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Kehoe, Patrick J.

Works: 137 works in 750 publications in 1 language and 4,120 library holdings
Genres: History 
Roles: Author, Editor, Honoree
Classifications: HB1, 330.072
Publication Timeline
Publications about Patrick J Kehoe
Publications by Patrick J Kehoe
Most widely held works by Patrick J Kehoe
Modeling North American economic integration by Patrick J Kehoe( Book )
11 editions published between 1995 and 1996 in English and Undetermined and held by 172 libraries worldwide
Modeling North American Economic Integration presents descriptions of the models and the central results obtained by four teams of economic modelers who analyze the impact of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) on the economies of Canada, Mexico and the USA. Preliminary versions of these four modeling efforts were presented at a conference with the same title as the book, held in March 1991 at the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis and sponsored by El Colegio de Mexico and the Institute for Empirical Macroeconomics. The book also includes a Foreword by Jaime Serra-Puche, the former Secretary of Trade and Industrial Development in Mexico and that country's chief negotiator of NAFTA, plus two essays by the editors. The first provides an overview and discussion of the results obtained by the modeling groups, and the second provides a critical survey of the sort of applied general equilibrium model employed by these groups. A final chapter discusses the results of the models in relation to the 1994-95 financial crisis in Mexico
Can sticky price models generate volatile and persistent real exchange rates? by V. V Chari( Book )
27 editions published between 1996 and 2002 in English and held by 132 libraries worldwide
Abstract: The central puzzle in international business cycles is that real exchange rates are volatile and persistent. The most popular story for real exchange rate fluctuations is that they are generated by monetary shocks interacting with sticky goods prices. We quantify this story and find that it can account for some of the observed properties of real exchange rates. When prices are held fixed for at least one year, risk aversion is high and preferences are separable in leisure, the model generates real exchange rates that are as volatile as in the data. The model also generates real exchange rates that are persistent, but less so than in the data. If monetary shocks are correlated across countries, then the comovements in aggregates across countries are broadly consistent with those in the data. Making asset markets incomplete or introducing sticky wages does not measurably change the results
Business cycle accounting by V. V Chari( Book )
22 editions published between 2003 and 2006 in English and held by 125 libraries worldwide
"We propose and demonstrate a simple method for guiding researchers in developing quantitative models of economic fluctuations. We show that a large class of models are equivalent to a prototype growth model with time-varying wedges that resemble time-varying productivity, labor taxes, and capital income taxes. We use data to measure these wedges, called efficiency, labor, and investment wedges, and then feed their measured values back into the model. We assess the fraction of fluctuations in output, employment, and investment accounted for by these wedges during the Great Depression and the 1982 recession. For the Depression, the efficiency and labor wedges together account for essentially all of the fluctuations; investment wedges play no role. For the recession, the efficiency wedge plays the most important role; the other two, minor roles. These results are not sensitive to alternative measures of capital utilization or alternative labor supply elasticities"--National Bureau of Economic Research web site
Measuring organization capital by Andrew Atkeson( Book )
21 editions published between 2001 and 2005 in English and held by 123 libraries worldwide
"In the manufacturing sector of the U.S. economy, nearly 9% of output is not accounted for as payments to either physical capital or labor. The value of this output is a little larger than the value of the stock of physical capital. We build a model to measure how much of this output can be attributed to payments to organization capital-organization-specific knowledge that is built up with experience. We find that roughly 4% of output can be accounted for as payments to organization capital and that this capital has roughly two-thirds the value of the stock of physical capital"--National Bureau of Economic Research web site
Optimal fiscal and monetary policy by V. V Chari( Book )
20 editions published between 1991 and 1999 in English and Undetermined and held by 116 libraries worldwide
Abstract: We provide an introduction to optimal fiscal and monetary policy using the primal approach to optimal taxation. We use this approach to address how fiscal and monetary policy should be set over the long run and over the business cycle. We find four substantive lessons for policymaking: Capital income taxes should be high initially and then roughly zero; tax rates on labor and consumption should be roughly constant; state-contingent taxes on assets should be used to provide insurance against adverse shocks; and monetary policy should be conducted so as to keep nominal interest rates close to zero. We begin optimal taxation in a static context. We then develop a general framework to analyze optimal fiscal policy. Finally, we analyze optimal monetary policy in three commonly used models of money: a cash-credit economy, a money-in-the-utility-function economy
