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Silva, Luiz A. Pereira da

Overview
Works: 47 works in 149 publications in 1 language and 2,189 library holdings
Genres: Case studies  Abstracts  Documentary films  Short films 
Roles: Author, Editor
Classifications: HC60, 339.46
Publication Timeline
Key
Publications about Luiz A. Pereira da Silva
Publications by Luiz A. Pereira da Silva
Most widely held works by Luiz A. Pereira da Silva
The impact of economic policies on poverty and income distribution : evaluation techniques and tools by François Bourguignon( Book )
27 editions published between 2003 and 2013 in English and held by 421 libraries worldwide
This book reviews techniques and tools that can be used to evaluate the poverty and distributional impact of economic policy choices. It describes the most robust techniques and tools now available-from the simplest to the most complex-and identifies best practices. The tools reviewed here help quantify the trade-offs and consequences of economic policies that affect countries through various channels. Each chapter addresses a specific evaluation technique and its applications, and household survey data are used for descriptions of economic welfare distribution. The focus is on the micro level in the first part of the book, and links between macro modeling and the microeconomic distribution of economic welfare are the focus of in the last five chapters. -- Back cover
The impact of macroeconomic policies on poverty and income distribution : macro-micro evaluation techniques and tools by François Bourguignon( Book )
22 editions published between 2004 and 2008 in English and held by 265 libraries worldwide
A companion to the bestseller, The Impact of Economic Policies on Poverty and Income Distribution, this title deals with theoretical challenges and cutting-edge macro-micro linkage models. The authors compare the predictive and analytical power of various macro-micro linkage techniques using the traditional RHG approach as a benchmark to evaluate standard policies, such as stabilization package and a typical structural reform policy
A poverty analysis macroeconomic simulator (PAMS) linking household surveys with macro-models by Luiz A. Pereira da Silva( file )
11 editions published in 2002 in English and Undetermined and held by 61 libraries worldwide
The Poverty Analysis Macroeconomic Simulator (PAMS) is a model that links standard household surveys with macro frameworks. It allows users to assess the effect of macroeconomic policies--in particular, those associated with Poverty Reduction Strategies papers--on sectoral employment and income, the incidence of poverty, and income distribution. PAMS (in Excel) has three interconnected components: * A standard aggregate macro-framework that can be taken from any macro-consistency model (for example, RMSM-X, 123) to project GDP, national accounts, the national budget, the BoP, price levels, and so on, in aggregate consistent accounts. * A labor market model breaking down labor categories by skill level and economic sectors whose production total is consistent with that of the macro framework. Individuals from the household surveys are grouped in representative groups of households defined by the labor category of the head of the household. For each labor category, labor demand depends on sectoral output and real wages. Wage income levels by economic sector and labor category can thus be determined. In addition, different income tax rates and different levels of budgetary transfers across labor categories can be added to wage income. * A model that uses the labor model results for each labor category to simulate the income growth for each individual inside its own group, assumed to be the average of its group. After projecting individual incomes, PAMS calculates the incidence of poverty and the inter-group inequality. PAMS can produce historical or counterfactual simulations of: * Alternative growth scenarios with different assumptions for inflation, fiscal, and current account balances. These simulations allow test tradeoffs within a macro stabilization program. * Different combinations of sectoral growth (agricultural or industrial, tradable or nontradable goods sectors), within a given aggregate GDP growth rate. * Tax and budgetary transfer policies. For example, PAMS will simulate a baseline macro-scenario for Burkina Faso corresponding to an existing IMF/World Bank-supported program and introduce changes in tax, fiscal, and sectoral growth policies to reduce poverty and inequality more effectively than the base scenario. So, the authors argue that there are several possible "equilibria" in terms of poverty and inequality within the same macro framework. This paper--a joint product of the Office of the Senior Vice President and Chief Economist, Development Economics, and the Poverty Reduction Group, Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Network--is part of a larger effort in the Bank to provide better tools to evaluate the poverty impact of economic policies
Can the distributional impacts of macroeconomic shocks be predicted? a comparison of the performance of macro-micro models with historical data for Brazil by Francisco H. G Ferreira( file )
