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Gans, Joshua 1968-

Works: 226 works in 441 publications in 2 languages and 2,520 library holdings
Genres: Textbooks  Biography  History  Periodicals  Case studies  Study guides  Humor 
Roles: Author, Editor, Honoree
Classifications: HB172.5, 330
Publication Timeline
Publications about Joshua Gans
Publications by Joshua Gans
Most widely held works about Joshua Gans
Most widely held works by Joshua Gans
Principles of economics by N. Gregory Mankiw( Book )
29 editions published between 1998 and 2015 in English and held by 540 libraries worldwide
Publishing economics : analyses of the academic journal market in economics ( Book )
13 editions published between 2000 and 2001 in English and held by 290 libraries worldwide
"This collection tackles the issues confronting the up and coming economist. The authors include some of the subject's finest luminaries who offer friendly and invaluable advice as well as providing a more light-hearted look at the publication process. Some articles have become classics in their own right. They vary from an examination of seminal (and originally rejected) articles by leading economists to an analysis of why referees are not adequately paid. The tools of both economic theory and econometrics are applied to uncover some home truths and, as a result, these papers provide new insights into the nature of economic discourse."--Jacket
Parentonomics : an economist dad looks at parenting by Joshua Gans( Book )
14 editions published between 2009 and 2011 in English and Chinese and held by 263 libraries worldwide
"Like any new parent, Joshua Gans felt joy mixed with anxiety upon the birth of his first child. Who was this blanket-swaddled small person and what did she want? Unlike most parents, however, Gans is an economist, and he began to apply the tools of his trade to raising his children. He saw his new life as one big economic management problem and if economics helped him think about parenting, parenting illuminated certain economic principles. Parentonomics is the entertaining, enlightening, and often hilarious fruit of his "research.""
Finishing the job : real-world policy solutions in health, housing, education and transport by Joshua Gans( Book )
1 edition published in 2004 in English and held by 90 libraries worldwide
Medicare and hospital costs, housing, education and transport are the big issues of the day for many Australians. In this book, the authors outline a new approach to the major economic issues facing all Australians consumers and suggest more logical roles for government expenditure and intervention
When does start-up innovation spur the gale of creative destruction? by Joshua Gans( Book )
15 editions published between 2000 and 2002 in English and held by 83 libraries worldwide
Abstract: This paper is motivated by the substantial differences in start-up commercialization strategies observed across different high-technology sectors. Specifically, we evaluate the conditions under which start-up innovators earn their returns on innovation through product market competition with more established firms (such as in many areas of the electronics industry) as opposed to cooperation with these incumbents (either through licensing, strategic alliances or outright acquisition as observed in the pharmaceutical industry). While the former strategy challenges incumbent market power, the latter strategy tends to reinforce current market structure. Though the benefits of cooperation include forestalling the costs of competition in the product market and avoiding duplicative investment in sunk assets, imperfections in the market for ideas' may lead to competitive behavior in the product market. Specifically, if the transaction costs of bargaining are high or incumbents are likely to expropriate ideas from start-up innovators, then product market competition is more likely. We test these ideas using a novel dataset of the commercialization strategies of over 100 start-up innovators. Our principal robust findings are that the probability of cooperation is increasing in the innovator's control over intellectual property rights, association with venture capitalists (which reduce their transactional bargaining costs), and in the relative cost of control of specialized complementary assets. Our conclusion is that the propensity for pro-competitive benefits from start-up innovators reflects an earlier market failure, in the market for ideas.'
