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Mairesse, Jacques

Works: 200 works in 761 publications in 2 languages and 5,408 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings  History  Encyclopedias 
Roles: Author, Editor, Director, Redactor, Author of introduction, Thesis advisor, Opponent, Publishing director, Interviewee, 956, Other, Publisher, Honoree
Classifications: HB1, 338.064
Publication Timeline
Publications about Jacques Mairesse
Publications by Jacques Mairesse
Most widely held works by Jacques Mairesse
Productivity, inequality, and the digital economy : a transatlantic perspective by Yannick L'Horty( Book )
12 editions published in 2002 in English and Undetermined and held by 280 libraries worldwide
The widespread diffusion of information and communication technologies (ICT) has had controversial, seemingly paradoxical consequences. ICT are viewed as driving growth and employment in the United States, while contributing to European unemployment and the so-called Eurosclerosis. At the same time, both the United States and Europe have seen increased wage inequalities between skilled and unskilled workers
Encyclopédie économique ( Book )
8 editions published between 1990 and 2005 in French and held by 155 libraries worldwide
Vaste panorama de l'économie politique, de ses acquis, problèmes et tendances. Les 58 chapitres s'organisent en trois sections: Perspectives et méthodes - Analyse - Organisation et structures. La première encyclopédie du genre en langue française depuis celle éditée par François Perroux en 1960
Innovations et performances approches interdisciplinaires by Dominique Foray( Book )
8 editions published in 1999 in French and English and held by 141 libraries worldwide
Emploi et chômage ( Book )
5 editions published in 1982 in French and held by 92 libraries worldwide
Research, innovation, and productivity : an econometric analysis at the firm level by Bruno Crépon( Book )
20 editions published between 1998 and 1999 in English and held by 83 libraries worldwide
This paper studies the links between productivity, innovation and research at th level. We introduce three new features: (i) A structural model that explains pro by innovation output, and innovation output by research investment; (ii) New dat manufacturing firms, including the number of European patents and the percentage sales, as well as firm-level demand pull and technology push indicators; (iii) E which correct for selectivity and simultaneity biases and take into account the features of the available data: only a small proportion of firms engage in resea apply for patents; productivity, innovation and research are endogenously determ investment and capital are truncated variables, patents are count data and innov We find that using the more widespread methods, and the more usual data and mode may lead to sensibly different estimates. We find in particular that simultaneit with selectivity, and that both sources of biases must be taken into account tog results are consistent with many of the stylized facts of the empirical literatu of engaging in research (R&D) for a firm increases with its size (number of empl share and diversification, and with the demand pull and technology push indicato capital intensity) of a firm engaged in research increases with the same variabl research capital being strictly proportional to size). The firm innovation outpu patent numbers or innovative sales, rises with its research effort and with the indicators, either directly or indirectly through their effects on research. Fin correlates positively with an higher innovation output, even when controlling fo the skill composition of labor as well as for physical capital intensity
Estimation et sondages : cinq contributions à l'histoire de la statistique ( Book )
6 editions published in 1988 in French and held by 80 libraries worldwide
Firm-level investment in France and the United States : an exploration of what we have learned in twenty years by Jacques Mairesse( Book )
21 editions published between 1998 and 2000 in English and held by 71 libraries worldwide
Our two related goals in this paper are the following: Firstly and mainly, we want to examine the effects of major changes in modelling strategy and econometric methodology, over the past twenty years, on estimation of firm-level investment equations using panel data. Secondly, we try to assess whether the differences in the estimated investment equations, as between recent years and ten to twenty years go in the French and U.S. Manufacturing industries, are real' and economically meaningful. Thus our paper consists of a series of comparisons: a simple accelerator-profit specification versus one with error correction, traditional between- and within-firm estimation versus GMM estimation, the investment behavior of French firms versus that of U.S. firms, and investment behavior in recent years versus ten to twenty years ago. Although the important econometric advances of the past twenty years have been far from being as successful as we had hoped for, we do find some significant improvement in the specification, estimation and interpretation of firm investment equations; we also fin some real changes in the investment behavior of French and U.S. firms during these twenty years
Computers and productivity in France : some evidence by Nathalie Greenan( Book )
18 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 68 libraries worldwide