The optimal degree of discretion in monetary policy by Susan Athey( Book )
25 editions published between 2002 and 2004 in English and held by 114 libraries worldwide
"How much discretion should the monetary authority have in setting its policy? This question is analyzed in an economy with an agreed-upon social welfare function that depends on the randomly fluctuating state of the economy. The monetary authority has private information about that state. In the model, well-designed rules trade off society's desire to give the monetary authority discretion to react to its private information against society's need to guard against the time inconsistency problem arising from the temptation to stimulate the economy with unexpected inflation. Although this dynamic mechanism design problem seems complex, society can implement the optimal policy simply by legislating an inflation cap that specifies the highest allowable inflation rate. The more severe the time inconsistency problem, the more tightly the cap constrains policy and the smaller is the degree of discretion. As this problem becomes sufficiently severe, the optimal degree of discretion is none"--NBER website
Hot money by V. V Chari( Book )
16 editions published between 1997 and 2003 in English and held by 112 libraries worldwide
Abstract: The conventional wisdom is that capital flows between developing countries and developed countries are more volatile than can be justified by fundamentals. In this paper we construct a simple model in which frictions in international financial markets in combination with standard debt-default problems lead to volatile capital flows. These flows act as tests of fire for borrowing countries. If a country survives this test, its reputation is enhanced and future capital flows become less volatile. Failing this test is associated with a loss of reputation and a decline in the amount of capital flows
Monetary shocks and real exchange rates in sticky price models of international business cycles by V. V Chari( Book )
18 editions published between 1996 and 1998 in English and held by 111 libraries worldwide
Abstract: The data show large and persistent deviations of real exchange rates from purchasing power parity. Recent work has shown that to a large extent these movements are driven by deviations from the law of one price for traded goods. In the data, real and nominal exchange rates are about 6 times as volatile as relative price levels and they both are highly persistent, with serial correlations of 0.85 and 0.83, respectively. This paper develops a sticky price model with price discriminating monopolists, which produces deviations from the law of one price for traded goods. Our benchmark model, which has prices set for one quarter at a time and a unit consumption elasticity of money demand, does not come close to reproducing these observations. A model which has producers setting prices for 6 quarters at a time and a consumption elasticity of money demand of 0.27 does much better. In it real and nominal exchange rates are about 3 times as volatile as relative price levels and exchange rates are persistent, with serial correlations of 0.65 and 0.66, respectively
Sticky price models of the business cycle : can the contract multiplier solve the persistence problem? by V. V Chari( Book )
21 editions published between 1996 and 1998 in English and held by 105 libraries worldwide
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to construct a quantitative equilibrium model with price setting and use it to ask whether staggered price setting can generate persistent output fluctuations following monetary shocks. We construct a business cycle version of a standard sticky price model in which imperfectly competitive firms set nominal prices in a staggered fashion. We assume that prices are exogenously sticky for a short period of time. Persistent output fluctuations require endogenous price stickiness in the sense that firms choose not to change prices very much when they can do so. We find the amount of endogenous stickiness to be small. As a result, we find that such a model cannot generate persistent movements in output following monetary shocks
The advantage of transparent instruments of monetary policy by Andrew Atkeson( Book )
17 editions published between 2001 and 2006 in English and held by 101 libraries worldwide
Abstract: Is the exchange rate or the money growth rate the better instrument of monetary policy? A common argument is that the exchange rate has a natural advantage because it is more transparent: it is easier for the public to monitor than the money growth rate. We formalize this argument in a simple model in which the government chooses which instrument it will use to target inflation. We find that when the government cannot commit to its policies, the greater transparency of the exchange rate makes it easier to provide the government with incentives to pursue good policies. Hence, transparency gives the exchange rate a natural advantage over the money growth rate as the monetary policy instrument
The transition to a new economy after the Second Industrial Revolution by Andrew Atkeson( Book )
