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Ahmad, Ehtisham

Works: 139 works in 476 publications in 1 language and 5,440 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings  Case studies 
Roles: Author, Editor, Other
Classifications: HJ2351.7, 336.205091724
Publication Timeline
Publications about Ehtisham Ahmad
Publications by Ehtisham Ahmad
Most widely held works by Ehtisham Ahmad
The theory and practice of tax reform in developing countries by Ehtisham Ahmad( Book )
11 editions published in 1991 in English and Undetermined and held by 387 libraries worldwide
Social security in developing countries by Ehtisham Ahmad( Book )
21 editions published between 1990 and 1999 in English and held by 323 libraries worldwide
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Handbook of fiscal federalism by E Ahmad( Book )
19 editions published between 2004 and 2008 in English and Undetermined and held by 251 libraries worldwide
This major new Handbook addresses fiscal relations between different levels of government under the general rubric of 'fiscal federalism', providing a review of the latest literature as well as an invaluable guide to practitioners and policy makers seeking informed policy options. The contributors include leading lights in the field, many of whom have themselves made seminal contributions to the literature
Financing decentralized expenditures : an international comparison of grants ( Book )
12 editions published between 1996 and 1997 in English and held by 193 libraries worldwide
Reforming China's Public finances by Vito Tanzi( Book )
13 editions published in 1995 in English and Undetermined and held by 173 libraries worldwide
In recent years, China has taken steps to promote sustainable growth, with greater reliance on market mechanisms and institutions that facilitate orderly macroeconomic controls. The International Monetary Fund has been assisting the authorities in this endeavor. IMF participation has been particularly active in various fiscal areas such as tax policy, tax administration, budget management processes and the budget law, and fiscal relations between different levels of government
Managing fiscal decentralization ( Book )
11 editions published between 2002 and 2009 in English and held by 107 libraries worldwide
The growth of interest in fiscal decentralization has meant that there has been something of a rush to enshrine this in policy - The World Bank has reported that about 70 countries see this as a major part of their development strategy. This book critically examines the case for decentralization. This collection of contributions comes from a worldwide team of experts, including Albert Breton, Piero Giarda and Anwar Shah. After analysing fiscal decentralization in general, the book goes on to look at intriguing case studies of various regions around the world including: The European Union; Hungary and Slovakia; Russia and China; and Asia and Africa. This comprehensive guide to fiscal decentralization should be of great interest to academics, researchers and policy makers
Does decentralization enhance service delivery and poverty reduction? ( Book )
10 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 100 libraries worldwide
Does decentralization enhance service delivery and poverty reduction? The expert contributors to this book address this fundamental question faced by policymakers and scholars in developing and advanced countries. The book illustrates that it is equally i
Fiscal reforms in the Middle East : VAT in the Gulf Cooperation Council by Ehtisham Ahmad( Book )
4 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 86 libraries worldwide
This insightful book focuses on the role of fiscal policy in common markets, especially in the context of the supranational constructs in the Gulf Cooperation Council, comprising Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates and Oman. It draws on the experience of the EU and the importance of VAT, and reflects on the other main common market in Central America. Although oil windfalls have opened a window of opportunity for the Gulf States, at the same time they have created numerous problems. In particular, the uncertainty associated with periods of boom and bust in the oil ma
Handbook of multilevel finance by Ehtisgan Ahmad( Book )
10 editions published in 2015 in English and held by 45 libraries worldwide
This Handbook explores and explains new developments in the "second generation" theory of public finance, in which benevolent rulers and governments have been replaced by personally motivated politicians and the associated institutions. In other words, the normative approach has largely given way to a political economy approach which emphasizes the importance of institutional arrangements and information flows to ensure there are appropriate incentives and sanctions to generate good governance. Following a comprehensive introduction by the editors, the renowned contributors present fresh and original perspectives on the key multi-level issues, along with recent developments in theory and practice, as they relate to taxes, budget systems, the management of liabilities and macroeconomic stability. The book also explores special issues concerning the poor and marginalized, structural change and the environment, natural disasters, and the task of overcoming conflicts whilst keeping countries together. The Handbook is organized along three broad themes which elucidate: the different interpretations and approaches to fiscal federalism, the design of policies and institutions that govern the working of multilevel systems, the emerging challenges to decentralized systems. The handbook seeks to provide an unparallelled review of the latest literature on the broad subject of fiscal federalism and the role of policies and institutions in creating sustainable outcomes. It will prove an indispensable guide to researchers, practitioners, and policy makers seeking informed policy options
Multi-level finance and the Euro crisis : causes and effects ( Book )
6 editions published in 2016 in English and held by 28 libraries worldwide
Representing a unique contribution to the analysis and discussion of the unfolding Eurozone crisis in terms of the relationship between central and local government, this book addresses a number of important fiscal and political economy questions. To what extent have local and regional governments contributed to the crisis? To what degree have sub-national services and investments borne the brunt of the adjustments? How have multi-level fissures affected tensions between different levels of government from the supranational to the local? This volume covers these and many other critical issues that have been largely ignored despite their relevance. The book first addresses general issues of fiscal coordination and management across levels of government in the context of incentives, which can be altered by the existence of a supranational tier. The country-specific chapters, prepared by leading experts, provide a thorough review of the key problems of multi-levels of government in the biggest economies in the Eurozone (France and Germany) and Southern Europe (Portugal, Spain, Italy and Greece). In further chapters the juxtaposition of Barcelona and Turin provides an opportunity to evaluate large investments in a multi-level context, associated, in this case, with the Olympics. Macedonia provides a discussion of the related issues in an EU accession country. As a whole, the book explores the long-term impact of the crisis on local service delivery and investment, and the consequences for sustainable growth and political cohesion. It also offers rarely found insights and suggestions to increase the stability and strength of multi-level European institutions. This is an enlightening resource for all those, from academics and graduates to policy makers and practitioners, seeking a comprehensive understanding of European fiscal, federal and financial issues