Abstract: In this paper, we make a first attempt to explore the relationship between computer use and productivity in French manufacturing and services industries. We match information on computer utilization in the work place collected at the employee level in the years 1987, 1991 and 1993, with information on firm productivity, capital intensity and average wage available at the firm level. Being based on the answers of very few interviewed employees (only one for 75% of the firms in our samples), our measure of firm computer use is subject to important sampling errors, and hence our estimates of computer impacts are largely affected by random errors in variables downward biases. Nonetheless we find coherent and persuasive evidence that the computer impacts on productivity are indeed positive and that the returns to the firm should at least be in the same range as the returns to the other types of capital. We also show that the sampling errors in measurement biases can be assessed, and we make the general point that econometric studies of the firm can be effectively and substantially enriched by using information collected from workers, even if very few of them are surveyed per firm
Production functions : the search for identification by Zvi Griliches( Book )
15 editions published between 1995 and 1997 in English and held by 67 libraries worldwide
Some aspects of the econometric estimation of production functions are discussed, focussing primarily on the issue of simultaneity and reviewing the stream of criticisms of Douglas' work and the response to it. We look in particular at the work that uses panel data on micro data for plants or firms and at some more recent multi-equation extensions of it. We find that researchers, in trying to evade the simultaneity problem, have shifted to the use of thinner and thinner slices of data, exacerbating thereby other problems and misspecifications. We describe the need for better data, especially on product prices at the individual observation level and on relevant cost and demand shifters, and for better behavioral theories which would encompass the large amount of heterogeneity observed at the micro level
Employment, innovation, and productivity : evidence from Italian microdata by Bronwyn H Hall( Book )
19 editions published between 2006 and 2007 in English and held by 64 libraries worldwide
Italian manufacturing firms have been losing ground with respect to many of their European competitors. This paper presents some empirical evidence on the effects of innovation on employment growth and therefore on firms' productivity with the goal of understanding the roots of such poor performance. We use firm level data from the last three surveys on Italian manufacturing firms conducted by Mediocredito-Capitalia, which cover the period 1995-2003. Using a slightly modified version of the model proposed by Harrison, Jaumandreu, Mairesse and Peters (HJMP 2005), which separates employment growth rates into those associated with old and new products, we find no evidence of significant employment displacement effects stemming from process innovation. The sources of employment growth during the period are split equally between the net contribution of product innovation and the net contribution from sales growth of old products. However, the contribution of product innovation to employment growth is somewhat lower than in the four European countries considered in HJMP 2005, and the contribution of innovation in general to productivity growth is almost nil in Italy during this period
Using employee level data in a firm level econometric study by Jacques Mairesse( Book )
15 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 62 libraries worldwide
In this paper, we make the general point that econometric studies of the firm can be effectively and substantially enriched by using information collected from employees, even if only a few of them are surveyed per firm. Though variables measured on the basis of the answers of very few employees per firm are subject to very important sampling errors, they can be usefully included in a model specified at the firm level. In the first part of the paper, we show that in estimating parameters of interest in a regression model of the firm, the biases arising from the sampling errors in the employee based variables can be assessed, as long as we have a large enough sub-sample of firms with at least two or with more (randomly chosen) surveyed employees. As an illustration in the second part of the paper, we consider the estimation of the relationship between the firm average wage (directly obtained from the firm accounts) and estimates of the proportion of female workers based on the gender of one, two or three surveyed employees per firm. As a test, we compare the estimates that we find in this way with those using the employees), which we could also directly obtain at the firm level from a firm survey. The analysis is performed on two linked employer-employee samples of about 2500 firms in the French manufacturing and services industries in 1987 and 1993, with one, two or three surveyed employees per firm (for respectively 75%, 15% and 10% of the firms)
Estimating the productivity of research and development : an exploration of GMM methods using data on French and United States manufacturing firms by Jacques Mairesse( Book )
16 editions published in 1996 in English and Undetermined and held by 59 libraries worldwide
A comparative study of the contribution of R & D to firm-level productivity in French and United States manufacturing firms in the 1980s is presented. The study uses two large panels of approximately 1000 manufacturing firms covering over half of all R & D spending in each country and focuses on the estimation and interpretation of the relationship between output growth and the growth of R & D investment in the presence of simultaneity and firm heterogeneity. We use GMM methods to control for both sources of estimation bias, and we find 1) overall, the contribution of R & D to sales productivity growth appears to have declined during the 1980s, and 2) the role of simultaneity bias is higher in the U.S. than in France, possibly reflecting the greater importance of liquidity constraints for R & D investment in that country
To be or not to be innovative : an exercise in measurement by Jacques Mairesse( Book )
14 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 53 libraries worldwide
