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Alam, Asad

Overview
Works: 22 works in 96 publications in 1 language and 1,593 library holdings
Roles: Author
Classifications: HC244.Z9, 339.460947
Publication Timeline
Key
Publications about Asad Alam
Publications by Asad Alam
Most widely held works by Asad Alam
Growth, poverty, and inequality : Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union by Asad Alam( Book )
23 editions published between 2005 and 2012 in English and held by 270 libraries worldwide
"While the countries of Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union have made significant progress in reducing poverty during 1998-2003, poverty and vulnerability remain significant problems. More than 60 million are poor and more than 150 million are vulnerable. Most of the poor are the working poor. Many others face deprivations in terms of access and quality of public services. Regional inequalities both between and within countries are large. The highest levels of absolute poverty are found in the poor countries of Central Asia and the South Caucasus, but most of the region's poor and vulnerable are in middle income countries."
Unleashing prosperity : productivity growth in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union by Asad Alam( Book )
17 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 147 libraries worldwide
"Over the past few years, the countries of Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union have seen rapid productivity growth that has driven up living standards and reduced poverty. Unleashing Prosperity: Productivity Growth in Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union examines the microfoundations of the recent growth. The report shows that these countries have enjoyed substantial productivity gains from the reallocation of labor and capital to more productive sectors and firms, from the entry of new firms and the exit of obsolete firms, and from the more efficient use of resources. Unleashing Prosperity also illustrates that policy reforms that promote governance and macroeconomic stability, market competition, infrastructure quality, financial deepening, labor market flexibility, and skill upgrading are important in achieving higher productivity growth." "However, significant changes remain in sustaining productivity growth. The report argues that for the early reformers (most of the 10 new members of the European Union, plus Turkey), policy reforms aimed at improving the ability of firms to innovate and compete in global markets are a main concern. By contrast, for the late reformers (most of Southeastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States), policy reforms aimed at addressing the legacy of transition continue to be a top priority. Unleashing Prosperity shows why microeconomic reforms deserve more attention. It is a must-read for policy makers, government officials, researchers, and economists who are interested in furthering growth and prosperity in the region."--Jacket
Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan : a tale of two transition paths? by Asad Alam( Book )
11 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 76 libraries worldwide
Despite a common parentage for most of the twentietch century, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan followed seemingly different paths in the transition to a market economy. Uzbekistan adopted a cautious gradual approach to market reform, while Kazakhstan followed a more aggresive strategy. But has Kazakhstan done better economically?
A Decade of Fiscal Transition by Asad Alam( file )
3 editions published between 2002 and 2013 in English and Undetermined and held by 36 libraries worldwide
Transition literature has emphasized stabilization and enterprise restructuring. Both cross-country analyses and country-specific studies have tended to focus on fiscal stabilization and its indicators, highlighting the importance of quantitative fiscal adjustment to stabilization outcomes. Less attention has been paid to the qualitative dimensions of fiscal adjustment in transition. The authors take stock of the extent to which fiscal adjustment has occurred during the first decade of transition in both qualitative and quantitative dimensions. They define quality as the extent to which: (1) pro-growth expenditure essential for creating future economic and social assets are maintained; (2) pro-poor expenditure, such as poverty-targeted transfers, necessary to ensure income for the poor and vulnerable are adequately provided; and (3) fiscal risks, impinging on both expenditure and revenue, are managed through transition. The authors conclude that while the quantitative magnitude of the fiscal adjustment was dramatic, the quality of this adjustment has compromised the social and economic objectives of transition, particularly in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). They draw four main conclusions: Investments in public services fell in both absolute and relative terms. Reduced spending on government transfers contributed to a sharp increase in income inequality in the CIS. Fiscal risks increased during the transition. Initial conditions allowed Central European and Baltic countries to maintain higher expenditures, which may have contributed to their faster economic recovery and political support for the reforms. The authors argue that the challenge today for fiscal policy in these countries is to facilitate the transition-particularly in reallocating resources from large state-owned enterprises to new small and medium-size firms, and providing priority public services and targeted transfers to assist those adversely affected by transition and reverse the deterioration in social outcomes. The interplay between fiscal policies and institutional arrangements is increasingly important as transition economies embark on their second decade of reforms. In particular, incentives embedded in the institutional arrangements for fiscal management needs to be strengthened so that policies, resources, and outcomes can be better aligned, and the fiscal adjustment is consistent with qualitative considerations
Unleashing prosperity productivity growth in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union by Asad Alam( file )
2 editions published between 2008 and 2012 in English and held by 34 libraries worldwide