Alternative social security systems in CIS countries by Ehtisham Ahmad( Book )
9 editions published in 1993 in English and Undetermined and held by 23 libraries worldwide
In the USSR in 1990, social security reforms led to the imposition of a uniform system of benefits in a large and demographically diverse country. This required inter-regional transfers, which are now no longer feasible with the demise of the USSR. Relatively high contribution rates also pose a problem for a nascest commercialized sector. The paper argues that benefit levels in some former Soviet Union countries are now unsustainable. The price shock associated with the "transition" to market economy should lead to a consideration of a "mix" of policies, including a basic benefit in kind. While funded systems may eventually reduce contribution rates, there are implementation difficulties in the medium term
Uganda : managing more effective decentralization by Ehtisham Ahmad( Book )
11 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 17 libraries worldwide
A politically driven and ambitious decentralization program implemented by the authorities since the late 1990s has had mixed results in terms of enhancing service delivery. Paradoxically, concerns with the results of service delivery, partially driven by donors' requirements, have resulted in a deconcentrated system relying on conditional grants and unfunded mandates. This has reduced the incentives, responsibility, and ownership for local authorities to improve service delivery. Crucially, for functions where the local authorities have had full responsibility, better service quality has resulted than in those areas in which there are overlapping responsibilities between the center and the local authorities
Taxation reforms and changes in revenue assignments in China by Ben Lockwood( Book )
8 editions published in 2004 in English and Undetermined and held by 17 libraries worldwide
Fiscal decentralization and public subnational financial management in Peru by Ehtisham Ahmad( Book )
11 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 16 libraries worldwide
There is increasing interest in fiscal decentralization in Peru as a mechanism to generate more involved decision-making at the subnational level. This is tempered with a continuing emphasis on overall fiscal stability. However, considerable work needs to be undertaken to define more clearly expenditure responsibilities and financing mechanisms that increase local accountability. In addition, a more transparent fiscal transfer system is needed, together with clarity in expenditure management at all levels of government. The paper suggests that a substantial work agenda is needed to extend the decentralization process with greater transparency
On the design and effectiveness of targeted expenditure programs by Ehtisham Ahmad( Book )
6 editions published in 2004 in English and Undetermined and held by 15 libraries worldwide
This paper argues that both horizontal and intertemporal competition among recipient governments are needed in order to ensure incentives for effective utilization of targeted transfers. This has implications for budgeting frameworks and the types of information needed that might be amenable to formal contracting between the levels of government
Why focus on spending needs factors? : the political economy of fiscal transfer reforms in Mexico by Ehtisham Ahmad( Book )
10 editions published in 2007 in English and Undetermined and held by 15 libraries worldwide
An equalization system ensures that subnational governments can provide similar level of public services at a comparable level of own tax-effort. This paper focuses on the importance of spending needs factors in the design of equalization transfers as well as special purpose transfers-and the role that this could have in setting the agenda for better accountability for recipient governments, illustrating both design and implementation questions with examples from Mexico. The paper also takes into account the difficult political economy constraints to reforming any system of transfers
Toward more effective redistribution : reform options for intergovernmental transfers in China by Mário José Amaral Fortuna( Book )
6 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 15 libraries worldwide
Full implementation of an intergovernmental transfer system based on revenue capacities and expenditure needs could significantly improve both redistribution and equity objectives of the Chinese authorities. This was envisaged in the 1994 fiscal reforms, but the authorities were unable to implement the measures fully. This paper examines mechanisms that might facilitate effective implementation
Local service provision in selected OECD countries : do decentralized operations work better? by Ehtisham Ahmad( Book )
10 editions published in 2008 in English and Undetermined and held by 13 libraries worldwide
There is a widespread presumption that decentralization improves public service provision. This has led to policy prescriptions that are assiduously adhered to by countries and international. This paper reviews the recent evidence from OECD countries-which is seen to be inconclusive. This suggests the need for a careful design of programs that take into account the political economy constraints and incentives, as well as more systematic and thorough evaluations of outcomes
On the implementation of transfers to subnational governments by Ehtisham Ahmad( Book )
7 editions published in 2005 in English and Undetermined and held by 13 libraries worldwide
Political economy of multi-level tax assignments in Latin American countries : earmarked revenue versus tax autonomy by Ehtisham Ahmad( Book )
9 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 12 libraries worldwide
A weakness of decentralization and overall tax reforms in Latin America is the lack of attention to adequate taxation at the subnational government. A reliance on shared taxes with extensive earmarking leads to weak subnational accountability and soft budget constraints. The paper explores the options for expanding subnational taxation in Latin America. A range of subnational tax instruments might be considered, but interactions between new tax assignments and the system of transfers is important from a political economy perspective
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Alternative Names
Aḥmad, Iḥtišām
Ahmad, S. Ehtisham.
Ehtisham Ahmad
English (195)
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