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Knowledge Products

Overview
Works: 173 works in 210 publications in 1 language and 10,381 library holdings
Genres: History  Biography 
Classifications: HB161, 330.153
Publication Timeline
Key
Publications about Knowledge Products
Publications by Knowledge Products
Most widely held works by Knowledge Products
The Bill of Rights & additional amendments by Jeffrey Rogers Hummel( file )
2 editions published between 1987 and 2007 in English and held by 126 libraries worldwide
This presentation discusses the ten ammendments to the Constitution, referred to as the Bill of Rights, guaranteeing individual liberty upon which critics of the Constitution had insisted. It also includes the sixteen additional amendments updating the Constitution
The wealth of nations by Adam Smith( file )
3 editions published between 2007 and 2009 in English and held by 122 libraries worldwide
An inquiry into the nature and causes of the wealth of nations is the foundation of classical economics, and it has influenced a broad range of thinkers. Smith stresses the importance of the division of labor to economic progress. He criticizes the arguments for economic planning and offers a detailed theoretical and historical case for free trade. The second part covers some major themes in The wealth of nations, a lengthy and complex book. These include the division of labor, the idea of an unplanned social order (the famous "invisible hand"), Adam Smith's theory of economic value and its influence on later thinkers, and Smith's defense of free trade. Some of Smith's arguments are difficult to follow for the modern reader. The third and fourth parts explain Smith's major arguments in the order they appear in The Wealth of Nations, while providing the background necessary for comprehension
The Constitutional Convention by George H Smith( file )
2 editions published between 1987 and 2007 in English and held by 119 libraries worldwide
Assisted by a cast who speak the words of the founders of the Constitution, Cronkite tells of the Constitutional Convention and its debates over the document
The wealth of nations by Adam Smith( file )
2 editions published between 2007 and 2009 in English and held by 117 libraries worldwide
An Inquiry into the nature and causes of the wealth of nations is the foundation of classical economics, and it has influenced a broad range of thinkers. Smith stresses the importance of the division of labor to economic progress. He criticizes the arguments for economic planning and offers a detailed theoretical and historical case for free trade. The first tape in the set examines the basic problems addressed by Adam Smith in the context of the Scottish Enlightenment. This intellectual revival during the late 18th century produced many outstanding thinkers in addition to Smith, such as the philosopher David Hume. This book also discusses Adam Smith's general approach to philosophy and how The wealth of nations fits into that approach. The book covers some major themes in The wealth of nations, a lengthy and complex book. These include the division of labor, the idea of an unplanned social order (the famous "invisible hand"), Adam Smith's theory of economic value and its influence on later thinkers, and Smith's defense of free trade. Some of Smith's arguments are difficult to follow for the modern reader. The book explains Smith's major arguments in the order they appear in The wealth of nations, while providing the background necessary for comprehension. This book follows the five books of The wealth of nations and explains how their seemingly diverse themes related to Smith's general purpose. Far more than a work on economic theory, The wealth of nations contains philosophy, history, and political theory
Religion of small societies by Ninian Smart( file )
3 editions published between 2006 and 2007 in English and held by 106 libraries worldwide
"Small societies" are the surviving peoples of ancient, indigenous cultures that now exist in and around modern nation-states; Eskimos, Lapps, the Dayak people of Borneo (Indonesia), and the Ainu people of northern Japan are just a few examples. Typically these are tribes of hunters, gatherers, or perhaps agricultural or pastoral peoples; most of humanity once lived in ways that resemble the ways of today's small societies. Though indigenous cultures produce little significant writing or literature, their spiritual experience is often profound. Ever-present spiritual powers are believed to manifest themselves throughout the natural world: modern scholars call this outlook animism. A hierarchy of spirits of gods culminates in a High God, who is often remote and ineffable, barely connected to everyday human experience. Ancestors are believed to exist still as the "living dead"; totemism identifies a clan with some specially related natural object or species. The shaman is a king of prophet able to undergo spiritual experiences and visions, using spiritual methods to heal the sick and functioning much like a priest, magician, and psychic. Indigenous peoples attempt to appease the gods with sacrifices; here an object or being is often burned so that its unseen essence or spirit is sent upwards to the gods. Magic (often using such familiar religious vehicles as omens, spells, oracles, etc.) is believed to manipulate the secret powers in the universe; it is relied upon especially when outcomes are unpredictable and the emotional consequences are significant
Einstein's revolution by John T Sanders( file )
1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 103 libraries worldwide
Describes Einstein's theory of relativity that challenged the old concepts of physics
Islam by Charles Adams( file )
1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 100 libraries worldwide