When does funding research by smaller firms bear fruit? : evidence from the SBIR program by Joshua Gans( Book )
12 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 78 libraries worldwide
Abstract: This paper evaluates whether the relative concentration of funding for small, research-oriented firms in a small number of high-tech industries is related to the differences across industries in the level of appropriability or capital constraints facing small firms. To do so, we exploit a novel test based on the relationship between industry-level private venture financing and the performance of government-subsidized R&D projects in those sectors. If the government funds projects on the margin (as it should under an optimal subsidy regime) and industries only differ in terms of the level of appropriability, then private funding and subsidized project performance are positively correlated. Conversely, if industries only differ in terms of the level of capital constraints, this correlation is negative. Our principal empirical result is that project-level performance is highest for those technologies that are in industrial segments that attract high rates of venture capital investment. This result suggests that industrial sectors differ in the degree of appropriability for research-oriented small businesses and that variation in the appropriability regime helps explain the concentrated nature of venture capital activity in the economy
Core economics for managers by Joshua Gans( Book )
1 edition published in 2005 in English and held by 51 libraries worldwide
The impact of uncertain intellectual property rights on the market for ideas evidence from patent grant delays by Joshua Gans( file )
8 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 48 libraries worldwide
This paper considers the impact of the intellectual property (IP) system on the timing of cooperation/licensing by start-up technology entrepreneurs. If the market for technology licenses is efficient, the timing of licensing is independent of whether IP has already been granted. In contrast, the need to disclosure complementary (yet unprotected) knowledge, asymmetric information, or search costs may retard efficient technology transfer. In these cases, reductions in uncertainty surrounding the scope and extent of IP rights may facilitate trade in the market for ideas. We employ a dataset combining information about cooperative licensing and the timing of patent allowances (the administrative event when patent rights are clarified). While pre-allowance licensing does occur, the hazard rate for achieving a cooperative licensing agreement significantly increases after patent allowance. Moreover, the impact of the patent system depends on the strategic and institutional environment in which firms operate. Patent allowance seems to play a particularly important role for technologies with longer technology lifecycles or that lack alternative mechanisms such as copyright, reputation, or brokers. The findings suggest that imperfections in the market for ideas may be important, and that formal IP rights may facilitate gains from technological trade
Why tie a product consumers do not use? by Dennis W Carlton( file )
7 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 42 libraries worldwide
This paper provides a new explanation for tying that is not based on any of the standard explanations -- efficiency, price discrimination, and exclusion. Our analysis shows how a monopolist sometimes has an incentive to tie a complementary good to its monopolized good in order to transfer profits from a rival producer of the complementary product to the monopolist. This occurs even when consumers -- who have the option to use the monopolist's complementary good -- do not use it. The tie is profitable because it alters the subsequent pricing game between the monopolist and the rival in a manner favorable to the monopolist. We show that this form of tying is socially inefficient, but interestingly can arise only when the tie is socially efficient in the absence of the rival producer. We relate this inefficient form of tying to several actual examples and explore its antitrust implications
Funding scientific knowledge selection, disclosure and the public-private portfolio by Joshua Gans( file )
6 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 39 libraries worldwide
This paper examines argues that while two distinct perspectives characterize the foundations of the public funding of research -- filling a selection gap and solving a disclosure problem -- in fact both the selection choices of public funders and their criteria for disclosure and commercialization shape the level and type of funding for research and the disclosures that arise as a consequence. In making our argument, we begin by reviewing project selection criteria and policies towards disclosure and commercialization (including patent rights) made by major funding organizations, noting the great variation between these institutions. We then provide a model of how selection criteria and funding conditions imposed by funders interact with the preferences of scientists to shape those projects that accept public funds and the overall level of openness in research. Our analysis reveals complex and unexpected relationships between public funding, private funding, and public disclosure of research. We show, for example, that funding choices made by public agencies can lead to unintended, paradoxical effects, providing short-term openness while stifling longer-term innovation. Implications for empirical evaluation and an agenda for future research are discussed
Principles of economics ( Book )
1 edition published in 2000 in English and held by 32 libraries worldwide
Exploring tradeoffs in the organization of scientific work collaboration and scientific reward by Michaël Bikard( file )
4 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 31 libraries worldwide
When do scientists and other knowledge workers organize into collaborative teams and why do they do so for some projects and not others? At the core of this important organizational choice is, we argue, a tradeoff between the productive efficiency of collaboration and the credit allocation that arises after the completion of collaborative work. In this paper, we explore this tradeoff by developing a model to structure our understanding of the factors shaping researcher collaborative choices in particular the implicit allocation of credit among participants in scientific projects. We then use the annual research activity of 661 faculty scientists at one institution over a 30-year period to explore the tradeoff between collaboration and reward at the individual faculty level and to infer critical parameters in the organization of scientific work
