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Ahmad, Ehtisham

Works: 143 works in 431 publications in 1 language and 4,951 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings  Case studies 
Roles: Author, Editor, Other
Classifications: HJ2351.7, 336.205091724
Publication Timeline
Publications about Ehtisham Ahmad
Publications by Ehtisham Ahmad
Most widely held works by Ehtisham Ahmad
The theory and practice of tax reform in developing countries by Ehtisham Ahmad( Book )
9 editions published in 1991 in English and Undetermined and held by 380 libraries worldwide
Social security in developing countries by Ehtisham Ahmad( Book )
21 editions published between 1990 and 1999 in English and held by 324 libraries worldwide
The notion of social security is very different in under-developed countries and is best understood as poverty alleviation. This study attempts to define social security in the Third World and to examine what programmes are most suitable for these countries
Handbook of fiscal federalism ( Book )
18 editions published between 2004 and 2008 in English and Undetermined and held by 256 libraries worldwide
This major new Handbook addresses fiscal relations between different levels of government under the general rubric of 'fiscal federalism', providing a review of the latest literature as well as an invaluable guide to practitioners and policy makers seeking informed policy options. The contributors include leading lights in the field, many of whom have themselves made seminal contributions to the literature
Financing decentralized expenditures : an international comparison of grants ( Book )
12 editions published between 1996 and 1997 in English and held by 193 libraries worldwide
Reforming China's Public finances by Vito Tanzi( Book )
12 editions published in 1995 in English and Undetermined and held by 171 libraries worldwide
In recent years, China has taken steps to promote sustainable growth, with greater reliance on market mechanisms and institutions that facilitate orderly macroeconomic controls. The International Monetary Fund has been assisting the authorities in this endeavor. IMF participation has been particularly active in various fiscal areas such as tax policy, tax administration, budget management processes and the budget law, and fiscal relations between different levels of government
Managing fiscal decentralization ( Book )
11 editions published between 2002 and 2009 in English and held by 105 libraries worldwide
The growth of interest in fiscal decentralization has meant that there has been something of a rush to enshrine this in policy - The World Bank has reported that about 70 countries see this as a major part of their development strategy. This book critically examines the case for decentralization. This collection of contributions comes from a worldwide team of experts, including Albert Breton, Piero Giarda and Anwar Shah. After analysing fiscal decentralization in general, the book goes on to look at intriguing case studies of various regions around the world including: The European Union; Hungary and Slovakia; Russia and China; and Asia and Africa. This comprehensive guide to fiscal decentralization should be of great interest to academics, researchers and policy makers
Does decentralization enhance service delivery and poverty reduction? ( Book )
8 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 98 libraries worldwide
Does decentralization enhance service delivery and poverty reduction? This work addresses this fundamental question facing policy-makers in developing as well as advanced countries. It examines the role of international agencies, as explicit donors
Fiscal reforms in the Middle East : VAT in the Gulf Cooperation Council by Ehtisham Ahmad( Book )
3 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 83 libraries worldwide
This insightful book focuses on the role of fiscal policy in common markets, especially in the context of the supranational constructs in the Gulf Cooperation Council, comprising Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates and Oman. It draws on the experience of the EU and the importance of VAT, and reflects on the other main common market in Central America. Although oil windfalls have opened a window of opportunity for the Gulf States, at the same time they have created numerous problems. In particular, the uncertainty associated with periods of boom and bust in the oil ma
Effective federalism and local finance ( Book )
7 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 38 libraries worldwide
Handbook of multilevel finance by E Ahmad( Book )
8 editions published in 2015 in English and held by 36 libraries worldwide
This Handbook explores and explains new developments in the "second generation" theory of public finance, in which benevolent rulers and governments have been replaced by personally motivated politicians and the associated institutions. In other words, the normative approach has largely given way to a political economy approach which emphasizes the importance of institutional arrangements and information flows to ensure there are appropriate incentives and sanctions to generate good governance. Following a comprehensive introduction by the editors, the renowned contributors present fresh and original perspectives on the key multi-level issues, along with recent developments in theory and practice, as they relate to taxes, budget systems, the management of liabilities and macroeconomic stability. The book also explores special issues concerning the poor and marginalized, structural change and the environment, natural disasters, and the task of overcoming conflicts whilst keeping countries together. The Handbook is organized along three broad themes which elucidate: the different interpretations and approaches to fiscal federalism, the design of policies and institutions that govern the working of multilevel systems, the emerging challenges to decentralized systems. The handbook seeks to provide an unparallelled review of the latest literature on the broad subject of fiscal federalism and the role of policies and institutions in creating sustainable outcomes. It will prove an indispensable guide to researchers, practitioners, and policy makers seeking informed policy options
