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Saint-Paul, Gilles

Works: 235 works in 908 publications in 4 languages and 8,444 library holdings
Genres: Case studies 
Roles: Author, Editor, Opponent, 956, Thesis advisor, Interviewee, Honoree
Classifications: HD5724, 331.12
Publication Timeline
Publications about Gilles Saint-Paul
Publications by Gilles Saint-Paul
Most widely held works by Gilles Saint-Paul
Dual labor markets : a macroeconomic perspective by Gilles Saint-Paul( Book )
17 editions published between 1996 and 1997 in 3 languages and held by 463 libraries worldwide
The labour market consists of two tiers. Workers in the upper tier enjoy high wages, good benefits and employment security. The lower tier has low wages, high turnover and little chance of promotion. Saint-Paul looks at the implications
The tyranny of utility : behavioral social science and the rise of paternalism by Gilles Saint-Paul( Book )
19 editions published in 2011 in English and Undetermined and held by 394 libraries worldwide
Political organization and the conception of man -- The challenge to the unitary individual in Western thought -- Economics: the last bastion of rationality -- Economics goes behavioral -- From utility to happiness -- Post-utilitarianism : searching for a collective soul in the behavioral era -- The policy prescriptions of behavioral economics -- The modern paternalistic state -- Responsibility transfer -- The role of science -- Markets in a paternalistic world -- Where to go?
Innovation and inequality : how does technical progress affect workers? by Gilles Saint-Paul( Book )
15 editions published between 2003 and 2008 in 3 languages and held by 381 libraries worldwide
Offers a theoretical analysis of the important mechanisms by which technical progress and innovation affect the distribution of income. This book shows how the structure of demand changes as the economy becomes wealthier, in ways that may potentially harm the poorest segments of the workforce and economy
The economics of rising inequalities ( Book )
12 editions published between 2002 and 2007 in English and held by 346 libraries worldwide
This is an in-depth discussion of rising inequalities in the Western world. It explores the extent to which this phenomenon is the mechanical consequence of changes in economic fundamentals (such as changes in technological or demographic parameters), and to what extent they are the contingent consequences of country-specific and time-specific changes in institutions
The political economy of labour market institutions by Gilles Saint-Paul( Book )
21 editions published between 2000 and 2006 in English and held by 329 libraries worldwide
This text examines why labour market institutions such as employment protection, unemployment benefits, and relative wage rigidies exist, what role they play in society, why they seem so persistent, and whether reform can be politically viable
Employment protection, international specialization, and innovation by Gilles Saint-Paul( Book )
22 editions published between 1995 and 1997 in English and Undetermined and held by 71 libraries worldwide
Immigration, qualifications et marché du travail by France( Book )
5 editions published in 2009 in French and held by 69 libraries worldwide
Uncovering some causal relationships between productivity growth and the structure of economic fluctuations : a tentative survey by Philippe Aghion( Book )
16 editions published between 1993 and 1994 in English and held by 60 libraries worldwide
This paper discusses recent theoretical and empirical work on the interactions between growth and business cycles. One may distinguish two very different types of approaches to the problem of the influence of macroeconomic fluctuations on long-run growth. In the first type of approach, which relies on learning by doing mechanisms or aggregate demand externalities, productivity growth and direct production activities are complements. An expansion therefore has a positive long-run effect on total factor productivity. In the second type of approach, hereafter labeled 'opportunity cost or 'learning-by-doing', productivity growth and production activities are substitutes. The opportunity cost of some productivity improving activities falls in a recession, which has a long-run positive impact on output. This does not mean, however, that recessions should on average last longer or be more frequent, since the expectation of future recessions reduces today's incentives for productivity growth. We also briefly discuss some empirical work which is mildly supportive of the opportunity cost approach, while showing that it can be reconciled with the observed pro-cyclical behavior of measured total factor productivity. We also describe some theoretical work on the effects of growth on business cycles
Distribution and growth in an economy with limited needs by Gilles Saint-Paul( Book )
19 editions published between 2000 and 2001 in English and held by 57 libraries worldwide