Approximately one-fifth on the world's population is Muslim, concentrated in an area on either side of the equator and stretching from Morocco in the west to the Philippines in the east. Islam means "submission to the will of God'; Muslims are "submitters" to God's will as it was communicated to the prophet Muhammad in a series of divine revelations. The Muslim scripture (the Qur'an) contains these revelations, and it is considered to be the eternal speech of God. Muhammad's call to prophecy occurred in about 610 CE. By the time of his death in 632 he had established the structure of a new religious outlook, and he had brought the whole of the Arabian Peninsula under his sway. Controversy over headship of the Muslim community led to a major division among the faithful. Those known as the Shi'ah Muslims advocated a hereditary succession, while Sunni Muslims (today the large majority) held to a principle of election
Native religions of the Americas by Åke Hultkrantz( file )
1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 99 libraries worldwide
North, Central, and South American Indians have a rich religious heritage, though much has been lost since these peoples were conquered by Europeans. Characteristic features of Native American religion included the master of the animals, a protective spirit of a species or of all animals. Shamans, ecstatic medicine men, used supernatural powers to cure the ill. Totemism was a mysterious religious bond between the human clan and their animal guardians. There was a high god as well as many atmospheric gods, such as gods of thunder and wind. The Earth Mother was understood to work silently, influencing all
Confucianism & taoism by Julia Ching( file )
1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 97 libraries worldwide
The central doctrine of Confucianism is ren, which means goodness, benevolence, humanity, and kind heartedness. Related teachings include loyalty, respect and consideration, propriety, reciprocity, neighborliness, and love. The major work about Confucius is the Analects. The two major ancient Daoist texts are Laozi (also called Daodejing) and Zhuangzi; both are named after their purported authors. The texts and over 1,000 additional volumes of scripture comprise the Daoist canon, called Daozang. Important interpreters of Daoist teachings have been Wang Bi (3rd cent, CE), Guo Xiang (3rd - 4th cent. CE), and others including the Heavenly Masters sect (2nd cent. CE under Zhang Ling), and later Perfect Truth sect. Daoism has become better known in the West only since 1937
Buddhism by Winston L King( file )
1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 97 libraries worldwide
Some believe Buddhism is not properly understood as a religion, though this presentation describes its religious qualities: a belief in transcendent reality, sacred scriptures, monastic life, and views on an afterlife and the goal of human existence
The Middle East Israel, Palestine & the Arab states by Wendy McElroy( file )
1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 95 libraries worldwide
By the end of World War I, Britain had promised control of Palestine to both Arabs and Jews. Each of these peoples claimed a longstanding right to the same piece of land, and violence was inevitable. This presentation examines how and why this magical land has become a virtual war zone
Judaism by Geoffrey Wigoder( file )
1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 95 libraries worldwide
Judaism is more than a religion; it is a civilization, including a people, a language, unique laws, a system of ethics, custom, a homeland, and a theology. Jews worship one God and obey a wide-ranging and vigorous moral law centered around the Torah, God's teaching or instruction. Jewish sacred literature preserves the ancient oral tradition through the Hebrew Bible and other writings. Judaism has several major forms and traditions (Orthodox, Conservative, Reform, and Reconstructionist Judaism) and is also the parent religion of both Christianity and Islam. The Religion, Scriptures, and Spirituality series describes the beliefs, religious practices, and the spiritual and moral commitments of the world's great religious traditions. It also describes a religion's way of understanding scripture, identifies its outstanding thinkers, and discusses its attitude and relationship to society
African & African-American religion by Victor Anderson( file )
1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 95 libraries worldwide
Some thirty to forty percent of Africans practice traditional religions, many of which survive in Western monotheistic faiths. These traditional religions, generally tied to ethnic groups in the sub-Saharan region, are dramatic more than philosophical; oral more than literary; and mythical and magical more than conceptual. Prominent dramatic features include masks, special clothing, dancing, singing, ecstatic utterances, and special rituals. Oral traditions include folklore, riddles, proverbs, and stories (many of which are oriented to teach children about the ways of their elders). The mythical and magical components include sacrifices, spirit mediums, and belief in ancestor spirits
Hinduism by Gregory C Kozlowski( file )
1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 95 libraries worldwide
Hinduism is a very broad term for the religious practices and doctrines of the Indian people. This tradition is believed to have begun in about 1800 BCE with religious poems known as the Vedas. Hinduism is best known in the west through the doctrines of Advaita, the belief that there is only one ultimate reality. Advaitans, however, worshipped a range of icons that represented the separate manifestations of the ultimate Brahman. After the decline of Vedic religion, bhakti devotional cults arose, and remain a predominant form of Hindu worship up through the modern era
Skepticism & religious relativism by Nicholas Capaldi( Computer File )
