skip to content

Guasch, J. Luis

Overview
Works: 150 works in 368 publications in 1 language and 5,474 library holdings
Genres: Case studies  Inventories 
Roles: Editor
Classifications: HD5730.5.A6, 331.1204209729
Publication Timeline
Key
Publications about J. Luis Guasch
Publications by J. Luis Guasch
Most widely held works by J. Luis Guasch
Labor market reform and job creation the unfinished agenda in Latin American and Caribbean countries by J. Luis Guasch( file )
16 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 1,310 libraries worldwide
Despite the resumption of economic growth in most Latin America and Caribbean (LAC) countries since the late 1980s, improvements on the employment/unemployment front fave been sluggish at best, with a few notable exceptions. In many countries, renewed growth in LAC in the 1990s has so far failed to generate adequate new jobs in place of those lost during the adjustment , and to restore wages to precrisis levels. After a number of years of relatively high economic growth, the employment outlook in many countries remains worrisome. In those countries where unemployment rates appear to be low, often as a result of how they are measured, the concern is the low quality and renumeration levels of available jobs
Managing the regulatory process Design, concepts, issues, and the Latin America and Caribbean story by J. Luis Guasch( file )
19 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 1,094 libraries worldwide
Annotation '...developing countries, complementing their far-reaching privatization programs, are engaged in deregulating various sectors of their economies and devising new regulatory frameworks for others, particularly the utilities sectors.'As economies become more open, pressures on countries to become more competitive drive the call for regulatory reform to reduce costs and foster increased productivity, competitiveness, and growth. This report provides an overview of the costs and benefits of regulation throughout the world. It provides case histories of regulation in different countries, developed and developing and in various sectors, such as, transportation, utilities, and power. It presents different strategies that were employed. Furthermore, it identifies lessons learned and lays the foundations for a best practice scenario for other countries to adopt. While the challenges to regulatory reform are considerable, so are the efforts that developing countries are making to face them. These lessons, when properly adapted to each country's own environment, can significantly increase the likelihood of effective regulation
Granting and Renegotiating Infrastructure Concessions Doing it Right by J. Luis Guasch( file )
17 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 907 libraries worldwide
Annotation
Does the investment climate matter? microeconomic foundations of growth in Latin America by Pablo Fajnzylber( file )
19 editions published between 2008 and 2009 in English and held by 401 libraries worldwide
Although the Latin American region's growth rates are at a three decade high, they have been historically disappointing in relative terms, which cannot be dissociated from the microeconomic environment in which firms operate. Policy makers may need to complement their focus on macroeconomic stability with an increased emphasis on microeconomic reforms. By providing empirical evidence linking actual firm performance to shortcomings in Latin America's investment climate, the book discusses policies that could have a significant impact on firm productivity by improving the environment in which fi
Quality systems and standards for a competitive edge ( file )
14 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 383 libraries worldwide
Quality systems and standards have a significant impact on market access, export growth, productivity, industrial upgrading, diffusion of innovation, and other central ingredients for reducing poverty and enhancing country competitiveness. This book provides a comprehensive evaluation and blueprint for implementing quality systems for private sector development and trade and competition initiatives. By thoroughly analyzing the diversity of institutions, linkages, and arrangements involved in quality systems and by identifying success factors in country quality strategies, this book provides a
The costs and benefits of regulation implications for developing countries by J. Luis Guasch( file )
7 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 84 libraries worldwide
Infrastructure concessions in Latin America government-led renegotiations by J. Luis Guasch( file )
9 editions published in 2005 in English and Undetermined and held by 84 libraries worldwide
The authors complement the existing knowledge in the renegotiation literature on infrastructure concessions by analyzing government-led renegotiations. They first propose a multiple-period theoretical framework in which both Pareto-improving and rent-shifting renegotiations at the initiative of the government can occur. They then perform an empirical analysis based on a sample of 307 water and transport projects in five Latin American countries between 1989 and 2000. While some of the main insights from the previous literature are unchanged, for example concerning the importance of having a regulator in place when awarding concessions and the fragility of price cap regulatory schemes, there are also significant differences as predicted by the model, in particular with respect to the effect of investment and financing, as well as the corruption variables. The authors provide additional evidence showing that a good regulatory framework is especially important in contexts with weak governance and political opportunism
Price caps, efficiency payoffs and infrastructure contract renegotiation in Latin America by J. Luis Guasch( file )
10 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 83 libraries worldwide
Renegotiation of concession contracts in Latin America by J. Luis Guasch( file )
