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Javorcik, Beata K. Smarzynska

Overview
Works: 78 works in 357 publications in 1 language and 2,545 library holdings
Genres: Case studies 
Roles: Editor
Classifications: HG3881.5.W57, 337.1
Publication Timeline
Key
Publications about Beata K. Smarzynska Javorcik
Publications by Beata K. Smarzynska Javorcik
Most widely held works by Beata K. Smarzynska Javorcik
Global integration and technology transfer by Bernard M Hoekman( file )
25 editions published between 2005 and 2006 in English and held by 813 libraries worldwide
This book advances our understanding of the importance of technology diffusion through trade and foreign direct investment in a range of developing and transition economies. Addressing the effect of these two channels on productivity growth both at the firm and economy-wide level--Publisher's blurb
Pollution havens and foreign direct investment : dirty secret or popular myth? by Beata K. Smarzynska Javorcik( Book )
22 editions published between 2001 and 2002 in English and held by 149 libraries worldwide
The "pollution haven" hypothesis states that multinational firms, particularly those in highly polluting industries, relocate to countries with weak environmental standards. Despite the plausibility and popularity of this hypothesis, Smarzynska and Wei find only weak evidence in its favor
Corruption and composition of foreign direct investment : firm-level evidence by Beata K. Smarzynska Javorcik( Book )
19 editions published between 2000 and 2001 in English and held by 139 libraries worldwide
The extent of corruption in a host country affects a foreign direct investor's choice of investing through a joint venture or through a wholly owned subsidiary. Corruption reduces inward foreign investment and shifts the ownership structure toward joint ventures
Trade protection and industry wage structure in Poland by Chor-ching Goh( file )
18 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 136 libraries worldwide
"This study examines the impact of Poland's trade liberalization 1994-2001 on the industry wage structure. The liberalization was undertaken in preparation for Poland's accession to the European Union and was more pronounced in industries with larger shares of unskilled labor. Our analysis indicates that a decrease in an industry tariff was associated with higher wages being earned by workers employed in the industry, controlling for worker characteristics and geographic variables. The result is robust to including year and industry fixed effects, controlling for industry-level exports, imports, concentration, stock of foreign direct investment and capital accumulation. The finding is consistent with liberalization increasing competitive pressures, forcing firms to restructure and improve their productivity, which in turn translates into higher profits being shared with workers. It could also be potentially attributed to trade liberalization lowering the costs of imported inputs which enhances firm profitability. The result holds when skilled workers are excluded from the sample, thus suggesting that reductions in trade barriers benefited the unskilled in terms of an increase in wages"--National Bureau of Economic Research web site
Openness and industrial response in a Wal-Mart world a case study of Mexican soaps, detergents, and surfactant producers by Beata K. Smarzynska Javorcik( file )
19 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 122 libraries worldwide
"This paper uses a case study approach to explore the effects of NAFTA and GATT membership on innovation and trade in the Mexican soaps, detergents, and surfactants (SDS) industry. Several basic findings emerge. First, the most fundamental effect of the NAFTA and the GATT on the SDS industry was to help induce Wal-Mart to enter Mexico. Once there, Walmex fundamentally changed the retail sector, forcing SDS firms to cut their profit margins and innovate. Those unable to respond to this new environment tended to lose market share and, in some cases, disappear altogether. Second, partly in response to Walmex, many Mexican producers logged impressive efficiency gains during the previous decade. These gains came both from labor-shedding and from innovation, which in turn was fueled by innovative input suppliers and by multinationals bringing new products and processes from their headquarters to Mexico. Finally, although Mexican detergent exports captured an increasing share of the U.S. detergent market over the past decade, Mexican sales in the U.S. were inhibited by a combination of excessive shipping delays at the border and artificially high input prices (due to Mexican protection of domestic caustic soda suppliers). They were also held back by the major re-tooling costs that Mexican producers would have had to incur to establish brand recognition among non-Latin consumers and to comply with zero phosphate laws in many regions of the U.S. "--World Bank web site
Trade costs and location of foreign firms in China by Mary Amiti( file )
19 editions published in 2005 in English and Undetermined and held by 103 libraries worldwide
The authors examine the determinants of entry by foreign firms using information on 515 Chinese industries at the provincial level during 1998-2001. The analysis, rooted in the new economic geography, focuses on market and supplier access within and outside the province of entry, as well as production and trade costs. The results indicate that market and supplier access are the most important factors affecting foreign entry. Access to markets and suppliers in the province of entry matters more than access to the rest of China, which is consistent with market fragmentation due to underdeveloped transport infrastructure and informal trade barriers