16 editions published between 2001 and 2003 in English and held by 101 libraries worldwide
Abstract: During the Second Industrial Revolution, 1860-1900, many new technologies, including electricity, were invented. These inventions launched a transition to a new economy, a period of about 70 years of ongoing, rapid technical change. After this revolution began, however, several decades passed before measured productivity growth increased. This delay is paradoxical from the point of view of the standard growth model. Historians hypothesize that this delay was due to the slow diffusion of new technologies among manufacturing plants together with the ongoing learning in plants after the new technologies had been adopted. The slow diffusion is thought to be due to manufacturers' reluctance to abandon their accumulated expertise with old technologies, which were embodied in the design of existing plants. Motivated by these hypotheses, we build a quantitative model of technology diffusion which we use to study this transition to a new economy. We show that it implies both slow diffusion and a delay in growth similar to that in the data
International business cycles : theory and evidence by David Backus( Book )
17 editions published between 1991 and 1993 in English and Undetermined and held by 98 libraries worldwide
Abstract: We review recent work comparing properties of international business cycles with those of dynamic general equilibrium models, emphasizing two discrepancies between theory and data that we refer to as anomalies. The first is the consumption/output/productivity anomaly: in the data we generally find that the correlation across countries of output fluctuations is larger than the analogous consumption and productivity correlations. In theoretical economies we find, for a wide range of parameter values, that the consumption correlation exceeds the productivity and output correlations. The second anomaly concerns relative price movements: the standard deviation of the terms of trade is considerably larger in the data than it is in theoretical economies. We speculate on changes in theoretical structure that might bring theory and data closer together
Competitive equilibria with limited enforcement by Patrick J Kehoe( Book )
16 editions published between 2002 and 2003 in English and held by 98 libraries worldwide
Abstract: This study demonstrates how constrained efficient allocations can arise endogenously as equilibria in an economy with a limited ability to enforce contracts and with private agents behaving competitively, taking a set of taxes as given. The taxes in this economy limit risk-sharing and arise in an equilibrium of a dynamic game between governments of sovereign nations. The equilibrium allocations depend on governments choosing to tax both the repayment of international debt and the income from capital investment in their countries
The poverty of nations : a quantitative exploration by V. V Chari( Book )
12 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 98 libraries worldwide
We document regularities in the distribution of relative incomes and patterns of investment in countries and over time. We develop a quantitative version of the neoclassical growth model with a broad measure of capital in which investment decisions are affected by distortions. These distortions follow a stochastic process which is common to all countries. Our model generates a panel of outcomes which we compare to the data. In both the model and the data, there is greater mobility in relative incomes in the middle of the income distribution than at the extremes. The 10 fastest growing countries and the 10 slowest growing countries in the model have growth rates and investment-output ratios similar to those in the data. In both the model and the data, the miracle' countries have nonmonotonic investment-output ratios over time. The main quantitative discrepancy between the model and the data is that there is more persistence in growth rates of relative incomes in the model than in the data
Money and interest rates with endogeneously segmented markets by Fernando Alvarez( Book )
14 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 97 libraries worldwide
Abstract: This paper analyses the effects of open market operations on interest rates in a model in which agents must pay a fixed cost to exchange assets and cash. Asset markets are endogenously segmented in that some agents choose to pay the fixed cost and some do not. When the fixed cost is zero, the model reduces to the standard one in which persistent money injections increase interest rates, flatten the yield curve, and lead to a downward-sloping yield curve on average. In contrast sufficiently segmented, then persistent money injections decrease nominal interest rates, steepen or even twist the yield curve, and lead to an upward-sloping yield curve on average
Money, interest rates, and exchange rates with endogenously segmented asset markets by Fernando Alvarez( Book )
16 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 95 libraries worldwide
