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Moffitt, Robert A.

Works: 89 works in 388 publications in 1 language and 14,690 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings  Longitudinal studies 
Roles: Author, Editor, Other, Honoree
Classifications: HV95, 361.973
Publication Timeline
Publications about Robert A Moffitt
Publications by Robert A Moffitt
Most widely held works by Robert A Moffitt
Evaluating welfare reform in an era of transition by Robert A Moffitt( Book )
15 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 305 libraries worldwide
This book discusses the development of US welfare policy, including the landmark 1996 federal law that devolved most of the responsibility for welfare policies and their implementation to the states
Means-tested transfer programs in the United States ( Book )
16 editions published between 2003 and 2007 in English and held by 294 libraries worldwide
Few United States government programs are as controversial as those designed to aid the poor. From tax credits to medical assistance, aid to needy families is surrounded by debate?on what benefits should be offered, what forms they should take, and how they should be administered. The past few decades, in fact, have seen this debate lead to broad transformations of aid programs themselves, with Aid to Families with Dependent Children replaced by Temporary Assistance to Needy Families, the Earned Income Tax Credit growing from a minor program to one of the most important for low-income families
Studies of welfare populations : data collection and research issues ( Book )
11 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 292 libraries worldwide
Welfare, the family, and reproductive behavior : research perspectives by National Research Council Staff( Book )
16 editions published between 1900 and 1998 in English and held by 278 libraries worldwide
"Over the last decade, [U.S.] welfare reform has figured prominently in the policy agenda at both the state and the federal levels. One of the most important issues in the policy debate concerns the effect of welfare programs on individual demographic behavior ... In an attempt to clarify some of the issues both for the policy debate and for setting research priorities, the National Research Council organized a Workshop on The Effects of Welfare on the Family and Reproductive Behavior in May 1996, which brought together experts in demographic and family studies, along with researchers and policy makers familiar with income support programs. The chapters in this volume were first presented at that workshop and cover the lessons from available research and the implications for future research." (Excerpt)
Evaluating comprehensive state welfare reform : the Wisconsin Works program ( Book )
3 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 272 libraries worldwide
Evaluating welfare reform : a framework and review of current work : interim report ( Book )
8 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 153 libraries worldwide
Taxation and the labor supply decisions of the affluent by Robert A Moffitt( Book )
14 editions published between 1998 and 1999 in English and held by 90 libraries worldwide
Abstract: We examine the effect of the 1996 Tax Reform Act on the labor supply of affluent men. The Act reduced marginal tax rates for the affluent more than for other taxpayers. Using instrumental-variables methods with a variety of identifying variables, we find essentially no responsiveness of the hours of work of high-income men to the tax reduction. However, we do find hourly wage rates of such men to have increased over the period
Demographic change and public assistance expenditures by Robert A Moffitt( Book )
11 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 85 libraries worldwide
The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families program by Robert A Moffitt( Book )
13 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 61 libraries worldwide
Abstract: The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program was created in 1996 from what was previously named the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program. The TANF program is intended to serve low-income families, primarily those with only a single parent present, as did the AFDC program. The TANF program is distinguished from AFDC by strong work requirements, time limits on receipt, options for the provision of noncash assistance, and by a block grant financing structure. This paper reviews the rules of the TANF program and the research that has been conducted on it and on the AFDC program
Economic effects of means-tested transfers in the U.S. by Robert A Moffitt( Book )
14 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 60 libraries worldwide
Abstract: The system of means-tested transfers in the U.S. has evolved in important ways over the last decade, with significant expansions of Medicaid, the Earned Income Tax Credit, and the Supplemental Security Income program, and with significant contraction in Aid to Families with Dependent Children, now titled the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families program. To determine where we are in our understanding of each of these programs, as well as the other major programs in the system of means-tested transfers, a volume is under preparation by the National Bureau of Economic Research that surveys the current structure and historical evolution of each of these programs and that synthesizes the results of the research that has been conducted on their economic effects. In addition to the AFDC-TANF, Medicaid, EITC, and SSI programs, reviews have been conducted for the Food Stamp program and for housing, child care, job training, and child support programs. This paper summarizes the results of those reviews and highlights the large number of important findings from existing research
Welfare programs and labor supply by Robert A Moffitt( Book )
12 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 58 libraries worldwide
Abstract: The labor supply and other work incentive effects of welfare programs have long been a central concern in economic research. Work has also been an increasing focus of policy reforms in the U.S., culminating with a number of major policy changes in the 1990s whose intent was to increase employment and earnings levels of welfare recipients and other disadvantaged individuals. This paper reviews the economic research on this topic, covering both the theoretical models that have been developed as well as the empirical findings from econometric studies of the effects of existing welfare programs on labor supply
Has state redistribution policy grown more conservative? by Robert A Moffitt( Book )
10 editions published between 1988 and 1990 in English and Undetermined and held by 57 libraries worldwide
It is well-known that real benefits in the major cash transfer program in the U.S. -- the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program -- have fallen drastically over the past twenty years. State legislatures, which set AFDC benefit levels, have failed to increase nominal benefits to keep up with inflation, resulting in a 25 percent decline in real benefits between 1960 and 1984. The most popular explanation for this decline is that state legislatures, reflecting the changing preferences of voters, have grown more conservative in their tastes for redistribution. The evidence presented in this paper is consistent instead with a different explanation, that legislatures have let federally-financed Food Stamps displace state-financed AFDC benefits. A similar displacement of AFDC by Medicaid benefits appears to have occurred. Aside from implying that preferences for redistribution have not in fact changed, the results also show that the total transfer benefit has increased, as should be expected from growing income levels. The findings also imply that neither the Food Stamp program nor, presumably, any other lump-sum transfer provided by Congress is likely to have any effect on the incomes of the poor female-head population. Instead, such programs will merely provide budget relief to the states
