll records, show much lower prevalence of zero wage change, but still show surprisingly frequent nominal wage cuts. The complex constellation of empirical regularities defies explanation by simple theories
 
Alternative Names
Solon, G. 1954-
Languages
English (78)
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