On improving public expenditure policies for the poor : major informational requirements by Ehtisham Ahmad( Book )
7 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 22 libraries worldwide
This paper reviews methods that might be used by international agencies, such as the Fund and the Bank, jointly with a survey of data currently available, required improvements in the data currently available, and required improvements in the formation base. The scope for improvements in governments' expenditure policy making is also considered
Alternative social security systems in CIS countries by Ehtisham Ahmad( Book )
7 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 22 libraries worldwide
In the USSR in 1990, social security reforms led to the imposition of a uniform system of benefits in a large and demographically diverse country. This required inter-regional transfers, which are now no longer feasible with the demise of the USSR. Relatively high contribution rates also pose a problem for a nascest commercialized sector. The paper argues that benefit levels in some former Soviet Union countries are now unsustainable. The price shock associated with the "transition" to market economy should lead to a consideration of a "mix" of policies, including a basic benefit in kind. While funded systems may eventually reduce contribution rates, there are implementation difficulties in the medium term
Toward more effective redistribution : reform options for intergovernmental transfers in China by Ehtisham Ahmad( Book )
6 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 15 libraries worldwide
Full implementation of an intergovernmental transfer system based on revenue capacities and expenditure needs could significantly improve both redistribution and equity objectives of the Chinese authorities. This was envisaged in the 1994 fiscal reforms, but the authorities were unable to implement the measures fully. This paper examines mechanisms that might facilitate effective implementation
Taxation reforms and changes in revenue assignments in China by Ehtisham Ahmad( Book )
6 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 15 libraries worldwide
Why focus on spending needs factors? : the political economy of fiscal transfer reforms in Mexico by Ehtisham Ahmad( Book )
10 editions published in 2007 in English and Undetermined and held by 15 libraries worldwide
An equalization system ensures that subnational governments can provide similar level of public services at a comparable level of own tax-effort. This paper focuses on the importance of spending needs factors in the design of equalization transfers as well as special purpose transfers-and the role that this could have in setting the agenda for better accountability for recipient governments, illustrating both design and implementation questions with examples from Mexico. The paper also takes into account the difficult political economy constraints to reforming any system of transfers
Uganda : managing more effective decentralization by Ehtisham Ahmad( Book )
11 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 15 libraries worldwide
A politically driven and ambitious decentralization program implemented by the authorities since the late 1990s has had mixed results in terms of enhancing service delivery. Paradoxically, concerns with the results of service delivery, partially driven by donors' requirements, have resulted in a deconcentrated system relying on conditional grants and unfunded mandates. This has reduced the incentives, responsibility, and ownership for local authorities to improve service delivery. Crucially, for functions where the local authorities have had full responsibility, better service quality has resulted than in those areas in which there are overlapping responsibilities between the center and the local authorities
On the design and effectiveness of targeted expenditure programs by Ehtisham Ahmad( Book )
5 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 14 libraries worldwide
This paper argues that both horizontal and intertemporal competition among recipient governments are needed in order to ensure incentives for effective utilization of targeted transfers. This has implications for budgeting frameworks and the types of information needed that might be amenable to formal contracting between the levels of government
Fiscal decentralization and public subnational financial management in Peru by Ehtisham Ahmad( Book )
10 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 14 libraries worldwide
There is increasing interest in fiscal decentralization in Peru as a mechanism to generate more involved decision-making at the subnational level. This is tempered with a continuing emphasis on overall fiscal stability. However, considerable work needs to be undertaken to define more clearly expenditure responsibilities and financing mechanisms that increase local accountability. In addition, a more transparent fiscal transfer system is needed, together with clarity in expenditure management at all levels of government. The paper suggests that a substantial work agenda is needed to extend the decentralization process with greater transparency
Local service provision in selected OECD countries : do decentralized operations work better? by Ehtisham Ahmad( Book )
10 editions published in 2008 in English and Undetermined and held by 13 libraries worldwide
There is a widespread presumption that decentralization improves public service provision. This has led to policy prescriptions that are assiduously adhered to by countries and international. This paper reviews the recent evidence from OECD countries-which is seen to be inconclusive. This suggests the need for a careful design of programs that take into account the political economy constraints and incentives, as well as more systematic and thorough evaluations of outcomes
On the implementation of transfers to subnational governments by Ehtisham Ahmad( Book )
6 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 12 libraries worldwide
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Alternative Names
Aḥmad, Iḥtišām
Ahmad, S. Ehtisham.
Ehtisham Ahmad
English (182)
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