The negative income tax and the evolution of U.S. welfare policy by Robert A Moffitt( Book )
12 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 52 libraries worldwide
The negative income tax proposed by Milton Friedman represents one of the fundamental ideas of modern welfare policy. However, the academic literature has raised two difficulties with it, one challenging its purported work incentives and the other suggesting the possible superiority of work requirements. In addition, work requirement approaches have gained ground in actual U.S. welfare policy over the last 30 years and the number of different programs has proliferated, another development counter to the negative income tax. On the other hand, the Earned Income Tax Credit has produced a negative-income-tax-like program on a vast scale
Productivity growth and the Phillips Curve by Laurence M Ball( Book )
12 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 52 libraries worldwide
We present a model in which workers' aspirations for wage increases adjust slowly to shifts in productivity growth. The model yields a Phillips curve with a new variable: the gap between productivity growth and an average of past wage growth. Empirically, this variable shows up strongly in the U.S. Phillips curve. Including it explains the otherwise puzzling shift in the unemployment-inflation tradeoff since 1995
An analysis of sample attrition in panel data : the Michigan panel study of income dynamics by John Fitzgerald( Book )
9 editions published between 1996 and 1998 in English and held by 45 libraries worldwide
By 1989 the Michigan Panel Study on Income Dynamics (PSID) had experienced approximately 50 percent sample loss from cumulative attrition from its initial 1968 membership. We study the effect of this attrition on the unconditional distributions of several socioeconomic variables and on the estimates of several sets of regression coefficients. We provide a statistical framework for conducting tests for attrition bias that draws a sharp distinction between selection on unobservables and on observables and that shows that weighted least squares can generate consistent parameter estimates when selection is based on observables, even when they are endogenous. Our empirical analysis shows that attrition is highly selective and is concentrated among lower socioeconomic status individuals. We also show that attrition is concentrated among those with more unstable earnings, marriage, and migration histories. Nevertheless, we find that these variables explain very little of the attrition in the sample, and that the selection that occurs is moderated by regression-to-the-mean effects from selection on transitory components that fade over time. Consequently, despite the large amount of attrition, we find no strong evidence that attrition has seriously distorted the representativeness of the PSID through 1989, and considerable evidence that its cross-sectional representativeness has remained roughly intact
Welfare work requirements with paternalistic government preferences by Robert A Moffitt( Book )
10 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 33 libraries worldwide
Work requirements in means-tested transfer programs have grown in importance in the U.S. and in some other countries. The theoretical literature which considers their possible optimality generally operates within a traditional welfarist framework where some function of the utility of the poor is maximized. Here we consider a case where society is paternalistic and instead has preferences over the actual work allocations of welfare recipients. With this social welfare function, optimality of work requirements is possible but depends on the accuracy of the screening mechanism which assigns work requirements to some benefit recipients and not others. Numerical simulations show that the accuracy must be high for such optimality to occur. The simulations also show that earnings subsidies can be justified with the type of social welfare function used here
Handedness and earnings by Christopher S Ruebeck( Book )
10 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 27 libraries worldwide
We examine whether handedness is related to performance in the labor market and, in particular, earnings. We find a significant wage effect for left-handed men with high levels of education. This positive wage effect is strongest among those who have lower than average earnings relative to those of similar high education. This effect is not found among women
Data and Methodological Issues for Tracking Former Welfare Recipients : a Workshop Summary by Robert A Moffitt( Book )
12 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 9 libraries worldwide
Welfare, the family, and reproductive behavior : report of a meeting by National Research Council Staff( Book )
4 editions published between 1997 and 1998 in English and held by 4 libraries worldwide
This booklet describes the proceedings of a workshop entitled "Effects of Welfare on Reproductive Behavior and the Family in the US." It summarizes trends in marriage, fertility, and the welfare system, and describes the effects of welfare on marriage, fertility, abortion, and the family. Research and evaluation needs are indicated and justified. The prevailing view among participants was that research does matter with regard to policy, but that it is also necessary to evaluate new program changes. Data and methods need improvement, and too little research has focused on replications, robustness studies, and reconciliation of disparate findings. Research is made more difficult due to the lack of clarity about which Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) rules prevail in different states at varying times. Matching survey data with welfare rules will be made more difficult as states diverge more under the 1996 AFDC Act. Efforts need to be made to improve the availability of data. Some participants desired more studies of the impact of welfare on children and marriage. One participant's review of 8 large federal programs found that in-kind transfers providing direct benefits to children had clearer and larger impacts than cash transfers or housing. Few studies addressed how the AFDC or proposed alternatives impact on family life. Several participants suggested designing new welfare programs to encourage child support payments. Most research addressed the impact on work-related behavior. There was some consensus that welfare has a positive effect on fertility and a negative effect on marriage, but the magnitude is uncertain. Research has not explained why nonmarital childbearing has increased, while welfare benefits have declined, since the 1980s
Variable effects of earnings volatility on food stamp participation : technical report by Robert A Moffitt( file )
1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 0 libraries worldwide
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Alternative Names
Moffitt, R.
Moffitt, Robert
Moffitt, Robert A.
Moffitt, Robert A. 1948-
Moffitt, Robert Allen 1948-
English (212)
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