Abstract: This paper analyzes the effects of money injections on interest rates and exchange rates in a model in which agents must pay a Baumol-Tobin style fixed cost to exchange bonds and money. Asset markets are endogenously segmented because this fixed cost leads agents to trade bonds and money only infrequently. When the government injects money through an open market operation, only those agents that are currently trading absorb these injections. Through their impact on these agents' consumption, these money injections affect real interest rates and real exchange rates. We show that the model generates the observed negative relation between expected inflation and real interest rates. With moderate amounts of segmentation, the model also generates other observed features of the data: persistent liquidity effects in interest rates and volatile and persistent exchange rates. A standard model with no fixed costs can produce none of these features
Time inconsistency and free-riding in a monetary union by V. V Chari( Book )
14 editions published between 2002 and 2008 in English and held by 92 libraries worldwide
We analyze the setting of monetary and nonmonetary policies in monetary unions. We show that in these unions a time inconsistency problem in monetary policy leads to a novel type of free- rider problem in the setting of nonmonetary policies, such as labor market policy, fiscal policy, and bank regulation. The free-rider problem leads the union's members to pursue lax nonmonetary policies that induce the monetary authority to generate high inflation. The free-rider problem can be mitigated by imposing constraints on the nonmonetary policies, like unionwide rules on labor market policy, debt constraints on members' fiscal policy, and unionwide regulation of banks. When there is no time inconsistency problem, there is no free-rider problem, and constraints on nonmonetary policies are unnecessary and possibly harmful
International business cycles with endogenous incomplete markets by Patrick J Kehoe( Book )
15 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 91 libraries worldwide
Abstract: Backus, Kehoe and Kydland (1992), Baxter and Crucini (1995) and Stockman and Tesar (1995) find two major discrepancies between standard international business cycle models with complete markets and the data: In the models, cross-country correlations are much higher for consumption than for output, while in the data the opposite is true; and cross-country correlations of employment and investment are negative, while in the data they are positive. This paper introduces a friction into a standard model that helps resolve these anomalies. The friction is that international loans are imperfectly enforceable; any country can renege on its debts and suffer the consequences for future borrowing. To solve for equilibrium in this economy with endogenous incomplete markets, the methods of Marcet and Marimon (1999) are extended. Incorporating the friction helps resolve the anomalies more than does exogenously restricting the assets that can be traded
Reputation spillover across relationships : reviving reputation models of debt by Harold Linh Cole( Book )
12 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 87 libraries worldwide
Financial crises as herds : overturning the critiques by V. V Chari( Book )
13 editions published between 2000 and 2003 in English and held by 87 libraries worldwide
Abstract: Financial crises are widely argued to be due to herd behavior. Yet recently developed models of herd behavior have been subjected to two critiques which seem to make them inapplicable to financial crises. Herds disappear from these models if two of their unappealing assumptions are modified: if their zero-one investment decisions are made continuous and if their investors are allowed to trade assets with market-determined prices. However, both critiques are overturned--herds reappear in these models--once another of their unappealing assumptions is modified: if, instead of moving in a prespecified order, investors can move whenever they choose
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Associated Subjects
Business cycles Business cycles--Econometric models Business cycles--Mathematical models Capital movements--Mathematical models Commercial policy--Econometric models Credit Credit--Econometric models Debts, External Debts, External--Econometric models Developing countries Diffusion of innovations Economic development--Econometric models Economic forecasting--Econometric models Economic history Equilibrium (Economics) Equilibrium (Economics)--Econometric models Financial crises--Mathematical models Fiscal policy--Econometric models Foreign exchange rates--Econometric models Foreign exchange rates--Mathematical models Free trade--Econometric models Income distribution--Econometric models Industrial management Industrial productivity Industrial revolution Inflation (Finance)--Mathematical models Interest rates--Econometric models International economic integration--Econometric models International economic relations International finance International finance--Mathematical models International trade Investments, Foreign--Taxation Investments--Econometric models Investments--Mathematical models Liquidity (Economics)--Econometric models Loans, Foreign--Econometric models Market segmentation--Econometric models Monetary policy Monetary policy--Econometric models Monetary policy--Mathematical models Money market--Econometric models Money supply--Econometric models North America Organizational learning Prices--Econometric models Prices--Mathematical models Taxation--Econometric models Treaties, etc. (Canada : 1992 October 7) United States
Alternative Names
Kehoe, P. J.
Kehoe, Patrick
English (340)
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