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Princeton University Department of Classics

Works: 44 works in 50 publications in 1 language and 449 library holdings
Genres: Criticism, interpretation, etc  Bibliography 
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Publications by Princeton University
Most widely held works about Princeton University
Most widely held works by Princeton University
The tradition of Virgil; three papers on the history and influence of the poet by Junius Spencer Morgan( Book )
4 editions published in 1930 in English and held by 233 libraries worldwide
Princeton/Stanford working papers in classics by Princeton University( serial )
in Undetermined and English and held by 141 libraries worldwide
Script and song in Pindar and Aeschylus by Anna S Uhlig( Book )
1 edition published in 2011 in English and held by 5 libraries worldwide
This dissertation, "Script and Song in Pindar and Aeschylus", begins from the simple fact, often obscured by political and social distinctions, that Pindar and Aeschylus were poetic contemporaries and found success with the same audiences across the Greek Mediterranean. I argue that they also shared a poetic outlook which reflected large-scale shifts in the conceptualization of poetry during their historical period. This perspective stems from their awareness of a written poetic tradition that was by then several centuries old, and which produced a corresponding concern for the future material longevity and reperformability of poetic objects. In particular, new realities of reperformance required a substantial reexamination and redefinition of the temporal conception of poetic voice to fully integrate the ever more decisive role of writing in facilitating poetic performances. I argue that Pindar and Aeschylus responded to their changing poetic reality by developing a scriptory poetics that allowed them to adjust their compositional style to reflect and reveal their poetry as fixed in writing, thus inhabiting a temporality shaped by the physical text as well as the presence of an author or an audience
Cultural exchange in Roman society: Freed slaves and social values by Rose MacLean( Book )
1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 5 libraries worldwide
I conclude that freed culture did not simply imitate that of the ruling orders but rather participated in a dialogue about social values, and that this dialogue was instrumental in shaping elite ideology under the Principate
The helix of Dionysus. Musical imagery in later Euripidean drama by Aikaterini Tsolakidou( Book )
1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 5 libraries worldwide
The lyrics of the plays studied in this thesis consciously foreground tragic song as new and distinctively Dionysiac and at the same time as an old, originary form of mousike. This characteristic Euripidean move is a gesture of legitimization and valorization of the poetics of the controversial New Music, of which later Euripidean lyrics offer prime instantiations; at the same time, it is a gesture of cultural colonization which allows the tragic medium to establish for itself a place of priority in the hierarchy of the Greek tradition by claiming for its mousike a position at the very beginning of the ancient and revered poetic traditions that are evoked in the tragic lyrics
Drastic measures: Meter and the birth of book lyric in Greece and Rome by Jason C Pedicone( Book )
1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 5 libraries worldwide
"Lyric" poetry has been traditionally defined as such chiefly by metrical criteria. In Archaic Greece, lyric poetry was chiefly sung poetry in contrast to "epic" poetry which was recited. The transition from an oral to a written poetic culture in Greece caused meter to take on an even larger significance for the "lyric poets," a thematically and chronologically disparate group of poets who came to be identified as a specific group. Greek lyric poetry produced in the Hellenistic period displays extraordinary metrical self-consciousness, with lyric poets drawing on the received ethos of a particular lyric meter to add subtle layers of meaning to their work. Callimachus seems to have advocated such metrical virtuosity in his Iambi and Theocritus practiced it in his lyric Paidika. This phenomenon is also particularly well observed in Hellenistic Greek epigram as well as among the Greek technopaignia which used complex lyric metrical systems to create visual images on the page that interact with the literary meaning of the poem they present. This intense attention to meter was not lost on the Latin lyric poets, though it has gone somewhat unobserved by scholars. Beginning with Laevius, Latin poets inherited the Hellenistic Greek tradition of metrical self-consciousness in their lyric poetry, relying on meter to add layers of meaning to their works. A closer attention to the semantic ethos of a given meter in the lyric poetry of Horace and Catullus not only reveals that the Roman lyric poets' engagement with meter surpasses previous scholarly estimations but also yields new readings of important poems
Copia verborum : Cicero's philosophical translations by Georgina Frances White( file )
1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 5 libraries worldwide
This dissertation studies Cicero's translations from Greek within his philosophical texts, with the aim of uncovering the literary and philosophical implications of Cicero's particular translation choices. The opening chapter considers the methodology by which we might best approach this issue, taking into account Cicero's own descriptions of his translation project, contemporary Roman approaches to literary translation, as well as contemporary theories of translation. Here it is argued that we must approach Cicero's translations on three levels, considering the particular vocabulary and syntax selected, the character of the translation produced by these choices, and the intertextual relationship such a translation fosters in respect to its source text. It then turns, in chapter 2, to a consideration of Cicero's translations of technical, philosophical terminology. Here I suggest, among other things, that Cicero's use of multiple Latin words to translate a single Greek term is motivated by his desire to reveal complex relationships between various philosophical concepts by employing terminology whose etymological links mirror these conceptual connections. In chapter 3, I discuss the longer passages of translated Greek that are dotted throughout Cicero's philosophical works. Here I argue that Cicero's apparent inconsistencies in translation can be explained by the particular philosophical or literary emphasis he wishes to place on particular passages. Finally, in chapter 4, I turn to a consideration of Cicero's longest translation of Greek philosophy, his Timaeus. Here I show that some of the ways in which Cicero changes the Greek original can be viewed as interpretations or corrections of the original text deriving from the Hellenistic scholarly tradition, and others as reflecting the dramatic context of a new Latin dialogue, modeled after, but not identical to, the Platonic original. In doing so, I consider the political, philosophical, and literary purposes behind this translation, suggesting an answer for the most fundamental question about this text -- why did Cicero produce this translation at all?