3 editions published between 2004 and 2013 in English and Undetermined and held by 37 libraries worldwide
What was the impact of Brazil's 1998-99 currency crisis-which resulted in a change of exchange rate regime and a large real devaluation-on the occupational structure of the labor force and the distribution of incomes? Would it have been possible to predict such effects ahead of the crisis? The authors present an integrated macro-micro model of the Brazilian economy in 1998. The model consists of an applied general equilibrium macroeconometric component, connected through a set of linkage aggregate variables to a microeconomic model of household incomes. The authors use this framework to predict the employment and distributional consequences of the 1999 Brazilian currency crisis, based on 1998 household survey data. They then test the predictive performance of the model by comparing its simulated results with the actual household survey data observed in 1999. In addition to the fully integrated macro-micro model, the authors also test the performances of the microeconometric model on its own, and of a "representative household groups" approach. They find that the integrated macro-micro econometric model, while still inaccurate on many dimensions, can actually predict the broad pattern of the incidence of changes in household incomes across the distribution reasonably well, and much better than the alternative approaches. The authors conclude that further experimentation with these tools might be of considerable potential usefulness to policymakers
The impact of macroeconomic policies on poverty and income distribution macro-micro evaluation techniques and tools by François Bourguignon( file )
3 editions published between 2008 and 2012 in English and held by 36 libraries worldwide
This book assembles methodologies and techniques to evaluate the poverty impact of macroeconomic policies. It takes as a departure point a companion volume, the impact of economic policies on poverty and income distribution: evaluation techniques and tools. This volume was primarily a review of microeconomic techniques aimed at assessing policies that are directly concerned with the welfare of poor households or individuals such as changing the level of cash transfers to the poorest households, increasing price subsidies for basic consumer goods, and the like. In addition, the second part of that earlier publication introduced basic techniques to deal with the poverty impact of macroeconomic policies that by definition are not targeted and affect the whole population. This volume presents a comprehensive array of macro-micro modeling frameworks. It begins by highlighting the limitation of macroeconomic models that use representative household groups to link macroeconomic policies and microeconomic data. It then moves to more complexes, top-down modeling frameworks, which combine (top) macro models and (down) micro simulation models that, in turn, can be simple micro accounting models or behavioral micro models. The book also explores integrated models, in which the macro and micro parts are either linked by iterative feedback loops or solved simultaneously as a single model. By providing clear access to these techniques, by documenting their analytical underpinnings, their data requirements, and their range of applicability, and even by highlighting some of their limitations, this book provides a unique compendium for practitioners, policy makers, and anyone interested in economic development
Can "moral hazard" explain the Asian crises? by Luiz A. Pereira da Silva( Book )
8 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 36 libraries worldwide
The authors question the significance of the role of moral hazard in the international financial dimension of the Asian crises. They propose an alternative explanation using a testable model and based on results from a qualitative questionnaire of banks. It is more likely that herd behavior and imprudent competition for market shares by foreign financial institutions explains most of the over-investment and accumulation of short-term liabilities in the East Asian financial bubbles, particularly when the effects of the G-7 business cycles are added. That would suggest international lending in global financial markets requires more policy coordination and data disclosure among institutions and recipient and emission countries, coupled with stronger surveillance of capital flows
Relative returns to policy reform evidence from controlled cross-country regressions by Alexandre Samy de Castro( file )
2 editions published in 2002 in Undetermined and English and held by 36 libraries worldwide
South Africa : economic performance and policies by Peter Fallon( Book )
1 edition published in 1994 in English and held by 32 libraries worldwide
Relative returns to policy reform : evidence from controlled cross-country regressions by Alexandre Samy de Castro( Book )
9 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 22 libraries worldwide