This paper studies a model of the distribution of income under bounded needs. Utility derived from any given good reaches a bliss point at a finite consumption level of that good. On the other hand, introducing new varieties always increases utility. It is assumed that each variety is owned by a monopoly. Workers can specialize in material goods production or in the knowledge sector, which designs new varieties. It is shown that if the elasticity of labor supply to the knowledge sector is bounded, as productivity increases, the economy moves from a "Solovian zoneʺ where wages increase with productivity, to a "Marxianʺ zone where the paradoxically decline with productivity. This is because as consumption of a given good increases, the price elasticity of demand falls, and markups increase to infinity as consumption reaches the unit elasticity point. Such a point typically exists because of the finiteness of needs. It is also shown that if individual creativity is more unevenly distributed then productivity, technical progress always increases inequality. Redistribution from profits to workers in the production sector always benefits arbitrarily poor workers regardless of their distortionary effect on the number of varieties, because diversity is not valued by very poor agents. In contrast, rich agents close enough to their bliss point can only be made better-off by an increase in diversity. If wages are set by monopoly unions rather than set competitively, they are proportional to productivity and the Marxian zone no longer exists. But technical progress always reduces employment in the material goods sector. International trade may reduce wages in poor countries and increase them in rich countries if under autarky the former consume less of each good that the latter
Réflexions sur l'organisation du système de santé by France( Book )
5 editions published in 2012 in French and held by 48 libraries worldwide
La 4e de couverture indique : "Dans ce rapport, Gilles Saint-Paul pose le regard de l'économiste sur l'organisation de système de santé français, avec une prise de recul clairement revendiquée. Il concentre son analyse sur plusieurs points qui lui semblent cruciaux. Quelles sont les justifications de l'intervention publique sur le marché de l'assurance-santé ? Les principales raisons invoquées sont analysées : possible disparition du marché privé de l'assurance-santé en raison de fortes asymétries d'information, paternalisme de l'État forçant les individus à s'assurer contre un risque qu'ils pourraient sous-estimer. Selon Gilles Saint-Paul, elles ne semblent cependant pas disqualifier un système fondé sur la concurrence de caisses d'assurance privées. Que penser de l'instauration récente de la tarification T2A ? La T2A est indéniablement un premier pas vers une reconnaissance de l'importance d'un signal-prix sur le marché de la fourniture de soins, mais certaines questions demeurent. Premièrement, le tarif T2A se comporte comme un signal-coût adressé aux producteurs de soins, mais ne véhicule pas, ou mal ; la valeur accordée par la demande de soins. Deuxièmement, la T2A ne prend pas en compte la qualité des soins. Enfin, la T2A ne sera pleinement efficace que lorsque les professionnels de santé, directeurs d'hôpitaux, médecins, répondront à des incitations qui méritent d'être développées. Gilles Saint-Paul considère essentiel d'accorder une place plus centrale aux incitations. D'abord d'un côté des assurés, il propose la création de comptes-santé individuels, ou a minima, d'un système de franchise/plafond indexé sur le revenu de l'individu. Ensuite, d'un côté des professionnels de santé, en créant les conditions d'une extension de la T2A à la médecine de ville. "
Searching for the virtues of the European model by Gilles Saint-Paul( Book )
13 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 42 libraries worldwide
Where skilled and unskilled labor enter the production function. It is
Are the unemployed unemployable? by Gilles Saint-Paul( Book )
13 editions published between 1992 and 1994 in English and Undetermined and held by 38 libraries worldwide
Some evolutionary foundations for price level rigidity by Gilles Saint-Paul( Book )
13 editions published between 2001 and 2002 in English and held by 38 libraries worldwide
Information technology and the knowledge elites by Gilles Saint-Paul( Book )
12 editions published between 2000 and 2001 in English and held by 37 libraries worldwide
I study a model where Information Technology, while typically increasing overall inequality, is likely to harm some people at intermediate and high levels of the distribution of income but to benefit people at the bottom. Within a given occupation it may harm some workers while benefitting others; and it may either reduce or increase the proportion of knowledge workers in employment. In my model, knowledge (in a broad sense) is an input into the production function of human capital, and is also a "quality" good in the sense that one cannot buy it from several low-quality producers instead of one high-quality one. People differ in their exogenous ability and ability is complementary with the quality of the knowledge input in the production of human capital. An improvement in IT is modelled as an increase in the number of people who can buy knowledge from one producer. I show that the economy organizes itself in a succession of clusters of ability levels, called "knowledge ladders", where a member of a given ladder buys knowledge from a worker in the subsequent ladder and sells it to a worker of the preceding ladder. The return to human capital increases as one moves up the knowledge ladder. The economic mechanism considered here rests on the view that IT makes the acquisition of knowledge cheaper, which intensifies competition among workers specialized in knowledge production. Those who lose in such competition end up displaced to occupations with a lower knowledge intensity; their wages fall, which reduces inequality between them and the least skilled. Those who win can spread their ability over a larger market and because of that enjoy a larger increase in wages than the least skilled, which tends to increase inequality. The least skilled do not participate in this competition, as they are not specialized in knowledge production; they gain in absolute terms because of their cheaper access to knowledge
Voting for jobs : policy persistence and unemployment by Gilles Saint-Paul( Book )