The moral psychology of sincerity in fifth-century Athens by Jennifer Mann( Book )
1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 5 libraries worldwide
The value of sincerity acquires increased importance at moments that put strain on one's rational interest in being sincere, such as the pervasive condition of war and political revolution. As might be predicted, in response to the stress of Athens' domestic and international turmoil in the last third of the fifth century, Athenian texts from this period do spotlight thematic concerns such as the opacity of the human mind or self and the problem of discriminating between sincerity and insincerity in others. This dissertation considers how four fifth-century, Athenian texts engage the politically pertinent theme of sincerity: Thucydides' History, Sophocles' Ajax, Euripides' Hecuba and Sophocles' Philoctetes all demonstrate a marked concern with this value. Within each of these works, I look for the embedded assumptions about the constitution of the self and consider how factors within the self are portrayed as impacting an individual's ability to manifest sincerity. Sincerity of self is presented as a product of either reason or emotion: that is, an individual might demonstrate sincerity either as a result of consistent adherence to a consciously worked out code of rational values or through action in accordance with his spontaneous, innate emotional impulses. Central to fifth-century discussions of sincerity, and indeed of all virtues, is whether it is most stably attained through education or through inheritance from noble parents. The primary aim of this dissertation is to determine how fifth-century thinkers conceived of the moral psychology of sincerity, or how they saw the parts of the self as interacting to engender sincerity
Brain and soul in late antiquity by Jessica Louise Wright( file )
1 edition published in 2016 in English and held by 5 libraries worldwide
This dissertation examines conceptualisations of the brain (Greek: epsilongammakappaepsilonalphalambdaosigma; Latin: cerebrum) in Christian texts from the fourth and fifth centuries CE. While there has been significant interest in the body and in the intersections of medicine and religion at this period, no study has yet focused upon early Christian understandings of the brain. Yet, the brain was critical to formulations of human nature and human identity in late antiquity. At a period when intellectuals and religious leaders were pressed to articulate and to defend definitions of the human soul as distinct from, if entangled with, the human body, the brain proved to be both a fruitful and a troubling conceptual resource: fruitful insofar as it condensed the paradoxes of the human being, positioned between heaven and earth, material and immaterial spheres, and troubling insofar as it threatened to confine the soul, even to render the soul unnecessary. Through close readings of Christian texts, both theoretical and pastoral in orientation, this dissertation not only highlights the elements of medical theory with which early Christian authors were familiar, but also draws out the contemporary concerns which shaped and were shaped by engagement with the brain. It conclusions are fourfold: (1) The brain represented in condensed form the paradoxical status of the body within early Christianity. (2) Brain health provided preachers with a way of talking about spiritual and social wellbeing. (3) Organic mental disorders became a stock model for affective and doctrinal deviance. (4) Theological concern to find a model of psychic healthcare which might incorporate but not privilege the body shaped late antique and medieval conceptualisations of the brain
The Greek dramatic festivals under the Roman Empire by Mali A Skotheim( file )
1 edition published in 2016 in English and held by 5 libraries worldwide
Two appendices seek to make the evidence accessible. Appendix 1 provides a site-by-site catalog of the evidence for the Greek dramatic festivals in the Eastern Roman Empire. Appendix 2 collects the known paratheatrical entertainers from antiquity
Loss and the boundaries of the self in Statius' "Silvae" by Amanda Ruth Klause( file )
1 edition published in 2017 in English and held by 5 libraries worldwide
This dissertation is a study of the consolatory poems in Statius' Silvae, the most detailed and systematic examination yet offered of these works. The bereaved figures with whom Statius communicates in his consolations mourn the losses of their spouses, parents, and slaves. Drawing on recent inquiries into the history of the emotions in literature, my study focuses on the nature of the suffering caused by bereavement and the remedies for the alleviation of this pain that Statius proposes. I indicate how Statius' grieving addressees are enmeshed in networks of relationships both with other people and non-human elements in their environment. In every case, the mourner's bond with his loved one had been vital to his self-definition. The death, therefore, of that beloved person results in the dissolution of the mourner's sense of self. Statius' poems demonstrate the devastating effects of such a loss, including violent physical pain and alienation from natural environmental processes. I propose that the poet's consolation consists in helping to reconfigure the survivor's network and orientation in the world, whether through quasi-religious devotion to material objects or "replacement."
