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Lanjouw, Peter

Overview
Works: 97 works in 283 publications in 1 language and 2,964 library holdings
Roles: Author, Editor, Honoree
Publication Timeline
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Publications about Peter Lanjouw
Publications by Peter Lanjouw
Most widely held works by Peter Lanjouw
Constructing an indicator of consumption for the analysis of poverty : principles and illustrations with reference to Ecuador by Jesko Hentschel( Book )
17 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 131 libraries worldwide
Economic development in Palanpur over five decades by Peter Lanjouw( Book )
22 editions published between 1998 and 2002 in English and Undetermined and held by 127 libraries worldwide
This is an account of economic development in Palanpur, a village in rural north India, based on surveys of the village over the period 1957 to 1993. The analysis focuses on the reasons behind its uneven progress, tying in background issues
Rural nonfarm employment : a survey by Jean Olson Lanjouw( Book )
10 editions published in 1995 in English and Undetermined and held by 76 libraries worldwide
The evolution of poverty and inequality in Indian villages by Raji Jayaraman( file )
12 editions published between 1998 and 1999 in English and Undetermined and held by 72 libraries worldwide
January 1998 Continued agricultural growth and diversification into nonagricultural activities are essential if India is to continue reducing rural poverty. But policymakers hoping to alleviate rural poverty must also be aware of the causes and implications of persisting, if not increasing, inequality within villages. Jayaraman and Lanjouw review longitudinal village studies from a variety of disciplinary perspectives to identify changes in living standards in rural India in recent decades. They scrutinize the main forces of economic change-agricultural intensification, changes in land relations, and occupational diversification-to explain changes in level and distribution of living standards in rural communities. These forces of economic change appear to have offset or at least mitigated the pressure that growing populations can place on existing resources. But the decline in rural poverty has been slow and irregular at best. Nor is poverty reduction only a matter of economic development. For instance, the rural poor often attribute much of the improvement in their living conditions to reduced dependence on patrons. There are few reports in village studies of particularly effective government policies aimed at reducing poverty. The long-term poor still tend to be from the disadvantaged castes and to live in households that rely on income from agricultural labor. There is little evidence that inequalities within village communities have declined. In some cases improved material well-being of rural households has led to greater social stratification rather than less, with women and members of the lower castes suffering the consequences. Such inequalities could limit how policy interventions or continued growth can reduce poverty further. Policymakers must ensure accountability to keep abuses-for example, the privileged classes directing all benefits to themselves-to a minimum. This paper-a product of Poverty and Human Resources, Development Research Group-is part of a larger effort in the group to study the dynamics of poverty in the South Asia region
A measured approach to ending poverty and boosting shared prosperity : concepts, data, and the twin goals by Dean Jolliffe( Book )
5 editions published between 2014 and 2015 in English and held by 49 libraries worldwide
Data and measurement are vital to achieving the World Bank Group's twin goals of ending poverty by 2030 and promoting shared prosperity, but investments in data quality and national statistical systems are needed to better inform national policy and to help international partners identify gaps and prioritize actions, according to a new World Bank report. The recently launched Policy Research Report 2014: A Measured Approach to Ending Poverty and Boosting Shared Prosperity: Concepts, Data, and the Twin Goals makes an urgent call for better and more timely collection of comparable household survey data, which provide information on people's consumption or income. The report argues that data and measurement are pivotal to the assessment of the Bank Group's twin goals, and, thereby, their achievement.--
Poverty in India during the 1990s a regional perspective by Yoko Kijima( file )
2 editions published in 2003 in Undetermined and English and held by 36 libraries worldwide
Poverty, education, and health in Indonesia who benefits from public spending? ( file )
2 editions published in 2001 in Undetermined and English and held by 36 libraries worldwide
Static and dynamic incidence analysis underscores the importance of Indonesia's public spending on primary health care to the poor. In education, evidence suggests that the poor are well represented in primary schooling and would benefit from increased public provisioning of secondary schooling
Poverty, education, and health in Indonesia : who benefits from public spending? by Peter Lanjouw( Book )
8 editions published between 2001 and 2002 in English and held by 34 libraries worldwide
Static and dynamic incidence analysis underscores the importance of Indonesia's public spending on primary health care to the poor. In education, evidence suggests that the poor are well represented in primary schooling and would benefit from increased public provisioning of secondary schooling
Gender and the allocation of adult time evidence from the Peru LSMS panel data by Nadeem Ilahi( file )
1 edition published in 2001 in English and held by 33 libraries worldwide
Analysis of time use data for Peru in 1994 and 1997 shows that women work up to a fifth more than men do and that women in poor households work more than those in rich ones, while there is no difference for men
Poverty and the economic transition : how do changes in economies of scale affect poverty rates for different households? by Peter Lanjouw( Book )
6 editions published between 1998 and 1999 in English and held by 30 libraries worldwide