Abstract: In this paper, we put forward the idea of an innovation accounting framework and consider two main indicators based on it: expected innovation and innovativeness. The framework is the analogue of the standard framework of economic growth accounting, with innovativeness being a parallel notion to that of (total factor) productivity. We provide an illustration of the idea using data from the European Community Innovation Surveys (CIS1 and CIS2) and measuring innovation by the share of firm innovative sales. We adopt a generalized tobit model of the propensity and intensity of innovation as our accounting framework. We first apply the framework to a comparison of the innovation performance of French manufacturing industries, while also checking the robustness of our estimates to the use of micro- aggregated firm data provided by Eurostat versus the original individual firm data. We also provide an overview of the results of a larger comparison of innovation across seven European countries
Panel Data Estimates of the Production Function and Product and Labor Market Imperfections by Sabien Dobbelaere( Computer File )
24 editions published between 2007 and 2010 in English and held by 52 libraries worldwide
Embedding the efficient bargaining model into the R. Hall (1988) approach for estimating price-cost margins shows that both imperfections in the product and labor markets generate a wedge between factor elasticities in the production function and their corresponding shares in revenue. This article investigates these two sources of discrepancies both at the industry level and the firm level using an unbalanced panel of 10646 French firms in 38 manufacturing industries over the period 1978-2001. By estimating standard production functions and comparing the estimated factor elasticities for labor and materials and their shares in revenue, we are able to derive estimates of average price-cost mark-up and extent of rent sharing parameters. For manufacturing as a whole, our estimates of these parameters are of an order of magnitude of 1.17 and 0.44 respectively. Our industry-level results indicate that industry differences in these parameters and in the underlying estimated factor elasticities and shares are quite sizeable. Since firm production function, behavior and market environment are very likely to vary even within industries, we also investigate firm-level heterogeneity in estimated mark-up and rent-sharing parameters. To determine the degree of true heterogeneity in these parameters, we adopt the P.A. Swamy (1970) methodology allowing to correct the observed variance in the firm-level estimates from their sampling variance. The median of the firm estimates of the price-cost mark-up ignoring labor market imperfections is of 1.10, while as expected it is higher of 1.20 when taking them into account and the median of the corresponding firm estimates of the extent of rent sharing is of 0.62. The Swamy corresponding robust estimates of true dispersion are of about 0.18, 0.37 and 0.35, showing indeed very sizeable within-industry firm heterogeneity. We find that firm size, capital intensity, distance to the industry technology frontier and investing in R & D seem to account for a significant part of this heterogeneity
Information technology and research and development impacts on productivity and skills : looking for correlations on French firm level data by Nathalie Greenan( Book )
15 editions published between 2000 and 2001 in English and held by 51 libraries worldwide
The main objective of the study is descriptive. We set out to explore the (cor)relations between five IT and R & D indicators and measures of labor and total factor productivity, average wage and skill composition, on four panel data samples of French manufacturing and services firms over the two five years periods 1986-1990 and 1990-1994. Our first indicator is the ratio of the gross book value of office and computing equipment to the gross book value of total physical assets. The four other indicators are respectively constructed using very detailed information on the occupational and skill structure of the firm; they are the shares in the total number of employees of the four categories of specialized workers that we can gather under the headings of 'computer staff', 'electronics staff', 'research staff' and 'analysis staff'. The only significant finding in the time-series dimension of the data is the relation between an increase in all five indicators and a decrease in the share of blue collar-workers, while in the cross-sectional dimension of the data we observe strong evidence of positive correlations with productivity, average wage and the share of administrative managers, as well as negative ones with the share of blue-collar workers
Firm level investment and R & D in France and the United States : a comparison by Benoit Mulkay( Book )
5 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 47 libraries worldwide
Abstract: This paper is a contribution to the small but growing literature that compares the investment and R & D behavior of manufacturing firms in large developed countries that have varying financial and capital market institutions. Specifically, we look at two similar samples of French and United States firms during the period 1982-1993. We estimate a dynamic specification of a simple error-corrected investment model for both ordinary investment and for R & D investment, a model that incorporates both output (sales or turnover) and cash flow as predictors for investment. Our focus is on two comparisons: France versus United States and physical investment versus R & D investment. In general, we do not find any significant differences between the two countries in the long run effects of demand (output) on investment. However, we do find that cash flow or profits appear to have a much larger impact on both R & D and investment in the U.S. Except for the well-known difference in the serial correlation of the two types of capital spending, we reject any significant differences between investment and R & D behavior for each country; the major differences are between countries