An improbable symphony : genealogy, paternity, and identity in Heliodorus' "Aethiopica." by Emilio Carlo Maria Capettini( Book )
1 edition published in 2016 in English and held by 4 libraries worldwide
In the first two chapters, I argue that the genealogies devised by Heliodorus for his two protagonists, far from being decorative elements, play an essential part in the definition of their identity and immanent traits. In the third chapter, I focus on the Aethiopica's presentation of biological and foster fatherhood and on the influence that this latter type of intersubjective relation exerts on the articulation of the protagonists' selves. Heliodorus, I argue, gives prominence to a model of kinship predicated not on birth but on what the anthropologist Marshall Sahlins has recently called "mutuality of being." The fourth chapter examines how the experience of traveling from Greece to Ethiopia affects the protagonists' perception of their own identity and establishment of their own agency in the world. In the fifth and final chapter, I show that the stable identities that Charicleia and Theagenes acquire in Ethiopia do not efface but rather subsume the identities with which they experimented during their adventures. The complex interaction of genealogical inheritance, parental influence, and lived experience in the delineation of Charicleia's and Theagenes' characters shows, I contend, that the Aethiopica is a fascinating document not only of the cultural politics of the Imperial period but also of the development of the ancient reflection on selfhood
Horace and the Greek language: Aspects of literary bilingualism by Adam Gitner( Book )
1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 4 libraries worldwide
Each chapter addresses a distinct form of bilingual interaction that has left its mark on Horace's poetry. Chapter 1 ("Splendida Verba: Elevated Borrowings") examines high-style borrowings, including loanwords, calques, and loanshifts. These foreign elements not only extend Horace's semantic range but create oppositions that are central to Latin lyric, such as between proximity and distance, native and foreign, Roman and Greek. Chapter 2 ("Sordida Verba: Ordinary and Colloquial Borrowings") studies borrowings at the lower end of the stylistic spectrum that are valuable for creating sudden shifts in register (tapinosis), describing everyday life, and personifying low-class speakers. Chapter 3 ("Verbis Felicissime Audax: Syntactic Grecisms") studies Greek syntax ("Grecisms") as a form of interference, showing how Horace puts it to use to allude to a foreign presence, elevate his register of speech, and create densely patterned word-images. Finally, Chapter 4 ("Puris Verbis: Purism and the Absence of Greek") studies the suppression of Greek in Horace's poetry, especially his avoidance of code-switching, as a manifestation of linguistic purism
Trends in early epigram by Simon Oswald( Book )
1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 4 libraries worldwide
Sometimes maligned as inferior poetry and frequently as derivative in relation to its well-established literary cousin, inscribed epigram has nonetheless enjoyed a resurgence in recent times as a worthy academic pursuit in its own right. My research continues this trend. Whereas previous studies of epigram have contained a much narrower thematic focus, I pursue a holistic account of its development between 750 and 480/79 BCE. In this sense it is the first broad historical account of epigram to be attempted. In my first chapter, I outline my methodologies in defining inscribed verse, describing dialect, and dating objects. The principles of 'metricisation', '3D dialect', and guidelines for indicating chronological uncertainty are three of my main contributions to these subfields. I catalogue 29 inscribed epigrams in my second chapter that either postdate or were overlooked by previous collections. In my third chapter, I investigate the beginnings of epigram, disassociating it from the invention of the alphabet and arguing for its coexistence with, not dependence upon, literary poetry; the relationship between the two should not be defined as hierarchical. Chapter Four is a case study of epigram 750-600 BCE. I argue that local and interregional networks of epigram can be identified based upon dialect, alphabet, literary theme, and style of monument or object. Local networks were competitive in nature, while interregional were intimately intertwined with the affairs of the Corinthians and the Euboeans. Chapter Five is a case study of epigram 600-480/79 BCE. I argue that the previous networks became less pronounced, but that inscribed epigram evolved in style (literary and material) and theme (particularly public and mini-epinikia - athletic epigram); something of a koine culture of epigram can also begin to be discerned. The results of my research are manifold, highlighting scale - spatial considerations - as an important delineator in how we assess epigram, and 3D dialect, object, script, and literary theme as important signatures that were actively manipulated by commissioners of epigram to communicate messages of local identity and rivalry
Ovid's Metamorphoses and the scientific revolution by Samuel J Galson( Book )
1 edition published in 2016 in English and held by 4 libraries worldwide