The analysis presented in this report assembles, for the first time, evidence from a variety of sources in the countries of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union to show that policy and institutional reforms are important in achieving higher productivity growth. However, significant challenges remain in sustaining that growth. Many countries that started the reform process early, such as the new member states of the European Union, have come to resemble advanced market economies and face challenges in competing successfully in the global economy that are similar to the challenges faced by other European countries. For these new European Union members, the report argues, policies that facilitate innovation and firm expansion will be a key. But for other countries that started the reform process later, such as the countries of Southeastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, there is still a need to address the legacy of transition. For these countries, policies that accelerate restructuring and ease the entry and exit of firms will continue to be essential. This report - part of a series of regional studies of the World Bank's Europe and Central Asia region that has already covered poverty and inequality, the enhancement of job opportunities, trade and integration, migration and remittances, and the challenges posed by aging populations is intended as a contribution to the author thinking about how the World Bank may work more effectively with client states and other partners in the region to promote growth and foster higher living standards in a rapidly changing World
The new trade theory and its relevance to the trade policies of developing countries by Asad Alam( Book )
4 editions published between 1994 and 1995 in English and held by 27 libraries worldwide
A decade of fiscal transition by Asad Alam( Book )
10 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 25 libraries worldwide
Transition literature has emphasized stabilization and enterprise restructuring. Both cross-country analyses and country-specific studies have tended to focus on fiscal stabilization and its indicators, highlighting the importance of quantitative fiscal adjustment to stabilization outcomes. Less attention has been paid to the qualitative dimensions of fiscal adjustment in transition. Alam and Sundberg take stock of the extent to which fiscal adjustment has occurred during the first decade of transition in both qualitative and quantitative dimensions. They define quality as the extent to which: (1) pro-growth expenditure essential for creating future economic and social assets are maintained; (2) pro-poor expenditure, such as poverty-targeted transfers, necessary to ensure income for the poor and vulnerable are adequately provided; and (3) fiscal risks, impinging on both expenditure and revenue, are managed through transition. The authors conclude that while the quantitative magnitude of the fiscal adjustment was dramatic, the quality of this adjustment has compromised the social and economic objectives of transition, particularly in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). They draw four main conclusions: Investments in public services fell in both absolute and relative terms; Reduced spending on government transfers contributed to a sharp increase in income inequality in the CIS; Fiscal risks increased during the transition; Initial conditions allowed Central European and Baltic countries to maintain higher expenditures, which may have contributed to their faster economic recovery and political support for the reforms. The authors argue that the challenge today for fiscal policy in these countries is to facilitate the transition-particularly in reallocating resources from large state-owned enterprises to new small and medium-size firms, and providing priority public services and targeted transfers to assist those adversely affected by transition and reverse the deterioration in social outcomes. The interplay between fiscal policies and institutional arrangements is increasingly important as transition economies embark on their second decade of reforms. In particular, incentives embedded in the institutional arrangements for fiscal management needs to be strengthened so that policies, resources, and outcomes can be better aligned, and the fiscal adjustment is consistent with qualitative considerations. This paper-a product of the Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Sector Unit, Europe and Central Asia Region-is part of a larger effort in the region to understand economic transition in former centrally planned economies. The authors may be contacted at aalam@worldbank.org or msundberg@worldbank.org
Trade policy reforms in Latin America and the Caribbean during the 1980s by Asad Alam( Book )
3 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 23 libraries worldwide
Labor standards and comparative advantage by Asad Alam( Archival Material )
4 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 4 libraries worldwide
Satisfaction with life and service delivery in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union : some insights from the 2006 life in transition survey by Salman Zaidi( Book )
4 editions published between 2009 and 2012 in English and held by 4 libraries worldwide
The main objective of the Life in Transition Survey (LiTS) was to assess the impact of transition on people, and so the survey questionnaire covered four main themes. First, it collected personal information on aspects of material well-being, including household expenditures, possession of consumer goods such as a car or mobile phone, and access to local public services and utilities. Second, the survey included measures of satisfaction and attitudes towards economic and political reforms as well as public service delivery. Third, the LiTS captured individual 'histories' through transition from around 1989 to the present, especially key events and episodes that may have influenced their attitudes towards reforms, and collected information on individuals; family background, on their employment situation, and on coping strategies during transition. Finally, the survey also attempted to capture the extent to which crime and corruption are affecting peoples' lives, and the extent to which individuals' trust in other people and in state institutions has changed over time. This volume presents the main findings of three studies by World Bank economists using data from the 2006 LiTS. Chapter one examines quantitative and qualitative dimensions welfare in countries of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, with 'satisfaction with life' being the key welfare measure used. Chapter two analyzes socioeconomic characteristics of different income groups across countries, and shows how the welfare measure derived from the LiTS provides a very useful and effective means to measure household welfare and/or rank households by relative economic status, both within as well as across countries. Finally, chapter three focuses on three interlinked questions: (i) why are some people more likely than others to use publicly provided health services? (ii) What are some of the key influences on users' satisfaction with quality and efficiency of medical treatment received? And (iii) how does the prevalence of informal payments impact people's decision on using publicly provided health services, and upon use, the level of satisfaction with services received?
Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan a Tale of Two Transition Paths by Arup Banerji( file )
2 editions published in 1999 in Undetermined and English and held by 3 libraries worldwide
November 2000 Despite a common parentage for most of the twentieth century, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan followed seemingly different paths in the transition to a market economy. Uzbekistan adopted a cautious, gradual approach to market reform, while Kazakhstan followed a more aggressive strategy. But has Kazakhstan done better economically? Uzbekistan adopted a cautious, gradual approach to market reform. Kazakhstan followed a more aggressive strategy. But while Kazakhstan may have achieved a better policy environment, its economic performance has not been better than Uzbekistan's. Alam and Banerji examine the interplay between policies, institutions, and initial conditions to examine several competing and complementary hypotheses about why the paths the two Central Asian countries took may have led to different economic outcomes. One possibility is that missing pieces in reform--especially deficiencies in the competitive environment--in combination with a rapidly diminishing role for the state may have limited the gains from the policy reforms in Kazakhstan. This paper--a product of the Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Sector Unit, Europe and Central Asia Region--is part of a larger effort in the region to understand differences in policies, institutions, and performance in transition economies. The authors may be contacted at aalam@worldbank.org or abanerji@worldbank.org
The new trade theory and its relevance to the trade policies of developing countries ( Article )
1 edition published in 1995 in English and held by 2 libraries worldwide
The new trade theory and its relevance for developing countries by Asad Alam( Book )
2 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 2 libraries worldwide
Democracy And Reforms ( file )
1 edition published in 2009 in Undetermined and held by 2 libraries worldwide
Trade policy reform in Latin America and the Caribbean in the 1980's by Asad Alam( Book )
2 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 2 libraries worldwide
Trade policy reforms in Latin America and the Caribbean during the 1980s by Asad Alam( Article )
1 edition published in 1993 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan : a tale of two transition paths? by Asad Alam( Sound Recording )
1 edition published in 2000 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Despite a common parentage for most of the twentietch century, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan followed seemingly different paths in the transition to a market economy. Uzbekistan adopted a cautious gradual approach to market reform, while Kazakhstan followed a more aggresive strategy. But has Kazakhstan done better economically?
Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan - a tale of two transition paths by Asad Alam( Computer File )
1 edition published in 2000 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Growth, poverty, and inequality : Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union ( Article )
1 edition published in 2005 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Ghana - Promoting Growth, Reducing Poverty by Asad Alam( file )
1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
The policy reforms since 1983 have reduced the fiscal deficit and inflation, helped improve infrastructure services, and shifted relative prices and incentives towards the tradable sector, in general, and towards exports, in particular. The key element of fiscal consolidation up to 1991 was the growth in government revenues, whose share of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) rose from 6 percent in 1983 to 13 percent in 1986 and to 16 percent in 1991. Higher revenues made it possible to reduce the fiscal deficit and, at the same time, increase public investment in infrastructure which had virtually collapsed prior to 1983. Prudent monetary management also led to inflation falling from 123 percent in 1983 to 40 percent in 1986 and 18 percent in 1991. The resulting improvements in macroeconomic stability made it possible for farms and firms to respond to the shift in production incentives induced by the policy reforms. As a result of these reforms, the economy turned around. Although economic activity witnessed its biggest surge during the early years of the Economic Recovery Program (ERP) (5.3 percent annually during 1983-86), aggregate growth has averaged 4.7 percent per annum since 1987. The private sector has made a significant contribution to growth. However, this growth performance has not been uniform across sectors. Agriculture recorded an annual growth rate of only 1.9 percent since 1987 while services have grown at an average annual rate of 7.4 percent over the same period. Merchandise exports and imports have grown faster than GDP and with it, complementary wholesale and retail trade. The share of external trade in GDP increased from about 5 percent in 1983 to 32 percent in 1986, 35 percent in 1991, and 55 percent in 1994
 
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Alternative Names
ʿAlam, Asad
ʿIlm, Asad
Languages
English (91)
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