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Asian Development Bank Economics and Research Department

Works: 322 works in 646 publications in 1 language and 6,407 library holdings
Genres: Case studies  Periodicals 
Roles: Publisher, Editor
Classifications: HC411, 330.95
Publication Timeline
Publications about Asian Development Bank
Publications by Asian Development Bank
Most widely held works by Asian Development Bank
ERD working paper by Asian Development Bank( file )
in English and Undetermined and held by 121 libraries worldwide
Economic analysis of health projects : a case study in Cambodia by Erik A Bloom( Book )
5 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 102 libraries worldwide
Causes of the 1997 Asian financial crisis : what can an early warning system model tell us? by Juzhong Zhuang( Book )
5 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 98 libraries worldwide
"Using an early warning system (EWS) model, this paper provides more empirical evidence on the causes of the 1997 Asian financial crisis, with a view to discriminating between the two hypotheses of "weak fundamentals" and "investors' panic." The results show that there are strong warning signals of heightened financial vulnerability in each of the five most affected countries from the EWS model prior to the crisis, suggesting that weaknesses in economic and financial fundamentals in these countries played an important role in triggering the crisis. The warning signals point to fundamental weaknesses including real appreciations of domestic currencies, deteriorations in current account positions, excessive external borrowings by banks and currency mismatches in their balance sheets, excessive growth of domestic credit, economic slowdown, and the burst of asset price bubbles."
Financial opening under the WTO agreement in selected Asian countries : progress and issues by Yun-hwan Kim( Book )
5 editions published between 2002 and 2008 in English and held by 98 libraries worldwide
"Opening of financial services has enormous policy implications for a member country. As demonstrated by the 1997 Asian crisis, mismanagement of financial opening may lead to disastrous economic consequences. Only prudent financial policies, including implementation of commitments under the General Agreement on Trade in Services, can result in macroeconomic stability, sustained output growth, and financial sector development. This paper examines six selected countries, i.e., People's Republic of China (PRC), Indonesia, Republic of Korea (Korea), Malaysia, Singapore, and Thailand. For the PRC, successful liberalization of financial services trade is of great importance. For the five other countries, all crisis-affected, there is a need to review ongoing financial liberalization policies and explore future directions. The paper examines the relationship between financial services liberalization and capital account liberalization, GATS and/or multilateral commitments made by the countries, progress in compliance of the commitments and their impact, and implications and issues of financial opening with focus on the banking sector. The paper suggests three guiding principles in opening financial services: (i) resource mobilization for economic recovery and sustained development, (ii) financial stability, and (iii) market competition."
Digital divide : determinants and policies with special reference to Asia by M. G Quibria( Book )
4 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 98 libraries worldwide
Poverty, growth, and inequality in Thailand by Anil B Deolalikar( Book )
3 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 94 libraries worldwide
"A number of empirical studies using cross-country data have found that poverty incidence responds very strongly to economic growth. This paper explores the impact of economic growth as well as changes in income inequality on poverty reduction using provincial data from Thailand over the period 1992-1999. The results suggest that, while income growth has a strong positive effect on poverty reduction, income inequality has a sharply negative effect. Income inequality reduces the rate of poverty reduction in two ways: first, increased inequality is associated with increased poverty after controlling for economic growth, and second, high levels of initial inequality reduce future growth rates, thereby impeding the poverty reduction that would have taken place in the presence of rapid growth. What this suggests is that income inequality can play a critical role in affecting the rate of poverty reduction, especially in a low-growth environment. Given that near-term prospects for growth in Thailand are guarded, it may be particularly important for poverty reduction policies in that country to focus on improving income inequality, or at least preventing a further worsening of income inequality."
Revisiting growth and poverty reduction in Indonesia : what do subnational data show? by A. M Balisacan( Book )
2 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 94 libraries worldwide
"Indonesia has an impressive record of economic growth and poverty reduction over the past two decades. The growth-poverty nexus appears strong at the aggregate level. Newly constructed panel data on the country's 285 districts (kotamadyas/kabupatens), however, reveal huge differences in poverty changes, subnational economic growth, and local attributes. Results of econometric analysis show that besides growth, other factors directly influence the welfare of the poor, apart from their impact on growth itself. Among the critical ones are infrastructure, human capital, agricultural price incentives, and access to technology. Thus, while fostering economic growth is evidently crucial, a more complete poverty reduction strategy should take into account these relevant factors. In the context of decentralization, subnational analysis can be an instructive approach to examining local governance in relation to growth and poverty reduction."
Conceptual issues in the role of education decentralization in promoting effective schooling in Asian Developing countries by Jere Richard Behrman( Book )
3 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 93 libraries worldwide
A framework for establishing priorities in a country poverty reduction strategy by Ronald C Duncan( Book )
3 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 93 libraries worldwide
Reviews of history and progress of understanding of development theory for reducing poverty in developing countries
Monetary cooperation in East Asia : a survey by Raul V Fabella( Book )
2 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 93 libraries worldwide
"This paper surveys the growing literature on monetary cooperation in East Asia that goes beyond the Chiang Mai Initiative. It compares and contrasts the various proposals for cooperation such as the Williamson basket peg, the Asian monetary system, and the yen block as to their crisis prevention impact and their feasibility, both economic and political. The paper also reviews the evidence on the readiness of East Asia and some of its proper subsets for a currency union in the light of experiences elsewhere, especially of European monetary cooperation. On pure optimum currency area calculus alone, a case can be made for an East Asian currency union. But the great historical, developmental, political, and cultural diversity here highlighted stands as a formidable obstacle. Nonetheless, as the experience of Euroland shows, the very pursuit of even such a distant vision already brings benefits to participants."