1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 91 libraries worldwide
In philosophical terms, religions can be understood as the search for purpose, goals, meaning, and order. It is a search for what we might call the cosmic order -- some greater structure within which human lives and societies exist. In this context, religions are systems of belief and commitment around which the faithful order their lives. The twin pillars of Western civilization are Greek philosophy and the Judeo-Christian-Islamic religious tradition. Philosophy affirms that, in principle, all things ultimately can be explained by reason; religion, however, sees the cosmic order as mysterious and beyond human comprehension. Questions about the cosmic order include whether it is transcendent or immanent; whether the world is purposeful; the extent to which personal perspective is related to truth; the role of the state in human salvation; and what kinds of knowledge (reason or faith) are most reliable. Although skepticism is an ancient part of the Western intellectual tradition, the conflict between reason and faith may be said to have become a "crisis" only in the modern age
Shinto & Japanese new religions by Byron Earhart( file )
1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 90 libraries worldwide
Japan has so many religious traditions that it has been called a "living museum of religious traditions." Buddhism (originally from India) passed through China and Korea before entering Japan about 500 CE. Also at about this time Confucianism and Daoism (also called Taoism) were transmitted to Japan, where they were accepted primarily as philosophical and ethical ideas. Christianity first came to Japan in 1549, but its following has always remained very small. The oldest religious tradition in Japan is Shinto, a distinctive, highly diverse religion born of the culture and experience of the Japanese people. Shinto literally means "way of the kami." Kami refers to "the sacred," and there are countless kami manifested in natural forms (mountains, waterfalls, trees, rocks, etc.), in human forms, and even in human ancestors. Shinto has no founder, no explicit teachings or doctrines, and no universal claims
Protestant Christianity by Dale A Johnson( file )
1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 90 libraries worldwide
Protestant Christianity began in the early 16th century as a reform movement directed against Roman Catholic doctrines and practices. Early leaders such as Martin Luther, Ulrich Zwingli, and John Calvin laid out the movement's foundational principles, including the conviction that salvation is by god's grace alone, that the Bible is the sole authority of faith and practice, and that the church is a "priesthood of all believers." In the 19th and 20th centuries, Protestant Christianity spread world-wide. Ecumenical efforts have brought many groups into close working relationships and produced unions of churches, though disagreements continue. The term Protestantism thus has become a broad umbrella for a variety of beliefs and institutions that retain some connection with the past as they express renewed forms of religious vitality in the present
Classical religions & myths of the Mediterranean Basin by Jon Solomon( file )
1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 90 libraries worldwide
After the Ice Age, hunting and foraging communities evolved to a more settled, agricultural life; belief in savage animal spirits was replaced by a belief in domesticated spirits. With the invention of cuneiform and other writing systems, mythological epics emerged to explain the origins of life and the causes of death and earthly suffering. Sumeria, Persia, and Egypt were early centers for these developments. When the Indo-Europeans (ancestors of the Greeks, Romans, and others) expanded beyond central Asia, these war-like peoples brought forceful and powerful gods. After Bronze Age civilization collapsed in about 1200 BCE, Greek population declined by up to ninety percent; the survivors preserved the glorious memories of the Bronze Age in myths and epic poetry. From within the sprawling territories of the Roman Empire would emerge the three great religions of the Western world
The ratification debates by Wendy McElroy( file )
2 editions published between 1987 and 2007 in English and held by 86 libraries worldwide
In the fall of 1787, the call went out: Each of the 13 states assembled special conventions to consider ratification of a proposed Constitution of the United States. Without ratification by nine conventions, the Constitution would flounder: America would be a league of states, not one nation. At the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia, the states - voting as states - had unanimously approved the Constitution. But individual delegates had fiercely opposed certain aspects of the document. Now, they returned to their home states to agitate against the Constitution. Some demanded a bill of rights. Others complained that states' rights had been violated. Some states - such as Delaware and Georgia - quickly and unanimously ratified. Other states - such as Virginia and New York - agonized. Two states - North Carolina and Rhode Island - would not ratify at all without a bill of rights
Science in antiquity by Jon Mandaville( file )
2 editions published between 2006 and 2007 in English and held by 84 libraries worldwide
"The scientific impulse can be said to have existed forever. But only with the written word did there emerge a record of speculations about how and why things happen. Middle Eastern civilizations developed ways to measure and describe (e.g. math and the alphabet); Greek philosophers classified natural objects and studied cause and effect. This is the story of ancient science, from Asia to the Mediterranean Basin."
 
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