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Bresnahan, Timothy F.

Works: 79 works in 187 publications in 1 language and 3,338 library holdings
Genres: Conference proceedings  Case studies  History 
Roles: Author, Editor, Thesis advisor
Classifications: HB225, 338.8528
Publication Timeline
Publications about Timothy F Bresnahan
Publications by Timothy F Bresnahan
Most widely held works by Timothy F Bresnahan
The economics of new goods by Timothy F Bresnahan( file )
12 editions published between 1997 and 2008 in English and Undetermined and held by 1,559 libraries worldwide
New goods are at the heart of economic progress. But the value created by new goods must somehow be converted into an exact quantitative measure if official data on inflation, such as the Consumer Price Index, are to represent accurately the theoretical concept of a true "cost-of-living" index, and if official data are to capture the annual increase in output and productivity contributed by the invention of new goods as well as steady improvements in the quality of old goods. The eleven essays in this volume include historical treatments of new goods and their diffusion; practical exercises in measurement addressed to recent and ongoing innovations; and real-world methods of devising quantitative adjustments for quality change
Output measurement in the service sectors by Zvi Griliches( Book )
7 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 718 libraries worldwide
Is the fall in overall productivity growth in the United States and other developed countries related to the rising share of the service sectors in the economy? Since services represent well over half of the U.S. gross national product, it is also important to ask whether these sectors have had a slow rate of growth, as this would act as a major drag on the productivity growth of the overall economy and on its competitive performance. In this timely volume, leading experts from government and academia argue that faulty statistics have prevented a clear understanding of these issues
Building high-tech clusters : Silicon Valley and beyond ( Book )
12 editions published between 2003 and 2010 in English and held by 295 libraries worldwide
National economic growth is fueled by the development of high technology clusters such as Silicon Valley. The contributors examine the founding of ten clusters that have been successful at an early stage of growth in information technology. Their key finding is that the economics of starting a cluster is very different from the positive feedback loop that sustains an established cluster. While 'nothing succeeds like success' in an established cluster, far more difficult, risky and unlikely are the initial conditions that give rise to successful clusters. The contributors find regularities in the start of the successful clusters studied, including Silicon Valley 40 years ago. These cases contain 'old economy' factors such as competencies, firm building capabilities, managerial skills, and connection to markets, more than the flamboyant 'new economy' factors that have been highlighted in recent years
The Empirical renaissance in industrial economics by Timothy F Bresnahan( Book )
12 editions published in 1987 in English and Undetermined and held by 238 libraries worldwide
Market segmentation and the sources of rents from innovation : personal computers in the late 1980's by Timothy F Bresnahan( Book )
14 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 92 libraries worldwide
Abstract: This paper evaluates the sources of transitory market power in the market for personal computers (PCs) during the late 1980's. Our analysis is motivated by the coexistence of low entry barriers into the PC industry and high rates of innovative investment by a small number of PC manufacturers. We attempt to understand these phenomena by measuring the role that different principles of product differentiation (PDs) played in segmenting this dynamic market. Our first PD measures the substitutability between Frontier (386-based) and Non- Frontier products, while the second PD measures the advantage of a brand-name reputation (e.g., by IBM). Building on advances in the measurement of product differentiation, we measure the separate roles that these PDs played in contributing to transitory market power. In so doing, this paper attempts to account for the market origins of innovative rents in the PC industry. Our principal finding is that, during the late 1980's, the PC market was highly segmented along both the Branded (B versus NB) and Frontier (F versusNF) dimensions. The effects of competitive events in any one cluster were confined mostly to that particular cluster, with little effect on other clusters. For example, less than 5% of the market share achieved by a hypothetical entrant would be market-stealing from other clusters. In addition, the product diffe- rentiation advantages of B and F were qualitatively different. The main advantage of F was limited to the isolation from NF competitors it provided; Brandedness both shifted out the product demand curve as well as segmenting B products from NB competition. These results help explain how transitory market power (arising from market segmentation) shaped the underlying incen- tives for innovation in the PC industry during the mid to late 1980s
Information technology, workplace organization, and the demand for skilled labor : firm-level evidence by Timothy F Bresnahan( Book )
12 editions published between 1998 and 1999 in English and held by 85 libraries worldwide
Abstract: Recently, the relative demand for skilled labor has increased dramatically. We investigate one of the causes, skill-biased technical change. Advances in information technology (IT) are among the most powerful forces bearing on the economy. Employers who use IT often make complementary innovations in their organizations and in the services they offer. Our hypothesis is that these co-inventions by IT users change the mix of skills that employers demand. Specifically, we test the hypothesis that it is a cluster of complementary changes involving IT, workplace organization and services that is the key skill-biased technical change. We examine new firm-level data linking several indicators of IT use, workplace organization, and the demand for skilled labor. In both a short-run factor demand framework and a production function framework, we find evidence for complementarity. IT use is complementary to a new workplace organization which includes broader job responsibilities for line workers, more decentralized decision-making, and more self-managing teams. In turn, both IT and that new organization are complements with worker skill, measured in a variety of ways. Further, the managers in our survey believe that IT increases skill requirements and autonomy among workers in their firms. Taken together, the results highlight the roles of both IT and IT-enabled organizational change as important components of the skill-biased technical change
The competitive crash in large-scale commercial computing by Timothy F Bresnahan( Book )
10 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 80 libraries worldwide