Shadow exchange rates for project economic analysis : toward improving practice at the Asian Development Bank by Anneli Lagman-Martin( Book )
7 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 93 libraries worldwide
Microfinance in Northeast Thailand : who benefits and how much? by Brett E Coleman( Book )
3 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 92 libraries worldwide
"This paper evaluates the outreach and impact of two microfinance "village bank" programs that target the poor in Northeast Thailand. It controls for endogenous self-selection and program placement, using data from a unique survey conducted in 1995-1996. Results indicate that even prior to program intervention, participants tend to be significantly wealthier than nonparticipants, and the wealthiest villagers are almost twice as likely to participate in the program as the poorer villagers. Moreover, the wealthiest in the village often become program committee members and use their positions to borrow substantially more than rank and file members. However, local information on individual creditworthiness is also used in member selection. Results demonstrate that microfinance loans positively affect many measures of household welfare for the wealthy committee members, but the impact is largely insignificant for poorer rank and file members. Policy recommendations include increased vigilance in targeting the poor, greater efforts to publicly disseminate the rules and purpose of the village bank program, and introduction and enforcement of eligibility criteria based on wealth while continuing to allow villagers to selfselect."
Effect of decentralization strategy on macroeconomic stability in Thailand by Kanokpan Lao-Araya( Book )
3 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 91 libraries worldwide
"This research study examines how the Thai central government can finance decentralization and make local governments accountable for their own finances. The Thai government's medium-term fiscal stance is not conducive to planned fiscal decentralization, and local governments will not immediately assume responsibility for providing public services previously provided by the central government. This study proposes that the central government must improve revenue collection efficiency without hindering economic growth by gradually increasing the value added tax rate over the medium term. Thailand has adopted an unbalanced approach to fiscal decentralization. Local governments are guaranteed revenue from transfers from the central government but need not assume increased responsibility for providing public services. This encourages local authorities to spend irresponsibly in expectation of bailouts by the central government. This study recommends that the Thai central government impose hard budget constraints on local governments."
Poverty reduction and the role of institutions in developing Asia by Anil B Deolalikar( Book )
2 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 90 libraries worldwide
Why are some countries richer than others? : a reassessment of Mankiw-Romer-Weil's test of the neoclassical growth model by Jesus Felipe( Book )
3 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 90 libraries worldwide
"This paper provides evidence of a problem with the influential testing and assessment of Solow's (1956) growth model proposed by Mankiw et al. (1992) and a series of subsequent papers evaluating the latter. First, the assumption of a common rate of technical progress maintained by Mankiw et al. (1992) is relaxed. Solow's model is extended to include the different levels and rates of technical progress of each country. This increases the explanatory power of the cross-country variation in income per capita of the OECD countries to over 80 percent. The estimates of the parameters are statistically significant and take the expected values and signs. Second, and more important, it is shown that the estimates merely reflect a statistical artifact. This has serious implications for the possibility of actually testing Solow's growth model. "
Economic growth and poverty reduction in Viet Nam by A. M Balisacan( Book )
4 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 90 libraries worldwide
Viet Nam's dramatic transition and growth in the 1990s have been attributed to a series of reforms, known as doi moi, which began in the late 1980s. Economic growth at nearly 8 percent yearly appeared broad-based, thus benefiting the poor and reducing poverty from 61 percent in 1993 to 37 percent in 1998. Analysis of provincial panel data suggests that the proportionate increases in the incomes of the poorest quintile were appreciably larger than those of the top 20 or 40 percent of the population. This result is at variance with typical findings for other countries, which indicate that welfare gains from growth are smallest for the lowest quintile and rise with income group. The results for Viet Nam suggest that the faster the growth rate, the lesser becomes the role of distributive factors that directly influence the poor's well-being. Still, these factors could contribute to reinforcing both growth and poverty reduction in the long run
Costs and benefits of a common currency for ASEAN by Srinivasa Madhur( Book )
2 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 89 libraries worldwide
"Since the 1997 Asian financial crisis, a popular view among academic economists and policymakers is that developing countries with open capital accounts have only two options in their exchange rate regimes: either float the exchange rate freely or fix it hard. Within a fixed exchange rate regime, two variants can be conceived: (i) a currency board arrangement or its equivalent, the domestic usage of the currency of another country; and (ii) adoption of a new common currency by a group of countries, or the formation of a monetary union. This paper assesses the costs and benefits of the second variant for the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). The paper concludes that although the constraints on the adoption of a common currency by ASEAN are formidable, the long-run goal of a common currency for the region may be worth considering seriously, especially because, judged by the criterion of optimum currency area, the region is as suitable for the adoption of a common currency as Europe was prior to the Maastricht Treaty."
Modernization and son preference in People's Republic of China by Robin Burgess( Book )
3 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 89 libraries worldwide
The puzzle of social capital : a critical review by M. G Quibria( Book )
4 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 87 libraries worldwide
This paper provides a critical review of the burgeoning literature on social capital, highlighting a number of serious conceptual and empirical problems associated with this literature. First, the concept of social capital remains largely elusive, with many different ideas attached to it. This elusiveness has serious ramifications for empirical and policy analysis. Second, while the concept of social capital is used to highlight the positive, productive aspects of sociability, it fails in important ways to qualify as a form of capital. Third, there are both theoretical and empirical presumptions to suggest that social capital can to lead to undesirable socioeconomic outcomes. Finally, a large body of empirical work on social capital remains mired in measurement and estimation problems
Environment statistics in Central Asia : progress and prospects by Robert Ballance( Book )
5 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 86 libraries worldwide
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controlled identity Asian Development Bank

Asian Development Bank Economics and Research Dept.
Economics and Research Department
English (74)
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