De Castro, Goldin and Pereira da Silva aim at contributing to understand the dispersion of returns from policy reforms using cross-country regressions. The authors compare the "before reform" with "after reform" GDP growth outcome of countries that undertook import-liberalization and fiscal policy reforms. They survey a large sample (about 54) of developing countries over the period 1980-99. The benefits of openness to trade and fiscal prudence have been extensively identified in the growth literature, but the evidence from simple cross-section analysis can sometimes be inconclusive and remains vulnerable to criticism on estimation techniques, such as identification, endogeneity, multicolinearity, and the quality of the data. The authors use a different analytical framework that establishes additional controls. First, they construct a counterfactual control group. These are countries that--under specific thresholds--did not introduce policy reforms under scrutiny. Second, the authors also try to use the most appropriate variable of policy reform, for example, exogenous changes in import-tariffs instead of the endogenous sum of all trade flows. Third, the authors try to base the before-after reform comparison on the most accurate date for the beginning of a policy reform period (instead of comparing averages over fixed intervals of time). Once these controls are set, they explain the difference between average GDP growth rates during the country-specific post and the pre-reform periods, relative to the average GDP growth of the relevant control group. The explanatory variables in the regressions include the standard growth-regression controls. The results are the following: * With a better measurement and timing of the policy reforms, the growth effect (the "returns on reform") is generally smaller than in previous papers. * There is evidence of contingent relationships between policy and growth, corresponding to the country's size, its export profile, and its governance. * Within the group of policy reformers, some countries have exhibited a relatively weaker growth response. Overall, the findings suggest that more accurate measurement and definition of the timing of reforms does not strengthen the significance of the effects of reforms on GDP growth. In fact, the effects are weaker than indicated in most cross-section studies. This suggests that the policy implications to be derived from these relationships should be treated with even more caution than previously thought. This paper--a product of the Office of the Senior Vice President and Chief Economist, Development Economics--is part of a larger effort in the Bank to understand relative returns to policy reform
Capital Requirements And Business Cycles With Credit Market Imperfections by Pierre-Richard Agénor( file )
7 editions published between 2009 and 2011 in English and Undetermined and held by 7 libraries worldwide
The business cycle effects of bank capital regulatory regimes are examined in a New Keynesian model with credit market imperfections and a cost channel of monetary policy. Key features of the model are that bank capital increases incentives for banks to monitor borrowers, thereby reducing the probability of default, and excess capital generates benefits in terms of reduced regulatory scrutiny. Basel I and Basel II-type regulatory regimes are defined, and the model is calibrated for a middle-income country. Simulations of supply and demand shocks show that, depending on the elasticity that relates the repayment probability to the capital-loan ratio, a Basel II-type regime may be less procyclical than a Basel I-type regime
Cyclical Effects Of Bank Capital Requirements With Imperfect Credit Markets by Pierre-Richard Agénor( file )
3 editions published between 2009 and 2011 in English and Undetermined and held by 5 libraries worldwide
Approaches to military demobilization : the Mozambique experience ( visu )
2 editions published between 1994 and 1995 in English and held by 5 libraries worldwide
Documentary on the demobilization of the Mozambique army and economic development following the lengthy civil war
On gender and growth : the role of intergenerational health externalities and women's occupational constraints by Pierre-Richard Agénor( file )
2 editions published in 2010 in Undetermined and English and held by 4 libraries worldwide
South Africa : after the miracle ( visu )
1 edition published in 1994 in English and held by 4 libraries worldwide
Examines economic and social conditions in post-apartheid South Africa
Inflation targeting and financial stability : a perspective from the developing world by Pierre-Richard Agénor( Book )
3 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 4 libraries worldwide
Can the distributional impacts of macroeconomic shocks be predicted? : a comparison of the performance of macro-micro models with historical data for Brazil by Francisco H. G Ferreira( Book )
3 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 3 libraries worldwide