10 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 36 libraries worldwide
Les mobilités des salariés by France( Book )
2 editions published in 2010 in French and held by 36 libraries worldwide
Ce rapport montre, chiffres à l'appui, que la flexibilité des emplois s'est développée en France de façon significative, renforcée par différentes voies (essor de l'intérim, des CDD, etc.). Subsiste en revanche une insuffisance de la mobilité des salariés. Des mesures visant à développer les mobilités choisies et à renforcer les compétences générales plutôt que spécifiques sont proposées.--Memento
Understanding labour market institutions : a political economy perspective by Gilles Saint-Paul( Book )
10 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 35 libraries worldwide
The economics of human cloning by Gilles Saint-Paul( Book )
14 editions published between 2000 and 2001 in English and held by 35 libraries worldwide
In this paper, we analyze the extent to which market forces create an incentive for cloning human beings. We show that a market for cloning arises if a large enough fraction of the clone?s income can be appropriated by its model. Only people with the highest ability are cloned, while people at the bottom of the distribution of income specialize in surrogacy. In the short run, cloning reduces inequality. In the long run, it creates a perfectly egalitarian society where all workers have a top ability if fertility is uncorrelated with ability and if the distribution of ability among sexually produced children is the same as among their parents. In such a society, cloning has disappeared. If the distribution of genes, rather than abilities, is preserved by sexual reproduction, then cloning eliminates ability-reducing genes but does not necessarily eliminate inequality; nor does it disappear in the long run. Finally, if fertility is negatively correlated with ability, in the long run a reproductive caste of bottom ability people coexist with a cloned, worker caste of top ability agents, while intermediate ability types have disappeared. -- Human capital ; income distribution ; human cloning ; overlapping generations ; intergenerational mobility
Growth effects of non proprietary innovation by Gilles Saint-Paul( Book )
12 editions published between 2001 and 2002 in English and held by 31 libraries worldwide
We study an endogenous growth model where a profit-motivated R and D sector coexists with the introduction of free blueprints invented by philanthropists. These goods are priced at marginal cost, contrary to proprietary ones which are produced by a monopoly owned by the inventor. We show that philanthropy does not necessarily increase long-run growth and that it may even reduce welfare. The reason is that it crowds out proprietary innovation which on net may reduce total innovation in the long run. These effects would be reinforced if philanthropical innovation diverted people from other productive acitvities, if free goods were less tailored to customers than proprietary ones, and if philanthropical inventors sometimes came out with another version of an existing proprietary good. Dynamics can also be characterized and it is shown that the impact effect of free inventions on growth is positive
Towards a political economy of macroeconomic thinking by Gilles Saint-Paul( Book )
13 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 19 libraries worldwide
This paper investigates, in a simplified macro context, the joint determination of the (incorrect) perceived model and the equilibrium. I assume that the model is designed by a self-interested economist who knows the true structural model, but reports a distorted one so as to influence outcomes. This model influences both the people and the government; the latter tries to stabilize an unobserved demand shock and will make different inferences about that shock depending on the model it uses. The model's choice is constrained by a set of autocoherence conditions that state that, in equilibrium, if everybody uses the model then it must correctly predict the moments of the observables. I then study, in particular, how the models devised by the economists varies depending on whether they are "progressive" vs. "conservative". The predictions depend greatly on the specifics of the economy being considered. But in many cases, they are plausible. For example, conservative economists will tend to report a lower keynesian multiplier, and a greater long-term inflationary impact of output expansions. On the other hand, the economists' margin of manoeuver is constrained by the autocoherence conditions. Here, a "progressive" economist who promotes a Keynesian multiplier larger than it really is, must, to remain consistent, also claim that demand shocks are more volatile than they really are. Otherwise, people will be disappointed by the stabilization performance of fiscal policy and reject the hypothesized value of the multiplier. In some cases, autocoherence induces the experts to make, loosely speaking, ideological concessions on some parameter values. The analysis is illustrated by empirical evidence from the Survey of Professional Forecasters
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Alternative Names
Gilles Saint-Paul Frans econoom
Gilles Saint-Paul fransk ekonom
Gilles Saint-Paul fransk økonom
Gilles Saint-Paul französischer Wirtschaftswissenschaftler
Gilles Saint-Paul French economist
Paul, Gilles S.- 1963-
Paul, Gilles Saint-.
Paul, Gilles Saint- 1963-
Saint-Paul, G. 1963-
Saint Paul, Gilles 1963-
St. Paul, Gilles
English (244)
French (12)
Spanish (1)
Italian (1)
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