Contracting over the disclosure of scientific knowledge intellectual property and academic publication by Joshua Gans( file )
3 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 29 libraries worldwide
This paper provides a theoretical investigation of the tension over knowledge disclosure between firms and their scientific employees. While empirical research suggests that scientists exhibit a 'taste for science,' such open disclosures can limit a firm's competitive advantage. To explore how this tension is resolved we focus on the strategic interaction between researchers and firms bargaining over whether (and how) knowledge will be disclosed. We evaluate four disclosure strategies: secrecy, patenting, open science (scientific publication) and patent-paper pairs providing insights into the determinants of the disclosure strategy of a firm. We find that patents and publications are complementary instruments facilitating the disclosure of knowledge and, counter-intuitively, that stronger IP protection regimes are likely to drive openness by firms
The impact of the internet on advertising markets for news media by Susan Athey( file )
3 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 29 libraries worldwide
In this paper, we explore the hypothesis that an important force behind the collapse in advertising revenue experienced by newspapers over the past decade is the greater consumer switching facilitated by online consumption of news. We introduce a model of the market for advertising on news media outlets whereby news outlets are modeled as competing two-sided platforms bringing together heterogeneous, partially multi-homing consumers with advertisers with heterogeneous valuations for reaching consumers. A key feature of our model is that the multi-homing behavior of the advertisers is determined endogenously. The presence of switching consumers means that, in the absence of perfect technologies for tracking the ads seen by consumers, advertisers purchase wasted impressions: they reach the same consumer too many times. This has subtle effects on the equilibrium outcomes in the advertising market. One consequence is that multi-homing on the part of advertisers is heterogeneous: high-value advertisers multi-home, while low- value advertisers single-home. We characterize the impact of greater consumer switching on outlet profits as well as the impact of technologies that track consumers both within and across outlets on those profits. Somewhat surprisingly, superior tracking technologies may not always increase outlet profits, even when they increase efficiency. In extensions to the baseline model, we show that when outlets that show few or ineffective ads (e.g. blogs) attract readers from traditional outlets, the losses are at least partially offset by an increase in ad prices. Introducing a paywall does not just diminish readership, but it furthermore reduce advertising prices (and leads to increases in advertising prices on competing outlets)
Credit history the changing nature of scientific credit by Joshua Gans( file )
3 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 28 libraries worldwide
This paper considers the role of the allocation of scientific credit in determining the organization of science. We examine changes in that organization and the nature of credit allocation in the past half century. Our contribution is a formal model of that organizational choice that considers scientist decisions to integrate, collaborate or publish and how credit should be allocated to foster efficient outcomes
The benefits and costs of copyright : an economic perspective : discussion paper prepared for the Centre for Copyright Studies Ltd. ( file )
1 edition published in 2000 in English and held by 27 libraries worldwide
This paper was motivated by the concern about the economic issues in evaluating the efficacy of copyright law and finding an optimal balance between the interests of copyright owners, users and the public
Dynamic commercialization strategies for disruptive technologies evidence from the Speech Recognition Industry by Matt Marx( file )
2 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 23 libraries worldwide
When startup innovation involves a potentially disruptive technology -- initially lagging in the predominant performance metric, but with a potentially favorable trajectory of improvement -- incumbents may be wary of engaging in cooperative commercialization with the startup. While the prevailing theory of disruptive innovation suggests that this will lead to (exclusively) competitive commercialization and the eventual replacement of incumbents, we consider a dynamic strategy involving product market entry before switching to a cooperative commercialization strategy. Empirical evidence from the automated speech recognition industry from 1952-2010 confirms the main prediction of the model
Competing for public goods and private business by Joshua Gans( Book )
5 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 18 libraries worldwide
Bargaining Over Labor Do Patients Have Any Power? by Joshua Gans( file )
4 editions published between 2006 and 2011 in English and held by 18 libraries worldwide
We provide a new method of identifying the level of relative bargaining power in bilateral negotiations using exogenous variation in the degree of conflict between parties. Using daily births data, we study negotiations over birth timing. In doing so, we exploit the fact that fewer children are born on the "inauspicious" dates of February 29 and April 1; most likely, we argue, reflecting parental preferences. When these inauspicious dates abut a weekend, this creates a potential conflict between avoiding the inauspicious date (the parents' likely preference), and avoiding the weekend (the doctor's likely preference). Using daily births data, we estimate how often this conflict is resolved in favor of the physician. We show how this provides an estimate of how bargaining power is distributed between patients and physicians
Industrialisation policy and the big push by Joshua Gans( Book )
4 editions published between 1995 and 1996 in English and held by 16 libraries worldwide
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Alternative Names
Gans, J. S. 1968-
Gans, Joshua
Gans, Joshua S.
Gans, Joshua S. 1968-
ガンズ, ジョシュア
English (136)
Chinese (3)
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