Gifted kids or pushy parents? foreign acquisitions and plant performance in Indonesia by Jens Matthias Arnold( file )
14 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 79 libraries worldwide
"This paper uses micro data from the Indonesian Census of Manufacturing to analyze the causal relationship between foreign ownership and plant productivity. To control for the possible endogeneity of the FDI decision, the difference in differences approach is combined with a matching technique. An advantage of this novel method is the ability to follow the timing of the observed changes in productivity and other aspects of plant performance. The results suggest that foreign ownership leads to significant productivity improvements in the acquired plants. The improvements become visible in the acquisition year and continue in the subsequent periods. After three years, the acquired plants outperform the control group in terms of productivity by 34 percentage points. The data also suggest that the rise in productivity is a result of restructuring, as acquired plants increase their investment outlays, employment, and wages. Foreign ownership also appears to enhance the integration of plants into the global economy through increased exports and imports. "--World Bank web site
Do foreign investors care about labor market regulations? by Beata K. Smarzynska Javorcik( file )
14 editions published between 2004 and 2005 in English and held by 72 libraries worldwide
Policies facilitating firm adjustment to globalization by Bernard M Hoekman( Book )
12 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 71 libraries worldwide
"Hoekman and Javorcik focus on policies facilitating firm adjustment to globalization. They briefly review the effects of trade and investment liberalization on firms, focusing on within-industry effects. They postulate that governments' role in supporting the process is to (1) ensure that firms face "right" incentives to adjust, and (2) intervene in areas where market failures are present. Their main message is that while many policies could be adopted to address market failures, they need to be carefully designed and implemented in a stable macroeconomic environment. An institutional infrastructure that supports the functioning of modern markets is most important. Proactive support policies of whatever stripe should be subject to cost-benefit analysis, based on the existence of an identified market failure, and monitored for performance and cost effectiveness. Transparency and accountability are critical in ensuring that interventions accomplish their intended objectives rather than being vehicles for rent seeking"--Abstract
The composition of foreign direct investment and protection of intellectual property rights : evidence from transition economies by Beata K. Smarzynska Javorcik( Book )
8 editions published between 2002 and 2005 in English and held by 59 libraries worldwide
Foreign direct investment and integration into global production and distribution networks the case of Poland by Bartłomiej Kamiński( file )
6 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 56 libraries worldwide
Integration into the production and marketing arrangements of multinational corporations may offer many benefits to transition economies that, after a long period of isolation, have liberalized trade and investment. The fragmentation of production offers a unique opportunity for producers in developing countries to move from servicing small local markets to supplying large firms abroad and, indirectly, their customers all over the world
Does foreign direct investment increase the productivity of domestic firms? : in search of spillovers through backward linkages by Beata K. Smarzynska Javorcik( file )
9 editions published between 2002 and 2003 in English and held by 56 libraries worldwide
Income-related biases in international trade : what do trademark registration data tell us? by Carsten Fink( file )
9 editions published between 2003 and 2005 in English and held by 56 libraries worldwide
The global distribution of trademarks : some stylized facts by Eugenia Baroncelli( file )
7 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 55 libraries worldwide
To share or not to share : does local participation matter for spillovers from foreign direct investment? by Beata K. Smarzynska Javorcik( file )
8 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 55 libraries worldwide
Technological asymmetry among foreign investors and mode of entry by Beata K. Smarzynska Javorcik( file )
9 editions published between 2003 and 2004 in English and held by 55 libraries worldwide
Migrant networks and foreign direct investment by Beata K. Smarzynska Javorcik( file )
6 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 54 libraries worldwide
While there exists sizeable literature documenting the importance of ethnic networks for international trade, little attention has been devoted to studying the effects of networks on foreign direct investment (FDI). The existence of ethnic networks may positively affect FDI by promoting information flows across international borders and by serving as a contract enforcement mechanism. This paper investigates the link between the presence of migrants in the United States and U.S. FDI in the migrants' countries of origin, taking into account the potential endogeneity concerns. The results suggest that U.S. FDI abroad is positively correlated with the presence of migrants from the host country. The data further indicate that the relationship between FDI and migration is driven by the presence of migrants with a college education
Does it matter where you come from? : vertical spillovers from foreign direct investment and the nationality of investors by Beata K. Smarzynska Javorcik( file )