10 editions published in 2003 in English and Undetermined and held by 80 libraries worldwide
Just-in-case inventories a cross-country analysis by J. Luis Guasch( file )
8 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 78 libraries worldwide
Assessing the impact of the investment climate on productivity using firm-level data : methodology and the cases of Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua by Alvaro Escribano( Book )
5 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 58 libraries worldwide
Developing countries are increasingly concerned about improving country competitiveness and productivity as they face the increasing pressures of globalization and attempt to improve economic growth and reduce poverty. Among such countries, investment climate assessments (ICA) have become a standard instrument for identifying key obstacles to country competitiveness and imputing their impact on productivity, in order to prioritize policy reforms for enhancing competitiveness. Given the survey objectives and the nature and limitations of the data collected, the authors discuss the advantages and disadvantages of using different productivity measures based on data at the firm level. Their main objective is to develop a methodology to appropriately estimate, in a robust manner, the productivity impact of the investment climate variables. To illustrate the use of this methodology, the authors apply it to the data collected for ICAs in three countries-Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua. Observations in logarithms (logs) of the variables, and not in rates of growth, are pooled from all three countries. The econometric analysis is done with variables in logs to reduce the impact of measurement errors and allow inclusion of as many observations as possible since the "panel" data set is very unbalanced. The authors address the endogeneity of the production function inputs and of the investment climate variables by using a variant of the control function approach based on individual firm information, and by aggregating investment climate variables by industry and region. The authors show that it is possible to get robust results for 10 different productivity measures, if one follows a consistent econometric methodology of specification and estimation. For policy analysis, they recommend using those results of investment climate variables on productivity that are robust for most of the productivity measures. The also analyze efficiency aspects of firms in each country. Finally, they decompose the results to obtain country-specific impacts and establish corresponding priorities for policy reform. The actual estimates for the three countries show the level of significance of the impact of investment climate variables on productivity. Variables in several categories, red tape and infrastructure in particular, appear to account for over 30 percent of productivity. The policy implications are clear: investment climate matters enormously and the relative impact of the various investment climate variables indicates where reform efforts should be directed. Given the robustness of the results, the authors argue that the econometric methodology of productivity analysis developed here ought to be used as a benchmark to assess productivity effects for other ICAs or surveys with firm-level data of similar characteristics
The impact of privatization on the performance of the infrastructure sector the case of electricity distribution in Latin American countries by Luis Alberto Andrés( file )
4 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 53 libraries worldwide
The authors analyze the impact of privatization on the performance of 116 electric utilities in 10 Latin American countries. The analysis makes a number of contributions to the literature on changes in infrastructure ownership. First, this is the first systemic analysis of the impact of privatization on the distribution of the electricity sector. Second, it constructs an unbalanced panel data set of key indicators for each country. Third, it includes a broader-than in past studies-range of indicators, such as output, employment, productivity, efficiency, quality, coverage, and prices, offering a fuller picture of the effects of privatization on consumers. Fourth, this research covers a longer period of time, and evaluates three stages-before, transition, and after-allowing for the identification of the short- and long-run effects of privatization, as opposed to previous analyses' short time series data that do not identify long-run outcomes. Finally, the counterfactual is considered through the analysis in trends. The authors apply two different methodologies. The first methodology uses means and medians from each period and tests the significance of the changes between periods. The second methodology consists of an econometric model that captures firm fixed effects, firm-specific time trends, and heteroscedasticity corrections. When needed, the authors used firm-specific time trends to better understand the outcomes. The results suggest that changes in ownership generate significant improvements in labor productivity, efficiency, and product and service quality, and that most of those changes occur in the transition period. Improvements in the post transition period-beyond two years after the change in ownership-are much more modest
Antidumping and competition policies in Latin America and the Caribbean : total strangers or soul mates? by J. Luis Guasch( Book )
4 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 52 libraries worldwide
Inventories in developing countries : levels and determinants : a red flag for competetiveness and growth by J. Luis Guasch( Book )
8 editions published in 2001 in English and Undetermined and held by 46 libraries worldwide
High inventory levels in developing countries increase the cost of doing business and limit productivity and competitiveness. Improvements in infrastructure (roads, ports, and telecommunications) and in market development can help to significantly reduce inventory levels (and thus the cost of doing business), especially when accompanied by effective regulation and the development and deregulation of associated markets
