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Furman, Jeffrey L.

Works: 13 works in 64 publications in 2 languages and 610 library holdings
Genres: Handbooks and manuals  History  Miscellanea 
Roles: Author
Classifications: HB1,
Publication Timeline
Publications about Jeffrey L Furman
Publications by Jeffrey L Furman
Most widely held works by Jeffrey L Furman
The determinants of national innovative capacity by Scott Stern( Book )
16 editions published between 1999 and 2001 in English and held by 66 libraries worldwide
Motivated by differences in R & D productivity across advanced economies, this paper presents an empirical examination of the determinants of country-level production of international patents. We introduce a novel framework based on the concept of national innovative capacity. National innovative capacity is the ability of a country to produce and commercialize a flow of innovative technology over the long term. National innovative capacity depends on the strength of a nation's common innovation infrastructure (cross-cutting factors which contribute broadly to innovativeness throughout the economy), the environment for innovation in its leading industrial clusters, and the strength of linkages between these two areas. We use this framework to guide our empirical exploration into the determinants of country-level R & D productivity, specifically examining the relationship between international patenting (patenting by foreign countries in the United States) and variables associated with the national innovative capacity framework. While acknowledging important measurement issues arising from the use of patent data, we provide evidence for several findings. First, the production function for international patents is surprisingly well-characterized by a small but relatively nuanced set of observable factors, including R & D manpower and spending, aggregate policy choices such as the extent of IP protection and openness to international trade, and the share of research performed by the academic sector and funded by the private sector. As well, international patenting productivity depends on each individual country's knowledge "stock." Further, the predicted level of national innovative capacity has an important impact on more downstream commercialization and diffusion activities (such as achieving a high market share of high-technology export markets). Finally, there has been convergence among OECD countries in terms of the estimated level of innovative capacity over the past quarter century
Early academic science and the birth of industrial research laboratories in the U.S. pharmaceutical industry by Megan MacGarvie( Book )
10 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 33 libraries worldwide
The establishment and growth of industrial research laboratories is one of the key organizational innovations affecting technological progress in the United States in the 20th century. In this paper, we investigate the rise of industrial research laboratories in the U.S. pharmaceutical industry between 1927 and 1946. Our evidence suggests that institutional factors, namely the presence of universities dedicated to research, played a significant role in the establishment and diffusion of private pharmaceutical research laboratories. Specifically, we document that the growth of industrial pharmaceutical laboratories between 1927 and 1946 is positively and significantly correlated with the extent of local university research, after controlling for other observable factors likely to influence the geographic distribution of industrial research. We supplement our core results with case histories illustrative of early university-industry interaction and an examination of the determinants of university-industry research cooperation. Our qualitative historical evidence and analyses of the birth of chemical engineering programs suggest that industry also played a role in influencing university research agendas. We correct for feedback effects from industry to universities using instrumental variables. Overall, our analyses suggest that while the presence of industrial facilities helped shape the direction of university research programs, there was a significant, positive, and causal effect running from university research to the growth of pharmaceutical research laboratories in the first half of the twentieth century in the United States
Climbing atop the shoulders of giants : the impact of institutions on cumulative research by Jeffrey L Furman( Book )
9 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 22 libraries worldwide
While the cumulative nature of knowledge is recognized as central to economic growth, the microeconomic foundations of cumulativeness are less understood. This paper investigates the impact of a research-enhancing institution on cumulativeness, highlighting two effects. First, a selection effect may result in a high correlation between "high-quality" institutions and knowledge of high intrinsic quality. Second, an institution may have a marginal impact -- an incremental influence on cumulativeness, conditional on the type and quality of knowledge considered. This paper distinguishes these effects in the context of a specific institution, biological resource centers (BRCs). BRCs are "living libraries" that authenticate, preserve, and offer independent access to biological materials, such as cells, cultures, and specimens. BRCs may enhance the cumulativeness of knowledge by reducing the marginal cost to researchers of drawing on prior research efforts. We exploit three key aspects of the environment in which BRCs operate to evaluate how they affect the cumulativeness of knowledge: (a) the impact of scientific knowledge is reflected in future scientific citations, (b) deposit into BRCs often occurs with a substantial lag after initial research is completed and published, and (c) "lagged" deposits often result from shocks unrelated to the characteristics of the materials themselves. Employing a difference-in-differences estimator linking specific materials deposits to journal articles, we find evidence for both selection effects and the marginal impact of BRCs on the cumulativeness of knowledge associated with deposited materials. Moreover, the marginal impact increases with time and varies with the economic and institutional conditions in which deposit occurs
Public & private spillovers, location and the productivity of pharmaceutical research by Jeffrey L Furman( Book )
9 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 22 libraries worldwide