Productivity issues in services at the micro level : a special issue of the Journal of productivity analysis by Zvi Griliches( Book )
10 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 43 libraries worldwide
7 take advantage of the panel structure of their data to control for possible errors of specifica tion in their models. It is interesting to note that the econometric and DEA methods may be closer than some of their respective advocates seem to believe. Several of the studies show that the former as well as the latter can be effectively used to assess the relative effi ciency of groups of firms or individual firms, and one of them explicitly compare results arising from both (Fecher et al.). Econometric techniques can also be nonparametric and applied to estimating cost or production frontiers (and not only "average" functions), while ultimately DEA should be amenable to statistical inference. Perhaps the most valuable feature of all the analyses is their care and ingenuity in putting together the data, measuring variables, and pulling out relevant information. Many of them are not content with an overall output measure, but endeavor to manage with less aggregated measures. Nearly all also include in the estimated models a number of auxiliary variables intended to control for specific attributes of outputs, inputs, or production techniques, and other characteristics of firms
Knowledge management, innovation and productivity : a firm level exploration based on French manufacturing CIS3 data by Elizabeth Kremp( Book )
10 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 41 libraries worldwide
In modern knowledge driven economies, firms are increasingly aware that individual and collective knowledge is a major factor of economic performance. The larger the firms and the stronger their connection with technology intensive industries, the more are they likely to set up knowledge management (KM) policies, such as promoting a culture of information and knowledge sharing (C), motivating employees and executives to remain with the firm (R), forging alliances and partnerships for knowledge acquisition (A), implementing written knowledge management rules (W). The French 1998-2000 Community Innovation Survey (CIS3) has surveyed the use of these four knowledge management policies for a representative sample of manufacturing firms. The micro econometric analysis of the survey tends to confirm that knowledge management indeed contributes significantly to firm innovative performance and to its productivity. The impacts of adoption of the four surveyed KM practices on firm innovative and productivity performance are not completely accounted by firm size, industry, research & development (R&D) efforts or other factors, but persist to a sizeable extent after controlling for all these factors
Measurement and explanation of the intensity of co-publication in scientific research : an analysis at the laboratory level by Jacques Mairesse( Book )
11 editions published between 2001 and 2005 in English and held by 39 libraries worldwide
In order to study networks of collaboration between researchers, we propose a simple measure of the intensity of collaboration, which can be easily interpreted in terms of relative probability and directly aggregated at the laboratory level. We use this measure to characterize the relations of collaboration, as defined in terms of co-publication, between the physicists the French 'Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique' (CNRS), in the field of condensed-matter, between 1992 and 1997, and to investigate how they vary with regards to various factors: mainly the geographical distance between laboratories, but also their specialization and size, their productivity and the quality of their publications, and their international openness. We find that the average intensity of co-publication within laboratories is about 40 times higher than the intensity between laboratories but within towns, and 100 times higher than the intensity between laboratories and between towns. Yet, geographical distance does not have a significant impact, or a very weak one, on the existence and intensity of co-publication of researchers located in different towns. We also find that the productivity laboratories, their size and proximity in specialization profiles are significant factors of collaboration
Identifying age, cohort and period effects in scientific research productivity : discussion and illustration using simulated and actual data on French physicists by Bronwyn H Hall( Book )
16 editions published between 2005 and 2006 in English and held by 38 libraries worldwide
"The identification of age, cohort (vintage), and period (year) effects in a panel of individuals or other units is an old problem in the social sciences, but one that has not been much studied in the context of measuring researcher productivity. In the context of a semi-parametric model of productivity where these effects are assumed to enter in an additive manner, we present the conditions necessary to identify and test for the presence of the three effects. In particular we show that failure to specify precisely the conditions under which such a model is identified can lead to misleading conclusions about the productivity-age relationship. We illustrate our methods using data on the publications 1986-1997 by 465 French condensed matter physicists who were born between 1936 and 1960"--National Bureau of Economic Research web site
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Alternative Names
Jacques Mairesse (economist) Frans econoom
Jacques Mairesse economista francés
Jacques Mairesse économiste français
Jacques Mairesse fransk ekonom
Jacques Mairesse fransk økonom
Jacques Mairesse French economist
Mairesse, J.
Mairesse, J. (Jacques)
English (239)
French (26)
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