Inventories in developing countries levels and determinants , a red flag on competitiveness and growth by J. Luis Guasch( file )
3 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 42 libraries worldwide
Improving Logistics Costs For Transportation And Trade Facilitation by Julio A Gonzalez( file )
5 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 40 libraries worldwide
Access to basic infrastructure services - roads, electricity, water, sanitation - and the efficient provision of the services, is a key challenge in the fight against poverty. Many of the poor (and particularly the extreme poor) in rural communities in Latin America live on average 5 kilometers or more from the nearest paved road, which is almost twice as far as non-poor rural households. There have been major improvements in access to water, sanitation, electricity, telecommunications, ports, and airports, but road coverage has not changed much, although some effort and resources have been invested to improve the quality of road networks. This paper focuses on the main determinants of logistics costs and physical access to services and, whenever possible, provides evidence of the effects of these determinants on competitiveness, growth, and poverty in Latin American economies. The analysis shows the impact of improving infrastructure and logistics costs on three fronts - macro (growth), micro (productivity at the firm level), and poverty (the earnings of poor/rural people). In addition, the paper provides recommendations and solutions that encompass a series of policies to reduce the prevalent high logistics costs and limited access to services in Latin America. The recommendations rely on applied economic analysis on logistics and trade facilitation
Uncovering the drivers of utility performance lessons from Latin America and the Caribbean on the role of the private sector, regulation, and governance in the power, water, and telecommunication sectors. by Luis Alberto Andrés( Book )
4 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 39 libraries worldwide
This book provides insights into infrastructure sector performance by focusing on the links between key indicators for utilities, and changes in ownership, regulatory agency governance, and corporate governance, among other dimensions. By linking inputs and outputs over the last 15 years, the analysis is able to uncover key determinants that have impacted performance and address why the effects of such dimensions resulted in significant changes in the performance of infrastructure service provision
The interface of trade, investment, and competition policies : issues and challenges for Latin America by J. Luis Guasch( Book )
4 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 32 libraries worldwide
Do Regulation And Institutional Design Matter For Infrastructure Sector Performance ? by Luis Alberto Andrés( file )
2 editions published in 2007 in Undetermined and English and held by 32 libraries worldwide
This paper evaluates the impact of economic regulation on infrastructure sector outcomes. It tests the impact of regulation from three different angles: aligning costs with tariffs and firm profitability; reducing opportunistic renegotiation; and measuring the effects on productivity, quality of service, coverage, and prices. The analysis uses an extensive data set of about 1,000 infrastructure concessions granted in Latin America from the late 1980s to the early 2000s. The analysis finds that as the theory indicates, regulation matters. The empirical work here reported shows that in three relevant economic aspects-aligning costs and tariffs; dissuading renegotiations; and improving productivity, quality of service, coverage, and tariffs-the structure, institutions, and procedures of regulation matter. Thus, significant efforts should continue to be made to improve the structure, quality, and institutionality of regulation. Regulation matters for protecting both consumers and investors, for aligning closely financial returns and the costs of capital, and for capturing higher levels of benefits from the provision of infrastructure services by the private sector
Assessing the impact of the investment climate on productivity using firm-level data methodology and the cases of Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua by Alvaro Escribano( file )
2 editions published in 2005 in Undetermined and English and held by 31 libraries worldwide
Most of the productivity measures. The also analyze efficiency aspects of firms in each country. Finally, they decompose the results to obtain country-specific impacts and establish corresponding priorities for policy reform. The actual estimates for the three countries show the level of significance of the impact of investment climate variables on productivity. Variables in several categories, red tape and infrastructure in particular, appear to account for over 30 percent of productivity. The policy implications are clear: investment climate matters enormously and the relative impact of the various investment climate variables indicates where reform efforts should be directed. Given the robustness of the results, the authors argue that the econometric methodology of productivity analysis developed here ought to be used as a benchmark to assess productivity effects for other ICAs or surveys with firm-level data of similar characteristics. "--World Bank web site
 
moreShow More Titles
fewerShow Fewer Titles
Alternative Names
Guaš, J. Luis
Guasch i Pesquer, Lluís
Guasch, J. L.
Guasch, J. Lluís
Guasch, J. Luis
Guasch, José L.
Guasch, José Luis
Guasch, José Luis 1947-
Guasch, Lluís
Guasch, Luis 1947-
Guasch Pesquer, Lluís
Guash, J. Luis
Languages
English (165)
Covers
Close Window

Please sign in to WorldCat 

Don't have an account? You can easily create a free account.