This dissertation examines Ovid's engagement with philosophy in the Metamorphoses in light of the continuous reception of the poem by natural philosophers, from Seneca the Younger to thinkers credited with the foundation of modern scientific principles, such as Francis Bacon and Rene Descartes. In Chapter 1, it provides a new interpretation of the "realism" of Ovid's fantastical fictions, demonstrating that by setting realism in conflict with fantasy Ovid highlights the fact that different ancient philosophical schools both attacked and defended the usefulness of fictions to philosophy in contrasting ways. Contemporary scholars usually regard Ovid as straightforwardly anti-philosophical, but the reception history unveiled in the following five chapters sets this view against the historical fact that Ovid's credibility as a natural philosophical authority grew with the development of natural philosophy in the Middle Ages and actually reached its height during the Scientific Revolution. Focussing on astrology, natural magic and alchemy, and their modern counterparts, astronomy, experimental science and chemistry, the dissertation shows that the reception of Ovid in these domains exhibits a complex interplay of rejection and appropriation, both within and between different philosophers, which replays the dynamics of the reception of fiction exposed within the original poem. Ovid's poem thus functioned historically as a crucial site for debate about the role of fiction in scientific method, and affords valuable insights into disputes between realist and anti-realist philosophers of science that continue to generate controversy
George E. Duckworth : a bibliography ( Book )
2 editions published in 1971 in English and held by 3 libraries worldwide
The chorus in dialogue: Reading lyric exchanges in Greek tragedy by Rosa Margarita Andujar( Book )
1 edition published in 2011 in English and held by 2 libraries worldwide
Combining philological attention to the theatrical and metrical qualities of these moments with the insights of social theory and performance studies, I argue that their frequency and dramatic sophistication suggest a persistent interest among the tragedians in the conditions under which a group and an individual are able to communicate and successfully perform rituals. I contend that the questions of communicative and ritualized action explored in these moments capture tensions fundamental both to Greek theatre and to the emerging Athenian democracy
Networks, hegemony, and multipolarity in the Hellenistic Cyclades by John Antony Neves Zuzarte Tully( file )
1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 2 libraries worldwide
The connected studies in this dissertation draw on insights from network theory and international relations theory to reframe our economic, social, and political narratives of the Cyclades in the Hellenistic period. First, it synthesises recent work on the Hellenistic coinages of the islands, including the first study of the coinage of Paros, to identify previously unrecognised sub-regional island numismatic networks. Second, study of the proxeny network in the Cyclades confirms the historical validity of the Cyclades as a unit at this time, and demonstrates the systemic centrality of Delos to communication both inside and across the Hellenistic Cyclades. Third, it reconceptualises the sanctuary of Delos as a locus of socially embedded competitive display, and argues that dedications were required for patrons to maintain their relevance, but rarely, if ever, could grant primacy. Finally, a reanalysis of Rhodian activity in the Hellenistic Cyclades presents Rhodes as one of several contemporaneously active competing powers, rather than one of a succession of uncontested hegemons. Each study individually allows more space for islander agency, regional complexity, and the diversity of the island experience than has previously been common. Cumulatively, the result is a richer pattern of narratives which are more consistent with our current understanding of the environmental constraints inherent in Cycladic life; which are embedded in the varying regional and sub-regional economic and social structures here identified; and which allow for more diverse diachronic engagement by a range of internal and external powers
Telling Troy : the narrative functions of Troy in Roman poetry by Brigitte Anne Benacerraf Libby( Book )
1 edition published in 2011 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
In Roman poetry, telling a Trojan story was a way of talking about Rome. This dissertation combines philological and cultural-historical approaches to write the history of Troy in Roman poetry, tracing its evolution through changing cultural contexts. As the pivot between East and West and between history and myth, Troy's fall breached temporal, cultural, and geographical boundaries. Troy's interpretive flexibility made it an ideal tool for introducing and exploring complexities in the cultural narratives of Rome, which traced its origin to Troy. The sack of Troy could be seen either as the first step in the teleological advance of Roman Empire or as the first phase in a cycle of destruction that claimed Rome's mother-city and threatened Rome as well
Reinventing epic : traditional poetry and the annales of Quintus Ennius by John Francis Fisher( Book )
1 edition published in 2006 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
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controlled identity Princeton University

Princeton University. Dept. of Classics
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