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Caruana, Leonard

Overview
Works: 13 works in 44 publications in 2 languages and 148 library holdings
Genres: History 
Roles: Author, Publishing director
Classifications: HC10, 330
Publication Timeline
Key
Publications about Leonard Caruana
Publications by Leonard Caruana
Most widely held works by Leonard Caruana
An elephant in the garden : the Allies, Spain, and oil in World War II by Leonard Caruana( Book )
10 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 21 libraries worldwide
"During World War II the Allies controlled Spain's oil supply in order to limit Spain's support for the Axis. This experiment with sanctions is unusually informative because a wide range of policies was tried over a long period. Three episodes are of special interest: (1) a total embargo on oil for Spain in 1940 that was surprisingly successful in dissuading Spain from joining the Axis; (2) a period of reduced supplies in 1941-42 that we call "the Squeeze" that was only partially successful; and (3) a second total embargo in 1944 that was a disappointment for the Allies, given the course of the war, that produced a rift between Churchill and Roosevelt. Our analysis is based on new monthly estimates of Spain's imports of gasoline and other petroleum products, which we describe in the text and report in the appendix. These estimates allow us to draw a clearer picture of the oil sanctions than has been possible in the past"--National Bureau of Economic Research web site
A wolfram in sheep's clothing : U.S. economic warfare in Spain, 1940-1944 by Leonard Caruana( Book )
7 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 19 libraries worldwide
One of the most sustained uses of economic warfare by the United States occurred in Spain during WWII. We provide an overview of this episode based on the secondary literature and new research in the Spanish archives. We focus on three key battles: (1) an oil embargo against Spain in the summer of 1940, (2) pre-emptive buying of wolfram (tungsten ore) during the middle years of the war, and (3) a second oil embargo in the first months of 1944. The first oil embargo, although launched when Germany was going from victory to victory, was successful in helping keep Spain neutral because it forced the Franco regime to rethink the costs of joining the war. Pre-emptive buying of wolfram was also successful. It forced Germany to pay more for and to consume less tungsten, a material crucial for hardening steel. Ironically, the second oil embargo, undertaken when the Germans were retreating on all fronts, was less successful. The major goal, halting shipments of wolfram to Germany, was not fully realized. Several special circumstances, in particular the naval blockade and the tendency of sanctions and incentives to push the Franco regime in the direction consistent with its long-run survival, help explain the successes
Crisis y desarrollo económico by Leonard Caruana( Book )
6 editions published in 2013 in Spanish and held by 18 libraries worldwide
La economía es una ciencia social en la que se constata la relevancia del factor humano que, basado en sus conocimientos, desarrolla multitud de profesiones y especializaciones, innova, inventa nuevos servicios, nuevas fórmulas de gestión o nuevas máquinas, para conseguir en definitiva incrementar la productividad, reducir costes y ampliar el bienestar social. Todo este proceso debe articularse en instituciones que permitan el crecimiento o nos sumergimos en una profunda crisis. Esta obra arroja luz sobre el complejo proceso de crecimiento en el mundo desde la Revolución Industrial inglesa hasta la actualidad. En una crisis de larga duración resulta interesante analizar las grandes depresiones del pasado, pero también cómo se ha conseguido un fuerte crecimiento en otros momentos de la historia. El fenómeno de crecimiento económico se observa mejor cuando se realiza un análisis en el largo plazo; de este modo comprendemos las razones de por qué hay paro o pleno empleo en los países avanzados, cuál es la forma para erradicar el hambre en el mundo, cómo hemos llegado a una economía globalizada, etc. El manual se compone de nueve capítulos escritos por expertos profesores con larga experiencia en las universidades españolas. A lo largo de sus páginas se explica el progreso de los países desarrollados, se presta atención a la evolución de la economía española y se analizan las causas del atraso en África, América Latina y otras zonas del mundo
Historia del seguro en España ( Book )
4 editions published in 2014 in Spanish and held by 13 libraries worldwide
Nacionalismo e integración : las bases materiales y morales de la inserción de España en Europa hasta fines del siglo XIX by Leonard Caruana( Book )
5 editions published in 2000 in Spanish and held by 11 libraries worldwide
Cambio y crecimiento económico ( Book )
3 editions published between 2014 and 2015 in Spanish and held by 10 libraries worldwide
La crisis de Oriente Medio: Palestina by Leonardo Caruana de las Cagigas( Book )
2 editions published in 2002 in Spanish and held by 2 libraries worldwide
A wolfram in sheep's clothing : economic warfare in Spain and Portugal, 1940 - 1944 by Leonard Caruana( Book )
1 edition published in 2000 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
MAPFRE 1933-2008 from mutual fund to multinational by Gabriel Tortella Casares( Book )
1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Las relaciones bilaterales entre España y Gran Bretaña durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial by Leonard Caruana( Archival Material )
1 edition published in 1990 in Spanish and held by 1 library worldwide
Para Gran Bretaña el conflicto contra Alemania le obliga a ser extremadamente favorable y benevolo con el regimen franquista Por parte española la critica situacion economica determina en gran medida su politica. La victoria alemana en Francia anima a Franco a negociar la intervencion española, pero no es bien acogido por Hitler y los dos dictadores no llegan a un acuerdo. Ademas, España sufre en agosto un embargo de petroleo llevado a cabo por el Gobierno americano. La resistencia britanica se afianza. La invasion de la Union Sovietica por las tropas del Eje cambia la situacion general, acentuandose aun mas con la intervencion americana. España empieza a tomar una postura mas central. Cambia la actitud de la prensa. La Falange no es tan contraria a los aliados. Retiran la Division Azul. Embargo español de wolframio a Alemania como
Una aproximación al embargo de petróleo de 1940 a partir de la teoría de juegos by Leonard Caruana( Book )
1 edition published in 2002 in Spanish and held by 1 library worldwide
 
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Alternative Names
Cagigas, Leonardo Caruana de las
Cagigas, Leonardo Caruana de las 1960-
Caruana de las Cagigas, Leonardo
Caruana de las Cagigas, Leonardo 1960-
Caruana, Leonardo
Caruana, Leonardo 1960-
Languages
Spanish (25)
English (19)
Covers
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