What was the impact of Brazil's 1998-99 currency crisis--which resulted in a change of exchange rate regime and a large real devaluation--on the occupational structure of the labor force and the distribution of incomes? Would it have been possible to predict such effects ahead of the crisis? The authors present an integrated macro-micro model of the Brazilian economy in 1998. The model consists of an applied general equilibrium macroeconometric component, connected through a set of linkage aggregate variables to a microeconomic model of household incomes. The authors use this framework to predict the employment and distributional consequences of the 1999 Brazilian currency crisis, based on 1998 household survey data. They then test the predictive performance of the model by comparing its simulated results with the actual household survey data observed in 1999. In addition to the fully integrated macro-micro model, the authors also test the performances of the microeconometric model on its own, and of a "representative household groups" approach. They find that the integrated macro-micro econometric model, while still inaccurate on many dimensions, can actually predict the broad pattern of the incidence of changes in household incomes across the distribution reasonably well, and much better than the alternative approaches. The authors conclude that further experimentation with these tools might be of considerable potential usefulness to policymakers. This paper--a joint product of the Poverty Team, Development Research Group, and the Office of the Senior Vice President and Chief Economist, Development Economics--is part of a larger effort in the Bank to understand the microeconomic consequences of macroeconomic phenomena
Cyclically adjusted provisions and financial stability by Pierre-Richard Agénor( file )
2 editions published between 2015 and 2016 in English and held by 3 libraries worldwide
This paper studies the extent to which alternative loan loss provisioning regimes affect the procyclicality of the financial system and financial stability. It uses a DSGE model with financial frictions (namely, balance sheet and collateral effects, as well as economies of scope in banking) and a generic formulation of provisioning regimes. Numerical experiments with a parameterized version of the model show that cyclically adjusted (or, more commonly called, dynamic) provisioning can be highly effective in terms of mitigating procyclicality and financial instability, measured in terms of the volatility of the credit-output ratio and real house prices, in response to financial shocks. The optimal combination of simple cyclically adjusted provisioning and countercyclical reserve requirements rules is also studied. The simultaneous use of these instruments does not improve the ability of either one of them to mitigate financial instability, making them partial substitutes rather than complements
Capital regulation, monetary policy and financial stability by Pierre-Richard Agénor( file )
3 editions published between 2011 and 2012 in English and held by 3 libraries worldwide
On gender and growth : the role of intergenerational health externalities and women's occupational constraints by Pierre-Richard Agénor( Book )
4 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
This paper studies the growth effects of externalities associated with intergenerational health transmission, health persistence, and women's occupational constraints-- with particular emphasis on the role of access to infrastructure. The first part provides a review of the evidence on these issues. The second and third parts present an overlapping generations model of endogenous growth that captures these interactions, and characterize its properties. The model is then used to perform several gender-based or gender-related experiments -- a reduction in the cost of child rearing, improved wage equality in the market place, and better access to infrastructure. The last part draws together the implications of the analysis for promoting the role of women in growth strategies
Cyclical Effects of Bank Capital Requirements With Imperfect Credit Markets by Pierre-Richard Agénor( Book )
3 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 0 libraries worldwide
Abstract: This paper analyzes the cyclical effects of bank capital requirements in a simple model with credit market imperfections. Lending rates are set as a premium over the cost of borrowing from the central bank, with the premium itself depending on firms' effective collateral. Basel I- and Basel II-type regulatory regimes are defined and a capital channel is introduced through a signaling effect of capital buffers on the cost of bank deposits. The macroeconomic effects of various shocks (a drop in output, an increase in the refinance rate, and a rise in the capital adequacy ratio) are analyzed, under both binding and nonbinding capital requirements. Factors affecting the procyclicality of each regime (defined in terms of the behavior of the risk premium) are also identified and policy implications are discussed
 
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Alternative Names
Da Silva, Luiz A. Pereira.
Da Silva, Luiz A. Pereira 1956-
Da Silva, Luiz Awazu Pereira 1956-
Pereira da Silva, Luiz 1956-
Pereira da Silva, Luiz A.
Pereira da Silva, Luiz Awazu 1956-
Pereira de Silva, Luiz A. 1956-
Silva, L.A. Pereira da
Silva, L. A. Pereira da 1956-
Silva, L.A. Pereira da (Luis A. Pereira)
Silva, L. Pereira da 1956-
Silva Luiz A. Pereira da 1956-....
Silva, Luiz A. Pereira de 1956-
Silva, Luiz Awazu Pereira da 1956-
Languages
English (113)
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