Abstract: We examine the factors underlying buyer demand for large Information Technology solutions in order to understand the competitive crash in large scale commercial computing. We examine individual buyer data from two periods. The first is in the mid 1980's, late in the period of a mature and stable large-systems market. The other period is in the early 1990's, very early in the diffusion of a new, competitive technology, client/server, when many buyers chose to wait for the new technology to mature. We clarify the implications of different theories of the competitive crash and then test them. The most popular theories are far wrong, while the correct view emphasizes the 'internal' adjustment costs to organizations making IT investments. Understanding buyer behavior not only illuminates the competitive crash, but also the factors underlying the slow realization of the social gains to Information Technology in large complex applications more generally
General purpose technologies : "engines of growth?" by Timothy F Bresnahan( Book )
13 editions published between 1992 and 1995 in English and held by 66 libraries worldwide
Whole eras of technical progress and economic growth appear to be driven by a few key technologies, which we call General Purpose Technologies (GPT's). Thus the steam engine and the electric motor may have played such a role in the past, whereas semiconductors and computers may be doing as much in our era. GPT's are characterized by pervasiveness (they are used as inputs by many downstream sectors), inherent potential for technical improvements, and innovational complementarities', meaning that the productivity of R&D in downstream sectors increases as a consequence of innovation in the GPT. Thus, as GPT's improve they spread throughout the economy, bringing about generalized productivity gains. Our analysis shows that the characteristics of GPT's imply a sort of increasing returns to scale phenomenon, and that this may have a large role to play in determining the rate of technical advance; on the other hand this phenomenon makes it difficult for a decentralized economy to fully exploit the growth opportunities offered by evolving GPT's. In particular; if the relationship between the GPT and its users is limited to arms-length market transactions, there will be "too little, too late" innovation in both sectors. Likewise, difficulties in forecasting the technological developments of the other side may lower the rate of technical advance of all sectors. Lastly, we show that the analysis of GPT's has testable implications in the context of R&D and productivity equations, that can in principle be estimated
Output fluctuations at the plant level by Timothy F Bresnahan( Book )
7 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 55 libraries worldwide
This paper studies weekly output fluctuations from 1972 to 1983 at fifty final assembly plants in the U.S. automobile industry. The study makes use of a new data set that contains detailed information on plant operations. The main findings of the paper are: (1) Even at the simplest fabrication and assembly plant, there are a variety of margins on which production quantities are adjusted; (2) The production adjustment margins appear to have very different dynamic characteristics; and (3) The analysis of plant level data can lead to conclusions that are dramatically different from those reached using aggregated data, even though the data are driven by industry-wide shocks
Vertical integration and market structure by Timothy F Bresnahan( file )
7 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 26 libraries worldwide
Contractual theories of vertical integration derive firm boundaries as an efficient response to market transaction costs. These theories predict a relationship between underlying features of transactions and observed integration decisions. There has been some progress in testing these predictions, but less progress in quantifying their importance. One difficulty is that empirical applications often must consider firm structure together with industry structure. Research in industrial organization frequently has adopted this perspective, emphasizing how scale and scope economies, and strategic considerations, influence patterns of industry integration. But this research has paid less attention to contractual or organizational details, so that these two major lines of research on vertical integration have proceeded in parallel with only rare intersection. We discuss the value of combining different viewpoints from organizational economics and industrial organization
Three essays on the American automobile oligopoly by Timothy F Bresnahan( Archival Material )
4 editions published between 1980 and 1993 in English and held by 7 libraries worldwide
Technological heterogeneity, adjustment costs, and the dynamics of plant shutdown behavior : the American motor vehicle industry in the time of the Great Depression by Timothy F Bresnahan( Book )
3 editions published between 1992 and 1996 in English and held by 6 libraries worldwide
Census of manufactures, motor vehicle and textile industry plants, 1929, 1931, 1933, 1935 [United States] ( file )
1 edition published in 2011 in English and held by 5 libraries worldwide
This data collection consists of individual-plant data from the Census of Manufactures, conducted by the United States Bureau of the Census, for 1929, 1931, 1933, and 1935. The purpose of this research was to analyze the economic behavior of the American industrial economy during the period 1929-1935, which spans the largest decline in demand ever to strike the manufacturing sector of the economy. This project created establishment panel data sets for the automotive, automotive parts, and textile industries
Measurement, coordination and learning in a multi-plant network by William Bruce Chew( Book )
2 editions published in 1989 in English and held by 4 libraries worldwide
Annual review of economics ( Book )
1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 4 libraries worldwide
Localized competition and the aggregation of plant-level increasing returns : blast furnaces 1929-1935 by Amy L Bertin( Book )
1 edition published in 1993 in English and held by 4 libraries worldwide
The oligopoly solution concept is identified by Timothy F Bresnahan( Book )
1 edition published in 1982 in English and held by 4 libraries worldwide
Competition and collusion in the American automobile industry : the 1955 price war by Timothy F Bresnahan( Article )
2 editions published in 1987 in English and held by 4 libraries worldwide
Measuring the spillovers from technical advance : mainframe computers in financial services ( Article )
1 edition published in 1986 in English and held by 3 libraries worldwide
Measuring the social gains from recent technological advances is difficult because there are no real output indexes for some important adopters.--SCAD summary
Technological competition and the structure of the computer industry by Timothy F Bresnahan( file )
2 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 3 libraries worldwide
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Alternative Names
Bresnahan, T. F. 1953-
Bresnahan, Timothy.
Bresnahan, Timothy 1953-
Bresnahan, Timothy F.
Bresnahan, Timothy Francis 1953-
English (121)
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