While there is widespread agreement among economists and management scholars that knowledge spillovers exist and have important economic consequences, researchers know substantially less about the "micro mechanisms" of spillovers -- about the degree to which they are geographically localized, for example, or about the degree to which spillovers from public institutions are qualitatively different from those from privately owned firms (Jaffe, 1986; Krugman, 1991; Jaffe et al., 1993; Porter, 1990). In this paper we make use of the geographic distribution of the research activities of major global pharmaceutical firms to explore the extent to which knowledge spills over from proximate private and public institutions. Our data and empirical approach allow us to make advances on two dimensions. First, by focusing on spillovers in research productivity (as opposed to manufacturing productivity), we build closely on the theoretical literature on spillovers that suggests that knowledge externalities are likely to have the most immediate impact on the production of ideas (Romer, 1986; Aghion & Howitt, 1997). Second, our data allow us to distinguish spillovers from public research from spillovers from private, or competitively funded research, and to more deeply explore the role that institutions and geographic proximity play in driving knowledge spillovers
From the unemployment line to the classroom to the office? : the education and training patterns of women during the transformation of the east German economy by Jeffrey L Furman( Book )
4 editions published in 1993 in English and German and held by 10 libraries worldwide
Catching up or standing still? : national innovative productivity among 'follower' nations, 1978-1999 by Jeffrey L Furman( Book )
2 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 4 libraries worldwide
The drivers of national innovative capacity : implications for Spain and Latin America by Michael E Porter( Book )
1 edition published in 2000 in English and held by 3 libraries worldwide
Catching up or standing still? : National innovative productivity among 'follower' nations, 1978 - 1999 ( Computer File )
2 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 2 libraries worldwide
Retractions by Pierre Azoulay( Book )
3 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 2 libraries worldwide
Abstract: To what extent does "false science" impact the rate and direction of scientific change? We examine the impact of more than 1,100 scientific retractions on the citation trajectories of articles that are close neighbors of retracted articles in intellectual space but were published prior to the retraction event. Our results indicate that following retraction and relative to carefully selected controls, related articles experience a lasting five to ten percent decline in the rate at which they are cited. We probe the mechanisms that might underlie these negative spillovers over intellectual space. One view holds that adjacent fields atrophy post-retraction because the shoulders they offer to follow-on researchers have been proven to be shaky or absent. An alternative view holds that scientists avoid the "infected" fields lest their own status suffers through mere association. Two pieces of evidence are consistent with the latter view. First, for-profit citers are much less responsive to the retraction event than are academic citers. Second, the penalty suffered by related articles is much more severe when the associated retracted article includes fraud or misconduct, relative to cases where the retraction occurred because of honest mistakes
Essays on the role of location in strategy by Jeffrey L Furman( Archival Material )
1 edition published in 2001 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
This dissertation consists of three essays that examine the role of location in fundamental issues in strategy and international management. The first essay estimates the locus of profitability in four OECD countries and addresses methodological issues related to location-specific influences on profitability. The second and third papers examine factors driving pharmaceutical laboratories' adoption of "science-oriented" organizational practices. The results in the second essay demonstrate that organizational practices are more similar among laboratories within firms and within geographic regions than across these domains. The findings imply that while organizations may be broadly homogeneous within particular environments, simultaneous exposure to multiple environments can yield heterogeneity among a population of organizations. The final paper evaluates the hypothesis that laboratory-level scientific orientation varies systematically across location in a manner that reflects the strength of the local scientific and technical base. The results of both qualitative and quantitative data suggest that pharmaceutical firms' strategic organizing decisions reflect qualities embedded in their local geographic environments. A. set of prominent papers in strategy research explores the locus of firm rent generation by decomposing accounting profits into effects attributable to time, industry, corporate parent, and business segment
The project management answer book by Jeffrey L Furman( Book )
4 editions published between 2010 and 2015 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
With a new chapter on Scrum agile, updates throughout, and many additional PMP test tips, this new edition builds on the solid foundation of the first edition. The structure of this update maps closely to the PMBOK guide V5 and is designed to assist anyone studying for the PMP and other certification exams. Helpful sections cover: networking and social media tips for PMs, including the best professional organizations, virtual groups, and podcast resources; formulas PMs need to know, plus a template to help certification candidates prepare and self-test for their exams; quick study sheet for the processes covered on the PMP exam; key changes in PMBOK guide V5, for readers familiar with earlier versions who want the skinny on the new version. --
Catching up or standing still? National innovative productivity among follower countries, 1978-1999 ( Article )
1 edition published in 2005 in Undetermined and held by 1 library worldwide
1 edition published in 2003 in Undetermined and held by 0 libraries worldwide
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Alternative Names
Furman, J. L.
Furman, Jeff
Furman, Jeffrey
English (60)
German (1)
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