6 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 51 libraries worldwide
"Javorcik, Saggi, and Spatareanu use a firm-level panel data set from Romania to examine whether the nationality of foreign investors affects the degree of vertical spillovers from foreign direct investment. Investors' country of origin may matter for spillovers to domestic producers in upstream sectors (supplying intermediate inputs) in two ways. First, the share of intermediate inputs sourced by multinationals from a host country is likely to increase with the distance between the host and the source economy. Second, the sourcing pattern is likely to be affected by preferential trade agreements that cover some but not other source economies. In this case, the Association Agreement signed between Romania and the European Union (EU) implies that inputs sourced from the EU are subject to a lower tariff than inputs sourced from America or Asia. Moreover, while for European investors intermediate inputs sourced from home country suppliers comply with the rules of origin and thus can be exported to the EU on preferential terms, this would not be the case for home country suppliers of American or Asian multinationals. Therefore, one would expect that American and Asian investors source more from Romania than EU investors and thus present greater potential for vertical spillovers. The empirical analysis produces evidence in support of the authors' hypothesis. They find a positive association between the presence of American and Asian companies in downstream sectors and the productivity of Romanian firms in the supplying industries. Further, the productivity of Romanian firms in the supplying sectors is negatively correlated with operations of European investors in downstream sectors. The differences between the effects associated with investors of different origin are statistically significant. This paper--a product of the Trade Team, Development Research Group--is part of a larger effort in the group to study the effects of foreign direct investment on developing countries"--World Bank web site
Differentiated Products And Evasion of Import Tariffs by Beata K. Smarzynska Javorcik( Book )
10 editions published between 2007 and 2008 in English and held by 43 libraries worldwide
Emerging literature has demonstrated some unique characteristics of trade in differentiated products. This paper contributes to the literature by postulating that differentiated products may be subject to greater tariff evasion due to the difficulties associated with assessing their quality and price. Using product-level data on trade between Germany and 10 Eastern European countries during 1992-2003, the authors find empirical support for this hypothesis. They show that the trade gap, defined as the discrepancy between the value of exports reported by Germany and the value of imports from Germany reported by the importing country, is positively related to the level of tariff in 8 out of 10 countries. Further, the authors show that the responsiveness of the trade gap to the tariff level is greater for differentiated products than for homogeneous goods. A one-percentage-point increase in the tariff rate is associated with a 0.6 percent increase in the trade gap in the case of homogeneous products and a 2.1 percent increase in the case of differentiated products. Finally, the data indicate that greater tariff evasion observed for differentiated products tends to take place through misrepresentation of the import prices
Does services liberalization benefit manufacturing firms? evidence from the Czech Republic by Jens Matthias Arnold( Book )
11 editions published between 2006 and 2007 in English and held by 43 libraries worldwide
While there is considerable empirical evidence on the impact of liberalizing trade in goods, the effects of services liberalization have not been empirically established. Using firm-level data from the Czech Republic for the period 1998-2003, this study examines the link between services sector reforms and the productivity of domestic firms in downstream manufacturing. Several aspects of services reform are considered and measured, namely, the increased presence of foreign providers, privatization, and enhanced competition. The manufacturing-services linkage is measured using information on the degree to which manufacturing firms in a particular industry rely on intermediate inputs from specific services sectors. The econometric results lead to two conclusions. First, the study finds that services policy matters for the productivity of manufacturing firms relying on services inputs. This finding is robust to several econometric specifications, including controlling for unobservable firm heterogeneity and for other aspects of openness. Second, it finds evidence that opening services sectors to foreign providers is a key channel through which services liberalization contributes to improved performance of downstream manufacturing sectors. This finding is robust to instrumenting for the extent of foreign presence in services industries. As most barriers to foreign investment today are not in goods but in services sectors, the findings may strengthen the argument for reform in this area
 
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Alternative Names
Javorcik, B. S.
Javorcik, Beata, 1971-
Javorcik, Beata S.
Javorcik, Beata S., 1971-
Javorcik, Beata Smarzynska
Javorcik, Beata Smarzynska, 1971-....
Smarzynska, Beata 1971-
Smarzynska, Beata K.
Smarzynska, Beata K., 1971-
Smarzynska Javorcik, Beata
Smarzynska Javorcik, Beata 1971-
Smarzynska Javorcik, Beata K.
Smarzynska Javorcik, Beata K., 1971-....
Languages
English (250)
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