November 1998 Has the economic transition in Eastern Europe and the countries of the former Soviet Union been harder on pensioner households or on households containing children? Do per capita measures of welfare give a misleading picture? Much attention has been paid to the relative vulnerability of two well-defined household groups during the transition. Some observers argue that old-age pensioner households have been relatively protected because of a less steep decline in real pensions compared with wages in most transition economies. By contrast, households with young children are believed to have experienced a substantial decline in living standards under reform and show strikingly higher rates of measured poverty than pensioner households. But others argue that the elderly have suffered more than the young during the transition. Can these conflicting viewpoints about the relative poverty of old and young households be arbitrated? Lanjouw, Milanovic, and Paternostro show that strong (though implicit) assumptions underpin certain poverty comparisons. Notably, using a per capita measure of individual welfare assumes that there are no economies of scale in household consumption, in the sense that the per capita cost of reaching a specific level of welfare does not fall as household size increases. Relaxing that assumption could affect comparisons, showing higher poverty rates among the elderly because their households tend to be smaller than the households containing children. Even the nature of the transition has implications for economies of scale. The relative cost of housing and other goods and services with at least some public-good characteristics has risen rapidly. These relative price shifts hit small households particularly hard, because a greater share of their expenditures goes to public and quasi-public goods. But transition economies have also experienced big increases in the relative prices of goods and services consumed largely by children, such as kindergarten and other education services. These increases affect younger households more. Since there is no accepted way to establish the true extent of economies of scale in a given country, the question can't be answered exactly. But clearly a small departure from a per capita measure may be enough in some cases to overturn the conventional relative ranking of poverty headcounts: poverty among the elderly may then turn out to be worse than among children. This paper-a product of Poverty and Human Resources, Development Research Group-is part of a larger effort in the group to study changes in welfare and inequality during the transition. The authors may be contacted at planjouw@worldbank.org or bmilanovic@worldbank.org
Measuring Poverty Dynamics with Synthetic Panels Based on Cross-Sections by Hai-Anh Dang( file )
6 editions published in 2013 in English and Undetermined and held by 3 libraries worldwide
Panel data conventionally underpin the analysis of poverty mobility over time. However, such data are not readily available for most developing countries. Far more common are the "snap-shots" of welfare captured by cross-section surveys. This paper proposes a method to construct synthetic panel data from cross sections which can provide point estimates of poverty mobility. In contrast to traditional pseudo-panel methods that require multiple rounds of cross-sectional data to study poverty at the cohort level, the proposed method can be applied to settings with as few as two survey rounds and also permits investigation at the more disaggregated household level. The procedure is implemented using cross-section survey data from several countries, spanning different income levels and geographical regions. Estimates fall within the 95 percent confidence interval -- or even one standard error in many cases -- of those based on actual panel data. The method is not only restricted to studying poverty mobility but can also accommodate investigation of other welfare outcome dynamics
Updating Poverty Estimates at Frequent Intervals in the Absence of Consumption Data : Methods and Illustration with Reference to a Middle-Income Country by Hai-Anh Dang( file )
2 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 0 libraries worldwide
Obtaining consistent estimates on poverty over time as well as monitoring poverty trends on a timely basis is a priority concern for policy makers. However, these objectives are not readily achieved in practice when household consumption data are neither frequently collected, nor constructed using consistent and transparent criteria. This paper develops a formal framework for survey-to-survey poverty imputation in an attempt to overcome these obstacles, and to elevate the discussion of these methods beyond the largely ad-hoc efforts in the existing literature. The framework introduced here imposes few restrictive assumptions, works with simple variance formulas, provides guidance on the selection of control variables for model building, and can be generally applied to imputation either from one survey to another survey with the same design, or to another survey with a different design. Empirical results analyzing the Household Expenditure and Income Survey and the Unemployment and Employment Survey in Jordan are quite encouraging, with imputation-based poverty estimates closely tracking the direct estimates of poverty
"Who Remained in Poverty, Who Moved Up, and Who Fell Down? An Investigation of Poverty Dynamics in Senegal in the Late 2000s" by Hai-Anh Dang( file )
2 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 0 libraries worldwide
Poverty estimates based on cross-section data provide static snapshots of poverty rates. Although a time series of cross-section data can offer some insights into poverty trends, it does not allow for an assessment of dynamics at the household level. Such a dynamic perspective on poverty generally calls for panel data and this kind of analysis can usefully inform poverty reduction policy, notably the design of social protection interventions. Absent actual panel data for Senegal, this paper applies new statistical methods to construct synthetic panel data from two rounds of cross-section household surveys in 2005 and 2011. These data are used to study poverty transitions. The results suggest that, in marked contrast to the picture obtained from cross-section data, there exists a great deal of mobility in and out of poverty during this period. More than half the population experiences changes in its poverty status and more than two-thirds of the extreme (food) poor move up one or two welfare categories. Factors such as rural residence, disability, exposure to some kind of natural disaster, and informality in the labor market are associated with a heightened risk of falling into poverty. Belonging to certain ethnicities and factors such as migration, working in the non-agriculture sector, and having access to social capital are associated with a lower risk of falling into poverty
Welfare Dynamics Measurement : Two Definitions of a Vulnerability Line and Their Empirical Application by Hai-Anh Dang( file )
1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 0 libraries worldwide
Little research currently exists on a vulnerability line that distinguishes the poor population from the population that is not poor but that still faces significant risk of falling back into poverty. This paper attempts to fill this gap by proposing vulnerability lines that can be straightforwardly estimated with panel or cross-sectional household survey data, in rich- and poor-country settings. These vulnerability lines offer a means to broaden traditional poverty analysis and can also assist with the identification of the middle class or resilient population groups. Empirical illustrations are provided using panel data from the United States (Panel Study of Income Dynamics) and Vietnam (Vietnam Household Living Standards Survey) for the period 2004-2008 and cross-sectional data from India (National Sample Survey) for the period 2004-2009. The estimation results indicate that in Vietnam and India during this time period, the population living in poverty and the middle class have been falling and expanding, respectively, while the opposite has been occurring in the United States
 
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